Most Afghan Women Serve Sentences in Elders’ Homes, Not Prisons

JFIF;CREATOR: gd-jpeg v1.0 (using IJG JPEG v62), quality = 80 C   %# , #&')*)-0-(0%()(C   ((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((( " }!1AQa"q2#BR$3br %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz w!1AQaq"2B #3Rbr $4%&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz ?ii)EBhl܆^QZ0j|HXr*:^W;tfލh+c!iNiK`L_RQtEUQEQEQE(@QEQEQEQEQEQE%-!EPn3gѿI6mq i5m3™8kW#ҿzF斺0 ZJ)N|3~?*pξm}#c#|GΌ>q}>Sls((((()QEQEQEQEQE! Z`  ҝ`竜7Ajڠi\hm/v =Ţ+!E%pJ-!4ަ`(QHh%6)hfJ(4 (Bi*4P1QEhHScB2M0Y(` ?*K6n_8¶QWHom$#泪Sv~E`謽 ;l3xp?kW!5$>csKeq5R2"fK?zm~r[kyo:GLWp63Zm7q?A{2g;J))PHh z̈́?Q9R?ZԆlgtX|%ʹKD żO8>WJzik|g_/]6mJ܃Mh6wS=^Uҝ+/"Tc}ζRk[}ERu;MkKtٖ{;đHzZ#Ǚ"aܟG __Ox-LE|JOO#DžsbgNj}q~jK]KcZ)+3|[I[D%\]]qsGsuD(+ RZh!Avtu-A.'`ߞkM׭to=եyP1! A+>d((((@QEQEQEQE{ ԕIV95iEi$3KR֝AenO&BET4JZCE.(BF IkVM4{e:Em?T#/d`? 6#T6r H} 3J)SPM6(l(4QF%*F4R-$\Aꍳ֠[;Xc.@Nk^< 3ҧQ`dz 5z ʹ!W)~2O{]=tcVo|R5чiɊe$z$-;wt#F8F`?J_GP0־$. V=@usY_x՝2KkFԂ*G h&~hȮOg|s=R݀EwxnN؊OZm_S-4f.!Iuwmjz.:c" О-!qލ֓8%gοOjVג0Iǖeb HчQSf6~²msg Ձ'+ïbF s5}kx+_ xQ|NFc)irŏ RԢRm޷ Ƿ'𯐴 -nPwmľ9.s'_F6_iDsç I y*r~W渶>t%]_c"(P*;}ŕŹ$o5 2;J5<>xV]H~f_YŨR>j1R9?Phל~W&rЫO~G[Y(HQEQMfU֝@Q@Q@Q@Q@Q@k-sz~O*lg[Mܼ$`5YMCmM4qEp֞&I v}+n/F@cJ8OGrTKU{;.tQTҦ9ZvaE/JJ@8txCyw7G ksop_JFvwu򝍆D}_e[? B@{ E?y+;eIy$'淧Iɫg)j .@⢓Wu4ֳ%TM:E۟^Qxz[~lr=Қi~ѭb@fJi/iWڳApϾ1_`ApBBUQyuWduKEQEQE\fL61hBE'ZBOj8A}o LRG^eῈzH:,@,jW5Hƫ'St% <_gSY-LWpm禮xdk.6pseçEy_w1GoHn=mEz)>s4k];u꩹STm$ھc;R[+[eϭs"OQ2Ir9JNv}OUSa{Wo{H6#i~ f~s^L[y^rqߚ vޢyV>_V895*^)IօmFR[ۋ˫W^ῊΛZ>^J~MYss46lHGU{D]uki`}{^ւW7NgkQ:ݎf.tKF YOWi~=泻V\ ^ cQH,J=\|S~ݺp)=}OS^_r^Ui cߜ՛63ս'AKa(+S%hXӕYr]r})nHWl5Ma؁HW`ckcCLT>dcLTj_ lzăF+\vQOf&mr5Gf,:K7܁zn>y$KvnXI;bƨ;p:k&sCu5h)@\;M;2lMxK5Ε}O0kR~idr/Тt`7u8ke}RN'?R}cYFJW:jSp+>?vg46X5<׽ߏOz4HLCesG9z;J>#̥#hi[19VnAf]%t 4 zOZ۞ٮڜZHҮZ߂2].rvc}kW=+׈.4;H6~㱬eJ2ѮbUJPM=>>RO 'ò)>*WZ꺭/`א^M+&sx+NsԌ@M/j_$m3DM.bw|U8'Z4izXҏS9NWEk AAݱ@+CC<ٸT<6Hw*2stz$hQ_5թEV{w/Oѕ;J7[^gtVXo{pO`ѧ/!0 ݰ$&oPsȯ!W>[ VƬԛV;/? 6uZKiux\NA_,u4V!eML3L}=ƼYhv˦Q -E1 =xx۲y^A>VB;Җ; ^>3Y>fT5ogm:z}G^e5Z}[`r&Q7ZڹP|•X֏4[$Ӻ j]ݎԓ^ 㰆I,&o$\?UOx]/v]$d&LLh#I_ʾD<^nU>3o /dk`t~v$k/,{Wzf5tjzL-Ekg쓫# rU+*q*N'%8 V@&yR`)u(4T3\C챧6v>ґ{Wxuhv6,9v^Am'*.b7JJ! 0ּz$pmzY*axJsժisڡ=\VpW3gbF=I sֽ2.x*÷c^/#"klWcRJQW#ٜ*Pޓ(5:-ڥ['Vsu'WޠBWlm Q׭oCɓQGLo8m}?'-S^S*[VU\Ow#d,˹9k*Ao y#mOS5znZ"{{.@ N?N*Hdqk2=CSsS)URň67?PzdUSK` SYHmv#wb5mue3 @g^?|b:hWZ;d_?~.;,-#b82 |}OqWd\N4]FD(_6>i7i*ġ ܞRðcZ6ad@̀k|=OH_C9קh5xV 792هF*-B͚ .Un&@(Ҹ돇6 q]ooVG`-՝K<_Z P?Gב\8z/ʎE5-I2@xcu> iC۩\<ޟJt۫[ WWiq#i* y%q}GQNsɌ"CDyB #ַA"cQEʧ$z~"I6$;bW]ҿ,IjwnÉ s9?WS7#OEV[1?pzB9%|a*w*~t}l?~t*'еTJHҮ <[hY {VO7bO^ [F/(;D[hT\֍;SuՍmN, ;18䚕 e8у9jXn8@x59\ EP}J;BsG1OCHR|hGs}I:vY؏2o}v2ᷱu&,;mAѷ'~+Yn9b *6xHuJGw^)v ߷hlmk#vNX;Χt̎B8r5sǻk~{-gE[~hk|%mB; '}k{ibb(wp $ZKvgN+# YBGy5]~KOmcO9wo\`1A +-tܴ/0UJRiuyvjUXep1Nkф9#qb1UՒk7ZbN-dhP8#:H"׭ 0tW_z}k kڞp]ەGpGRq9K9>̐V$9*G?|LSy$_Ʃc{Oyl<0~N#KYvai8M7>+n4 `fnh>]ErPy5[6񀑌cԕJqlxpRk+6EZWQxZl#c.ðwg$/'v\&ȇ=;wxNlOV~ ,H[ G|=}&ҷz$" F܊e6( c$,]_Y6i91mHd{5桮iVDy&$ʧ&}21ί9$Z8ޗW;s_ukgom[k97U㟥65T~V|wrgfRT5q0Tc({G*^ڪld 6 H SLWNyYeo.hRt)Om5Ɣ+ibiω@UO.=FUU #h@ bH?Z=!~$vHW,9#Wsӥ%{54 ׳|M-3*y}sf؊AݾQׯgl:Rro[Dp9z#''jg;Wua/:ܛ<͜H؁+pWM.nTH?4*r3dӑkF})i~K=u ̚?O7pdc|& #ǽ}x^ZyӠ6 HȮ:A٦j:v4#n {0Ǧ*~l),ٵ9mi,zof/K:@:^W6hCheV[bpB{^q+LjMΑE˴Za>QA<z+գEsIX䜔]I/efI s?JjI1x|z^)26p>ge x? ܼO0H?!㑎OA\3SH2vF=5b5x]?ZsD p^7Y)JqCvM`Lv fo«YXυcG=\M%*p|_auh&ޥ'pN~\ΣpUiA:gHf~v|j[ExہL X˃GsRަ6b c2,Iֺ]lFf8\FF;nN`67}Ani |s^;y'Tx5j >z-A.58vܜcsj4ܟBʏ;RlBz]Gmа;hkҖϗ5JԄJof[Z G>7h$xC΀f?ԩ$8⩱:6#c+^zJXMSQҬ&Eo v '+ʵV>TM\2^;rL1UfiEk.Symј$U7`Q>/x/$wIc=9qg a _Qf@Dw@O#ξl_,[} w6g:e2˷n)^y[\|=-)ǘLDbtl0ϵ@ Ä z>[knP#tgy\0zQgsSIN[{{uC7̿AV&i{t'V\h986~@\MSeV; ˁ:IyY"Vy;ӜLuS>(eF̎9\ZҼEJyqaW ͪލ~]= n9P>h_>֗{bR$j_[<.C+̱pkfUHbtSZ]~&T?z>׍#-n.NԟPduze Opn.Kz>|qG#)GӼCex?ֹho46 _Qw;u#_̞U'lqԏnr.o<:disHsDBSx$p^[aq}Gw5KR?Ƽ;\:,̈́|OG TIF#mVD<洮U0$+z&yXU}&ŎŒ-9VUսU? E6ZB[y_qK=鷯)Cc{A$q %$F#9jhÂ-n-r/ cT4vnзG=L9z}'<.v&!. \s#;{KxkwZҵiP7MeR[^j[—/~֖Q/j_A%vU܎:5cӾb@؉s;"S1n׬Pҭe7ld=a6w1s\J.yj]d:;n"i,sHN}8?:QHaqc-$u|J,6xH֝xsIqk*̪s^3UY}砝GO(.sj '=2;sް],ǒݫ5mFYL%-hPr W> ]o RU,UGX>gP HN&#pָv'&Κr8Bgk'JR_ &4)דl%k,O؏ȏV;ӵdu8j[:lzk[ ccɌr_ ֆGĂudJYWxmyenDž˓2+Ak/ˡjظ/̹?\?^ue5qyJUq5WJ-:|k֝gt$#hXn1=_bzWVR_2{d7yz/ WwFTשNri-8q*Wz v\t> wC$q>!0uyi3?μr1ާۑw\`Fޜ]ϵS:& ^_zfqicQ)GzP]K{((F ukp| ' dׅ|[s+9Էg|Q!HcP GZ[C۵;Hs<^ө~Gs FQ9'`CWK$"ET鴌W"$15q rW SznV8nz8tUǨ*c޾SRt8aEoZJ76]^E}"a-E ]qVN40}L"MdeRJp3RAX&,Y®AhŽݰu]7. Eh"_4cEա3F%'q?Ό:gym}MW-| <~lxaAy'n}<+KtH.T:q^SW_ EW$,quʠ\Lqv.+kcM-RR;eIXc9޻A|HwM,g략^?!9[ԩj1Sfh Ǽ6ȽO-Uxzw7i!,2?:!FSvHveˮcD $|}u{dh_ay=x$խt{8mRF5cǩ?Z6:pXrT؞[3k>gʣI~f{]\HAQR {lގT{'-'h7-FG>t9Ǘ&]05#(HU<ڔw6/7ܭ X>,:wʵ7+jK]#ԅ?U_ߍI:c实Xl/ YR}qʏzL[,.?4Go=]ϵ \|~~UeI-|vꇜ{d4=Pюu%Aw MZ˟ 7+">ֱYñO%cp??e5G#i闋o+1.!򬴗c}.q^dm`>h\2E3̒$Ђ9\lt|̋rgq9 ԅ u}U?# ;pÌHJJ~l)Xj]2'zVܡA8#W~}\~tLh7 $y?4Z$R<2y2Uu;OJgii f%+#8O0\!f+E vjnQ>5au]zi!lrƽ}5*N}y/jE8X(Ϡs]5o;Hsҡu66S e%^>ajs5 Q󗝪]q\+(< cZj:mf5U$pNw7bk"Jed$ai \cz' xsw=pxVmOUv2EW; ӝI;g_=K>T#$:è5i hilK)q{ _i Q4 cEzqVժUqoQ'@͜ZxYEq HdDZ HƮb+PqUsb0n=XUUJ u'վ'4`MaG=z/f,-ͅ0HT+%|8$ctYp {Kux/nB$?6ߨ*KIDX՝ڪP=WxG&mB EP?_Z- ʌU#UUUuن[˧[g[3⺂UWw|>gUPdIQ|;t`#bNfjMy=yk/ qj{MWNɥ-IX 8"-.VF=NU$w5Pr9jRq߈c*^X5zmLL`zU޻FI<}kӼ^E{C#!xCXbv`=c7mvi $ޱI&UёH+:,7_K+n$a\ݝzl#'ąpv5NQr>+G-I/bWf¡aԎjOՙU#ԨSY6۳I܍+9Knfy_JLJSN+8ܾ,5[ve.o}l]\caʴ*H Y׭!# X ib#FWoCȩ"浵;V;B \gSN1yHuwK,8}1lc=F1Wᶸ&B#IqON+ʎ#d=::Җ_<;I9{H?ҺTf^daug$3ǀ޸=g{>g"Ӻ*R%zSsSW^$}J7l+Q!t"/na`F3snyR6jM0"ޜǵM7hLzcKC Ixv"1P*FeOg~sjpC}M_g]|#՗6: #dVe˹L,QB $ U d]>zc֥n˟Zq olc fo$)ەsǥ=_3UKKw24[U̓Wq .n7n0L׿i>l-,"|5Ga,#yьӽd_;ˆ+ۚPUnE ^L/zUfI oZ׏ukY%e>]lP=[y:^&23kc"O76(SG*Q=v_Ry&r7`wP]|Wҭ/-5,p Ǟ1%ʽ?oNB$O\N\V骍$YrAw} "72 BVS:~קJ4ՑNNϕH]q##?8)g_VE2(죁86v};ֻ#]wY ePюJK#ZY-n߷żI'߃KZ7"FQ֦^e#Iq{BsYMu&" `mƧ'ëaqƔN;#ߋH-5BX|]|" dqExRd^\c@Wm 4^" rht5-jO)3=Q'3]M:yB:W)qOҺ[9џ5\ կX{yIe?QXeH?DpOjѺy9_sR2;dwQjViƼsv"񞣟_֣8|џF?΋ ;`e@RS9^jk&PJI#:%\ v 39 qNf$|3sRHT 0sҡv,ރ=n7 pb3s,|c3ZoLu=wܔpAz*UTQ?LYx .y-X|<1 Լ$ǹqGVWѥqpMT3xY<<1ӧzxKkdEgUßJcqD~f%vu_4UpHFcvv$~<=JfW4IM#ߨ7Ñ:\fqbKL{ZW;IQ\p?ξ6>{ZXs*L@5i Gެӣ2I]9;潵q8ܙ=dZKJ:/MdM% }ўkQ[}q+<N(TտnEk3.. (=IK6T*: wRjbs R䂬kb!X+;[n*Er^U։Ѝ]ݟJjp{}xwëx '~3JpvBp+/\dN2OTul; 䪜};'cԠϭ2c5NK9rk6I2Hɮ;{Yʸ_zfc*zSJ.k[N&^F<Êҵek\Iᝲ`l{1f>t ̹}7 lR;^j{=ٸ*in*cӠ8RHyȮF$qNzsQ3j ]*N :]"4ʧVoA]EڬPa@fi0%o<ڍ^kX=I5-ABKH=2K۟^8̬pmQ[ [s;ԝA¨})|5z&>nyfBvqڪphI|HV _at#8lW?>¬zJյMֳG"YA#\h8-unmFاC`yEsFG[ԖLPrˑZ%*J%2ͤ+ҳeӵ~;nVͻtw5b] F6efJ9MҤ ,{4+c1|nI@y;kK2֨ܽeб99%LXn((H{7vUu9&99&att8ԝ=+񦆷!o~ 77qWàa;E-Ir9I42WWR@`zɻİdڲ{Ս_Tͺ`2Tv׍KsrJtoRvG?[XXF"Fl'qhB𽅌# 3zC)@^,U`vVY<Ծaҳ[2~nTXH=v#a>;qX+\BhhV92P!&kX"8}sҽZͤ\D5j+j^4g]}ÚֺT;[S~ea.o3//c(2:E2M$ X~Yz7_i uW"p0'6wuZŴhG3) 9Or߽F1Aj'+l\sI6=H͢mWsԺO.M3G:W6MZtMݲFw'9EfMc=^Hs{ˈe%xvr^)>ԟTO+{ú],Zu3/OS^@^U] #m{aacoH`^~'1o1 ޞG/usoA2UO>q^t e,\z~uN'c7 AȫZuFPL{YswZ yO>Z7Tյ+˧-4dv=5y{;Y ̊xIUcZ<657qq}1%nfO8zEGLSFvwuHm_M~hCG*GfBp>bŚGڑ.#>_ kaKL/&AQ?7LSZB(5d4j4[h89'֕|퓖}CFúl qHGzڵaI]00k( {Ƭ[71W8WO Jvd4q)d?gfîOlY,OrㅮOЃvo!~jq^6e:X!t9N7B}F 0,h!8 $a]^iwtΰ\|#߆tPN~V1p *6`6=tVQ~5w;mf"͕1WSK+ ? (# .QābSUʚ\-ʔDQ^?J!C ȍԫ q^X P'ZMm> DR>nm2ɪcN7.Rv{E춳cdđ O <r)lWAq AL P|VhVbO'5s; YPFeQz]]b\QrY Oȿ3zǜI*hp5!}[*]>5[xE#_Zub`z[.Gr>¶t4~Z2Ѣ5^P>aKazW1}l )UxRs׺W4Җ-ɥ릥¦a@2:T֦O1elAP\X +|!-PVS '|# *R}]T}N=6bXcm1mFXH嶉|@vS\E,fc`˷i{x:wNuKshB5cT^\tP3"{YJՄt ˩H9S]cR\}@]#=KIK,~[1ix/ҭIv3h϶Be*=JCH2Q*-X!nΪ6!.ɊƄ"4pݰ?tSs,p3g%-4ԞusޝOq'\Fi z jbԓ(RӄTKNCHj("/x& k! vIN:|wG<ނ:xӵ,6acQW8JT/tf2FzPHԓQ/wv}k8 k!;wf% dv}sWwge150G\C2SS%}z:n}b!Vd`qю+B;PJ*SVm\ WXjU#lJNIڋ\f_GQS#)uG:MT]'F8%~Ϯh *vv& WÂxo?.0N{SD va3<%?ZYf2 `"lۣH$xM*LH u :i v62COb޲+st8yP`G;>;'Ct<> mo?*-hjUĈF |էGR<a [%I#>3c]Waly/9.?wJnSEj|H#5 ^Y+H0ȏ*Fr@n+~xR$ҟ^Q['en3_G҄^V0vꭒ܏6+2Ȫ,X&*Unq^'!z|Ѕf̮=jB}\A7V\.Br7˶U*4b[ā~ru ˓-[z M. )h ޿ QZ{:o|sQ3؏Z۝%9ec=E-2MN.3 *Ksu~!ӞX-StD8wsV<+ucD1\“rۜ3/eCN#-'߿z?OJ Hy1FGQķW:51ǹ֝ahff$c[|=L9$Ei`n @':$H@ z>0:K6㰅$[=rzVZ&$@U$6xZ/WefrJ˸kgf2r>bH~G:)8Jt4EgRu5a3㎨{$XuV[DrIPc_S]Q]!eOr}5T: Ah6 `1#0ҷ NnnqܪȝΣ $0 +s;2ɿ<Xh0U*}o[_ qY\I T|eԥl+*{e!'ӷY6Wg0gpf<Y+v9a⥸fH b7Bⳝ"EEK%`VBʲGV-ϏbGЊ5?2 a XExٹ? bPO5tV1Etpaɩ4ni8 kۺ܃Rzh'b6n) G4B 2FV!+wpw&% q^9]^G_[0Hk.n-yjаO:MCRij Qõiyy;T*£{£j {[E ٢'q4UBp#'Kzw5R07* tl|󁗕AMϾS򎃰7aNk{ŕkNT=ϥ8 1#l@9#ib -<UZJv,[$3A`j{gWCV0ŶLM1;D#2Psk*!v&6|6B\NQpH$S|Mhme9pxԿ u }>ԓ?/f"F&$=ZQkfz7W zкcUt;kuH'u[Hc>%slexr#o]d&<̐OqY-?^)4#"S:S ׃E'㚚 9r))83<']i(K i2z8ZG=fi֭7^pϷ־UI]ք:l:l':ibӾ/4j]e?WqWN 5M* =&AcگAA pFN,6O A\z2N2M%Zkw/9<*g fZ'?ҴdXW A' ;ׄOQ6Za;bO{c+6OҦ1۲wA \Ԍ"fؼw$V]?=*[tc"6 4j=3x橯&.31$[1敤EhVj8/uW])i&{֠z)N2HbI=Y$,ox]𭤉omrv$W3٬2!QIxWFl!A19'>wЎ%:yo,`sG@=q>ՏB+Ldqָ}Z)]ݭ7[F"k6*~W:?ˎ򎻣x.>ΫQ-b4Th$ _j&wrGKF%zmvK{ ˣdlcR^-a J')'ƹF?souk2Kbv3H缕Yqx\jys6Y$J d+E8W8O?C} Mz/8KM.4od֡hA w$IAgrOSlbW9=ۑ+7ǺY_6ʟ6O^x9]W tZ6O2.?_ʰ԰Z;y5_[낙Qsz 4yץZŸ;`R^⊨Ҵ~斘{ m b2? .ʫpz\$W|{zXxUR| ݝ~~#ٍoL/v?7?nV8w7,8N 33S̒ݨ ?zWbطxi `2:T9KucҲonKg݌qNHw6:ڦӠ<;V6ZW,˜Wc}$cǏ η9K!0i?SIrFMk9!EgTL #ju/QO`k645Gl}41(D"~IҖbR@OlJ9{i+ mZ@ PM] [ŝGֺu8'?5 f7cWlM 쬉j0g?kW/Y:Z.M_˧)R"Z.pDCdySղе H&#/z"[‹im5;ݹvr+,RQ$ ٳq~_ȖmJa}~閺Vqo2q `zR 2SI: kbָ }ʃQ[l\U:[`NN:V33;yiv2KVc[[@j-pyceP?85wSK%FR?ʽ.ĂR5"؈R ҵ2IK <#Z-[3\>i]cܤuKsk37N;^寰% 8X1OpK{TNW2Eo5ˠ^sOe`B2:~5K;DZg(nF$~U趚UU)¨>ޖ{h7H׵tNCEGcE,SIb}񤽹;$tEܶ:xCV\G1#яCU4_\݂ "/5bc#!zuνc#sU U-@ڽCڨ$_*YT6(<҂ )ѡtڻ(]Ep#嶑y"KcK :iӓV3us3s] /Zsѓ~^ 2!Tu=p*zs,^3yc1($ք WZ(=SR3JWW!hү*m⧘ 9AUQ UPTqޓPOE"~B+Md ȩ<ŕ 8u͟nr*AVd^iZ|h}=n-bG#Nv] }E(C\+c犱]buo$r7+ ^\=r2V5麐qNV]X\D*]#ռ3nf'ZڜzJ?ubݲZB8 ب.Zi"ӁڠCU z3QgE@p >sFW95cit9Ƭ09e .H%,>M[Fi [FGS51xJ-H6nLi8#g0C?.[9eAXdm=sPg|1uM2*?bUXexl=ºX-{YI8`xzҼT AYCmʌ)W8کm/7C-$mH=Jq彑{qG6'| ][ ,z'_–D}koFG*20xnWYFmD2L3򤑃zzև<>uFE<@Y;W9Of}'KmFD1"/<~=E#=8#/1ҷN.J4,j'hȔJ*aA$sT+2c <:VuӵpE+f}3v -f,!o hHv߭g(J=lT}^i3SҀkhM{\ԭl|e'H MhTgv,#k+098=*ȲF E|ɥ|M>b}OHQ@%{Hi[op 0Z7A#"M&eGg=έwogn>[9'漋'xz$PCIt@?_i rJqeKzgGu/ᗏԋO+m|vǒC^"w+A.)4\η`ўҫlOK S"qRIt›vv[DX0dKh i)qh<6> ּ;4~}ޜNN2Y:^#ӵc^[EnIu˪kmIJ«8lE"Wo&U7!]ңVJgҽ~ }c>d3(ɮy6H4 -Oz&FEPH`H2+ﵛw4oXFen#SmppvExs["/?0ץ'Iޯ*H#=cLjLI Qp8: ӚjԍXr~J_ O Sbee/H~h؊ZsU"pp+ 4TdTڡHvR8X/8gɩ v+ 3L{I_ vݲ6H!Irǧ>]S%HLҳQщ) `휦K :O_o@-X#m2dc$FqUZ]vRCYN WNpkcVҭga4Ǖ?98`@˸{74z$14Ҭis ~gNndB;IF 3G Q@F <X]1KE'O\]z?.X~$\7-ͨaXvusv**ry |T) W Zc4y>V'8Mێjf)m֨Nx95ZRA 5Mq6隻nauS|qT~pOQL>RD Ud gö;W7c+KH{kt8t`}JUJk~{bv6N-#E)<ڽ?i-/7 BX9=<ךoo[x)3E ;|G7Mib;<́2{dfG˞%W8`r8בkɼ3⩠ka}ɄYFvYlb[滙nnX)'+"qb4443mSv7igg!c^b*)ڭϭz1Ҥ<gʌ} K]Ѷ6ݿ ֏:%`\p8\SƧ5-6!c#{W-l sU!ӡ8J8|̸gT*ޫM/7~"^v0كnd#1[Pͪ B%|GN]wĝp-P6'CKWGh-4E-Id">Qgn]%ve@@Sӣ9ybnhHD% GCk uZ̰LMFx}?rY>A:dڰ@:[ڪ@gosY vG ׭ j ujXjX*K r5eYR%l)E 3$DžD:'@J 56dXczq%WֱZT~]OnR2{Z)$d,j:W~g\%Us}%s˖9f5z쭭:]kN/m5'Q, 9_̊ZޑpYǝDʎn5 qQqRUmS*A5ORR.w^)KCDu櫆_CSYў^-uO֍үcVC$ ȱ!đkeS3FX^K֙/5Z&+D$[ r( }rZyV$z?t߲ZEF[pcJ9#=L ?kSZPtzK%nǃ[#Sk!\q^wSepo|E:^~ʋ+V־x5&&hw=+=1];[5UFSӥRqzhq:EyJMer\)FzS e`w Zè5߃{l$*nlq 47vwˌ =r7)qitZ>\nVỬ\kv?$çUxZ%?v5=IhN|5.K]#4FSYD V"z_@hм?emz܀;~>Yjdǵd{tg;F7=ej򕏒 >]c [,%wsA_O7n#P:̾LJH(1.k+I P91D 1:tA j1`ymww=? uu2hśL<'#~ big3ڠɞ@ W],^rTWxwq\!Q$~ְf8$bQ;ynýw>A8lH}^Zn4בʣ)/@Mխo=q_CBlD֏$#&W-&{.Wii薨mۢPWv5ӉB 1_.eq|V4-2e2)HSտշmoilJAO&(W3tYƛST*0xm֣&r}*,.Gh$r+m*5醑!9 lr=kVɂinr& d9>vZ0JmMBRmZJWl\2dA1})/'rx4.IX0|>͟Tg<'i~vBHsh=Ez-|EHe$?Ҽ~t;xk]*M>T BW)|μ%8YaF9#{׾~͗ t]V* 란|#UE,p6_T|1sr|A3/a+w+ sMu!㈈HyX(88< L]J]ceXUKJʫ<G;c"ysIW9 L}•!Nw+ٴNQLr̲s'$򾫧i:ͅM ջF!hu pX E30^qFz^ {}մ@ȊBH:,N+q.R]ی^l뱟6l> $Sdb zv7fRN$E#fH6sc=+_qLU p sTISƨǒ9);NɚAÆdUhR2|0hQ`y,Ρ˷sYVw@k[Te1lLR~K'ORrj%Gc-MQm$S&ya/#OΫH$r+R⵵Y?F1\O6\⤂J0SǮ=(B/sQP) w9+>Ic``|,P ڢVo:EW;Z![_O2A~)<+}\Mz\G\aB\+hx_bp8 ض5a8gޢpkPR݇^AoeIo[Csi'$SFO{5շjc!w$+Q4L?i]sHvpH9+ZMi$71RS}U!Gk-=mib׌Ojݵ-,e6]vvҪiD,H`TsnϹ݈xrbw0gv1YBpkp*m̡zzOpvK']F2V` ܌ryHqZ/#os:cH-5 #-d·fӑS'*u\K9qVU%HI +KUgom. Zl4K[&8!R[ c݉OQ[pBȅDb{ꜷ-`wM4yRN2~hj5ϙ۞jS ;Yrܑ} @w%Aiv5ۯU6Aq0{D-"@$2m# hAK1Ǒ2gԚ 3~6ist#pf9aL&ǻrVRCOuX BʭD,zm&Xk`@hE lvZ+ ִm/\ wp;kz8ATrVFZYd4nR{E=/1F6ֽG$1;2 0>=rmNzn2{j蝉p }ʔ+Z4,, H1uX@̽ XW,E3F}Azsƒa8'a%SSEOh뙴nb IP##W6_484[ykA0Ѝǯxz9ce ҧ6ce =jӗCjueOHGt{}ծx $Q k]7Q4`ҥm\eG |rT<]Cؓ$rF1䃴pp1޸"׹G(K]LGn%@w]oJWź֭P.焂u{JDE̟ʬ9RrxRb+։Tdd|I¿P:}j]L>|Ȋ#ǠM{e T8JyjPl1 0sۊdXh老yյԱc=E [.>ej] N9|ʄ+Nm:NAīsRZB`1IH՛;|=nUT&7=[9Z.@*pE^bGҝZilI?-W2%U`b:״x.}+OЬtB]Ab&Xcʹ6HӿUB3#DbsO5Zm 0%}8ccqҺ#J.w4Rmr[=a5erƌ^sH;a]nڐnj47f!.FxP=R~LqYԒ'5M՚z6 C[ިsV쮠q4빃 *q5Y1:xq*+ֿiJ @97sSAbAY=1Q. ?TiIpC֧ ty$ FUTmtq?©1sX[VrS/p#%O?A\CnקN .r0Ztˌ[.T&F (9u<:Ҳv9b==)SXXU2}O_SDQavc>ەYp x֢nY,a7S۰ פhʠXneÌ5z8{%sE*ƞk;USd:s]RG*NiA *lcƁXW*M)lOt@qY6NR{h4o`n~zIQS}EChhsҍ~aRj`58.;K5!9F{T1ڍh a /:-"j~ytæjq+9F%vg撬5=@T\J\qbnaH6c{=()IK@"jYA]k$\wwvUrS+_(7 (NyʎW-'gw>:63FI55J1$PqǯYɤeضɑ=i._q80?&mcer1p) n0t HK.BNa2f)`$nS8b I梌dܽ>V$IrK>< ӿCW~UFk~Sm-q?:&,:#=~q$31{) J 0H9ϱ4z/5t"tT~#={Ԟ>å?9>:kltRH\>p{H:Q%_nAr"}դDte^H5VݿҤc>URYV9  q1X%yArZ^ 2*o~)弨B}i:qVS}MSj*#hmA9y8g[qnjNnemJtJ7/#=z~uAd->T׷XJZR*QwLT6%f)ujFBS!uG`_wAfU3U$dqV`AϭPZ?Ҧ,۔#?^zVMIҷMZ$7 8Hgs#~GjO Skzt&Q}*y|pF TЪ7t*I?Ok[1ȅ 0\ z}+B` rhz>RNڦKU~5wrG&n Dh1هjւ&QU'޶\ٜݼd j]܅UQ'+ҭ4}($F̿U9w>vNZt`Od=z_KuϺF'%@=}tхcVwQO\_-Y]~Xgf=֖iN?h-`Fsן矘 } Kp |c`Jw. HUzk5/u+AܒO ]=DeP_ϡV&S :^ fO *f$`֤Aemln$?Nhs*zqFl`r*cȁ SǷOZX=A?LO|6G$i530P: QYݴ#]ٽ+Zjܲ]N1Iz;Y'\ IZ̛3/Vܾdcֻ 9OL:< $ S0+487l'$/3MEug~rJ: w2`:P8GPF8@AZ x{?Z)A'd6j[{bNHj 9Hbr5)SM w:]&MNl>h=kIm$}#CǿIX耟ּ*g%c4j[ZĖfq|w+PKP40 z LGzI;vl{ta)rQ0a"K#;6rs5=%>p(eDFnQ=y=Yk.n:~5#;B+0=~U`W7o4pEc__>RUxH.6;J5R%+G+0CT^^=9:Ix'R}?0{ER/SKekrC*펵:>" %4['9lJE=ef?k؆M'|\TTӹ3c/V5XV5=&̽mC<Ҝ%G&r>];q\W˺ud-tlTvNdP uZۻRdƼF!JVxj{Ws $uAcR  3*i8AϽg*gǵi2> p{'5GZJ^=Mk ҭ.H=YYBI쎇L>JQVDԷݑ,r+n5 4YT%l]e?TV 7jP'"-5pь>YklD5mJH?w2%#r"s^5?gQ6WǔDqVeqj:SJ5-w\}_ &>ECԇ KsvY\_V%D3TU\մ :#ȥC@: Xϗܽ,+[^Ô Rm/c 5A.z9f^pqзYRXF̾Pa*8:L$eWr^Ʊu-<\+_rVs.R/g/m~1-dq]O_] m8\来30O5ˊQ'Ȳ '+oBQmBN[w}'2{ 6157"s3wϵlK{ k6ŽE]xlm۠,㧸#ηch_Aҥm{}] GNY7 حgB#w$eb~)Sr*1-;|6TݍWc0 FP 5#|D |<:f[C-6ky2O|qK}y#9u##|A TpLr)w^+W:]dLCP} {^cxHMvX*B&?{<\ZrJ[A(k )g2E".hx0q^s@sey`;Wg{5+EO`+{sRax¾q'f/j%P3R2sד\ix䯚$nށMFڛl\g?Y]][C?bx.s¿%JD:(.w9lOrLqep[9y?HemU.fMJ4-+o!kN-!ui6 =⧚=JC-+\%=$6]+Cp|p%J~GKl(\ ?/J":( ZJZ(=i|M'ҐǭH6 daܷ(Ah#X.rB_x!U**=*U...O>@ {V+vI[Q<؉;#RkeQ#A8US Sܒr><}?E41#1_ʩ;.i]XE[ʶO,;7[ڮjdî*MpRbp3<>f?MqN AhAɩ:1Snvi%1;q泮PA&*Hdڤ?{z/rYI5Iaqh#D, p1ǭQi` 5)ר(ض2T?ƺm1Rɏ;$v5[3N5k47HFԕv?BacXb?j $1VڴMk1p}\ȼ|Ĝ{{步19V!& ؎coJ<:PS'a+* ִ*R!CHrXYa8\\^eJq6ufxdC?3.Ы2ddxz-J) 9#yo P٬'y7E5嬵m8狅=a v=gIog_#5v H:ط.@-]KB2g[usho1Ο1b-GS杉f==GR.niJ^ 4d|cQue$4qV^=GcRo8wh}>6oe4g05Kʂ1 JUmA=FH El>r*hBj0۟«0 2 Z*&''Lb/ܗ?¦7'0~y]SCjTL JXj1VS},H. L|5#)5D9?*9[ t^\ bHT8rw-F[kMYȪ{f]*sU#GG-iqsEWtؕ|<\i$f ;W|)s-XzzZ/N?1Y E ʬUa?AT}'8f1#=iqԹi=Z@l ޛ~>EK[U!iL%pj\c**/ʱz|VaahIfT f=NӆNz-$R{e?߉R𤾹iDn}3ʟ~5q-bg?Ju#ޫ8NN=:_π#$dRiżDF~~x)ɰ9MC~yf% *`:{A\2h&?zgGFn~#CpIMrAM VK+Y=].$:1GE}f֭ٹ^ ׍/dmhlh=qЃW& J ROAjqgA4jEl}izm併d2O/JrqeI`O"fX3¹YDQU gVg}+K>]I}r Jw٧BnOh(3fq#)p>J wA>mڵ8Qlɫ6aHVkK19 I(EkAZaY$ٜFI#'I_jvs.?v4PVXGѩ?ڤi.N(0+ZԮr4!\F!KY ڿWg>y6Ҙ"o.doUsy zrC=. IqZVZ}H@n&%-Rdvo} s\?!Zsҝ9yX w?mri/ߝէVDi-\n#Oe~t !١Lx˶A֪ח걅kxH ~At%&enY'=[nlfˆI?JOUWUG){ҬjS‡~0?ZRAiD^ʲ6>Pa=gYۙ'pA >#k>,SFU;)`2b?"ЌTI4r 3pC'Py&(56*b[v=\q+#\:ʳxq|fܣѓ<&;ViQ񖎆?]=6FN.!Sz3\@5F7nSdzg#޸-_GȻs֧>uf[=`f*<+ӳbPGͅHH:(96FE[,sm?2N+AqkW;,ul?-C?٦;E7'iG+#FKYs!=j%ҩk+ V紉 =jx$ zC<&9oI8$z/w/2 {y+;'t&⍿2Apbf.n0=UzSxo刏qVU)F\%4VTdѹ]U˯AE墕ZZ~ Y@\iZ̰鶲}d_9u rO~x*{&>-%d\woX (<}I,AlLv.7hOZ#Y\u<ԉsD"gBFg2=+Kt3<ɛɪ$CWL!?ziksQ|F_ޝ)e#pU9lMwoigG, ľ&viemlh(jP-#П슞%'m?AM>T!|| xؗ5n 1ukK*Yw5n4)ny'}jߘv IQۂW=MR5d((FvaY*]NSkPHҴLˮ\#>#O ȁ~G9E;EO w?0!.-QFлzvֶ! ֵ̳#lJʧrD>z゙ b 6=:_ҙ!ՙ|GNjbEt'FY^&9 q|~3:`^<:\=Et)EJ6{3t97MßJɻY' ss[1So0e2ҫ V(>(@(+Rqh(ך}!@4ƜҚCKZ1@ E.)(m8Ҡ} ,33 ZRb7.OVNq;5}5 ƣUԴie/3!?o®Caj\t?$b;{9Ȅ}=qKrmucju'<*=:&aa} %wlVIp 0q>-c:AEDOSg)Y\hl|砦'4ZiL(i0SiyURqZBڐG e,O51oj#xظH oc@s [+xz`RsDu}4Y0vrT,^D8l"ݟZoCLⳒ),K>l֝ܒ@Oۣ '.5e*f+Qg@YNX5nPHqRo^)ұh x*-y{zʙn[S? 3$sZ"㸗`H15o)m/M?z0jkQ?Ʋ2h  :]E g<̫slW\SW/MZmmcv1ME}V?6{9:4a ij _$d}ꦣeQyf8Sw|TZʝs/2҄/Yax`9j?Ju7Z՝|j7sI)Y"6]O_/l*ϽRyy&mT.O)Ǭtk&ާ@Ym[mEzP %1(UH@VurI*m^og֜Xоe-NSzgZ^BgOJI y2G~iC@?֓tCW{MzkUO_d|zJYmJ0d-Xj]pα.J{{SU.̷c Fq,UB6[T>mGBpV?RVUdX\0="_k(ܘS-4v0Us!ܭ+~${ϭI#k6`8EVv]%)*֤w_94u)0=OzڏOJR]YO?{sTOJ?&U U:JߠB}Ej6>26ȃ?P$tcҕ$nG E|\%5_(nJ?yk'_cqYQ mǓt[X6OOsr`;zWu947嬥[EWa- %8)hMmMRQ@'4(<溤C4d+ca?+>v){8rND@wR*+ס{/ p*CR12IJX;ˆ ;S!BSR2Sx\#KmnbH׃Vy)VɌajSo`Jձy*gEa)+~LtXQ5"/m*ʾB*M0"{XYd~focs.dgխP%S%T\¥˺*H N!خea<ָǓw(uǚ'F|޵gvk>ſc٫kȚ՞7.@9mY-V5{v`C Ēwk4hݕz mWOZi ~V.P>@N}t0ldDney<(*}hU@*hr`Ѳe!mEn$;"uv?ӽA{vl<*}* 6d/H{@/GʷcDZ 4$O73V9}?ƛw<=h*-~j5n{hX&r=jZ RI.;~x"8t(<)u} (B0* 0*`yc8rܴ|تZz?Zy &R5!{opTf m>n=Ep0I\e/4y?ҋ& 7*rzh}ת[J?' EvV{b~d<Ok|ks?_j(3 ZJ(zS)E6QH(\qI@Q@tb(gA\jiRF"0ұZDQ ()kɶ/^H'=Xžc@1[Wn-C ȼs Yn;J¬"⺏ˏ= 6&?"+nl(#WtȌaZc5C;[œP2/u+-?ғW&#!S0GS Q`+E%] T`I/iAO'8VP0xې+V-nlA)Η6胩@oJUmn0%gqy Wp'aw),֌n2)#R`rjXt@pi3~tx"'wJcxZd{LqQJrIHd/^'+k{X/#'-%$C^O|˲D=oM6\ݵ"k.=kM2NN:Et1½8h喌* M O5,bH5q%ؙCvxHs|$ќ.Mn\V) #?Rq,pJ|Wj;/?RM1A,GoD1*ZFe܉2BZ^6o8?Qኟ³ÞB[XI6-O*OHY;Ԣe^2+׀WI,>OXZd/84; H=Z PӾx#5 S ە3Dݮ=-B"ِAkuQU/s޲u.y$iIh4U'4`Vc ksd+5"ԐV=^3ҥpE~&\|.(6JX#ܯҶv<4g84qUKVeq)T9\dE; 5ixFxѪ:Ox}^Ԛ.:ZZ8CU,7ݮwM4Qִx GMcXܾusGCBK BIoU~ީ{d@AǣMvߓ[3 _AJ9Ct泭dS8*SjlUd?9PR+6Re5i"UdEs.Ŋcw%@!+St}DPRm]fBu$cCBķ0OPg:+:ݸ㽈n(OEG,.0x>u?SIݾwнuK!14VXU0sv'qg֐&zU;Z:ؖ!C-와ҁ Ф< SKżG FXerv2yXҝbO?sZSܙSxF+{"gBi#֤Ξ;X8AaU?eid\ѣ$+);YXݶQaac؋lppA֬.D 76خڌ+h9#<}>uXQ_h`/!TDvU9 "7>ZҷT_q5r6鰬G YVK]#mcVVc;~i`}iIXRuaNTKh`* & E9vsSn1^k;kbбޟj-v)Ȥ?5Y??8Y mT<G'ΔU 6IJ5nŋ2RGUT}IcssDV ?RIATI4Êlwg-tሩ ʡ5Rٿ|w'չ 27`#SWt,Fs&53dmSٗ;iWj${Ŏ -^P?3%y.Gujo"'p=rzWIRFR +Rk1.;-)Ŏp38l+t$և~3/u' @AD,z o Y7Mlɍf Xԭ̂y.vҽb!=WZ:9_Llv sv@u#̒Ob y#U%Q@RQEU$^jMk2?kEBŻ>e3?N~T;19ɫZʨ֪Oܟ"&=8sڙ+}RO.FE4FOej]ƴ4?L݃c ܴoJ@^6pVK}"$XˑKu;O! :<y~)˙iX9ع=OAUcROs$Ÿnxf卬q[48bgk=bCؓMcZ/rҵsvDVұ߀Krr2yL1ȩq)W#fA銿(Mu3@gKy"6qRH J})XsMRUٰ&sxOA.i I a@զ**YB=ή=RjLɼX-ptOZ>F<rOGdvk$Z =Y[q oZǏQՍfiwSaS8IWӌoA[N.//y&?n7WO*j;I {V퍺[ƪQSЕvXR s4GϰhGN+6Z"LZX~ULUdSn`qR4L<ԀVCR3Q"~OfFVeFLl%֧ pw* U9&@GZB*Z'Ў+)ƴ-~^^UO*hˍf:[6V5)`o1Uc~T+d`s Sand<>OQ:C,QE>gMDvwq]r4 T&-$%9E! <;*+C 2*7d?~g.!$]Fwp ^kI:r8E^:Цr~b^k i.;Ǣ`] )oy*,v p7W=xֺ{Hl1E6{P%ڪ<#ܠY903W{qR:>Kګ81^UR-.!Vxq5{f%ԁ/':>/_n5ۛ>E>NN5"<G# 1SQ@W.OT{9H>`۫Bo̰!DZhDtQE QIEQE(V؍tC>$7?E y66qUMF\rk Ý!lrziK )&[_2c1eg)د-1Xn`ߐӔ56ˁ~v40I5qDL"(GcjMESGu=Z#=I}ژw*78y9Tgw;P5FM]^ɭK$p0(=YE&J5wmbhqy u*n:Tmv<1Q 1`N)G84XD=%hw& ⳥![$jPɔҀ,J夷\ t 2.$ @:swfnI94Ġ((((3,IUZt+ɜj #q]ŵ 8)Ù(V=z֍m8;u] zTC1=zJ,Φ)2sUdX5b|*܍H)52\KS"'={SB[IW!k5Z^23ЏQ+P`5t4ܞ3{AT;/GrN#W .jFjeqб2W8\?§ԷD q.Gɔ}"Ԇwkl\N W?|y$*ɦV(9 cz~3BpޝjV\pǰdŰ^: #nV%dqqzw֜ј(́(gҮy1IǗ2L0͜Rxj 2J&7 ԭS)q[1 g޴ 4,2;?3bG|7ԬMC[jv db>WzYU濢kg楻kt!j@i%5j#%(Y7Uhjܜ~UbaaC %Tԯ;rs-tcEzNA9+2闘 cRC%R "98=(HtxDIkqy>k!gq8ֺV"ߗ>UӢUU|mOF#ʬ:|JF@iH2Ki;V9Jj)z@)J7UgPp)c([TZ}á_Vl`.Y%mP{NSyAOV>,r5qxzj蘕5/;mm\C\/#XKI ^2yO$~5v KYS+)^fG }Xʙc]Yquk9{!QUZZ(~Uij@-U9T&CevDv.1֧`Vdv`@?ޔ˄\9k 0}·m+27V|Q v $ߚ7RWgӦF}O&2F:v1"aSQZEGR} -=Mk8Wt$hi$qQQY'^Y#xFIm7Ldb؋=N`ƍcӗ0P[Vf yf8cکEy4%S4mB; T$9io[Z)~~̅-ɬV^H~]^\ բ ႎ*79#RFMej2o8Rw7ӵEwJª>}M0 FW=g6v!p(?^YKe^53I"-hGTeR*G_}?Hސ$$u0=סyvQ䏪:FX2<*>&>e%tzXI,?s'@=Ojׯ%[{61Pڼ-kOQK2kwFvڨ~ڳZXtڨ\eznHY(SUΚP-0CᤘǧVe޹{r-^l>3dUm-u:F`\9~%[,Rj42!fb#?= &+\McTqacڥ}F"`{(!q5ʁqێ+k@ӣ[b#b3`{ [ 72 I=?6VI/rkҴ%ʫ ~P˩jm. G zsӞk{+ʑ$l8p:Pb^Ǿ6nT| qb)a̖ȵQo%ZNe<Ƿ޸ Su ^cMwiEMJc+1F?z:核9H#$zg*fUpttOg_x/Py GpxcQƨX$~>K.YJ߹62q!`RxVm2eQݰ.{ұrWCyH!m!m4[h!hfx9>H?oV]fpEp#^z{R8VSۊ-`iSvo>#?FI?n R 6dI#3d.98\eS\Kvn1 אuٗ93Jn]O&fcQc2IgnK.y&,ez]H|;Iv$5#G$;mɖQ2ksEUU]`ReҜRZ7rrH{ֲ95#͖< cⳓ-AoA@ZCڳuwN kDp}+2`$Ew*,B-lk pHݚM6OZvAcQGzmi@Ry56h4<' !1) [9$n o=yHI36xJ?w<֫W3ݲс&y za|p01qW~Db `Cv*?$+Gq*zuަ+`&J 16 bOh`4/_ /u0jzw(`'9 8+^ TbO :ֵ!'jVzUsJhȽ~B$dPDVßbRXޖ6Y ԐC֫_Omr@o~tFz5v5ݐc,b{55ʙ6ȫR31k*:}t-Y ~UW?ݛF7v4;FC5Hy "t"xի|K7>֕GCkdsZ쁞I=IpZ-; y)a=*v*h跕?*޽k~EYEEEQ3\8Y<:OۨԀU1 ʼ#8?cNIɩ5QQSLc%z}Jmc=z(ZRqfK[5GbCsLUz9u :UP9S[AŮW,|rKp8r*(37v{m(ZQ $H#1oYBo$P$TQ^]MvS6$s+#qԒ  ' V1WA}u-,1F|6IEܐO5[qhUb#5k!y<;B1+sTnbxX R#c۶z(i(+Y`- 둟㸫[N>ϜepqR[:x>̻bq\vd/DZKd`zj(G,yfJEk]*20Tb}ܞ ( '&ɢ%w ni$>$|wVhm̭-Q5Fk[b*nh7 $순$ KI50*4Cm?QI+0-z1!SRt Xr=1xjjșɩq1Z(6XJ+k쎭c+tGe#ʿ)t"+ &'tx-+6wd4GʘuF8 +2oCQEo_n'ԔZdgψ8hX ENN $Oqr_Y^~nt:%]^hdU$X`glAE {4!gEF1*v[p.( (*(,M4%v`W4k+&HjPH~2IcӭVji
Warning: fopen(https://newsweekme.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/2016-10-03T010139Z_1777136380_S1BEUETFYXAA_RTRMADP_3_AFGHANISTAN-PAKISTAN-REFUGEES-1-780x439.jpg): failed to open stream: HTTP wrapper does not support writeable connections in /home/newsweekme/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-image-editor.php on line 428

Afghan women spend prison time in elders homes, and not prisons.

By Mohammadullah Himatyar

SHARANA, Afghanistan, Oct 11 – When 18-year-old Fawzia was convicted of elopement and adultery, a local Afghan court in the southeastern province of Paktika sentenced her to jail.

She soon discovered that she would not be serving the 18-month sentence in a government-run prison, but in the house of a tribal elder where she would work as an unpaid domestic servant, entirely under his control.

“I was treated like an animal and kept like a slave,” Fawzia told Reuters in Sharana, the provincial capital of Paktika.

Released briefly from detention because she was sick, she declined to be formally identified for fear of reprisals from the elder’s family. Fawzia is a familiar name by which she is known to relatives and close friends.

“What I have suffered, I pray that no woman should ever suffer,” Fawzia said.

In Paktika, a poor, religiously conservative and underdeveloped province sharing a rugged border with some of Pakistan’s most lawless areas, there are no detention centres for women.

Afghanistan’s overcrowded prisons have frequently been singled out for international criticism.

But for thousands of women, conviction and punishment bypass the formal legal system entirely and are decided by local councils or village elders, as the federal government struggles to impose judicial authority in remote regions.

Restoring fundamental women’s rights was one of the main objectives of the international community in Afghanistan, where the hardline Islamist Taliban banned girls from school and women from work.

Fawzia’s case shows how hard-earned freedoms won since the Taliban was toppled in 2001 have barely penetrated many areas.

ELDERS’ “PROPERTY”

The U.S. State Department’s most recent Human Rights report, published in April, noted that “the formal legal system often was not present in rural areas” and gatherings of local elders were the main means of settling disputes.

“They also imposed punishments without regard to the formal legal system,” it said.

Some 850 women are imprisoned in official detention centres in Afghanistan for crimes ranging from murder to drugs and “moral crimes”, said Alim Kohistani, director of Afghanistan’s prison service.

But that number does not include those held in informal detention.

“There could be thousands of other women kept in unofficial places across the country in the absence of proper jails,” Kohistani said, adding that the government tolerated the situation but could do little to change it.

“We do our best to help them whenever needed and review their cases on time and make sure their rights are not violated,” he said.

While not all women held this way are mistreated, they have little legal recourse to get complaints heard, and human rights activists say the scope for abuse is wide.

“From sexual abuse to other forms of unjust and inhumane acts, these women become a tribal elder’s property,” said Zalmay Kharote, a rights activist working in Paktika.

Some 95 percent of girls and 50 percent of women imprisoned in Afghanistan were accused of “moral crimes” like running away from home or “zina” – extramarital relations, according to a report from Human Rights Watch.

Though tried in a provincial court, Fawzia has been in the custody of the tribal elder since 2015 and lives in a hut adjoining his house, washing and cleaning for his family, she said.

She did not specify if she had been sexually abused, an issue which carries a huge, potentially deadly, stigma in Afghanistan. But Fawzia did say that she was alone and cut off from her family.

“This is not like a proper prison where you can see your mother, your sister or they can bring something for you,” she said, covering her face with a woollen scarf.

“RULE OF LAW CANNOT TOUCH THEM”

Paktika has seen little benefit from tens of billions of dollars in international aid pumped into the country over the past 15 years, despite which the central government has struggled to contain a stubborn Taliban insurgency.

Bibi Hawa Khoshiwal, head of the women’s affairs department in the province, said women convicts were being sent to tribal elders as well as to the homes of the few female police officers.

“We admit that it is not legal, but we do get letters from the tribal elders guaranteeing to treat them well. But in some cases they don’t,” she told Reuters.

Khoshiwal said only 16 criminal cases involving women reached the courts in Paktika last year, while dozens of others, in which women were either victims or perpetrators of alleged murder and abuse, were settled by tribal elders.

Khalil Zadran, a powerful elder in Paktika, said he saw no problem in being the custodian of women prisoners and he had never mistreated women who were held at his home. His second wife is a woman who served a jail sentence in his house.

“When a woman is sentenced, the governor or the police chief call me and ask me to keep the woman in my place as long as it is necessary,” he said, leaning on an AK-47 assault rifle as he spoke. “I do this to serve my tribe … I can keep as many women as it takes.”

 

Social Streams

Comments

comments

Facebook Comments

Post a comment