Bordering War: Pakistan-India Tensions Enter a War-Like Narrative

JFIF;CREATOR: gd-jpeg v1.0 (using IJG JPEG v62), quality = 80 C   %# , #&')*)-0-(0%()(C   ((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((( " }!1AQa"q2#BR$3br %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz w!1AQaq"2B #3Rbr $4%&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz ?_%潍n3m-qsi1 {坽B"qaxoV!>ZeQIz ;;_t+? XsUH҉=gSw$o_\x5[DK`|#Ρb| +;[S),m3IYT9Ueۙ<ʌÏ K 79 f0sĨ֦cm=+,/O|/q[Cqwy߅{8b[t`K XXε`H-bXAU 桴[OK{beMQ(8|VT:Pz[~&=I tסNX4ʣH6s*3iIl×Ku[kZ 2m7L+c=z`j k&C=Q{rȹI/ (ǧ=z׹h&5̮zT\+hT23n(Q@Q@Q@Q@Q@Q@Q@jM뽇_KjbMe *;X>78q5q٘6HinyF+Z0dVu:_vF gxhN^>?i 7&O,|?655; (Q@Q@Q@Q@Q@Q@Q@ e Ař.-U*g4رУp1cX'b[V?1pZ;;}#IXe0~2k B0 eIbKxdYd=]UEG3ʃGN;՞VVVBU7%0\Iw-UDZ'k!>f9U[ܖGJ}?u- N:k.?Aߥ!OKS+XFQdaMMEr>Fu?:e #n?Ja#|7r" @wҵ !!¾#?tvHLڤ1-İGE"Y*/jæ[ֲZE\ψ4[ΤI cq3W77wwn;תClB(#+>_OoXMs]"9DP$޺+D"cUԵ]+")PJI'm#bfe@VĐ=Ocsjn+݇LB# f*k'Hm[K|\6# NV/sѬ/ԮT#>={7Ef iI(aEPEPEPEPEPE"۸nJ}Q@Q@T{.XbH&!{ N*[21B({{AIg*8eͷp^EⳕhGv+-Ť:Bk/Fp@!Saެ[̚K3a\ 6Ff *Uz:'a0y#ް,59,x,ǥU"]tiwGZ*&؞]&EN'Չ>SJ3i"H/Yq+ijϥB}NX0XWe:n./vv\'i'a=ҵM* @rp+GRDgƣv 󏕘8h[>%:$E>lNe.&A98J[0B]a[<^7Ky /o%ؿFXHʣώpp6п1W~Jҧ҉]Ig#35ٱ- ?F4h5Zq<l~'/xhwZ5"^k 4cVƍJWZ%Ϛ~G[ Si 8~A'h$֧?ZbmRJN+bJHpm`[h޽U@T`*JT9kEWHQEQ@WkiʥQI0)-QLvdnaWZpSVKu+x<'l:c}LOc?q:Z4DzS,+[i^Ks+׆otUXn0U_]/ýLIաT/+p8aGkk[3)h(( (()h JZ((()h JZ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( (*jQ:eݔ1D7с־q4%N= tk"L"+Q k: dj. >r916e[MsJτּo-4k.n #'=4(aEPEPEPL2 FXo# zqegk䶗r&T|H*s}qi7mG;?hM1eC"#(*) pOp;;ջ{.6~Yڹ^ K@4K!qԮcC5ʛᦎk{̌HYX=IV\]vVŪ+:Y+w^IA_QB<T]ǟȆū3V P dwCrBd9r#u JShah.fzђ=At>fTrH*FA1 > 𽼋"*teGA0 +:8"<˂Vr:R#MJ[[Gdͱq >J.Esy1;3Y6w8摇}砭P/$NhuçŹxM&{gX!+F#2lWQ$C5+z(fDJ5iS3y" i5ogh19 z?Q^y6e0#tkSSَl!FCMi\ZuOd u_+X&/4k)՘[%`xgiu ]MB;= hTz$Vc q\ZK*mm*=Mt+SڝȄE%rL= d$s]vKH{HR6 T[m63^mjd.ۓ=s^k{ xcf#'aq}@\ÉIHy+c{b-pj#f s\߇N$fQ8^h~ia \6}Utawv3w{ںKkxa"S%[};Ǻ JK8鋦 OZJP([CF( *8dYT#((((((((((((((((((((&Y< \g-;j"4o(َ%nAa1 5G_i:7c5ĀetW ǯC: M%澖ܕq ?ϗ-%Y+K G?1r7T]s=OtnTHULk8п`WF-QcwI#Os~^Y䒣pK}zj9n$heD0>zUY=SqҞQԴ, !<3q^k/5u(晇&p?r~OC_?^Z6B|ƭY䈣v#TC^6 xRrD*qc} ޿w_5V_y 'aHyl(ei"r~л~uXx]Er"r7/d?$QW>!ԡuY"y@0H>' SbE,Đ0+/JTtn-?nxOD{+Ij豀ȣ ͝q)4*nbn.%;_Cñ>!4Y ٸ0GX_>@r՗6>@[ȮΙ$I&7l,]/l'kVut<_RfKϗj,;APվ[X!U|YF?7lgWׁ|*`qӶƯ}l YQLAEPHN4P/YhC nncs;}:xW /#tRb22F½PmBȭ[1 ]sF2N}r8"ŲO =8>5Ԭ}ۣ_llMs'p}W8UY $"sOኧwt$86F^7Sx>d?tSE{_j2bmK@^^E;FرsX$9$&i/L<ʂ%>=jdҦ{e:'F>gO-8)92]'r NI'GlZ^6gy.IqOm;y pDIU-̒h9 T1s *PSU*Ep7BvwSFT {KS[)$ڀ8ˆUEAUQD>A,.o-3|}r+>/݈oSk % 2i8PsU+hVP S>I;x*o~hkݫ?Fƚ]/(+qOp)QEU}A+I]$HWV+'W mH(B6Hbx84һapWh´[÷V<2|jF;lY8Vݵe7O4KḂmvTnqOC+jZ-ͼkYi!22~pE,:S8,7#OΝ.F}Ibiwc1B'3PT@RH`S2{/5 O@:[%Wc& ϖK$zV^6[Cȏhz4g,@X}*Q= vi5o.y3?\1lK*+sU~U|R @QG^yWY2UiV3,c( c Yܒ9zUY#-ߐyBIPcIqOm@f6\ Jе՞d\zTe9nX/].vDKz\uֹkCoJVE=oSHO}'*#GזKbqʅQr0xx sjWu3ci9һ Դs~pFk^E^@w/pr0vUrVߐZ|M\wKrCyWanj^SLr!l4B ! 8=A5-bY `rHV542qj.)?+FԐFȲqĶ.@A`Rd_2dc do5 >_Oi!ԥ@^<$N*梑m>m!o, zQYp7$v&&ڊ܃etg%f^6Ӣ&=A6o4 ~՛yF#)fN~/} sG!*5rF6ۃ)U4:|W11zq7MEzf֠#]:=n)I}.񊪃RAʟq*\B1=A隧]>kD܄9ڍq#kCySs&`#|RHp܂X|}Σs_qyzT~C3|cS{{ڱ ( ZZRd#N֦Mg۶w1psz+ֈn%3"P$@QYZB̨pq.hQY-°d`sPm&0b1FV NM_fEb8MLgasQo|Ot 6E{≧hU+ug'v+M!( (()p1@Y%BVǿJM* zOP,ŏ1灓O J=qg$,*0[x,γt<}@==* 1mN W;uy;J0|sW'h3{Ȁ}5_1x51..?WnP:t}j;w {+/,N" \u]Mx_ǿ kڗj"V\Ԏs“e%s|YC:;&8~3{sIpdIe21۫5,LV9=rA8Q8`բYfgܩ_ZgܒY6['bdmǾ8U -D 8 Ps$m=q%%I,1^>e/\:h$*B; Ձ{$t)5Mu$Ux$$l;ONWNip'uor%_8 ́x?J[)KZ:-r6jt4M{? c g6.dgҴ1縬+9SWWCqZCȰq3Tj6e vQ3d}?*=:Xn@*G,e1* KHg_DTH\m# 9$g }EcԷ} ZrAJ+Eo (ck7%й*}֬V]B0WҮ#7شhǟv꾈h3BGc}>H4D;{?Rk@I*F IN:Ҽ~F2ĦQz}ekft)= .V lw֗/V4JmT6,I$5v_^e r).OC`*\ay;N}fijz.ZU)9BY;n{s_\ۊ͎P7t5fI4EL*q{"7GՈ׷nbe@'wYc^cdt޻ngW U 0 ׾$ ̿.T֞X9Ię7 RyVΈPW- tK) Ѩ4->6H? ro`MV)<Э dd6zz;W/O+/]Kⶏ ;eVatn1&vi;޶Bŋ .V/tPWvF}S}NW&;'j 軁R%'_Ml)Ry$q&[=3yT;RmN Y RNcV4(((QE&=('ҀğUf%PmIDZ4lX9cj"Fs0 -QH3 ((((((((((((+?h(x^N?½NA'[n`I'wڸFM"YCo _[Fs#_rHׂuly3YN,NT\6ǹ*o}Ywe:qZ7 bX6 9WLxn. u f$<'?J [GYZru}yȩA=(N4`qչ57} Y>}GOApʡI0ϭf ĩ*- o)`T{V$ŵzFN'=3\ꪓmuTjmndTun) Wɨ\=k O񾕨XQ knw9%'dDʩ5Mo+O=سp8du}8' ĕvHM1Ԛt \\إ(px0$8V[StwBiMTɷIz"ՅŠ9dRO4ƒ;Phm^wWwCJ布Wsn}'ώV2=?+[FM:)\sYvP:مd}VrfKkqֶo;KSs*'S.O" FZ헱*'W?&C=!-IW9adpM'SDdaƳg. kҕ{Zsy @My)b,źrגL<МUn&2dPd<汝E7 ܕ.4ov6o 7cY˱IsJ)"Qj=ctoiً* ikZXc+ծ^EXˬCr᤹%MZȵ.EmFbV^WG 4K"a;W Ha _:Z*s'$)O2l$H0:LhՒ4֦" kʗ2 F9I1H"tQ̅C\vELe+b\uUXvP۪;ZԳQU!}w,TsxYjJz9896N@4Y ўM6bV ֩#; [I%\Ұ*FSF/c }C<?z. @znqJ)Hܢ9UЅ7II[(dVwNj=̎kΪwf \;Z)'WESHNJZ%1o~^hpPdyz]bj'Rk+n;{țגx5VgxϭCrFޡqgԥh,9ZLu"ԻW//WڣvnX 5*nGAEajQd tZ |t;AZ'}߹ʄ{|2+ M2Z*6 =WMZ9{M7ޔѻ-<梦Y׎+>+X[)&meVD]wxft :*i'QJpݨ@l֑Llyڣ9aco\ {WxzJ  ޽)^SvRdk5>N@ZW1wB Rrv9v541UXK|6jN^sZa7"~.^]iR pk K #Q{ƽQtoq`Cξswc KɮIͳХ̩INa'jrH xjOw>W;t"A[KQ#U[Ȧ9]vѸT%yrXdV2W=E&'Iҹ Q3YHƜ862ܮu ~usJ^۹JuaWwh| FH[ݮt| ӭnр1x"ں]9R{`y.ܫ=x=*E.//u"ÊqA=/xryPzxCgv9EQ&ѿ!~_4=jBlGry_sH+{$Ts]H6h ~`Ho@bA7s}[[o=A;xel>?Ҿд-gXht2x#bPc\޾w$7j7RghيA~8Z2'V+Z1bXr Z;vz[7<۠=^4`tPW);ɬ]%1 9ں˅P3ь$֖ J~Lbz MV@GN-~WmhAiTJwD@~pW ҧTۺȟ:$NƉNUGqU)5dAUPNuFۃz"Բ9!TGf,Ww~$^O#i>d8j{)"Ȓ0 rEV2@|'k5oFj|z:1)Ҭ݇Nۚ$L14+挍;~W#H *9w!ƒVmd +Y͌݌#nHWPtѕAI+^C3@$ӵHr}aɑ+68IŻ=!=R0 Gq6 *g9KU1]1Z'af>WhbgSr; )lD -+"R՞k)TQnM$| ֕4N)q6+VDzI >u':Xbi^xh;av[djоKr2B{RjCzyd0ҋ8;_fJ v2{Ux`h5YPUn S˰QE zsyS(VjĹ ;}++텧26rՃ曻-ժ:1U.f!rA;Nc8ϥ]K=*MX.I;GlGj5፷ȩq*(ϯSY:ޝ$8fG'YʐB]n K=6t%p+|ku|L |LU39|}u=w< $cQM\[h~7q,TOѾ\B ܺ6Kq_?(jR|k#~-_b=<-in#?^^Qqk룚%:THqܟdYY7+y3ZʖmRAoYM:i+FMtb; &{VqRk7kmnU_jܱ5\Hh_xTGa +*?Mwimuմ3EY (GB3$ [ c'EƷ>5iM-QU;9}xV|-2TlfPsªWz; j}95UCT'9o,@2jg\DO\cSM4,jrziᇥ\/HTm#]8<4b[ 2i*ɐ8⡍eY] Tz*Np ZWCn30uUc%w|znid8M)Xs+:9?rjidbҠpR,97I r'$x O4|֨oibRcYvc>vH 2R5QnCQ֓{G;iؗ'fL`)"ƃo,GZi2mv܂CYș_tg9`8/6q,S#WXiejb# {QsiݬFf_1SϙB[Ib*?Ȱ#5=\>_JH99 Umö+Ӆ%U $m8# K۰bc9-[@t|{:wgm.FFu*pGGnH $?fg_nOkm{0֑6*9N1:JSr';2Ӌ;iJJFn *J7G8Q+dfFHԑT7ޤg_\ @W'Q sVM˟95ղ8wfl"Xg®?(3lRqҒ+k sʕw5M?2ۚBInOOQScI˘̺L:Vc*0Zْ2sFhz,e}O;k&&#IP6k?gooukX"'yNSQWd5﷖[KQCAG``ihdWmn#Ɉ!+9Ui]ήFce}j&=wsPZma5<69C7-GI#Uն֜-ނvFɌⓌk Ɋ#ӎ {5gbu?+vRѵڣT%mWny}j_v; ur`UL0e\WtxOC[nlnqN )F%4ۙCS0X* 6 JZhy[; !Ou5hBI9c2ARy5k)xl2uQ6qh9$xk$`sYǘWH L7#w4#(\zffl183MA=R5Q0 [F:dTɧ,sJa! ƪ|ǟҌǵ|5j<:(݊40B#i3nTt\]y5'yb3KmtSrJUhG#zLf*q$= e$us.;Vr5S3W4V'RvF W9 a-fp["J e8luI$?iP6Iw6yIj ,VRL ֞rp+NH Yp*#/9EKBlZ#yg5VFjQfZ3JZ.vޫC!ߥA Ҩۃꠊ3 JʥU R R1z^9x|qsjO%"HYHy)naL1J敬\w.ط7.?Z ۔w&;w7cl'NVVCtE49@m~|T uH♷¬WӚbʼnhhd trj zd,|27ÊePW\qUKXiXDRKcAUg5,Izm)譃SR.Q!mhy57# Apaq\ӞEy[ڼVC#20u;{MyI1ٿ3E\|G')zwXHT#d)D,Fjׅ<67cO))2^!1r*'Ж0<7i3R=HCP_^{V3O44WSH\OҧeAYd+\sB*.FyB'qsMѵJXh, +AS#,//|2]ּTmbԐd eg۵}mrxilP#q` ~fI>V֥b{{wV{FTHX9*0\9cRLg0yt)?$6އM;J~e @"5Lw4ݶK1b "e'h宊1Q@J1ԩ7s(1gWCP9i*'VE\{m<¯x;OsRY`S*. VYʻpjԐ»(fcɫ"S-3Žn{r7@Y\Z-1E-zޙƋNI,p P[DjS+}8 ӢGX8T# N+SrDE$cWLk1FnW<~@h՜Ҕh fLWY@XȪ@U%ߡ>A:ig,^LsP+9u)s۩krcfBMp!7^$\$@A_WW3Y?| F2$7Y25L@=*$cWWiD97G=: U&sҀ=ѐNgϷcU63^k}Xs2yk?ғ[=*'`\sAl P3uaRTS0\syx+&1&썙*h9sVTI`nL z=i9X58gۜ)0m'*(ؕ.S)*yr!~U~ T8)#c0v:oEե%H=Cʳgcye`U\9](k-0NyjX[ `p+,U;VNx|gi>ksѭf__\^]lRƹA#rA]Mcf)3W|Z2|%nu=ޜ7OBX'sǜizk;c䌶C4_Aֈvn Ipp}zTn1KpxRfF4ƭlpj<|k4f+8UKaG@8a<#!,.sXep=^A"kb=+^/^`" 0ޙ,}hdhz k*J'Յ)ּ/'_-Ã6G]#PێArC"6}c?'>v-Rq,~PkO$6|gK^gu!Ո;[z+t[Ihn̮YKZ0iq~Qp9֒G S\Y4j{[l_gm`nc58,qP5KDrolcyK5?Zk 1D1[h2K wPN)ݷ֛lKw w*YYaRSr ?x)AҘ?#%QK9.*(UIe;}/o.wj `⶟NWgd\[AyT I|FWG;y|(\)1AzgucQC j[Ƌ_*G[+sT泒4fI2g_VKlc2,)jMDŶ +6Cy@p9T/OzHKsurpEsRYR'aӂ_m;ZR kWN/Cjʲ9T@ǥ.M"6IޢcOk#qU|ɁҷQጰ,ǥ7$dL/JrBQb*uɩa~nj9V4dx428ȩWҨzw,wx+ضŔJ09\q43qJT)_i*VM_9 HLd BEFWT*Dcq$*S9I:ma]hVȬ](x$f[ 95"Hv}u4|;\ef_u`lU<@3wPyi$HS_wjԋ]jt@3 ޙ\u.Ush-ILԪvwZI-t #iGZU2&<}TPj՚# Ը iY}\UkϪ^BF rG`6H= mE8%GҦ^@2P6(>qn/U+I>¼Oi^ƂI,nS8ݷ{gf+am c=J^g)R؜ntٌKVu6Xxݲi.c[Fj +Q(>xFX2H#?goākO~ u_#SSbхkRǺMcr{%ݱ?63DyFD*@Qd!1SF->d8є{whYO9R<I{0 ,/HƓ}^V?9AT/!wZNLN-q:e`gM}EiYiwQlLyV>s֯-+ԞGԊ-2(J ]rmgljs6ќ(/v*OemaA=tEŽ\bԮ;#l||k;`cU ҹk'E+(Νe9hVp;& A⛧}A ?Q?dːzy^}av<5G5vDp6pjZB9a[QE16T;+*apq#tJN) 7M.V^[}`8Fsܙϭe^[0`HU7>bJ75f).YMgRN1cv:RY䴙QaAZu}zU..7I?)Ǹ滯ömyzKID uխ)CGR+9vSrg)}Ir>^EKAbU{Nu12 /SRjIӳwE?$'ֵُHӶ}A9#V2|ުƶEmOMryAE ǩ^-9lXۧ^(^y[D1jv_FhzBO5x2ǩI-!r>i-lAw` O'CWiB߉6M7XluP6NR==m{ _{W|CiiiLAh\s둂U:{>::Fd|E-/_/MetHe@ߐ~qb%Eu:PYSgh$tS"X+K{U8#1 @<SKc@nk_}}F B[fcΠ^nƑ7VQFؘ;;5.:ҋ ؁t3Vz1PED284zs}6i 9ej) z Ep 1ٛqCV Hh K7MyX__¦Hoc\zX!-~f;+EI8+\ݹ&ʳ1_g1Ḛ9R05m0iϹPkb|hg8@G4<lad*~9 @×QwQ$E'm { rVФIc=խtr+鑌oa#ۛ$̒e?+zs:7h, w$O8^s֨\Mz-߀ -G·2m;`0j( Gqs7k. eNjڜ-fxos]:oNx'i6+h11:8u&j<HE#ñAhi4.&$,z)iq^1YKA{3GwUoa>U`DZnG-Ne2*8I$Fq%"=+ǯ˙ʖJvF&!}KuP9f<)]SVԓ7ږ˨sӥw—iJ-M=2/I[I?+W?-s:A ,F7$Xkڒ:(Z8m6R,ETHL&sH0=MO3dE)[;T/ aĉjh prI$c8ⳮ,DW1m64D:־U lls`vtYX0bU%}MsW-%ӕ!@# ΪJ|[iHEXW6E$j>*Ȉ*mFg6idϥ G8Gug 6I-tlսEQ5M;07XpWGv)c:HHѺX:zOڦkRK_jed)8'r` s^W5LB$ϓwMXgא^]mx Fc#[#$lHt}GW90;ښVa QֳH\"[W~h}qq^H#䉆{Jȍv5ºu_.10ʹ6~F7HBbN0=lr?=?:6v%ıX򑏡4W">~ȋWGHl@ o]f_\ZW9N*DiV@đsT;#H5 >xڍI(׃ȩͻݹJI40J`yx`=) <s_#~=oo ?tj;#?K[jNɼ$ ge}Ve$ɯڂڧKu?@kW呞BYje X34xⶡ@`Q #ˏ}UA_F<98I9[ B#) wb^jx)zͮ][#[唙Pc- 2)6bx#;vѮrXF2sW]>O$ZUڀ_:K>g-%z[J5'`ߑ@~]{۫;;X湛 :;3rrX2D䁌溟#[vp^gܤ^-{RP.d?SZu-@..GbLi"b$4ڡ>$,|[nJ&3hE;ny7a}7>S6ix5d|#s+H-dfEdv|M-Ž9m cB> k!UVw c@=kǏt[n GOFm|61#92OLi7v1H"-/ {_f/1T~胜sZ1JKYXc?ʼ?Niᐶօyn85cc>X\zA<ΨҰ\s]LN 5f[:e_ֳEȴGqd>9,߳eS쇜k2G þP?(݅#:<ڶֶ`#a#0$a~nͪXYF!]Ü}Ny+&owv>*8@sQ]}NM4q}"!u 71=R1ޢRcT2jiff`@nÜ5?Ki(TXw>TyHwIyq{5$-D-;\lmR85NMAߙ|I4z'Ϥ1#wQM p0Sh[\y{V]þH(qqݟ¾wXoOiȱ7Rg畳UX?_xN AeHEiu]cc,1k[b}p{<{]bR\">nn.f|O'kfy5g @Qy[ H% qꇈZia*@*jͅl+E"@Xm<,q4Lf|r=:C$'wnI7PѯB?LNs|\/c6$zWSͧ2Ϡ'=PW>%(g%"VE$ puL?pZ"q=hgY$puUzҒ!4 43FjK6yU٥fG;T8Zz& +<=w9oمy %r8۸e~|7uK[9@Ǐʢ{\An`݇z[޴{FP.aH'_RXJךy[AYO~ XSjZ!忷?<U4}),!Uݞkú[$ R/jlau*B geW5[QE,s èc+n%Z}Yd:OS[` 3uK ۩.Qs H! Fsojӕ5.zgKvdZV\:9]Kvc S鸞 <7)to> 7㶆6${u&1>\U) O(W5iTJ,K#=_3vB=*|"hRHqQ6$* Sl+F+xXО<o\5 J4-D ?t(ʀT~5[QxB8jE5J} pEf-DF0RiR9a_0 0x5e[}!\?2iG\ۡ{:~ Zb[,J϶;~kmRrv >֨EIYhcǯ5-xnH(TIV(v R8}ZsTcRz sirK yV!^?,3FPϐ cDi"s@xDh IϡÙs.Tj9r#:?k]Un ^ՃOۉhvSĬlM*UaBHA.{A] ߄w*K#DrˑqyY()B.}{iFбb3Y_Wj59č-YwvcarsxGItyZjq 3x]^MH̉ߥ{2~客GLXoI+8Vݚc?:Y\}ux?j|mc}X⇊MhMv;T cCD.Z$ܨtiaxdfP둌}w/cm[G搬=5˖,~cZb-o+o"LgqrK9stJrvڤøq¨4V`H~9dv95$`_ZO >A*csP 㡠 W85K"[m2Pf7Aq틦w4+ lq6dKgg2=WֈEV2cG pxkob t> ֆs0f(ʄn<{ZU eq귻獺AėU.WRlxTX@'JbѧT(ᕆ?Nz :.zc7w5_Qlvn& ?fl>+bO}SQ=&izmtFENx_D5[ⴆX ,'rq]zPteaᴵ!USY*E=,rS$;/jP+BKz`i~!u jPMiR\PgKk~Y,fa=;z7L9M(^2 7qMenp1=hxks$.mβ39 ƹ ]Etk9'A*PĄRAsT]Z%f䭘\b: wz9n O6HbEJxP~y(`f3=dl{z,;k[]Fx7˼M}/g٤Wgpu1$ '҉,afa%jXjL AQREԣvIi4:*q)g}[Nfc*y3Ǿ+K^kʤo̱:6 OP u;ol ;}kl4k '#ZvGY-$ЏOU#NEfV1IpjIg&\`]BfB[kV*tЭ;m=X yC7=k&洹0JU|9G-䲸2diI~gǺ&W'n.+V^ ȭU *+|g0'^|FP%'nEUɊL+W4ЀڲcdfpېaU>kB5lҨe -v8o%m?J1<2Ңp[˅%<nVąJ1қjb刑E`?SrVX vB,)KSCu+cNNwg> TXğ0#H B+֟(n_jڛJ'-TQB ՁGKũvQX wsJ[s`95b7>_HE,[Zo|DĎ6cyZִi77tqZ+Z[?\ Mo#)0$>T$&KwZ[ywUb;x.gX&ʑ `FkN;u+6 ?WOͳ-w* N`1þ.䵗VV#2<pyOL?N|0n 2%u6Fp]*i!XG!!'E na:ui3{|scіF;~8iq9`oCȪi6x/\?vgv6i:or]o0և:b+O].ĩKHAqw>r}JW ~ĩ(SJxt}]ݱPJ, twg\Ag9vKVn{dGsB4P0([O3IfwN|2kzԺx-?%7>@Eg<`n4#V7wiDw Hǫ1NztN<~,|?ZcDn{BA\٬Rq""w*Ȥ 'u5jW&.#mAQY32v'AGAKq;aߝBGlOzjH YABCnNE#.=eo+Egql qLś1vs%76Pi_-4u\JF6H8'Vf* =S9rÙn5 KnG, 䐖?P)bOgLǝ#@Iwf,y1 5S/,Av[-,?h$eğݏ ¹S;6f}S!nsyV|Sr9'qS 䞔mۥ $MJ$nsk3{Ugln9ޔ+O*OMeiu}}"(GU&1oBe݀=NU=A-䍭߽ ͂9tgbN;RVX"e8!Ի؆"nH"GXsɎFO&NX~}?ZO Ld^3}ي$gӼnrrV3O*v`U(-;n1d}jg<hJ[,ljffa2k6Ʌ2eոR^x$ե|e^Ow$AFv2X9IeX!dD7ri㹪/%@Q n%![?vBDeF/!W%,o_$:%bl?鬿bx7Oѣflb?s?j l8p]Em;FY\w@?:ӴEu≠d!?zB>^:'#S4խVvQÿiv[S|ۆKW&.w gmS fZc<KM+ɻ&j{٭ZdjwixS}N ɻ幑fld^(b{vx\>ܜؑF<7j2')*D[89+R+ՖTREyp#I1dE)]XJ{D#p݉$Sm9֞c8J ҉N@ڦ#@ y Ui*L]Fr{ XlGԊϼD O40LFI+c9 ׺x*RUEŽԧh=M߉k ikp!IC^vzχfrZ + .|(qM*Xˉ䌲^ `FMt*-qagpf6hz3eCl'Ki6!cp<ӌau l;p c ޸_p"rpjŦqK)XQ'/XВ~p htlrĞd xw? Tbp§v -5܌9 }t=zrs]= '$TAqBYF3Jhed9Ok#`1qY;{tΕCzw.ERNN3Os]GL! WbтOZ)9#rYL l8 r$rO9v0d4Fs91(Lp84ByIA5bM>HPOj$gڨ۱WkHBҰ1>K=k [W\sP͹P >'^mij|7U__-Fy%Ԗ 븱xGY7$:԰׏4\m`u ;^1rO=YוK;&]WRK!2d'?J_@%wIF/ׁrkrW9TQ owo}rӝ''h'kz9|A,%Csw^3 Y%6HQekS)y,:΍CLέZ4o%C? Z\\jncu-rr9[ %2]̸<tT_)4Fa5䛥m:1+<*\$P<:?IKVʋ3|֩jiПR[ME&'ma/0Ejs'A`Z=5Wp02<>^Sz%my&dQ+l:U f֌ᡮ\v9qx*@uV,BB0sG>ɿ/\E4+|ANpy&Noqͼ }pҷ]m5Iu8- HQxL+Xw m dDX5>*֯]B֨K5ܤ0S]vaЮ$ʱ:"@$Cj,Rx"?Τ1xu"{{K똄9*Cְ9,1e*E;Xgj͙R69ɩ-t -QS1ۄsFjjVmu[[5"]1ҕC1?gIxSܙN?Z/[-{c uH\Ke#%Y&IEɠG@ْ]y Wm ^UYqhU@\;Hv9WTp#EXm4P(iyҮe*Xd |9:k"h_eêȅOIU,)sNB?SYR ޴Zeǰ( OMij.w[}Ģ#yf랹X<Җ#"cՁ{_CQg?J\Ҁ|ltJƣ?Z gM|5"sڱQ?L <0ǖݪ>Z\opx?ε52wrm SFI,iZR˒xC[T;<-G)ErFWkoeT65D z4-z=i]I qa}j|u'?Þ={sV4c-hѕi(Cs/ÝoŎGw8!OAӏR+u4 j6ZD_i3ȡ凢jrN8W.C-0ʌF t\ܶ6nEα6LV>u5:ӯhV8xPukwz~KiYpLP(lAy̮sJK%O2y?Y&c`滨PGzҨ x4CO)⋋e$Eop\U`ݍG*0ǭoȎk$aN7?N*-utk8Z1õr+Zhiu!H7u>SK8^OIjQKQٮ[vLZgi#xdɧ Ő3pv'{3cUAiqۥ0KG'P 6EH' 95KTX!o|~5 FUVՉ<}Vmk@7pdKTD1kY8߷w>fP H~+C BFO8{U-1*{sgs O BTן'.X;+]yώ'\,!BVH[p2#%ʬn)\EUR|^ԬPfAЄQOI$˽Tg+4 b (BJ68O|= ؾ^C=OYԩՍAȽm|ҷm9'I>1gWܚEc!pOkּguJjm)rTi$cmfqەGڿCϵyLj"jӮ_qsz8W˸䜚]$9vN7̖Nj&M䜃ԓ޶mu7@ rnڴ V~ѵx4F {4'o5;$2A: Ы v:MF.uH `jK9I 'Es7.Yv7M=ƤGԴ-F۟2`O~Ĝzɼ[hY\:@{Wjs>ZJݼYm;j]]?sxYΜlJ 楦چ2t VZ!Dr7~5ŝΑiW%Jс9`1gxj vEq-̈́wQu'@zСI#Qյ=Jo2y&w ]ʹ7mi;cR.˥?,խ6.bC[5+E*֤u_goO== V?*o \.$ S;85TY~ON<?|"3'OITg0J̳AR{RA##ʈ`zB Ml+dkmܘ>7/G'Ր\XV #AY!U.]Ӡ zSយ56-lYמmYۍGa۟Uyb.@@"_Lwϐm%@8jfڠt%݉;*1aXXsSR+XHK1aH⏩BW*7CKOȖۼL1cO)ɀp檙p6PN8Ep(z75M7Bմ'{Ty[[# d"Ծ4$njs}Y*SI-FAoQʣg,86Z-*sBWGa[BU_3̑'3 1NO'0|7Sr9JFƬRD iloX>"V$6xbcSy02<6(> {}]V-f[>mzW^ˏͦjn):pzjpޭ ? 56x^C9v)Q?@2fI>ؓDR[mVMq++4"\ژoM\1WbZZNJ#W:s\.%2rY$ΨH]cFyQc Ub}G)0AoYp8\z𨓌U\y!`ik/ +4oVu[Ǚ8U?hZ]k{x-cp f#kXWTu<)&L)ֽNž h$fxq¹=KFdW<$ Մ9 )T=O^+2뚗,4|9 -Bˆ :żMu1Qぜq֗ sI4V[!?x7z>Sxd-W=^IkZ72C{R],qv$ִ(r{݋c#Q[4[LcɮDH$QuC*9esI, GhC 6ÌӾ|5i)yL8%:W_:d ^U$[{mn#+"YJږS?6Ң~q5 cHUTƝ{U„2 =GyUSz1dy>NvbyoNtRL"36qI=JR֋~U,3qҴ XSi.1'8ٛsY,zP!7^*ތ-?sTr6B,O5jT =)15,Q$~+oĢ2ۯ˞5_$N\A`J}ZΫXT2y(i`Lj #>խꋢW' |[˥xq}s{>bOz~btpiҮr  =ϭ\ִщIS΍JیѢGʷ0Do]FN~_.YYc.=Dc)ԡ.bi%U0>´<-lÞsUu Wq+V<]5Ru=a[\N]&Z8+^$Ly;ڰۃ |AOQH 3ӟJ^VlPަ׍|Kku"B@Qpm2Tu8l:#` WcEǷZtբ6$G=kWoԳsZ ; 05K8Հ}HM$[^-ڗ\pZiƌN urO!U=v~$Z4S=+*r]=\N0@d2@JJ}5Oi!RUi~:d,ʬP y\iw=<5Csi89/5#/s{Y =k5[[f[0p$} 83s*rҴqVbZmGElyMv9}Vw `è:Vㇷep}p}jʏZp][[j:%wBx4?u1Ĩۉ#ϽJyFwv{5ׇ!'ȚTPAF9u$W=xE\!_|6C_ƶ =SCdUӷ\֫u^7.J*QYE_K-ݭė:s8T9ܧ؊÷0;,=_?+T{-e,8bxVǮp>WHúܶ]aoJW;Z/%6x܃_)xdo{8?>γm&Y[؋"<<2 a]l dyW=Y]X*;76{U[X}`{涼E K=V+@FIzU-'\l6E@ǩ\'vt(ɧ tSW__DDo RD!"ԩiP+LNx%٭FR4#m6_ExsPڙ|3[3h210G-3×G4,0;~5sFqW+|ﴗi@<6r;ThLG(&-܎#h+)շT{E"(JsJToP`sR,ch VܚUG|$c=}=)N!gZEgUN s[k! mҲu? $ݔe kF1B߮jA{u,Ck+G>X8|3B#I3 I^E[] dښ>F;eF** ($QUpnORr@uPúNW.0Q9g/vgO0`|9 UV9AB_;^k_->.X뻙N¡kKkkZ6ٵMQ?2t1TR2~"`-hlG0X{{"\nV^C []Ǯ^q>0 }FAϾڲ'5 = /co,i񦿜?A~Kku p>J3؊Ey#7$K WSxedy.RBN翭f,9Wj_|Wqg,#:b8\n{:mp2A${Nj80ԫ3}ԴSJ`wh>EVI{Un8էjע#j.d1IPZ$Nӂz,=mv?7(BGp2kV-i.#4bH~5C,%3 O:~U=KΰiRGb6—f3Kp $gV-G6WҬZK-'!?VW~vQ-`/2ˁ:ѫu%]<5fif秵};֬ZԷ:Dd/S>f#R+>b|mwGħۈ \C7zv~^F?HGjx4&XVts |Wn.iw vgPԉ~M@5-<@:#PB~[̺];w.>Ht ?)l$dWS~Ϟ/ןb't~ 1׸M>Bv6GQSQKjRE.fR[|FgP~p`Q~_$pRYݻ0"ޤ/Om]n=k99Lw҃6zZ&̯Gq΢Դ_H Ggφ"wKQ9^qQ '+>- AEsWz't]C5V}>ʵaVM\K#*M; SxwNQoOܑ\ޭv~դR`l~x\\ci*0qXW>3D%HU8g$'@ 0sT FCiDN?Ji ӅTϓQ :_v'"Fc9?¢xfO1[/?|!,h Ev]v+{[p쁍ξ/0LlK/ï \X$a d*-#j *rЁJ`yl}k?Vs@*f/os_j1տtLvA&9I" 5ltfLㅞ0Qo>C+V0}*%4H9"kR.ROaGU^)$ɤ^lL][Byi[i.дHrq_&Tr˹'|0#ڹcB8sՋ4sl ڒrmS=c ԫ{}HmטsymIPW+^3^Oss+ˈjM#ZkۛY$l Hk̬um'%˟WO4k$L xdwEYmemqEc VǸ ::iMAG\ [BHP:W;.~ғ^ˌԨE%xirVVg`°wZkP#BXM.A[$3rRjS\zT{ցMxc@ OcK):ސҚ,!rp0(CN3q0H5Ѥre(*j,`en[)uMC2\vASkxFod9a 'ߊR,.qƧBsׅ`=A=kDZ- }Z/wu~WأO ژ-Yg%9LT%+{`$rF8$G9{y$ސ^lH0F3i@+$`T`BA'ҡ1j$#Q+`tykkl>}I\Ɨ/C0ޫֶgZv|.Gkjxy1$Mzosr"䢌tk!o5=?ֻX7r*Ǩ\[麬s& 0Gr7[~b\ '8 ,J{7kOM> #FF*c:{Veis4Ynbh{J񏃵 ݖtɣjܠz|æ} TuۚqAtWbr2km?sj֓@q;[yZNcr;_Z㡲i{ԢVl )N} Č p58jǠJE!B{.܏RhM6TMf~k\ѷ2L.d+UCc*alCp:YuM?!l,Kc茮aTȓJW>^GB+ F@HesSOXEE#5V-5 q Y'k;KY_o(~|yP2C ]ۦqc5(ϚFw0wg@jKM`<{hONUIP,=?P'v{/WVHS74K|B.blC:1PsT(jLw6Pfn$(etIǹjkDd޳^E' nIC4܀RFr+MGLY~iaOܶa"?`2iFLsmkZÑFKy< Ay_N 8'~y>wxk~+V,<.1BsQtތdW={MkfvRA(5m;= J=~=;G=dɀxO=*EQs[8/GC 'j>]X& \4f$Q|#bq4Ni*ѥɵy[rz½F3Dm?zxpR}y0\-.jN2U^+ߍ-Zra |<ᚭBHVHH"f=M}`qk TєEZ@U]όs|dݞ\*:0?t>ίjk.Sc"9Zci+'|J ~mXVmfƾ4xlۈEVf|C a$g5iY;5jkSắQ^񞖒=VڄIɗ?y֯j,^7@?J{l839n8J01w80-p3Q,PrN;xb(Hdbެ#28.SpISғZQso;:RJwg 2NEupsb\\MtN `.!$튗@G&Yc9'M8vf/G@ $pd~w}Olp7އ?K*Nk";Es~3ds~o, Lst%pHI^# fwHZq. +2]714@<`XTe+f'xҴ \V0Y/jZik?U Z2Źj5{LţKf\nxM*;5w ӞjJ%\6oa/a2vPv먕F6VU"Y ,ZHDNMYp%SFcPMے6pkF%7\Gֳe| `֥(=Ti@n/]D$G"e|E}~B6rFEl3Z9̧9Ȕ՘"Mn%&xk1-ꑖ2A֍Ndxo0}43]ۿv 3Nӭ$Uʿ@rJy?ZE#7V՝^%g8X ly?ZGv[yp1CdK_$8ۈWS%c)?3^ -$9|Woh+R}h4.xj-FmRkyd S^ѣxDpOofj>-t }.g d׵Uo51##Y 9cSR4;K{Fnm6j$$ɊFk_ST4\o@cm$7gSZ7l.%$G5~3SCM.g7t*gNY7g^xy[OC0W.}5m2iJs!5B"MG.*gN˔ւv_ 0ױBkY!ɫַW1FCZO{ꥶ$geĸyoUv?*ׂi,7yf@ǥdTe4PAJz%`!<%z+.2wSZxXIsp kEU$BgcY#gUӅ7,Wxz-bkKS j*N9*{EӦ9en#SMx =һ2iSkl yO<[&U+-9pM:?櫴-ӌRm \ba@;椎=KRBqɢH\Rrd=i0ȩ|Ӫ5j VEn-XG+;UۏȌǦ+H@D=(&! Op[#-2Dq2٫󌟕ܚa؀X~ёFV OVbYd2"2IǴJ218D Rs Ҭٍ8NX"ܚKo2Nr95dF*)Nj9ͷS5Ngh\E5CuJI? U$+oxgIe&j&A_ƾ}/\pw8}SGzʉhXQU|3Rp:LFZ4cTWi[?u}j)ocWGʾIw1w96(-I bzJ YJu8VBZ37LWa~\E?7<]LpI@ 2%Y]ϥ9rfh!;F t\֣cl_Ɨ)Je퀅 ³m@aKu؝8. cPurb?#B*ڳlA֮4[/k Խ֠(=*Y> {Xa9E9 $Rm:Z ;P1ϹuK}N[;[Y! Y`\s{hJ>fj[td?>=זjUҬ:JIo*Џz+~n˒YP+02\ۥHn6.F8䚯qSI銋j请,r[nR'|=V&s]}Wkib[bF>iILVeH*[!Ϸm2qյ Kķh#f(,)k 0~CTyv,j.3_h6߱L6{֖-{,2FTf؀'`s_lgi?61H4 >?h$±G x֝;Hq覾M7N~k)ef崷H&+H$3BzQ h؇*h}s鷈NڌV%^;t+e-ԧJ.;!dOHNշ #=kxr%ሱmBy4۟ZXsSo}VC8CVMDHws\{fc[-,ER]yygEG7CrcMMn]$X֒3 _Tdt0H"/>b7o%=r*)'r=`ϝcsZKtg8Z%`䘵iz S&A!uORS]FRleA<EJ&2۵^y!fю8RzjɷvEsڹVi)lz Nc 5x@BПAjԞ44HʻfUȞQ3j #*;?ubY }9Xӭ4I"z)~1Wruqߑ#JHVUbzaf3m#ަ}Z8yв/njky tWRjKC&b>m [1\+~n<.ݺ_^5!#u('I=rD)3uZ2HwjFЙ-ՃN'ֱ5$V;Hv퀫u$.t;p#5x?$;W't^H-x4nkxcY$sp8qO{hp<@CdݐkΛެ#5p/-]e6=bIo',O-7Mya_6 dڻZѪ>`BdHڝ531ʟZ쥉ѳ=hHTÞq]~N5]SXYDQj--+RrG5b *aH]2/8Ym ʳފhjY/SlV͜AcV&iApw6Ů@ ֜Zڑ7l3Ht"X1Tr*DLWba900yD 3tdQ\iߚv$ o:zԬs"wQWEoE$f]F4rDae9k '߁~ti}oyaTdK8tZʈU^*㡐*VN +4D6GӠ 1Y"CF!:Z7LW5qw$LpTظȫ.CbqdS C"T"eѧs_yt!t8#q~^žNSKTGN(F0~GTiٓ"4C)""0$4v擿Rm 8H&9ߵ3++TZӡefRL$UAZEWs.TjNSWc , Ɣ U(4X.\Yz[7Tr<Z_2T-0AlUhy" To3d8 GqXp25ZQpQ~.EdK^ezf۳c( ևX1뜊(BvrQsQ"[Y\ 9隴5$v%H~ڝi=jai'Ybuݞޕ^?3''(N dAh-X9i*xECAԅzEDkSp$QEB` ')e ( 5"C2`yQBavDכ-qE-"&Y91ES Gg#ӊXсb[QO3nx(AN"*Q3]+͚$MTd(Lnv)fV`JSÂWܫXS4^ռ4m1ڊ*w1V&Am}+jmGEPE-:m6;p߅Sfd㯽VTh +]E ՏInod3EY4EJVef@[wN N)0UW?SZ&'8n)gw!Aj(; | &cY#QJEܦǁLa!\s(gd[E HYBM#CO"Pxj(yQd+|ԩte֊*%&:qCrW8DWQE rf>5a*A V'V[cRr~ *FMPHZR P484Q@TLO((tu/.6E
Warning: fopen(https://newsweekme.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/pak-3-780x439.jpg): failed to open stream: HTTP wrapper does not support writeable connections in /home/newsweekme/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-image-editor.php on line 428

BOTTLED ANGER: Demonstrators holding a Pakistani flag, shout during a protest in Srinagar against the recent killings in Kashmir, September 30, 2016

BY: Jyoti Malhotra

A map of the undivided state of Jammu and Kashmir lays bare the plain truth for all to see. As the crow flies, the distance between Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan, and Uri in the northern part of Indian-administered Kashmir is a mere 211 km. The road from Islamabad to Baramulla, once known as the “Gateway to the Kashmir valley,” is even closer, at 138 km.

Despite the proximity, there is more than an electrified barbed wire fence separating Islamabad from these Kashmiri towns.

Since the cross-border attacks by militants—on September 18 on the Uri army base camp, which claimed the lives of 18 soldiers, and two weeks later on October 2, on the Baramulla army base—the rising nationalist sentiment on either side of the border has pushed both the Indian and Pakistani governments to take such hardline positions against each other.

According to the Indian government, army commandos conducted covert strikes inside Pakistani-administered territory some 10 days after the Uri attack. But the Pakistanis have strenuously refuted the scale of the attack as described by the Indian side, saying that only small arms and mortar fire was used. Nevertheless, Pakistan’s permanent representative to the U.S. Maleeha Lodhi met U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon and asked him to take cognizance of the Indian violation of the Line of Control (LoC).

Barely nine months after Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi dropped in, uninvited, to the family home of his Pakistani counterpart Nawaz Sharif on Christmas last year in Raiwind, just outside Lahore to participate in the wedding celebrations of Sharif’s granddaughter, India and Pakistan are now locked in an eyeball-to-eyeball confrontation.

Media outlets in general, and televised media in particular, have reflected and continue to mirror the bitterness on both sides.
Indian TV anchors are behaving these days as if their microphones could be transformed into AK-47s. Meanwhile, Pakistan TV shows are incomplete without the presence of at least one retired general who don’t think twice about connecting the ongoing tension with the war in 1971, in which Pakistan lost one-third of its territory (which later came to be known as Bangladesh).
Interestingly, in the wake of the covert strikes, the Indian political class has united in complimenting the Modi government for teaching the Pakistani army a lesson. It was a measure of the anger that has been sweeping India in recent weeks and months, as officers and soldiers have fallen fighting militants from across the LoC. Congress Party’s leader Sonia Gandhi said: “The Congress Party hopes that Pakistan will recognize that it bears a great responsibility in the continuing cross-border terrorist attacks against India.”

Former Indian Army Chief General Bikram Singh tells Newsweek Middle East that “the Indian army has done this before. As recently as 2013, when the heads of two Indian soldiers were decapitated, Indian soldiers went across the LoC and did what had to be done.”

The general was referring to a time when Congress Prime Minister Manmohan Singh was in power. Former Home Minister P. Chidambaram has since publicly claimed credit for sending Indian troops inside Pakistani territory in retaliation to the terrorist attacks.

The Congress Party is cruelly aware of the bottled anger inside India—after all, the heinous attacks in Mumbai in 2008 took place under its watch and the Pakistani establishment has done little about bringing the perpetrators and masterminds to justice. Now, with Modi getting all the credit for conducting covert strikes, the Congress also realizes that the ruling Bharatya Janata Party (BJP) is likely to enormously gain in the coming provincial elections in several parts of the country in 2017. With the Congress fighting with its back to the political wall, this could make a big difference to further saffronizing the country.

India’s political party Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS) on the other hand, gave a 48-hour ultimatum towards the end of September, to all Pakistani artists working in India to immediately leave the country. MNS also targeted production companies who cast these artists. In the past, Pakistani artists and players have been forced to cancel their performances in India over political issues between both countries. A few days after the threat, and in a tit-for-tat move, Pakistan banned the broadcast of all Indian channels, for showing “illegal content” and blocked Bollywood movies from playing in theatres.

After the Indian army’s elite Special Forces conducted their strike 2 to 3 km into Pakistani territory on September 29—a move the Pakistani army strenuously denies—Modi held a meeting with his Cabinet Committee on Security, which comprises the defense, foreign and finance ministers. Following the meeting, the Director-General of Military Operations (DGMO), Lt.

General Randhir Singh held a press conference with the spokesperson of the ministry of external affairs, Vikas Swarup, sitting by his side. Singh and Swarup told the assembled media that Indian troops had conducted strikes inside Pakistan.

BJP President Amit Shah led the kudos on Twitter. “Today’s strikes signal the rise of a new India when the government of India doesn’t get cowed down by nefarious designs of terrorists.” Shah signed off his tweet with the hashtag #ModiPunishesPak.

For the time being, there is no taller leader in India than Modi. This is the man who has defanged Pakistan—Pakistan’s denials notwithstanding. As for whether the truth will ever be fully out, that is another question. The Indian government seems quite content not to be baited by the demand for “evidence,” which it is not about to give. Certainly, it would have shared the information of the attacks with the Americans. Considering there is such quiet on the western front, the Indian political class seems quite chuffed by the fact that even China, Pakistan’s best friend and ally, has been quite guarded in its reaction to the alleged covert strikes carried out by India.

And so the question arises, where do India and Pakistan go from here? C. Uday Bhaskar, director of the Society for Policy Studies tells Newsweek Middle East that if Modi “wants to prevail or compel Pakistan from supporting terror groups, then it must acquire the competence or ability to do so. This will call for both patience and prudence, and the determination to stay the course and pay the costs. It is not a low-cost option.”

Certainly, Modi now believes that the time for conversation with the elected premier of Pakistan, Sharif, is over. He believes that Sharif wields little or no power and that the real power lies with the Pakistani army, in Rawalpindi. Certainly, too, Modi’s assessment is not very different from his predecessors—the difference is that he is aiming to deal with Pakistan very differently.

A highly placed government minister who spoke on the condition of anonymity points out that “Modi is more like Indira Gandhi, than anyone else. Now that he is determined to change Pakistan’s behavior, he knows that it will be a long haul.” The ministerial source was referring to Indira Gandhi’s steadfast support to the Mukti Bahini, the Bangladeshi rebel army that pushed for independence from Pakistan. Modi’s support of Baloch insurgents fighting to bring to public notice human rights violations carried out by the Pakistani state must be seen in this context, the source added.

Rakesh Sinha, the director of India Policy Foundation, a think-tank run by the BJP’s ideological mentor, the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), tells Newsweek Middle East that “India must call upon the international community to join hands with it and fight terrorism, whose epicenter is in Pakistan. If Pakistan wants, it can also be part of that fight.”

Asked if Modi should now reach out to Sharif, after the conduct of the surgical strikes inside Pakistan, Sinha is quick to answer: “Not at all. Modi-ji has tried to speak with Sharif over the past two years and has received a lot of flak in the bargain, internally, from people inside the organization. But Pakistan’s prime minister did not respond to Modi’s gestures of peace. He should now know that the burden of dialogue should also be on Pakistan, not only on India.”

It now seems as if Modi is willing to undertake the long haul and destroy the enemy within Pakistan. Certainly, that’s a huge challenge and could take years to overcome. In fact, somewhat romantically, at his Kerala rally on the eve of the surgical strikes, Modi called upon the people of Pakistan to overthrow their rulers, those who are hand-in-glove with terrorists.

But Modi’s government is also keenly aware that it must simultaneously move on resolving the crisis within Indian-administered Kashmir. Curfew has entered the third month in the Kashmir valley and more than 80 people have died after being fired at by security forces, while dozens have lost their eyesight due to pellet gunshots used by the police. Opening up an unconditional dialogue with Kashmiris of all hues could become a game-changer—especially when the government has decided to give no quarter to Pakistan.

Sinha points out there is no “contradiction in the idea between Kashmiriyat and the idea of India,” referring to the syncretic understanding between Hinduism and Islam that once flourished in this war-torn Valley. But the truth is that so much has changed inside Kashmir and that the wellsprings of mutual understanding have been replaced by reservoirs of hate. In 1947, Muslim-majority Kashmir chose to remain with India because Sheikh Abdullah, its most revered leader, believed that Kashmiris would be far more secure within India than join Pakistan.

Much water has flowed down the Jhelum, since. The BJP’s point person on Kashmir, who had tweeted in the wake of the Uri attack that the government should take out a jaw in place of a tooth, tells Newsweek Middle East: “We are aware of the situation, and we are going to act soon.”

For the sake of Kashmir, as well as for India and Pakistan, one hopes that day comes not a minute too soon.

Social Streams

Comments

comments

Facebook Comments

Post a comment