Afghanistan’s Dwindling Sikh, Hindu Communities Flee New Abuses

JFIF;CREATOR: gd-jpeg v1.0 (using IJG JPEG v62), quality = 80 C   %# , #&')*)-0-(0%()(C   ((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((( " }!1AQa"q2#BR$3br %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz w!1AQaq"2B #3Rbr $4%&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz ?'(ueh2nkU\((j;N&#| sV/<5@GH5)QaU/<2s԰*SX0J2F{58rНZ3@/5V2۫G\0o,檫ܚ+c*`j7+c̿Nb)Hfu\ѮYf }Zln=VȄ1ZWi:ŝYUMZfn hXCs{Hw]0ۂ 1oC5"ٙ$bI+)GjmNm;! %U Vt DNy=7SѓDq#F;U*~ͩ-ʝTc<+V/]~7}EzĥsŞ\ӏQM2F ~5+|v⠗Z3,OSvBXWգڕ֞J;xe׋.U.5~-S.OZo0~3Ǒ Ifݙ-]wvrf+lO2~u(Ks0i9U;d2(.1/uK1Hiz;]4sޥdoƏƠk 2n¦Į~)i٩ӗq){q ^ɠ~A,pZG}C} Ge*n{!{DcIih%aIшBC@&? K;I#[cw $ih" .g B?cC^=xUwvO(!s9nU<@ӖO^N';C4Lj8jmy'։M$XԀ;sMdZ/~g@SP{@!Lg.z4G#gHIVv +RޟE w;G?8IY@" ڣ=&ybl9xn99u+f+s é?+{85LMTqC$mU*4e39;Ì7fEqsiҲL>V٫t= .bvrwd֠emX <<ՠ YEY7gz R< biv+o8Q24l*"YA1" Ďj@DmdHHsЌqPLs;d``ԍz{y4&=IRdJO3HFhr9e.j|0juicH0j' r7MhFA=`ٯAn$taWchɬGF Ҥn 7I]IJtѶPLU"Oz҇6sU/Cgfbs\ةU5AOz6ᲱV? f5'eݚq&2k952T{9l٣cӜ?SG|\kֆ]MG=Fyq.k@XTu;B:zb#25P9Uwgbr(Ekj.qS(:-3Tjvo?Ng3+>v:Z v׉f#fs#yx>8Hcd\4pU]pe:Z/gϚ<TRCP& O"`if5fݙE7KaT^M"|MBZܹmcbIKST^ᔏ,d%ի-j&"lzu/TMdĨ5_XU28]@-qN+߽sl'Jб;F֩2;z8PEЊ%3fo#sVJ ⷦa5fUxZNDKUY]VIִi9=H$X_0_N T_C)DֻuڤKpvm؂#Q}BQȻsQr>^jUZu3unR2U\TV0dguoRH$TwЭolp Wc['9O+,fTxzȎ6>b$"&=A+.F\ՔԦ ÑBch(^`$SjVGضJRiڪsEM4ؔ+gZݧ͜hePmL~4CQjs[o) jZ8YU]@50M_R s֭ڸ@A 恸ҦBȪ]Hۄ2"dt  ;nc]cjs]K´]1Zg)@9f ;y$$-RFI , tśm+;"$'U'xQd`kV\aEcZ$YsSZ e~#*NڜՈwU_e؛p'{ n9fj%H1 0ŤbJU@5}_YDIP̓ڵZ!c$qU"'& l|1@+\aMoiЉ#s֪M;.B-R lĒ19e$}8%,\YÞ \?6OjЁPHFխ;>[䛔j$gNz9qJB%e>akYBH8<}A+djv1reK`},ql+{vqގWd{ NRʽ%N>uR\t=Qe+ dw=Vna&c.n9sJGߣsR8.I>[jlu^lf"z<61b$rM3M;v<WWN;aw+xFQ}~9RdD98+HkqLճ"G@NVZz 9Ҥ&"g+d pVYѧ&0YWR ƭ1- S#ztnN#5ovNJ@X2vV'v[NH n0dGRVM&v9>jUh61E%iOQ[Adk)q7ozdJEdA}ul}Oe:jZ4r[ˊg7~m_w!TJ, KzphJG2 \r1櫾c"mӞiNj/ ircQc!0ǵr=Q/zwIM+oǴj0Lm#֩ i m5W4HW }믳ϱ\mZh]'ftHrGEqR/*l]N >JJJ8`jdU ۄi_P%E"ļZȲ$U{/H R*KRxKs\W0sSEs:H JQj($M=Q5yu:F+ 6A*-Ow1+_cW5dؓkWlsY֐7=4"htAjsMYFLesȬ3, qjR59[kV\{ ۵I@Pv6tyໞHW6mklZ[*j!*-7d`{ٜحV9v0EfK2ֹS.$"]d EJN^ZEzpfѻ&)$U#DqXzT&݃o";6OjF:T,ZSQބ%r, ±S#FBxpĈD[zs,Y0} j +In9sQ曻&@Z~a|hDB!HўѰ9^19kcW6NzU/|n=L3n'!piz@qNZː9E2LBRqC);0950+>Dsl|@zW9Ÿ!\@?;JvZ b#(i}c;eǃiXRb6ޤTktvF1]h/m`e8HDo2'zfD}xTҬuKmʬr-։S{S[Lڂ^KtX0l0'T3,dw-7/#9ܵekBz;F@ֺ?$M͵A\\fxn]HFbPaLՙK(UI8]cNLy #y@rO:Tp"ɱk ȕj$W@Id^+[zy6|8SoWVYl\2͟֌MI[}N* uOM +M#y>* vqͼA!5C!nZC0NZ_xX赥e 0y(W @@9.߼MTS~؉foSSƥ-,<-K<SHf8;E7M1I?16n;bVZmRƒmh)~("jex;mHV JʲITf֯rў9eYc*2qCN+rwJlc?t5(Ewv9%1 `h3֧LΠg/JoTTG#5]E[ee犝juuSVdF^ jpr+D Us֬IP194yM-/#ҮxA]s&,dIgk=#6CVs;vs DOpT;o ݗu9pcAjֺջSV7г9@YEtWSb+ c#9KlBxԯ J=)::G]A+6 VŸ;=Oұ[Ide \*p׏6SگLDg孌ȴq~D:VSs=vOpU(\j0r1U]㨬>,!JZ[Ѐhiƚ ̅`nzRi6zH]"t= a;£漌s) nLBw'ޕ_\Dv8>ù\ 뢠aS[УqcPr$洆Z#Qg'+Ior|zVzAdPߣǺ$ܾ{ߡZ! ݥ7ކJy)JI;IJV3*H#-+s׈̧ɴԨRsUfS;i#eTY҃ 4kDUc"62pi(nEg]N"<;U8YIp7JLU1^n 5WQo8uh&Ijb&1st~77qFs//d R5-!k5pT" 1CF}kBҚ |@j4ϛ*2jtBsH i>HF֚2ھ1)`{b EX}H'!v #>3 T($@(FdڂZ197.ګ~lf&ݕ5U˛}K*S\a3$2}Ev. ->bʿTe¢qӱVj1̝Jɲ5+Epb TjYbN)Ғl)W#pjvnr*uRi Zn#ƣ7ēZwu$"2HfÜR=NrZ( 慱1-9Nie(A"UK$AgUjTƦd}ص}Nl-9&{r>%"6|C KsxF^nZ4%N14i]tG{+^NHU RjVv#uv) Yԥ/isW5i1-l'F֝VFZ)ݸUʂPcXcQ "`*Trk=AVZB ^t_& x=\1^kB?$虷,G('s:Frc54jE qިXUGjԛ0IY}NGU/* r-%tK=|g1amb*OTtʬbYi:|R"= u:]CU[8u*1?аWkI0z}f[*Qf&LPIϩ6 jJYf鋱*޳26%LhX'$JZeۭmeMEi&L MNE{RAV<84:bs]2 V1w,[<%WYv&a'$PŘ]GnCWcQ:T6 RܭZEYbqZ2 -Dmm6._iNj}8(Mj0Զg2fHiYޥGMaurLJiCghE`G4X{0ێ6/y"Fšn[j%4b"a 9OY.j-lG5 PP|)U3HrS V&걅`Y-?kzʻʽV6?^KMΜG{dc = wvHҩ"1ajfKXNjX-|ʣ? ~lSHf%*g *;RXo*WL ֈq)’"[kTX:t>?AM)(4 TqX k!@k2+8YI֋AEf1 xBN~~?ޤQ,C2\V±c) En)njzըGQ޲W=KƬE">3RrS3,AT0q|;rνR@ӌsSj2#+1 qU=K<>+vyHʰHLeDL;ro`sE>8vmi'@*>}*hb.LwšC)_ɁUE\.ieo6oj|jgTUDLdp^̨cFɦ̊=V hs?6']0 -85J;8HhEPw|H)å?S6 Liƛ*73atۜRG*@1E; qzQstWˇՠqQP3]"dzv~/{g"=eR5t):`S{#jSC(%_Zf zQԀ_&˸恻^+f/2T{Zk\2F3yF?sSId2.I^Lc5 h cnʅS#c:t jPӇަ/;%F FZ^!΍C#u5 k:VS=qcړXy [Fl5) 5#@1ɮ8.ibD]ξŲ̘)U_ʭӗson#m ~u3ֆ|9s>0AGŷsc)H\Ϲ]~;Ss\Х&TϹѷ 8,*ş+|Ht2O4rgc/5y֗jE񦤫%r2qNpE9sfėw(f@Pha΃OL,e x 1@B:8|A, q+dU92'lk4H9ʇΊ}vU^r|GS6E]Zy֐wdcoβ& ;!\dZ^|bE2]%oΞ<g=zЮ\:?lj{;6LMh\2J.'oΠz yӄH Z2OM<"c֤HCoo?L֥P"5P>r:R3LJx⢹9B)ķCh961ۆ@$֤mӢܮ2Toy]][J6+4.AWjB(^VjFԵ.u6S5@7|5dҙAVJndQp~c֩;h65^D[ϗ3О~EErqOZ=/3gQZ>F:f<=̮RXM/tqPKa'[MgSZkOګR߅4V+{H*;т>A&_4 vKROjtZ@0:+p2X\:OM"[$+]B& /JRv'XQlipqOXB zka(frnBkf>bǦ;RlqSȭr*gU#oHLSaRعlăyjmlZ l#LF84J̧㞦_"Z#z"l3E^T-E Q!Nԧd7emݤ W,GWQ/ ℵJĨ.!_,`SnЦAzRE2IԢܞ5z`vTۑ|մ8ǹ,6Z[X(1Ww+TyqCZՙF- Uhb ÌVձTjmjF:6>K@ L*2si[ih\*͒yS[Jfhc/Rqw3o &+J`K9D;פ{*\JG݂>v5peIܒyMwa+VirDQ]L)cTFC!-]8 /zA cxٽi9Mt@':,ުzS T9Ƅ[W;Xd9t3>#ֳdS_Z0if $ M\{Uݴd\Ɠ=Ҹ;28=]ƲQ6dtny+Vݎm0[bg&*"e mR&^aZId&E%@*/;|4oj(+Va-ۇlիk%!VAQ(2ZhzW\mMYU,c ֑#q8Km+oP~ G28-nZǎ*jyn=N*@ [)ֶe8wH-{W?JUW=vPjapGћ ŶRD%9:æ,~$?ioDmKvs _*y̍VO`*?3Lq 5zfچ(c~-Ea +ӧp<5v qj4([C3U%^V"t횱zOT@:^j_MS$R,u5z~U:+t"20[iLF3HnUyf,?rzոITfM{3'ʃlp4;$ycSZii+X"O2WƠ V4X#) cր:tm}wknPsy Lh@K}>Z~ߞW$ X՟c~t>h#b:(jd&}}y0𭥌 "K)y*f;3eBҙcp2wgگOC #@pWc\}i˓֘QR4dr\cGrWP9aOEc1NMMfzS߅ 6[jS<}]f[WQR#;_RΥ05U-dS4!,[9+ %e`d{I)>P$WW KDG*˄IAJHcm~cRr^X-SCV tcT#+D[9[)=jW峞n!e{5U4$|I5nwzv",O\"x!X i@FRӧuNxv\Z;uyIf"$bHdKS^0[^\nbI%V8U-,|6j WEnU <ϻ(rjC̔*jRzr=*Ĩ$!+Y~J‡ Ɣ#vٛ%(G*̪ȫ#SǥIc&h:#.yB|]@oңy6NkJr{S#}iy.=*k `>i0le6PTމUPޮrrcڨQsثdIȻ@jA#,H(&Y]vޭ\{oZ$#up*eܗ#_ι.&s+koFxeHJ>\ۇ'~GU{yw?yM,'j@Tt2JcƐަ {\ڛZZFk/oMw2!% :$lU Vc"HH eE3z-p(0.3j Lc z1ZEsNOlK{V Kq[+-'ARfi$r~A!PDZKyV!R~Z GǹǽT˧.h"5WޫZ8-IkEuw{Jz'@*U*g6t}l3gb>j-'ӘZV4sU-M:,ܚCص#-=aK9%pzM|s3=n_ie_8FO|6Wm"+ uF4w\ca E2 ,HϽ({[1y52F#;IٓD#{FU#7*݄^N9TU\yZ&)NKdfek=GEk a'*& #$nB1U"=3I2&,HC/hUFQb UPK`w,VP:W*效JȧFnKSL4+)z .KPT\7%J#V#vDn*ݍX|*Nv~iL}j{$2+dK+,/RjhY">RkKY~-[)NѕGqRpLc!IMWp&M[ ;U{=ҶkTjjZ>VFQMTq(IgّpѰlڸV1+Va6qě'H7q÷Z!bs)qEʞ3,L#k} }h*@O#]F,JI< wOQ@!ۯ ?A޽C𦝥m?yt:'_ðZSVꣃMvGo/@·- 1S^rڴ!=<\uYjȺ?}W \Df p}zWo_kQԒ64N9?&3ҽoRHf "7H-{G[Bn- ,B~ZUG%c T2wEiT7 /#4wzji6MhLOv#L-.J+tۓ qQ4AjdoZ xYw#R nlr\Az rJkR`dFjؑ7̵wESk> ʫ ⫃$/Һ!qf]VQL\T2qA\ f]u !U)PcqOjx[FGb߰v>d#@zOӬ::?һ)Z92LYV4|ݝNx~e'$տ%iPw'峽[T,c3eڪ{ϙS%'vE ܣҡqFsRi3do6®nmX-Ҫ[sޤc#( H I&'}*,,vqںKE;~Y2ucI.q֮]cYSZ,g,!R r]]HDIan+#;Tϭ!,Za&rVmzvܱI$!~cYlPOA5rs$=;}cOS֟Hw[H4qRM "SU'g֘L dzhQRI9nJ[)SS i>}U1]2t{v(E_bt#U4AYEwx9hma* zt/%2Ekb4w`dD_,"^f q9)+վhjm#Ȑo?c0*kzh)UP嵍xdj{(+׮"+E bbD 7z2XL"K5id 15=~inQg=I^}skSXѼhI>c?Zʇr(JOM "D/FOtȮ>u0D%(s^@+Fyv2Hpd3Ԙ(;zyH2f}*'%{P7ne,ވ+խ*}Z5$ib֛kY2@ =k?,k;8sI4>lz3^ S`9'hz.b]+LL+ug9&;kp&@V5HQJ~n#QcRy\.y4V6gQ"qHHy4gց v鋶c-#32I9F&?z8*GZ:Vz!kͣXGTc@WnP B Y%ivmGSlҭ!:>tv6+:\-\:Kԟ[j x"XH r="C6<{SI$_(`}HXPmA|Q]Bm,>psZ~HY0BەBU;V~ؕh^w 9*#5+4*1շedT#}d:1TW>ӶDhŀSF^Zh@zBBIԪKrM9&mHOSZ&4Lҙ oj-cڡ)Zi+$\ҡK 5bY;8$MY݌TpB_4,2vZ"+H3M@S JR~^´5¯z n<1sȦjBfoJyJ3(*A.^yL0erTP]]bVo00H$ʦՉF֍xڪGJH ?T$ʆ5Fe-Cl+_CnfND#Ln)"[v3Z j$gq4֔b Ⱥi^mǰ#WDTa;sT9=W \"Λ:=Y.PDc*qYZQcfG@j*[eD䑒)%gZlFjd42vݎ1L,~PVIJJ*ayizU{L 1YWD${Ƕkfx$( q+LR>V3H) WqpYuxZ Tx qgY'£b`=6ߓj?ّR4rs$cq`]\pH츝Q+N~D^Ѩ.|I ۟^KKr7;rEPz[ݍF4U9u Y9ѥ ؎|(A]1PNۡ^䪾}rM [/S0Xʚes Ԣ=ջH ª)#5V"D,!]uI$ȈYU$4FNhiVG嗋S.0>¡JڛM)-t2mv[cfZVײBEHNp?Q/ՃY:ܨфG\kז+wi'нIy۹Mq*Rvh Wnǩ5$OL`qzW-0EbW8޴1CcHa(5mzGЊX\vA#eBڲwm_sQ#,Ig[]q9xSRImVe;wUZڮ1jMyg}k]e:`D%̮UDhJJH"ۈAkO[/h$eo3?VӤD,zhT'?0;s<4Wlw*$V´HT)@jteY 35f'f%'>xG!*nqR  jg45zh`Qޥ AH"PN je2 viܻ(cC>i*#,`vIzVƧ.[ՈF42? =j?κ;Bkҟ;q[4nԶ R0^h"97+t1F wJͥ匲θkr2f]+#ziZi$I~e@0!;kBB{܍yN?+`is/u;'Dqy$I J5Τ""aTFb89jvzIjG.$ywLl@2;[I"E j>Sj+C+WѱX{ѩFTv*;p*n'L8 +E9]@3r)7Is[JsGviuf/a< uh2ѱȷ*f^%}<dny I*{1f*EBZƮL2n=0jEC@E"!B.ZsV4zP$XʱiV aPCiC7Ger-L)]Ï tE$'֭*Ē8Ub͒QҳMwV (]5$+q"#(W&q+*Vn!U]9W|^ay ۥTv"WRfhQǠSZe{1B;u?rӥI7!@kr@8 0ff@2zdur+U卓 :4wG2Cj"ӜdW|b|MOG =m07sO8`EH+/\m5:!%”=}ǡAs'ɷpy !_f@dB?Ǭto=E&4:Ce-06=奸c_8hca#P=W=t ]?Sj:ʚ88#>tocOr7 T/4#tWއ"i~ 99޾B7O5(։`'=!$ks9^UP1*qGQV<5᳜Mj?3Bzr-Y e%C7݂"x_aQ^XݮLng;BboRAgsHQ>R}[Y^ }ƾ ak=||3; Z0.p8~.mo{Ϗ;yI2rsX-ܲȫipO%FU:&dY\pW?vKJ/V0W+tr.ʤSZ\E,VŐg<βe{K%WS Amib_N2^naiǩx9ʢ2rqc>y<>a5 5c?=Ez RcHj.,ث"z+%cPQtO&x|R2cvR?q[/mna3BX z}j,% YLFqv?xKMXm-$N9$Tg'=N齿n/%d`zo =;xSd*6^0[wc?9Wڸ'KHMGS1X1+vGOGov](#)VʌF=s\WZ=<&+;د)quVJp_{ >r#3: |"):-6*ܱGҭIw nۻǓ֡4&R/kJ!g5;%b0ڱkF$gO%K@iONG1` $p<وA]6s:R1sfhIJ)Țܳ$Jl1KE$ O]7iV4Di]BE=k5H3܉K+pl8V֠r,-Qt:i~},=)?*䵐ue9i%Կ5 ̰EHrwTv:n[#ѾFgqvꡙ~'ʻ9^+mI F1#WD}:#ΛnjI#Dt6ܖM8=iJi)Fܽ(I8MzrNi.TG&ɭ )`Pˆ*q@ !|Fpii|@=})wIr݅d1yRliy]{ AiЀ#zV( S$B܁SU|U&8*) l݅% VX_IU7zVۡ]mQ 6N@\2%-ųֳ'>d{AbU= \{:8]6G= qzErb`0ϏD$ToQ05{Z\>clU|皙ۃP N8Ӻ$yyUrO+1*snvoAQZ[C&oUʁkE%kzszݱ%#>ݪk[IX3]nCn#cz՝,۴+MQȍY휅'ҬH;h#UWEǕ?)z pf੣;\ ~혫@9圕XYWr3Є'!|]@eCA:jY$^D+گwnʋGJ‘D6!U,c/LT7[ɼn ZB.KqSW WF\K`AZ}@[VmZʁD{KiPd_2"T-xI3>AxY >./X0)|F7b]yoQ/3K1mW})FjW ${D$FW3 n#ry#o]*+;yC޴mBjsV_և|8ռ[clQI_$ƾDU,\-zYӈmuؤ?Bp?5ⶦ/Yt$R1nb1 $kC~.aTUOדױH98>5}oGw~~Ze՚D!W[7x(sm!ח4lGA9CN$qUkAHt (T#;&d5ţ퐳?Χ 5:a\!hG{W]8§@z]f|c{RSC78%[1*~a(.ؕQY6D,sڡ].f`px\x_4Y3fNFFt׃O]8_W-# >"Y0wiXź7۩ N ^ qPm=yݳgP[Z^TO[`噔 hºY}— J&_ 3] IcI1ϓly[_gZs+McÓMi𖇣iܳ^]1zT&Ԭ-afB|:R9IIYӲ+Wgj:څT^=:f3\ElW~nK cY}pDՎKc~MOlXVxʳ#F,UɴETSgwugE N*ν决枧x!GGXn?ζ]N:cvGiuGmO_Yrn6b ֨JXLH fo0β&NOZ!"t՘S 􈛘qVv`PՓtQ`Hf 'BB*𴀴v˚q{_UGScڀ!6Xj彿#(G57=ƷʴANMI"U*qw7\o&4Gd3ioaV- T]15MԀK;n[2H;exv\1\ժ#HE5vIm[/G$޵-5UW +e3.YěoprmckZi^#׮$R 9$˒Ns$Z`Rlض͚Aj =\R2La6`u a*7֩'sȧ[3n_sAڨM2u$=?oߕvG C'̮wRcpeT0@^\QoH? FԵ<jjJ@ngE=[17jA^zڎĒL~hXxnkfz~8ьsH=*q"͹TzמE15'u2@6O?cBNi, 3zEg%vnu@q6=4&/Q=*ma#fn{}Hُ=zW?25J5R֓ڝGk3O5[KhmL:T4L+OF〹@A檧T00{{ԶA${_%+<%]c|%*쾡:x6:rlGjQ&2_z_M,ү';5Nӡ--@H A/3#44CU1ߑW_CsY(c@ʑRcEm_hӤ>%k`nv\F +.}O"^H>$WfYp?Y[7vZx>7]Ӛ𭰰lmzy0~ V95.:NvШRT/frY7P y.~\N\69ϥ]rLg8Ϸj5y>f vh\Fq~{aI}匢~'3Uy]jVIzp9{8⧷ИKrq駔hȖynk#bWHbpiv4Ŧdӥ H p tW<~qZb켿fo|U@A!?Ҿ0[ņVaf_ "kH+.=.˻*I?Aɡ3T՛6@m܂H%]ȥz0k6=.PP W }=k2Dy"5_[2jU#O^$]B_sOQs/1ȧN$y_Ky={#;3O6NqWԧ|*ӧ$ApF.A:|1hV>15Z ɶ>8yޏS7܊z NMrSǥrƴʾѭ2FV!Gjt5m͙Ǧj=ܷ]lrP)ik:-vxݷ5>hL19$ -*ΦB5K$NjM/#>1y)Ś'ߟn{-vi8-nX iӒ xn/2xdƷT#U_\>z+ |Ƕ 8il6_d2]sZ2犔Z(lܔک"6e?R{ F (x.qSguM|Ǹ-O^| mSW . q&ʧoi)o6wg,q$"kZ3:)6=v>4R\L#e+Wޠ+}*K؁Ei) U9kBuz0*1UnhmΐntAN ws 8jbnlƜ*H Z`Rd<ց ہڧXRu4 J `PDq֩$SđMiɶ3Y Ԣ#lDd=/V̴f#w!.aD&yf qa|uK'Okj&O0ȾqCT>mB-geWjZߙg5@j/hXvw}eʬ88AV$2gP]$L@]Jz2vV &TGR,xD1EIipɃy"dkעFۼ@qD<[<62[.*fc7ʺY3NE;\kMHaN_ԑC*hwJ0NsVHX3#D-[猩.*KimeX3](38Fi"UQ BY#<ۍSҮA 1MGc (rX7JВ;c1; mRrOQ,*aO_ 3% g8&3,Dyl)$CK2,fkY02@aJI8;S%X"`I=%do%;c.O/M}x"[EAjlpq!bK=eU㞚3gۉ&ӵ@W˴ t%y7( ~v^'@ :lY:yq~5u?犖(FqVfVS;(,J3)$JcZodGր0-n%ad`ZqIpwG;+Ȭs@C2GGO[ cVZSz5&֚\K#ڦS|/%,7Z3 ڿ+`+*rU~RÞI$Z)O!;)E]II2vǧӳKA$ƪ'WRI3ZݩG gC!5YR`-W(qӭvZۨYB.s_N|ʨ`ҼEE Ba{~u"`mY+0såxF}RI&xD2THRHD!o{je5yש:k|W. eYO_UهHu^=2OBFkӼ8CaհytoSz'+qi7|z ӽI:Ҥ 09.yORx]ϔa$]Zmp nz|6=C!GW0AaH aSgls?~U56ϖVye{[N7QXlR:rİ ;cfʂy#ި\86t\ ON2OiX8'!yC /~LN2` >ˡg ~#UH[~u4?ΌiIoK+ q9ho2cp2+{ex؅B_Jc)U^7v06&s+[rAF2v3W.^&՘ Y\Ew$k"P)JmHUnj'ۡfco9bY3d-+$ s|ks0^>쫆?J_*x/IicdfFnF3bUMbokS8Te*ۜ5sg1e/ טZ=1tr ,qJ 8ǝ:/Ol@S[G{2w,nzTKsRm樒0iO5CQ9>Es7+(=Ƞ Ԁ)~i2֣f @* $'i@4M5!RmSC~ QĿ51I6ϥ$6lX:(u+qS`*-3{'[|NScD? \t4 Z"b^k$?YgXY@,8S HOZ[iңO͞DɩnfZ^ט$[#?3}}3Nسu7EK Q`88j5q'1fL<~[c֦1R`V LJlu8Ά1)*~=(T/^ NsqN^S>j׺0+ iNSu jo*4[;moM $d| 5쒲<f'zx]veADJ[p/@|&QK>zRv}8ڮ2Se*'WK=sı^81w\uF nQ'BQXZ_GTqZfLɏY.z~LG34ň>~]Ocj?Cr$E(PVfr1FD ʒG^wwp+ռ&Y|= V_ҼS}~IO'E5}R~g$yk¸@Jf1ډ_J"]]鷊(r37@?K5!n|pWMnlnhKG' y*w L4GmT,F1&LET@UѨ*A61]^P!J2zY#IhE.@bcP˷8 rkL}NM&4Gsw,{U\CnOGҢJyV>}̞Rzy 0HF JǁG,s0X?Jә$N@ QEahkkY#B Q4JZVK$Xfi&MbS:( Ҋ + _Y%b<8=i!`< !{%(1[9ҬAwqki7ndb;-R]YTb>X4R[Ѱ@aQ:bM lj{_<&imi jG+R6tHGql(rX(e{zѣjhGuTm %5c]DRiu&׊8ylfL֩4mtNIl!\'l# y9:3?9=3UUj>du=j…<bkTPG@Cqi[<0rVԫȒDq#Kwo=jmf [nG-W`Z@^OܪFXnW8F<8xm[.pN0M݌-涖=ĩ),Vzw!9*n֮oR:|zk[d W/ib-$Yy5w/~-NzfbZ2Kd1"5*c\g%"W8Kڧm3f)\V6(-#dgi.%C*'Lͨ༈\Xߙ ޷$Q0͐C)1MíG%\$d!qcM) a[N]"ϨjGBNjehٶZ&KC/C%[dr)Q{ԑjmv;, 摐);.PW,X7|`9]m ȖWks 9;ꉰW$ӥM-I)]D U紙ԯL}~Xk+~izCÿS+-m9#,, a=%QW - +Rps^YZQd5ow2+TsN($#" :@g>5j-zǗIW΋Y:ՅP|VBj2c}Tf0sLF`,y RdTTC?.6“xp:oZm&,Z[~f9Ӽ56h377o>cc OMmdǂKtny\~⃩\ܨ}%*rˈՇ37H;1ӚùWs+~FQya y7;VP]Z\ `,Q|AW%5IR^+؏Y,Q{; [SI,%~3<' YxoOVV{x7Orrجk+'(ҬZެvF*~[*2uo>.ƧڳHCrj|́-QO!(ކn X?@s+,]Сʲ+]k;q3M׸3mѴAtWA;쎕OӚdJqjз.f|g>S8sHN*E=z%FoLQq?T7Oy^{gКI"`8G}y{(n ]#Vey_9I'sՏ-H15$:}ɉѣQFI2j65[YoiKhmp>Oc8vOqQiW7R*FI?J@4!TNHg V< -e$6FY .ӕDÆp#M˧KҸeVpsqSj3gw1m\4%ȧe>ƥq5ڏ,Α ^ꮡjJ[ʓ[1vҧƤ5b.k'"^]| #4ЙpYzbujNh Z~^:n3L`s*Tސ @6qN t ja=)qP d7bs Ǒ˚rSl(jV!߭\U 4Yu5;e wQ9A-ͺ-] cA)yq %XsԪ:^IV]м=y#8Uy(* X\IV^ CZ-A-XajkRAu-d#U{Yj1t!97. TpS[FLsڵo總Reat@Z&D3H`1:Ė $Aps¢X76>r;vh_XRoD:D)F ɐjhIJ|o=3`#ϵRw%J^}Vv3"xMdv&jtwb%Zҭyר,i IqTa'3Oo,:eSwx9T,to~9Jh/. .n3 #Ҭx{ēhys !=wi8r-ǻjyc-`u*zm}f/4{geVFqױr>SƛgpXcZV-^7sF%c {TKN*C.'eA +)LOJO5k{KZVʹNi9 ,1*6V 8FǗr6r!vrjԓRfS7Sߡ>K̀۷Үɶo@ΨxkF,&6Y 'W#T3G(u#EvSZJeU6:h[F\&f$7aǭ$wj˸A0` QGҵ_} S?:zuݓJ;BMc#ks^me6r3}?v/ُ)ըV|$:$"V ]ޗHO^!fn&] F?2WƘOy&nI7Qa?Z7LŶk/jpj$^%_9}V8փrm)a9\6(LTkFwB]ƞc et[ S ^r JOgE4&Esv<6 y xCCSHVg-Ò%g"V)x#(̇H(GV;MJGwaC2LcdDc#$]L >la95Ĩc@6jS14bZR1iߗD68=1pܓSghX$A*0Ip||_?ү vϓ$ESryAh5bczս&ܙqF20꿉xC+Vg/$57̘-҆kxJ5ugM*'q'm-- |Xs_],L` ֔ެr{&s*jh8µ4,c0͆NJZLӶbuZ=# cO|*$2rcf#/=)ZS|݊\\ϧcjwpܮpt|֮vÓs^S]#_]ye>E_M[-6Ab (u⦩ASM:r-ԓM|[; ћJvNehzGH_xoC bW?QWK]R$kvB4ѳ)0G?+&ާZΚ= +Hn#$MgxS4kv l~U>/^]].$( 8'T޹lݸ(?JR1W9jBM3VĒqX)z^2u7yh&M'Cq*O;洣ꜥkauY(\jHe[t'' WV"ИQd|S&xmC ' 6DI-eg ~v^h8Yx3ێkB5FVmz^]{Ă4)d܍FO+)Q jlf@|?ֳ-˓W[lH jH˴?ի> xRE7&`؀N(49b't;:ZMqenOFc]4SUiurT>UIDZvO ;FXTyUz)s9T+fIc tZ6r 3LMnnTUN: ?gT0TG2eJ*ŗd^VKp~d׹y5F9n"|B:$PI|>3^n5J63q|(,y:tԴMiC ǿdXneCHb#["JezFVS fvgk:ٵeG_:|P[6m*SɉhmFQ%U* a!߁*`椝yT7ֺ߈|3|f.!ܘ[kXwFFN>"*4a_N%ԊVqq̪)(;Ei]i)-L>dvv:fu8xU&I]|1ך4:60']j,(M(冭qBLL}š_%ݥ,V*9yfg3ҳ^]?$N{#|WF9E)n}36 VZs-^db'?ZܷsH,1=XbgՍW T4ܴG=2G"c/F<w+yjz!KWxP]lHn +W2T,ƼVTG{x]Fb1xVu5GFN2WuR73iiSvj7$Kr~\/>[~2Mtv/$vV1 VZ;c̝׳ >5-I]*@ C jqk`q'8hgO* +8e]eWHEª'S,oJd&l^7m '̹'iZ如C Ԛ"ݕ,SylJV R)1P(GR?j'${qr\j24-I>).|V#sO҈S/ʞ]́,HGxsjx~k"{W;܂3}*xҼų&סVZugO҉1%bFcSp砬ǚ-lo Z#ӵ 6$Gf3Tt57i,iOu$\O z)8Pjz\[<1eW|mG5XWv>_y߉U(C~ŶcnCpcV>pp½GIǡb=UHR:b+2팗%=v+&󂳘ۭ/O7_c\g#5ͤWvJԳV[; >* ue^]1qTd{*Ή%}X"/q-QJzVuiwlhbo$nm0Y$7\t<+#S' {S݄F%sIUpVY44v S\Ls4w<Pg/b_bĒb܇e;a]xx:nLj%N;#>>G%7Kʩwl{Ij; ͑G@2W)]SH|_[y&{y!Q#ƹg@M*?gܫr0q{uۈH(x]W?.u\OȣXbifiȯ2~U=ǧk >9[d6 )RhQ _s\:u=:rZ%kq/Q,X}1ҊK1$tR@!*ǎQ}e*[شi0)iq>\I$nxso{ ckآI )`AR] {7;UmM1%$"i51f n5R] GćRwBFT2=e⹶L;GHmQb Vz1劲G)6YJ8lgo+pp}!*K@uZO!HNMRRu4 Q@uRy)B3LaN$􅇨m#:Mahn䷺eAGW̞:WAEՒ)g|Y?G<ד|q䷶ֺM}Y2p8ٹE՘t g/_Rܡm>uaa+QMjnҒ6t qֺCR~q0uXz>6VSFW&%;gʾ2[QOs0.-[k',Ǔt5ĽѠQ໶L,03^xM d)xO߈.RKxD v׮ӑxPiUIƤ-}J#Ѯ[(be*|ϭ&i%p;1ں]sâaNQ bk\Ai|͜6d[c:]2gXfA$mިj{TIcVde}[R|?#N`C`TW $E!opϘz8_FN s)p#Y0Hb~Mv -yF9c?:;nXG/'ԑ=IiZXݤBy V3noS2Q4(hhmu62s+J׮'[[ŏZnN#N= ^II.Pe bļf$YFv)o&ў+P5$[}*C 'Z2UGƚEa G'W1m9ԧ/ P+r!Fr6 qVπ+~됼FWx m朩ɜ8k9N&!dd%\aK$b[e xc׾E\)}K HW2=H+O {j1壌a=I?ʜ)I;[@hGV|XjB;JB.~_\=]6io@YQl׳FWMoj6a#Q$<[WQ宼-mHkHmddcR<4zxL$ *~_,A4 lVꖧ5?y>WZ y}Y446`2W&BbhX#;_A꺵6o8XgYV\ԮKlƞ}NW)J~UʬsW2KiYJq46k]d 0?EzpF`NE'JiΝus+:'98>xy}2['!"U6i#+6Ѡ\s[H}+3SRvC/ݤW ߌ=}K&Q>3궱L8k߽~,irx qҾ<{gGWn1+'Q*2KKG|O&㼹 e~'ۛ{ZM&c' =+9>i4ڌvIW#>b.>JEgCTWAs?cQ0u-7ci ܩ,[鎕o.EXAҴuhp'ؾ+p gKn+ h6q5ğ;1Y6wt tŌ'`ǎz۴3(7c?x!Ni0[lRSrpB ~U{Q4s OB|JGrz`i$zaՑy +BI`q RK1b2`=sC7ӂv3^KwGxn_}M0=sڥA,`}Ti~0;If>*OYX֬c?5eFV] d,kU:GmѧW%wE$mij\N1ԿrJgdĭrU5+;{{27 T{JdKG$|ƽNY7-Qn U\t{8KZ=j3(0qu9+Ÿgve컇*[uiv?Cs|9mUHCfK&o.]jхNEKP.>0h癎Ȅm W9z+oh?I뻍=3ؓS;:Y~*O#|?īTHmWQk<* jOg~ rT0'GYZQGv/#᳃\|l VNGּFO+kؐS z%1iq^Ƨv1jW}XԢF8TI' ѰCjfHb1gVϷZFC7Q 1@#֚I ɓ0#I**Fj>Tl&)R@1G񚔎i0=h'<SSE4Epv^bE&V OMѡy.cPdlWkG46LpfҪ1rX2) Tѕw+^U~,?i?WժqXzj-cVU)LWj:s)rZ#Z"^@:JZ4{}F8sOc a:/q^b<_;~9Vf* |6H݀U Ճ=Cq-̗q6pܿZj.Mv%M9 cs,im ػӄ^gVsmMr;=uu:3Zڿ@X9s_ƾ;t%J_*{>TIJ2ICsu [y`|͐0?ϥ6Ϛ47ɞk_X%na/ӱ+wE+1޶{V˯}W?g%ݞj $ DPӓԺuuVֈBҖ1* =2namź ^d͢=)iX?ƥIop5bXǐ Cg3m9jƗ<./4whu$}즹 45H/ˌs:v=ɹhD\"MɇF8+NprWb[zI3ʕ%:9?ʯn&hӫ4MG ca꧊.ciGMly1(>XG=b| (nusBZ|pI1MZEr#8嬏w?s0Rz62yVV|ۯc"-$0 @?)u|ZZƪ0Lm iWמ}qɣ+9ވWʒ;2q\} J9w:/=w YMc\e*W ZTmEud"W|y'{x~Hkд? Xâsi\285׷ZY!pCG4SPkQ>9є.z5ye2}XٸTr3$+yKryP$[Avfq*eOnhxvc[pLБ[$zh1 ў"5V 99#r.I 0D$+nY4s&tvkoK3ϓPֻ=bIV#c3޼cÓH33kk o R\16j"k} )b' 88K˒YFnV+ _cwof V/o"kfJ$ғU:1[bڐʱ Xj7jA[E ܑ|ײ٤`IXזt#HFH\2R5I|:mm<=dY+VQ5ʃA/4Dܾ2'u}RPK j)nw>&7Bߩߥy,\C*rVLB M%2McNcI.ѝm׵>-^+x$lp5Ȃ9$HdOxATf3=EGb.:ʜqz4R?觖<`w[ 6Ӟ^*l{v=jO$B+q~Lz4 X|isv;e,xȨرW_k)c*A*n ֜S`D'-b<t䎃y,nAٶ &{y5J7+ k*%KԺ#rVXzN I8 M4*eEWZ&VKC 4 ҙ2$^Z&}QONXw ɁE΢aci[OdpG]i"Q+~Wgj<˥Xzqul$Ҭzdέ1,M'o͏BNh,^8r_}N| J1rE" k>K4٤cI);?#xKZhpKi.c €]A&li0 >Q_ͺWG4ktd~ G|qi%*n6h8 Eۥ ue)\.E-ILX&`0Ck~5H " Fh!-u8 j7-!(2Y15j7e+4)dbIەʂ[5+<4QYJÃ4~b2TOSEVCU$;yp6巠-W5Gt{GA Q^ei BEu*jkS'M2E|WIэ(+QظI.s$lsh\#MW3ZKadnҰt$ڧ'E2cC𦥨+^xy؏>vZ2X2Tq4Q]uZdvS2mŽ<ɯHa0(4qm;Uy LEYHa,2[#v૎g?!+Ȣ\MQzQE 9{Ė]NX" 5^,J\KhpRV5$⮎hu[q]u)ntr#\(W+E.nORe'1WGnqQEZ 2t%Y BG$E*j(a^M[9f G+\m-$1À'(YԔTʌSi3. G,E::<orWo3R3 Ax \O|'*n}*֨ܙ0SB?tC0sAz|~Uqc]1E Warning: fopen(https://newsweekme.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/2016-06-22T230333Z_1068519676_S1AETLLKUNAD_RTRMADP_3_AFGHANISTAN-MINORITY-780x439.jpg): failed to open stream: HTTP wrapper does not support writeable connections in /home/newsweekme/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-image-editor.php on line 428

An Afghan Sikh (R) receives sweets given out to a congregation at the end of prayer, inside a Gurudwara, or a Sikh temple, during a religious ceremony in Kabul, Afghanistan June 8, 2016. Once a thriving minority, only a handful of Sikh and Hindu families remain in the country. REUTERS/Mohammad Ismail

By Hamid Shalizi

KABUL, June 23 – On a bright day in downtown Kabul, Jagtar Singh Laghmani was in his traditional herb shop when a man turned up, drew a knife and told him to convert to Islam or he would cut his throat. Only bystanders and other shopkeepers saved his life.

The incident earlier this month was the latest attack on a dwindling community of Sikhs and Hindus in Afghanistan, a deeply conservative Muslim country struggling with growing insecurity caused by an Islamist insurgency and economic challenges.

Once a thriving minority, only a handful of Sikh and Hindu families remain. Many have chosen to flee the country of their birth, blaming growing discrimination and intolerance.

“This is how we begin our day – with fear and isolation. If you are not a Muslim, you are not a human in their eyes,” said Jagtar Singh, speaking in his tiny shop in the bustling centre of Kabul. “I don’t know what to do or where to go.”

For centuries, Hindu and Sikh communities played a prominent role in merchant trade and money lending in Afghanistan, although today they are known more for medicinal herb shops.

According to Avtar Singh, chairman of the national council of Hindus and Sikhs, the community now numbers fewer than 220 families, compared with around 220,000 members before the collapse of the Kabul government in 1992.

Once spread across the country, the community is now mainly concentrated in the eastern provinces of Nangarhar, Ghazni, and the capital Kabul.

Although Afghanistan is almost entirely Muslim, its constitution, drawn up after U.S.-led forces drove out the Taliban government in 2001, theoretically guarantees the right of minority religions to worship freely.

But as the conflict drags on, Avtar Singh said conditions were worse than under the Taliban, which imposed strict Islamic laws, staged public executions and banned girls from schools.

Hindus and Sikhs had to wear yellow patches that identified them in public, but were otherwise seldom bothered.

“The good old days have long gone when we were treated as Afghans, not as outsiders,” Avtar Singh said from a temple in Kabul, all the while keeping an eye on visitors using monitors linked to security cameras.

“Our lands have been taken by powerful figures in the government, especially by the warlords. We are facing threats, and this small community is getting smaller and smaller every day,” he added.

Last week, dozens of Hindu and Sikh families left Helmand, where Taliban insurgents, who have a presence in much of the southern province, sent a letter demanding 200,000 Afghani ($2,800) a month from the community.

HOSTILITY

Tensions have surfaced in Qalacha, an area on the outskirts of Kabul where the Sikh and Hindu community owns a high-walled crematorium.

As the capital has expanded in recent years, the neighbourhood has become densely populated and some newer residents oppose Hindu and Sikh cremations, a practice foreign to Muslims, who bury their dead.

“When they burn the body the smell makes our family sick and we don’t want this to happen here,” said Ahmad Timor, a Muslim resident in Qalacha.

The Sikhs say local Muslim hardliners have stirred up hostility against them, and the community now requires police protection for their funeral rituals.

“They throw stones and bricks at us, at the bodies of the dead, whenever there is a funeral,” said Avtar Singh, pointing to a newly built house next to the crematorium.

Dahi-ul Haq Abid, deputy minister for Haj and religious affairs, said the government had done what it could to improve the livelihood of Hindus and Sikhs.

“We agree that conflicts pushed them out of the country, but their condition is not as bad as they claim,” Abid added.

“We have allocated them a place to burn their bodies because inside the city people complained about the smell, but they did not agree,” he told Reuters.

Harassment is also common.

Jasmeet Singh, eight, stopped going to school because of what he said was daily harassment. He and other children from the community now either go to private schools or study inside the temple.

“While I was at school, other students were making fun of me. They were removing my turban, hitting me and calling me Hindu and kaffir (infidel),” said Jasmeet Singh, as other boys nodded their heads in agreement.

Increasing numbers of Sikhs and Hindus have moved to India, their spiritual homeland, but some say they remain foreigners wherever they go.

“When we go to India, we are known as Afghans, but when we are here, we are seen as outsiders even if we are native Afghan,” said Baljit Singh, a shopkeeper in Kabul. “We are lost between both worlds.”

Social Streams

Comments

comments

Facebook Comments

Post a comment