Indian Court Convicts 24 in Connection With Deadly 2002 Gujarat Riots

Members of the anti-terrorist squad (ATS) escort Farooq Bhana (face covered) from the ATS headquarters on the outskirts of Ahmedabad, India May 18, 2016. Bhana is accused for setting a fire to a train carrying Hindu devotees in the western Gujarat state in 2002 which led to some of the country's worst religious riots since independence, according to local media. REUTERS/Amit Dave

NEW DELHI, June 2 – An Indian court convicted 24 Hindus on Thursday of murder and other charges related to an anti-Muslim riot in the western state of Gujarat in which dozens of Muslims were killed at a time when Prime Minister Narendra Modi was chief minister.

A total of 69 Muslims, including a former lawmaker, were killed at a housing society in Ahmedabad, Gujarat’s main city, in the 2002 riot when a mob set fire to their homes and attacked fleeing families, prosecutors said.

Lawyers representing the victims said the court acquitted 36 defendants who had been on trial since 2009. Four of the accused died during the trial.

Of those found guilty on Thursday, 11 were convicted of murder and the rest of lesser charges which will not be made public until sentencing on Monday, said S.M. Vohra, a lawyer for more than three dozen riot victims.

“It has taken me 14 years to prove the crime committed against innocent Muslims. Justice will heal the wounds of the riot survivors,” Vohra said.

The riot was one of a series across Gujarat in 2002 in which more than 1,000 people were killed, most of them Muslims, making it one of India’s worst outbreaks of religious violence.

A Hindu mob scaled a boundary wall of the Gulbarg housing society and began torching the houses on February 28, 2002, prosecutors said. The attack came a day after 60 Hindu pilgrims died in a train blaze, triggering the rioting. A court convicted 31 people years later of arson.

Ehsan Jafri, a former lawmaker for the Congress party, was among those killed at the housing society. He was dragged out of his home, hacked and burnt to death, prosecutors said.

Jafri’s wife is separately fighting the last legal battle against Prime Minister Modi in relation to the riots, accusing him of turning a blind eye.

Modi ruled Gujarat state for a decade before becoming prime minister in 2014. Accusations he did not do enough to stop the rioting have dogged his career.

Modi has always denied any wrongdoing. In 2013, a panel appointed by the Supreme Court said there was insufficient evidence to prosecute him.

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