Dirty Border Games

JFIF;CREATOR: gd-jpeg v1.0 (using IJG JPEG v62), quality = 80 C   %# , #&')*)-0-(0%()(C   ((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((( " }!1AQa"q2#BR$3br %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz w!1AQaq"2B #3Rbr $4%&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz ?i)k,RQEQ@Xu.iP3MafKEŠPióE63M)(,:m-ah4vSsFh F)&h 3@Xu4SE&hXZ( 3((S@ F -'s@XNh斌44bEJ0ihb3E(E.i a1FhbRFh XZJ3I@-,.(@X\fCLbRP*IIRh&49PIIcf4,-% "}(aSfMɅ@ڋ=.j0 Qܖ:ӃQ@\u-74f㨤wCFi4 ASsK3Fh1%њLf A4n57P- 3KQpj-4oEjpqL43L(H,?4fQڍA5M昉i*=搱 sFj3NrlёP4f仅ih\њ'֌Z,5J&i3M4f\(QmX,.h4f撐=hl:nHdA􆛼R}&ih4Bh\ǭEIv.FQQ,&r=i3QfaњquLwRn撛RdPFif E&hIZJ  i7PnuZyGZjIE @⛚Z81oZ`&J{hDϭ.Q@4;4D ~KL>cށ?uGhh&\}M4dc=s\黽V%.jnēdz2h }/*\g\`/ITy&QT4y34*=*M)$iC8Kb K3Q挊AbLњ406EN}M.=*ěwbhg4De'jn] L-nW$Gz_4[ )a4=@aHw$-7w'M( ٤f3H#&ifS&JgrLf3@X~3L݊<;4Q#րM˜HrMnRdP$Ȥ-LPH@ER\fZMҤvL z n[Ҙ5 b8$RywF}MB4\j-)JnHꆎ`!|S⋞(-IR!sKɦNPkG}3F:}2zH *3 Io&I8*=r_ 6ۻȗVq Օ$z^#♙deU3z v^gX5]:I$Yܞ\qcWoi1l a#ּ[8a\QEtz;V{ RŐ@>[| ó Nk;'g'nOc@mlPЄ( }Ɣ9j5s \uCs2DJTw'?M*GS]J qS:ΊT*VM7;R;.5Vwv ?s^jA">SROb*S=k R 3+Kғ0MB4"4bbUk128\l^-i̿lteaBp {{V{2Asڰ]Ej'YsIh|!RUR % &9 \εg` <"FzT,RNGTMXۣ5^[Esm" YOTOji/jz}E+=f=i,;v'8=,޽phIzRAad;o0΀t4cKRڛj/w&HCT&SN/6yaHdU9 `'֘X灊vqC0^ g֗sC |־ (I{Ҩu8cZKd{S+Ɇ|v,BIlTy$1EpZ麖A=z8?z{-j'W{(!9^sx^QMnPG}Յd>Nfk,6I"1ȓ;@X\N[`tp<uZ]֓-A常ElcvxWEM?R{$_o=i=YM,t^EƑtĖ2C#$R5Ic3Z^|i~4oCy{[$S'wd[ |Q`y>TJi n#/4={KUmO2hN`晓=i۪554+BR1o8qAQK|]u7ho#~ְ!;>"ۑI'b[KQŝ\`}{}+~_h77 V"e?TNQ#3B{UӽմXP}TF#;G=7>}> sgƻ>E;EC҇4KR5OGjAsȵ__,'T ^Kon*v*yT|_uaj`Xżv7gʌwUdi:j,7dϯ6majP{z CRC@ yv,q;c[h)TYpy5~{-vA}re34A=QY+[C ^4CeX?]ߒ+>+ki<-!@P??zJ/CqJd'IT`;<ښ3Fu!䕂FY׍Yxmm_KN3irX.ݎz ]v1 ׌C/u[t@BׯYnn)#im"FW0@39 d 's-䖺Wu#(rNw(>x❖e\HkσkoCBtKOX"8৙ۑ^XW~/֧%:@%}m8%OC].CKU.!Irֻf|oǩ{pQњMRnKӸsR PjmVֱ ,T{@s\5OVSͫeI 'K֟&>kU\NiH$.\ǿQd'*Ld~:n4sE͡~5c~tW}MC,l:QAČ(i\վg9[ƌ ׎? 5ܞ!$T{h PHjqB1-5Imð?tJwFAZ|؉Sp䨧l~y7#4vF,!rYx&;񶚬21Լy;- &An"UUp;z5,l[]Et*!ǡ=JGn"jˬi J=CqlZ>xr v0?7G>[?E{Ɖ[-&͎}JvCu<.9!wDAsm|Uc}e˘JȮWlŸ7Yk/p[G&pSso5]z iW,-^xIzZ5;˽ ^9-NXa7]A9W;Rߵ\i3X̑ (~yIm`!Tb@>cpö^i#j[м ZjnfCەp*'^Oc$QlXq"8 {b]*WBĖcیtNw}kTӕ5wi"rrB. s_Nx"[?Nm鑜~x]]n%("|}%-f{Ul2,:g8W]:mx9h^3K*ƹ N={WϨͨZK,3,~>P;tZ[cOO)o99B {:s-u{;S+99 VoG#q4m2H7`z}c+"tW1u?aXؤ~G$G IX́R>8(-$yZ7<#omwIOpkۼ1C6z :d~5~&W9' 2@& Ap@? 5Mcum[=:2|F" wPr];ž3V),op?+tܙZH[eű~^]:f2IŻWȥnw4-nU_WxFT-$!nY3ڸ:f'~1;DF?J='Sm7 + 7D> egPHUb>}kgҴVrR(٣q^=)mc!fC$7~*c^.\[#$5滢>+bkc"q\ߊlZِV׃> 3RHNN;p|y;"\Dto՗ڴu}2 p2=x8`,ՓzRN:%΋ٜgį|CgZ1I#"G^1""GW4'mp !TR9=<קxckmF?H,>!>kGzX 8X4dK*; ڹRIKydi Jinvv6nT`OTѥJwg|#NWW23_s #hE *GU O0bVV>NWRNO)aijh2rr RYM&K{U.lp{vLm4%SVsڬer@ s^-aa%=6K`r^|ctOLVjU+}*L$1Gʕ8²V : U&9]]kl9 C٣&sFig4y4RԆAIE\֓#Ҩk_^aR{aEkfhz%ߌH-%,3=q{gw^/{ E(QI#u5 =6Zd{‘2N#+y"tؤcklK/U[>fx*q5Mw6:}104jTus8 3k[-12"3(f?Jo!-mϮ9e]OjRu,YY1$(`:c$םƸ6[Nd X#ڧ`%՟F 20izoLw,,{A!ȼj?k6 bӤ xdaHQ[*Z“u. 7Q-)3K({a3Q*4 >1)/Ӵ_FQ~e`q;DQZ]5=WԶ[mG$\j:og5Rc6Gj:Z(78;*s5jfBK#fّHX g>OBzo D,׻bd`A]_}r]GM,hÜu=Ҡ%5W$㓆 qZmuE:ո.e$3'zW^-9!V 4ug8T bQ@ʉ;mZx˱0Wh L 'SNe3A'p5,#^\N, rzעhvb=xN7Ni% bEԓ[սw]Nȥ7~ۺt h6e%Aq>}յtP8*ω^H4F1|رp7mY%VWݿVֵ{ ) n[v Jr /h+mKȺ6ržec^M 6&G:ޙn#]uz^Mj7V e:CiG$˴t'z8穇wkAvGU5?DӲ6ј\Zg #MwLCVX8@}@+tD$63| +-ȫwl@}(4VZh{F$z>Tҷx ms; 9VfMV ݳ9,GQָmGZ^/,Na9<}j)EtzumGiMQa8[>s?:|_<:̒ʰ:bIKD:Mĺl% CnU ں #Q5_Z1NԺJRf涾kƍu ʜ/u.- Q;v&xWKr2SH?jEkp̮Q6Ss۔};Q^G:ĭZM5|+1.Zz/ |j6A;Sa9ψqN MJntn`nD+WKPѮΕy=NF}G[Ô.j/y _# י|1 AS1ʣj^;7ӭwi]yHHzW쪫0Wg9+FAm k$lf +Z&Z.dYH#[ּ=._Kڮ< qB!yƟ{Ljܸy bq㑁Uoj P2osP]-ƼD ےF סB^,iCm$b{R]}3Ϯyϥe5kۮ+RPV˒={G\;4: dy`g`nU]:jLr YզNܻ'wSɻiV`c k KfzX8AɔJV]́F)o;qNql\=2\LI-RÅ~iB1!BĞz ':##V:Qr7u}_KUajEA W('oF+3d$=kEuK#9B= ϟj0pN )E\%tKIwkޢ<@ Q!x8QqW_/W* sQujhk;ڊ?sT{Xz3gw8qR% Kڡ92@ǭqzָ/"JEA2;ۧzkap9+'}ެkTv Uj)+XN3o.%}\$)c)sF8$̳Hs\х*(iCki9=EsK "RC<;ݵ?iͲ=G8$g8>#,jᑀ`Gq\^[[[JUzuI]Qote ![ҫ+lx U!UuYN:z}خCdO΂:ae2I"~Kc"s־|[$pe9¸$gۊJYmNac ɞ8FtŚgfE¨KڶRt 4}y-fdˀ@3~}+ܟ^Ggi)  P7ZZKYD0 188<}.zsv˿,x~u7/$}6sk&y<1+=95w:/Z H'ܜga}7^\v̑;g(^Mp:H)F kx=Tq/`zWU)j;6 .-6'Ss{0k"ڣ=~ ^<wr#ȫCl;:o/=9UVS<ҶҊKcbӅn3u /T2X"7~N;U`\<{>keinc^FI:fmëb~ c`A''{;pc1\+c,ФWRl*5.F"}H<b7}rp6-,8@Ҿ[%W}gO~L»Lۏ]kGAd~}f$B3lqי=upn2ܟHq\U V#krz;6Jק;<]ZcMi2}=uu9YƧ,fjzD](bPs5GE9uȜ]b om'eTXב J?[hK7|^P x+̻#~K i40۹xXeSim (g&/Ν[6i0D^Zٓx;3pg;}OɯYG2nI.wsj^8+#Y#{-9\Ah~vI#k5GsVRVj7R[-5rTEGEI{΁xOmn 1JFpv9{vƽv[[qƒ$F'w$uy Uo("J||{ q0;#P]s׎޹Qzu:j=ұxSN了re¹ w73*1q_zoY&C Υ[[q9HT9)UUNڝt)|eg# kg~#5GI47r->r<vssns'Ɲ+b.Q,gLp9U)MF\' k$ڒj0G\tVM{kve:Q^Ř R4@^E$INܧjj5U-ևܰß"fĘ]W!|eN׬5G+p _?*ŚIk{{;Lj˞׌\xg]OlFS\3*8庌NjI˫8SwYƙ "h훀A#>Ưo xk뺖%u- =Gtgq KFݭ䁖&9?Fs׵bs:Mht77H4b,ob#<ӽr}{;Eqs4W%OCP'l?[w(bԤ'N1]4Q/hͧkIx>trGhYʩ9ĚЮ,7ۜx#[gy -&1eR*ђkib̎HzU;i #|]զ,u ܘ$eH?z7U;bOG_ҾCWxу)֬m#խ\$"2F~X FD8t|`i$idfjΓV|EG#<~)$`ެa<̛wD (X{_.6i?-5E1/7g`.; ]G*w6ÒZ-&ɬyNy.(-1QrO^x9bt*a}:T0.eu#Jos|)^x]mx8 n.0'ڼT=:K|j造dk| d?sےFJDSc|F׿e"."hԕ.dzF3Z{^'oΎ4!z wk&/hrO8z x q]E hdfי]~^Go1e1 O˓ )t*xj$-gSΡs$?;b=_Eͣ6G@Ui-3ʶ(E~xtXr3?8h^~=4wRIy~+KUڤ4 SO Q为n_v%c^E\YxgADD K.p=b#=ݱ,;]?\PքjvvAmT?hH>o;^Os23SrZΎe"qi:T6nIH5㸊gH>WHg oJJ37I' :^5׊󡈔]ާCCYaw[Bm3E&?gƗe[le9B>0-h|Ldgѵ{ vw  R8 $q^l"/kMі%EExy,ty-p#8|yܯXנFq_cj3A{a< U/="uk~+m53a@/\rx2kɍlSQ xïxS.di~~I>Դ>?A^akmej[ G P=Vzκ?]3.g5-KrрDX$z;V&u"q7^dk{`MN($I*:'E{-6bbb_ݰȬK6_2Hy nc=_P徿M"kr8($ZR.i Iouvƻm $¯^hm{ᐹ#<`šDt\fMYԢ;8c{[$5۱s֨xN:5ޥ5h|Cf܍k? $Y]JچrkEd,=rA+fXYMBj~vg-yyVVQ;;l8jh:]UL 6QP?_ |8;a7yi}O1sDi8ٞiaiwV? )?,748L˹ndX}`Epjj Qơ@UX%ktu>¼ltJ3[;SN;[mM_['p$2c5x٭|}R m{m$ !v=Bhi .އ=lYId^(|-5bppPlb:xS&SjVO9Z2G,Ebń 188Y855 ByN` ʴ9YFK2ï,#p$kzZKa 8Uc+{{qUw$F5s*1lZ3ubĭܪ2r@ @,?=$zCX\)2CxOu~']K_aE#\Ÿ Li._^ډU<|vt "kHz4Hf$>K-9rb -sӶk~8]SNORaʑ`z}<@FH_G= ;ƶxC$  R a+աV睌S>'. 5kOLOm5ρi$Y^IkMNKH.s0+qh⌓!Ki),lXv"OcִuT ׍WY Hc)=Oʯ;K .v2EfۨGӚ|KrHl#>-C*K'o~ 3hM5lIC1(|GT>񥟙7QdR7&}QW־&E4ETJ\jB-_rګivڣ-BZHaӦFk|s%tL#9J|iA+(\[Kd%QJ($ֶer? pkaEqUMcjDdU9e-T>$Tt uCʫ1k}}N|s7s>#$Rj:ՍMqx(qcoWi}7[/ayO7$]VR3S\𻰱M?^i 3#by׬u+ \LD5+X*/Y)FeXl!^%^Q p5cR1n2[)i=ݮĺyvޞ&u Z;[UQsu'sU|iLsF(ͼ-3,aQQb</nTi1.v)!)*ܱ mqzfu|@КJcQ:ߥt$#tKSȮW% GW%K_*Yu;{ecۡZgRx^ 7Dٍ\`0PZ=V}zoexlBnǣq"eSuHt;0'^ -WGf#2\v[R]fuDBi!>i6)koD`ߊu@ Ylq_[N1On|z$ K'٢2aO_5P[JbY9*O'Ej*h_4}@cZ>BK\VQurKGu+kz:ʦX$b23ccߺtwwoF=*OiR$4ҹOCƎOeOJeh Q7zE%ԖW0zgwm]GP";KגǗ 5⺄ W Zd+Ewʛ|zp5ɘK_a]ɪjW20\m'SܓxJOX1HˋC%_h;*}WxijxOi69`7r@]Ju$T2 {o).6C#(4_>^ݬrר8?z$' )GG^/^ tw^`iRIVs¼76%V݃Vu!Ϡ0:/j"R&V'woaƅeJ#o';YbrI]UղiGE O[zϷqՕR|̂X-bVj]K"ԵIqcf8Ԝv 1^@=k5ɸ{$Ybce kM4X\20HoJuLFp@1q޵4^A<6V0HֹA%W'**q.lzӭ|0iY"#GQ? q'MqM;FBR,40UmZئS''"]9^Z"|^Ed&{LlJ[y27+(y'׷zf-gtޙqƮiҮwYIe ۹zkSt1ڇPH¨n=z ټ^$"r^Ay""?RqG|?nkY[}>(%v4d~*qn'i 'nֆsH($svd>SF{^Ů=Դ..~ dgG2x8?yKdt8{u,.z&is= y{cQ{-Nݛ=99 եk^i[s;61XΔ(`TWZ~^y1wQ"⭩nRQ޽/o֗ClݱɎe*I*k ,m䁊 =AxTR;8{mytM1 yGy"%ydNX <֟MA/o`"$nOr3_ʳ>|6&@2T5߉"4'$gxY:ۤk9~zg^>%xne#a'3W#֭_9uq@{aYt ۡ. eP7nj k^+ZOF3lP')WGּu=I7g) k~;]r}-+ 4z`*x݂[~#:zg b?1 O_J%T KKĺgosVk{%(207}mY״ %4CXQ);+5X(n=kSt˿n.J?oД#hb+(.gtXs.1Kp1e_ޱ/iV5V3㯦kn"ne{mӼr>t]7`NְrRĪuZvMxү=:@:4@tx?Ҭic%r\2)_ix]2 +imrm74&;F,?q5oKELgHP<$Og-4IKx W|9|7oILhEW$ z /Ѵ=<5YNQSGmުh(Gsgß}o5jW|޽"6=)^ 5Ż4hFpwyݪ+ Ry gj]ܒ"LM|scƚ_abA-p>= xr줦1c>$ԗ:kR%8,H^}cx%աQif|$#4UӪGTNe sz5ԿA47p"UrK`V 天"UZ33~[ nG[qj!4ӤCVyy!#^UXJK~{Kt=/<<<ᓕa>+i>^@S}p לFRGXEA#C-^i~[|qs]k8e:mq<)C Np1d}+6^b&YG>Wx[֗krņ@T54n/(iȁ 3c8)'i=j"h8$-ido6w ?8`8^74ePdEݑ7zq+t}"ojZtIUHT,O`k=JҬ$kk C*u%E8._ygek5~hܣ h6%VܻMmQErs9[VeX'ttz5g> 4.. fB>}]J{f G΋}N=+Fn˕0cx*JH|o 7JθՀoJ\=k/~٭^U|z0Mr[)/j,{j#S gW>q}q*2A+#+J}uHU,clF-X0:cWK.em` qgmVe՞>?^Y"i (bjz}ao37Qkki HscV6$$5jqt<)AA=Lϰ_xv-WNpۉ'ᧆjE eI575RMgc[Q𝌞'pf)QɔA$F}/q?CF)Ҡ‰T-dd.++]k2 LV]Œ+ZLR*O9Ƕ֠*c\_/~ZH|!R67>\} '4tvV _‹N%sV Qm^E.ȳ$l_Ztu r<ȽYRT}|XtMicR?I~>󶡫j%{̉gκ sV~!MjGF9?*H;st?l_|]nN ^\u>X.aX!ӮF=oR}jφ< U ^ =9'񯐫KkuŴtrc2q`je^ d8EP[Y-o5cOq8%@g 1Q/M3%ޣj:K-6$Uc9#B͸F3^a4ɴK+518j0?ιx!+7E1"PA^ZEs 2)PFFF3Ug"r bۻƽ.WWZ& 3k kegBFU$2H5a>.?^*8"F_#vjPԆaX+&8?OUz<%s‚;P4@ ܜLuWV[6zN`0Fr0Þ:Z)d ZaG\?LV&g-$PD0pyL8>y\킱iZf\[zR$X gV.}kh_fnuՏ0HC85`v۹5%jYaPIbc{Mܖe%w#H\B};^LxGhw9<ÿe|#%pqtFdx#Ld-eg;ro .\H0@-Mc,Y$I3eTsÂ3x_է73DPe۳n1\,,fR`~Us}l' /Nj9ĢxᶷKrpp2ߙ',oG@b !}@5wͪ7Hepr:>0M I~K^eztZߧκNQbFZPpI{g^@̱__jW֤Ms2WÏ\ZZ݈AF wkmkmQGˊ)ɞeI$OArIsWi,"ʸp4hpd7CI0mVtd6VsZ. X$Hf4J9X|Dnw)~*_pOsl"X?Y})-էwr[ܲ?K|hiƭ8TlqERUAfj[񁚋=&N+B]KPa󛈔"#vq֧xBWܞ+EX}ޥut Ye&(bǰֵ $9CEhgCe*H`AAbRvnxQ]'#Z]^y,fbztw"JOG2=BI$jhiHx:R&PV%v%4Wp]gm woYCY.rLp:a}k_ztCE2 u76s]U+_&*r#P/dM +=”VO\9] I{[bFX:⾣wL/'XzKNү˞#0#suUEXը+<H\:TX?8#Ң08\pi*ZUN1_F孎&S6q(p9(@?ξ+g6@n!m^`7rӰLľ\JN+=aEN\ƍkD<mym꾇V,kMs2b(dn Esڷt-VḦ́ҰX#)EyFy#i9X;I=~k,Vi37Pg >xR^HH&r 8?Z#R0;/I'o>M2&ZLKd,{~xtVKFkfyy|"_Q{OsP?{Lp ֞ {T)A#ͩQG⛻''uJ2Jl{k{%LO"PBh~H䀎XoҼAcɭ˸6̒M?UI&kM3ul`BG"U$ʨ?+0#'̐HVU=VX+)n"Ȗ&8rç'Nv50A #.}Hȍ]nU̍+@ AV WgᰎMV*dkb]2I%x]euYM=18#nO}iy-s R{[K>+Jig|PtEqiȩ[w@+8w,ĒWӚO 3e׃x4m!OLI h6JaWZ#82'z8׶sk:^]s)$#λ ^/̨c^Ryv\v/=47?,Y뜍ߧ^ԯlj ̹}T~3_#uGlk<.sj@0#+R f&~XD{5>kfڝ ]?JxX!HT +U s{icLZ[t[M2(xF$>>|ܶ[evọ.) mqhд>MtRR K8ɭO~R >@UbAŒN3=kBsc*JB9_c+=oèr$^U  ;_ԼErEԖ [Fx2OHt%taYpK&UTdأ E2jZVy_ʹ=i~/{}N+Ox wzy갉\1/zD$Wt0=kCc8"!0 ^ҭlڍm q$3Xct)3W7Ju3"㎡kִ)EsAڨ^ues-"YOU;OV6{䕛 / 4Ȑlbw}}+мCUG(k>t"A#=r21"Sلv+"*$F^M]vmk[yplPB=t #Yv$W[ߩ((Kš|wvD:KeoCNGbױ3C_x^֓D-:8W%@ rNPWgxc_$VI<@$Ě" 8^w!kI}mf?cp ъX7b0s}QE`;FOzgk52Ҫcq~k{&p1q+>]]v \;+Cq rineϡA-/OՉnI޸ωE0Tx1략59tV-ו-Wh 9}+Z8j`9|#"0cr ;:ǵy["]A^m]~6K@92KGձiŭ$k5=xv*{9GUWr HN) u^&m6-A }kr8Wצ;3֧%5q$ek;724"6rH86}ѹ`{( ˩I"Ggg2@'.W9#UFa-#z%3iq0Ooϊ:Ie;Ku𒽖I;\ƃ2\K3Fs/E?n*q6m@.$Px֚Ș<Q eO,TxrVfU˦]ͫE t5L>!St̍ j+F xdFx,s[֍}!C &>__oԬލu'E.(NT 1k4MBot?wFnv70+KU4'o #lv8cY8s'rrǝԫ0$qs3wKh,r?],[Uy.n[{ _Vrg$W:Map9>?k-ؾga|x(Am!9XT׻ZEo$0FUW _;N lvz!my;ŐZFmH&"?$f7 Fr.qJ{-B8Z'jcb52-V2~TQ~WWK[~F3pڡ@FJu5cu*ÂPjb8F :ת̑ #_2xˆǿZWT(nCvL|8~}h|nzʶ4jKSHZݾgo±&V=ᦲxq a;`̚`[Q|~ 5euoe#r*~ ^1[@貨}pA+q~JZ=ONNhfv'6gZt5kfM>hDvݎ[,"Arknkn(z{ߢaYϱ,,Fq\5NqJ܏A؁3kWP< --R^]ČIlGo^h7Bcn3$`nkBM& :MZn湎ճ}mB=UcPZГ]8\շs ,qV䌔y`:沍ڼ[u kTwL~4䜛eGXKhoǜJsd>'1jK?X׶xztrMo-ĺcWNNlnRU٣s)ml[7K[skF)]޹d^èC6-͵Mp&ݗo\#nA#d0n =SAddNax!5^ ͝bY"CϷ?I6YSJ5[-~Dsg>{%X9zjbn v/Z{%>xgr:F8U r-~ ֬OAgd&;ZG=F{ c{ρlEgtc>KcHI| Kpaӯ%ޓvqàmKkNKYt_ B|'{g+PkG|Na?fF~+ӯL4g"OqRs#tNK쭗1>^D_#N MV=s&,$@͸K'JHx?L9ig8d B-׉y^4 mgxQ^V40c<}kZDVOS̶3Jf(㵭_MCo;E=ZA<2E%u橽MJ1ڽ4'9hsɦk7߼lqK4M/cxpvrsUE\ `G^aGV@^WbW-󩫴!o^Ls7&;7 J8=r0?:'t]Jt&CFA _S]޻vCD0ױ/O~%z/6} jpxǚ rATv[R}B;&D=ߦ&2~hl>+PdWatK-.)Աre?4J3*Z R|ggE}4ۗWO) }AuV,yr:cӑV4]T)dkѣc%?O#A8LwoOq .tI@%ee# f&H=7[1֡[YA$6Ӄ\PV:a)֗6ϋ};bFx!ɯF5mYW$EpF>O1'?$u-B;Ud!$oZ52ϸyҽ)9[[o;V7-{þ ڷry?:]j ‡Z?:vyqEr:O!''*ۧOQF 75BBtֳcdWa+A|+ !EtdaTsk|9k}7bqHoI W%;"TqZ:,aLpFrHk>..4a#۹{tj,IxKkn~?tPR]YՒjzƳ?5{MN6uԉolΩq{tb.݅c+ln+ᛙ,3&Jy2GW.Ԏ?`9sI i"[sjVy>k *B*GJӱ,~XH,k,Vǿ56Jc>g?ֽøEnb}rqWB2$#ڊgWE'OF95S1B`"]qsʥxY-"8f-UJی'Ns_^[skJuFG&8Z_*)1~Lq(?V0df8ҶtfO /p̡Im 隭y.C= X FcG:Vn&sO'OOSw_CC;r?¼7(=qt Z\Jqj'(@=+6#NcvH ?XYbK['@p{zUIcklKT#SҺuBWډ-൞Q$̑\W|>3GGc4L2v\~y/mn䷺Da&c}@/Q^U]6UXҼ,1tfiU'QHV2 O5x{$on~UreeW*F-+Q?v m=.O~U䨤׹;@Vdq*߃|,{D$*F]OW*)kO\Y~zDr K{Df|Hu ҡޚmnZi3a۸''W5zzZ8ڪ=WmzI[cBclJI1ku6eD#=OkȵdYHwlGJ ig= FM^1ڢdrvx ֥wc).ouD>ˏ,Lo~uiևP"$  iڤ8Z8yelw gSMSr{Kޑ JuXmfs܁U%1x/G֣.^@q AP8LдyLϨ$F2b ~'uYDY2*1TaoN1#I-c\JTtmH?k֠Ծ»?v^j¼/Z~ Kv[!)i~I~q޽= 4W?,:m򯭯J׽O8,ѭxbtenݚFɮ2v|7{q[lKxP(o V5'gBp8PYAтkXs%IaQ!,5UPX"Qrҳ]g4-2 7r[z~+ERդ #eZȶhԲ ZZܷMt^,qӀ= B,dIQJ/#+6}{Vfu+?W/u ıiB ,HW-p0"2hpE)cSVz% 8ћB-)j=QOWI8\Ve1^KQ"[fg эtG m!DyFuVo$b\,zyj>"Ӡon I;^?/d.5幘(\=?*ڞ#Dc(r- {yi6OUKR IH#zC@vcOӆ &r=Rj/T{kq%.!$1q]w][ö^ -t&PcҼ5˷+"ێ3^;_IY. M#9<8IŨ]X6?:쵏4oǛ$3¥ā[9Eqw*dnƜ~-xBզ\gj\$vСbj/BcӤ2[>9mi<**}V&epClEU̩U /z ֆIK*~|ifno04 qowC׵w`u.A\ݤŦ@ (OBx3% V"y1p?Vz%B\$ʊG5Têj8w1W$;I3̴;\ F =8͜5cfCpGs JF۩ sјw Wx5G`;$ y9$43Ձ1Xd┞1T};-0ڨ'ʙ9?皣5+U#{ `S^ò:ݘAb)Fl3ߧ}ld(ueBVXY-b1]YpT-2E{׍#xߋ{}Oa|q،|=NU[=6q+i>,Ի~<,z,c(]_4YimwF@}ƹU ?w5R 推ŭwb36x<zS@# =>\&ppOj WBZGrpZ7 D@K|c}}z栢U4tvCL7y`ldg'jxGƞg,<-(RB޹1y<-5;QFooIzꤜ !U[ vyxg9eIіIY@#`m^5dT=s^UjAg@m/ĩqEIi$ק5?5{+xO?*ANξ+S$;Ms]GTkNؾ?=+:<1WzjD4ކVK}"mn(Ќ5h'$/T~)}j.&6n3ȭ;/)HU 1*pRLT7=,=f2[|q֬KF H-uX/cp`ǽIqZ#]v#טxCY5="; "g~3 \jQ~Kmt+sg4INI96ԣ ^gxT<4~_-KTΕWi W^rnZÚǹe. $it%N~E<%.t#{/ޔ119FZ2[hO⽖{PTdFa^U]9c1(+xQ9%V \TUzUR~"!:ҢY}Jy+D77Q,wц8׭GmehN8t#+żX󶤏5B0r1Ҳe)RcOK3\2fW!3=ׯ/|3~=,=T}+rSu&yq}k3~-G2,A#QFAӡz眗48?–7 ռ-x° 82>~'ɪiwDⴠG"c&e)i(yA ळhZXXJ]C{6<]\d+[ky&+BkB{61[ݎ5<}Yݘ`?L}>טj);/?.oQfp~Z-hC) Q[ IY*ŷ#anoer ߽W~!db~YZo49}Xw]LPZ}1!;1^h# g{4/ݎd0̧WR>Zm&r%tk^%[F<7kokӢ5"Xg8b9\FYvYgeY,U=ifEj3YJ̏*Dc|/#QuT,|)u|&RBސ(ާ+m[=E>6á-ggxxl4}jz 6mbmQS#N;79Ǧy|:pF߈ֺZw >FQ8Vރ;1't0prO31K8ySo.5սhc<ߐ5oK}fN^SW'{t[G2,z; ~lp>𖡬@׏d*Yz1XZt#*5%Q5> |'j%Bg-s>6v G18Zi:6iHä۬1D>kU oI1fKٞmZ9cگ-y|,܉6GKyZLXRY/2dsKIWT5?GUऱrJ#R暑ޖw6'Tz`7= 絛pcbAM?԰6\>.hH\\,vؓW+LF.:ANFfG$g[y byn$3oSOIX`& IuʣzЂ"vm %dʄ5'ң*GQ\.vi#)Q(?7^~ZM$vIi[iGA5-Ķ4re8"Ki:jpK%U>U2n3ȓ1Ǒj'@ía{|YDUaCzկmdnPqSKb;;-F*b3ssj43r1ӧz*vկ_<klBJpauuf"[ yf_ <9IcҦskoi-& (MsE?m^0А0pZ$մ&o2Вכ|Aү$Icխ!Ɍ]ZdeWŠI9? :"Wc\>I ohS*c:`,2^y7znq2|ulV|`Sc3I*$sHu9/bBͳ`˹TzVYx!Ȑǽx-Yx?Rmi}ف9zx΅ %t8%=uMkA%;|9ALEq~ m9j3FTqn7HpGּzΡZs Uʼ\6)18N<cc3 ^1ZK] qv9a]@f+ml;] /tֵ)VY3\SFK32c֮Ad8n,]sf2M29#[kTF!1cW&ǘ_YrGIe:dWO6nk;nF>sSj$lFq0#vm;Z Bq90};וx tтJ^g^U[>ևߋhC5ͮ#LZ˜C=+'"29'\dVZd1|_'?&{ZW^by9=ESmPmGO?2{Vss5y}~[{l<~/ɿ&ٝKEdYG+$`I.=of?RFk%bk 7E6}?2DֲAٿ}V:}wVUϕ6?M>V{+BʚGoyh~Lyk dI)mAo}-N\.r=9joA5Cȱd1ӓ˹[-ݾ2-'hwl+Ė`+"\/*BK6 v亐>f0Q7uf= ˸YV+׼HҤO R@>^&ky%ԃk!WNq)ou߼ # W֮&r6=A}k###;2Zq'hb1򭶇U:*;nufR;ibbrɎ=+ߎ|3i*\@1#|+jjZ=YV0 = qni)t:OK{l?4ۆq*It۾+Q @_,c3O=k `c{9}OVOOzt ?R־4J"ь~ӧ3ǥ%>f=gVmuO$&-mKr_ _νKq^nY wF>Qg_ YTt^Bp B?U'+kM{Tqu}ɑےO򦢺5X(K~'\Q&yzxn{x>βw;1HaWVzH![M2qv--"q4wp2$=Uƣ@Wfb)$U! w T*qtԣR3LjM{xX2:ECkvrbǥ:QXy.^G K#>`ze+Q*OAk|O}K1Ҕlz >p<:)gcd^/ El̔Q©N2q歰t=KKez:nt*iZeǖN9;sҼjMmд;OImLvlc#Wj~,O[Y~X#NҙjoAY@1L pM{hӛps_.`ڪ6>XB[2=?@Eztb9ojψ-t8^7g=EvBؖkSt X?QKl3#Dǝi=zcO)#cQUF=j״K]&+:unzqoe$(ܣ0zT*EY=OB*Χ2뼙:ǩzм`q2NT (hCģ5D\\\Az[pSd>־-GGJKHs'OҼЕ'd{oO ԞR;]cI3zϷWo[x[C4;s {|8_V }lT۷Kpq~Qi%a4Q^1zv1#/#!s7BЀ#PNҷS%KS SotRX&y-V> QCyum> o&i*x~%Ս,R2 ##X[m-ŕ-*GR3x:2qOa&4 BB]:}vהoD6weXl+ćL{8TY滿Zw63ivwk+$d9P/sֽ#uhLUV_FHvb PO~=U(ʛQ*KOGsZMA?\H5蟳7]s[mc]Op[a[~BF:(~'X3Cbekbp{7<%A-.o&$dD+//MU!hmЩܠ g3~QSG#޼N]~3s\[O.4cJyKAupr<} $^""B)!n_PLm.aU'azk-ɎO8ʞҥ x5Gjb1+~V|[~; N ‰1}z\h^Y|b Ob' PO`zי6bQ\|T#GR(Isk WǰC܌#9ފkWsJgĺ-Kt"3w g{~$խSX[}:ֽ;4{HY]e}y־jǤiwRzc0+@2+{c p0{gRqVZb7 AفW0bO> 妿A&Kuwb I6<$C=2?}1Xhxu!*mY/fCX<:[9y PK4`!U1g~/|=KF!5R#?:(8>鎵~4[;(x):sVgI9"ZasOEtk:DsF +[G7%DҴ^r,_Pl滎&fp3vp??,5,Vn$z>߭v*r卹+TcεaE\ZL@We9vZ0\T9e*=/9C-WT\7x=lg ZwOi/:lJ[O yYHfGs>>:;-g#- *$t:U/*#zs+GB5rm|8. ?Yyo`JL;we1𩣄Z.pivCXٽL{oAI,e)MuUo\.?ƽKO=3 ^zWC:q\teMHST]>xjM2  mcGwwLnԖhPmqGo_LHX`˒\r-8.N'pA)J6L!%SDR>#,P2[;1\M4ۼnF=N'^Zr~$Z9MD~*eׯ9 `\$Uz\A0QX5ωmԗt׺( *晦^jlmgp>AIPdn4ִʦj;f=4WӚ^[+t^F9Ә[JR}>WI[K:'~u>%X[iZ[D/oW|wZ=嵍sy,VOQ 8?#rkldǙ}ߛ5H~Q{+&\[]KT$*n!X1F譥Wn=ģ\[ Fe + R,pCEs'gsC`ӑ iet m9>њoLՙ0wzWGLӁM?I$0.U*w!|Yޣjzk")CyݮᛷUv~UU}'ߵuAm~&ϙܸFvw܃!>YA5}KZC>TF!_5+(g~]rz^jxc 7 '䌜l:(Fz0Is="͙ւݝ. ?V{Hآ=OZk3$%.d]<&I S3jzm-)D`𫜬JOWsOj5i5mJkBH8E׽T^iZ1«Owy!X+ סxk[B]KH=,UxzmKPeO?|G,Nzs')EZ(AQGpnnmu%LgםjW;-4KH{v_H]J\"TP$ BH sK408ƣa`AMa)9;DtFņ aRtRF'=}k!K^]6DC#r® kKVa͵{ctPylVBC^ܩ-!U秠hV׊&6,{?Za0E+Kz:|ip'{Va`#ך[Ba zSt-lh=W T{UFUDYU@^'aR3HUo5OiTgW'lMoܨe{y P:8OR;,y]\3V #Zmo"7`W?A?}5MsA" et9 q^LV6I[cpZke<yd?? ]JHmeo~e5吒.e<6NG^eM};PWR] /' 3ޣ69.t:p8 Yu="E0 az S\5Ώ|HͶ9+ỳ{Seƪyr0徇S欴:/`̱Yyr~Bq OXoF8]fP;.9=I&wv -}iv/8Y<&:塵$jrνׇqݿ6"4M=6OC.on]G3[ȮGPլFF$5j^)E1Fqρ>'^UAaYY@OבK*U8jV>1?tf޶u EdE$ [Sہ^?tCA.uvVS؂QֵlHcQ3S}/B]s>vyO_^:6[I`,r{oϾqZ~Kjq꺚_5 %V;qjԁ&FG#V>\6:m8={W熫% ^GFW3G%/gH' άQӏZսĺo*4m;>2'WJDw:w nѬ)x:SLs9=1ti˓֢+ OJO(v\m1JkzlaB"uSx7*+oRZd} C&Iuo$u3v<;FMEai>n7q#ox5s4:EЌnϰ LGֽ#tHA ֒UjkGXZFXQqAvpKp=r֏\X)ol[5 jodс闖k` ӯ?>7v2&an9=zMjXBǥj giG-Zi.OAH]?_Y9KBԡ)^lMƌ5].ei@!;dߴ~ڜAȭ;.3{vh^ZC !n. G%uI5k ϦBk1咑M=7x%w[.>='4xA̳ĮxfP`U)FAR?Z>JSOrJ"?w=Bw#%>'5m[D2\ŸMEc$oygzpUofUMl՜<`*՘t_4,$Hv-zd`4u3XFQw]%gS_McTα"B$Vw,g JpN9>~3gxZQH.Uh|qrClGJo+aHWr2Isnno VC_2y|keUiV3b35˧ߊ&m2!ok gH!Fy*էwy4r( 1AKw. ?޳lUhӥzπ-c{$ .4n*OF?SjPy6[ZL:٫rZmLMz0擼<*k -lxV/LRmp}=y zwfxn )1rIoj3M8k4ͳJ jΨXg\a$ +Ԏ|AvOS ?bXG˽tXEd 58˛ȕM:LsB=7vu7Wgo30fv sr. %DҦ;ڴJsImu N$?]VeW$E|{-5WC;\iV2-<0B5Z7iʒ9ʬjմ $-Q0iT=HT5S&7F}Ad>P.--ڨFK\wAoi.o^Y\Z7$$ǥn|wQ*8tlzL6Uƣ,_WC 8Ex:n7mϡlLj7{ _ zD %۬Y_j^(<~dJ+Uۗ9Nn?uQLv\`Ԛf{L@ cWZ=-5kUaȾv5&.EW9x0L ~朇;[:ڭ!s-c!cUq a&Z]2ĪNQv+GBOwaOcSzն!SE`+`=yȬ=N+ixއ9Ўج-.cr$;}O5<c-tҌRf9+QXE{[(  [;}2I$kB%׎>HOMEI5K631Y ?94+OjgaOigԀ0T(UG'E蝄%>N >`R\N]Hб"e M&? iofM %Fp M:8rD/"봞q_A|IA}VJ7QµHŨ-V2t˱5xͬ&DO""w(۩DP{8,?kGÞ:c{Ymvؒo 7vӜ'.n"/,w$ M4KoǟR'9ykM%soG{NAbNkr >|+1rupf`;uWRgƖDt$Xߌc9ٶZ㿶#k$W6ǿ`X4pZ5hg#"BBe:m$/J HY푟~֯_m~]+MnghfT(&=Z9J0kTDr>YluT3O;AWtxbc͗OA^gxfDf0BJ-9Q{נKlu1 ڽLҧ*wowJ TZ6G<׋j>5 LZyρ F)Շi!6AoBG8B 9J;.3VOvz<$9yzWUꖒh]*W^HYƷY`TWHk3 cbC*wgQ/Kj[#E섏~_ԾYV'y 1Fi<~5g T }KL,(U Y2ק5be_CУ'bt8tZK4vk wM6b9 ]^JEa̻rҹOKkD4qw'kG6[ Ub$'>泥-ʭ79s=EI>,MFhg?D=<3jxpCXK1v|?4$Gn?SV_eJ}~Ւ;5f|߫) WrrE.]&Id zUhjR/bxfI<؎Fdc(]Ec)|J?Fm:Y!):^3XRjv1+"v5Ff/zӞ=GZ= RqwE JSۍ[Rdf#I wt9n;g-8^돦ko";3ָ[Pӯ!ܮHAk H).e |}̯f.`V'$ +`oK4p1'^7\y3 $ޕT|CE*ͤƎ,0:k\tNo^#yxMn~Re&F=`}9BQ:eGj -*R9bazn,dK#]ʵ'g+3T{XUùV\]IKhZ&N=S:.5^u|w:akjv̻'rT]}j֒x[L+<ᴶ {n``iJ ;y޹mOӧ:MR3Gf) v5f F t;:1P{+|U(ٞ Үm>նO"7"0սE>}GjNaq-ֳf+ѫ!RpOaޱty ;WcXDmdUuu+2Cqm$ĈEgz,E9n]L90B1ιKsp$<]_xSo&tpv2z?(,FI_ T8ZW.eW[eaM\k׵iRYcHSp|RHbiTrAIdidy$%bOrkоFVR#ϯzSu*:T,u9;u/wCH 5vZݧ>!M#ʣ!ԏ¹ P+ꤊUվ8 +KKI6Te?)~ui#M"Q͍ܠQ Ў|;msGqqξΤ]<ظ:h)⋫MNIݗc9 c(56(L[b{S8oWv;(g#c˘v jM^=lL*~_9r[MZePŗFƣc鹛Q̞E |T$hRFӯ==2Fz4W0X[_j7ҘZfp3\LZu!ov۴m: JzȦ-;bKZ8A%cyT銯[țR>3~`+*ٻ#27B;1Ui؍Ǯ)½TggY~^A^k:!xa=e?ȚsŭE ʕ $瞽byV*[:m[N"E,έo1jHF梑±ΚЂZ 1U[RcOGVgt2h:1WXuY5mA^xx|w?ywnA=c8wi5jmQMJ+R82F~e9KZ ,GSUI&pFU$j*JKR31o繻yI$m<@2|>l{>s__º;#I,@,*]H:~5<<Ε[\dX{g?]:X,qX>FSTdb`$d?}k s8wFT=sQL_zҴ";:W(ʧ>",Nbq~Ό Q樼ri(UGROA]m iuBM&1*ѣat6_ ][m??1~S)R樢|;v=b {qW|o[̪Փ'Ӡf4Oi)W:mXȊ}wHg8ekGӭso!P$&@D,0kv8#]H09`< Dm:iFXNJnYO?gcxf$gʞ@8Zzt|f7<~u3j IRb N:v>1Lp98b9M^H(5Z};F>Elrr¼[Ěڝޢ8a#z .93 +$$My=tu&C"] f 'AAhxǦ g3Co-,qTZ)u&S%IPN9__ʻk|2DŜҴ%>$&+B9<ҼPӯ$3Zxc*tއ+J[)*NڪjIXzl늲vъZ W-,{ԑ!),l9^[J8N$`yXMi|Oծ/2l\9$s^VIQ:u^S7m3[%by;?m*vՙU"]KZj.d[H xחjV~ 5Ӯm"ƵGsI5ye;H3y"R\jw7*;̹0QKE> ;] - ʶqS28>s}qsq5ԯ5ĭ&dg>׆ͫ_CA.kI:β)TdT92;L!>Bo^YHx>!5(tҺf"pQ|BCnbCms9LrG>Ʒ4߁J霌5{yԢ ?bF 0Jz08҃鯭υ).?-ofF2좭ĝ!Uu#̘j޿_*F#uG JxjURWɓIGKe g0>^v|5~;ǖ\:Tɩj8D^붭flK*cW_XGa0c/{baRmExN[/A qe65˿,DO|,! W`XU3ǔ 'NRisSV:mcڀ#ɂdĩϫ:}ƣ{m-4ɬi{Ȓ!Ē3 Z~j1@|[U &-Z#Wh^qqJy6D15\sdP,< QښAܾsIlis%g<2)ʲu > u|kZJ7둮)%̮%M<Ęfu fEh)/gі%4BeltOt9Wkfgy}L݌.:sY}*T)^F= +5K3OF΂H$Fuא~ g\z*kwe XwK{gwZT`)FПͻ+sEW c;dE1=+.FW WcԧKݘ۹#;+14^m\˫"FDCȑ0Sj-͝O%/+YSS2 5+{C #~'h>ⶦ%}32 3L #9O ;LϙkWF VFuyU'ޣ;#< g.T"p?FNf$hDz k^ QVIG3EWtz'5mKm:x w FAlUyR9\OMBNxYvqMkn'Ԗ<1$q+̫Ӽ2x);Y0Uohܮ3Ʃ[Ice21YNaAB?ZsE(8KD)a5y}~RK;H/ʛ0?5皬mR@0W ~&>#WI,_:F/#1I4UVe- PQHmjh,ڕϻ25]ơæ|4^n57HQ IJ{߱|1 UG9vv^?2>'b{#`|pS^sZڤ4[q|gZB1[aJwFu YߧmiNqb~+;K6s0 ^F9v`* xW0!I#b}6;8%X;ryCJ9-Y=ʟ5^!ˮ߱?هҳhguEA%eSr}Ob?Nr4ƶu6Ml0P >55 *ޟT\Y|-XU*ci1w\t1WMARw~N*wuP58"kHpKM}Sy%G򯝾S[C%GZ쮵I,WgvpHz NֱfmE!k) NqZ/̐Zcfp tZJ7R;]xB;S<0EZJ9ЅoW2걭O)} o#vyS]Sy#Ϛ `g^p?HVe%q#mȯ+&>`[g'8qƽ_X;g_ĊnJ9^KC+rJ*ǞT{  $# ǚ#a,X$,FH52mmJϵW8܅FiJydwq:Ƣ^te&rrM0 *VE7(BɝZЌnG'q$*|>gZk۶Y-ۂ kL5 09˯&vG-LMQ<( 7vYqn$DR:"<'5˦չ{+{Xu/ ,1hbI6(OR#9Ҳzv2̍"[s:ֵ6!䄬+ɫ[ߩiTE$$P#I+2XW6QKUbpPuiqɩ>ly $ \+ҵ|b[Q]EʇaW] KbiY'xs0ǿZmb8-3!RV={[xAZgr9tT} $&C$yLW dݣ܂n=[(F9qrd3fF\gXf2f~Iv׷(~ ظyO^Kjݡ֠RQHO yMG: ۛgEWRȭ#C HϨ?(HR+rs2u:]ǵaf1"T 6aȹS.S]Z4kFgxog @`?l+JGm?~WSSK7't(2H"f([YY"QY`ֽܑ[KKUms FT45 ;>[[GmO\N;WGw`{e4c<;+y;$.ѣ-סCǣY 47V5^]Fo_=v"5V62u<%XڡŒ,o+4{{be.LgCps;p^1#5 J䞕Ř=c# /bC?һX>}?9H}+NL#HNon<3k^)#?δX5G|:εVP0.>HKJPw/1܍BԯJWu$1Z;) 7pJ8kllPYmNNu _qfZJ-Nr/aupG˻nONu야Mܨ#*'^[ :riO>߇rsBY&Տ^DmyOT_5id;bOֽ}a|}S^'Ëkq6,חMZV5\3 D[’kK|:X"E|~ϿQ>I[g9qΝZ 49a"ѐKI^ QJ:shF^[X9Mc1n|>ծu|#Fvp?^wc KE8? wکtҾ`JхE}=N)O+woFdOcW|A.5 XZş 9*Z:V=Z3ɫ]j3k,CEzBxut߆ . ?$jCX8e*HWT}OV2Rע|0c.ί4;uUtO^w]!Kpr S\:nKHOgF\ۯUKi,69B܏±UW$=Y-4*~p7 :nxl.m[ZY9gcMW%\GF6rd PThJuO힁Nq9Q3עIkpf/q:E˹ {w zOr\ 4p#r{לxWM1!ab1=_}N#ll?Gʆ^Wo%GW[EdKKA<~ϮbT)k{"]ɋcRjzng^|#:=ahakuR=dI5r3q|~Iplty2V{aG$;+3=Յ%$:A~ };Oӵx O099Ƿҽ[i>x ,*IaP}Eeʾ/]>e{*8=GA"ʿPs*X8 MnEꏦu ϵhLrڗS^[2:M?diKDNgb3&?_saP^KgTv>lh3#}FZVdrzEq'۴'+1-brI'3YzN*?aw)=ܞ(zRQJ@4z9^S*Xb2SI*s׹;d_5K:׬Xmـ-:W].h>iDi|[n np0k-2Ii#L"펣t׾l- D s#?kZ泊VxNQ]k ^A"p<>i-ʤ*A_%Uv0fqE$ R_OmT|VFv.kF@qsNp {jX8P{Xv.j'ڑW<㊜(P>0c␮zHGhy^soطz# {X@$T;4zl2 Gz"ixEQ]yS˓x6,k*v#9 kxJch( {u_IYm@99?)i#o}nlutNpzZ:׏Yr +4&e\ejX|ɜeMW*J\x4[)Wٕ9JjzӶժ[ ӊSHZ/;1jq?ޮឋ&hu*B_Pߎ@JMXZ/<=a ^Z&{h3^r$溕Eu0%RH$zͲ&An3 U1 n3y~ M6u$qnrOmMcku_ R}ȹucG(J|'u-4uv PBנ|`a)\wε)z->*݆mwԌ^cQ75ԕ)5zuv;{x'}{W:uK3ZNI)] lUШsϰXs`5ܹs\ۓJ^@]H#&sTFN$aКXM ZLR fDPq[}fݓ';|K~,i6؎z>GLygpUӣ& <ЃҺi.,Q,vh;uj =5xF N(na(r[q[VБhQ"D Q Ļdܲc#^9/=G]X5%+Hr±8f3☵MÑQ3#<2=q|⦢uΧ) hb'Rr[:ń#G++I$m1ן1]ۢ*\"_*%|E)aV3yW*n_Mm=ۇxWb54?8- Y7үW[^._ME"e9& Rmݳxh3bʷ485Xj}VO;+VFl]yf6xTj{k])Ķeyl;fdI'd/.rWs|\$<=Zu&n?t^9{?ccGq7A b`ij|SKgnoQ5⑻憙G%LnY`$z;EM"o2˷?A^5#D'9>Z%Dy>jSkޞ)ʄ)>#rF72FZɴw⼾J,p]ENJ`ʛ[`I?Zǝ܆s\uj<׹dFIPI95ORĭ׀).Ոj+̘s-L4❂R4EaY;1"[rk9)#ǯ}HF&EϧQ:ƦdKG1!^c-ŸPJ4Rj.{ohA -|&_X[GCl}p^2U㌺pAJ7wymvn׵F o+HNR/Kin4ГּwQ`ZP ?z-|h Wǧrږ4 rI^jNKᡉ"K;U=+Ν=5@YyD֚nwE !]D>#`9SՏ_Tjl}7W#fm?Q $Tt{$>5{ZV?ooYNE}B(v3xjY8\g,k:Vi1OD(s}A\|&aN43=Ob PMιR8{}:[٣7I)Š> ]ZkڧHsdk+_"ԔNA9>̽"~_&ʇ5iSsڒA?gVbz=WׯJܨ5o{t dgrb`hZ뤲fE*hlf]NWQ"Ob?X_ykSyxYחZYHs8t XV%㏩jm5[ u}R[bN3~[ ӭu;eAw&qM)Ǹ|n>ֵ%ZcqdnGLfV[_ZCyTݱC+𮄡}]wKGdaS=_N˦f YKh qOZ4[W m OG\t)!wiI!A<ː8ד+c-K絳(]iw?]yHciqt㨆6r?!ZC[/n#T$gTRy5:anzd|4P VA=}I洨ͯg;<}s.tPɃk>84mq_BĚ%ZP}tӣIϯK^.u;[鎸L+=݅H4#m?p"jXt96nx2X_ X$O-EP;f3ݼqDelBU7)pB5%ISnR|h Kk5 F=I4/E8'r{ t4+ $?ګa"4;1A?y߈dr+/h)=ŶwUm-dG=@[_d Fv?q]h4v^1ϭq2r.s4Vy-ٌ.Pb;}+5_U煵Z(bRkwJяq3^UxOPe5:q'›ug-ĖX/K 9ՅWcV[e;Yش\<9btmudѽiffN0: ҳ*jm(Z[Z49]2Q95KPӅw"xk*\{S^,"8Q0 1R;nz X+@PJClI ~U;62 ,v^ɸGSJU(5Qi0#m{ 8鞂ӯo}okoGS (%F$'f&)Z(S=|Yp=גl}폝9&բٜͅu%-,U)YVh Np3޼y&"I$g|_BxjIM%@^ !}zMt6ֿkX%#r9.Fzt֕(ֽZI>)SqZݴk[iъ+KH5:S y VRT(/ucկ⵱vkCۚ]B&7K 9P3JͿ4;Pr|}I<ά|fhQY[>Ԉ,I!"2;q7ջ0֡vOgĥCւef.TmsMdrFGnj*"8?qϭu2Xtq IP+IXFc޽.CaQJh3O9b}IOHTc𯚴[6Ue@gG}?%X71l-_X9E§OUۡiYNdv,Ԟ&$Lɴ`Yڄd+Izɻ]z9(iJ܋#f1zh 9c-o8Ve_W%AS|kj;4D4ezGy<iX_p=)kSoͳRֶ¦ȪV=őx=v7aKv`BWkQW[[hͼ{z߇^I88sA]ٝmM"kۋSJ)fbpdqU_K5 i-.~7ȒeGN秽a7kJwB?X:}_LnYCҹ21Z!+ScWⰸKC]W3E=K?g#5[cx ּ\%uRj0TRz2kWM2yng潗SDP`ALr:*JɶE9V_-y?ʿĘnhxxؑiE}j =g^)e8jOZY#Yg J]\n N8 s[uR^]5܇ҷՎENUbx V {?xrwNDCu >Y1$nRl膉#S\QRVwvV`IO9#3$s$?ayf";9;{YY@+ w\߹N¢$0# w`9asc;ynh{n^=[>%W$`qNzjFO<v{v9#_f=߭RJ M:G3?E>,1.8wtŋ# 4~= w-){uǹi :Ο>רHyxC^Z[deq錜ugqf8ZqVHxJ+á@,fo{ .5ϴ‚M Ŕ @aHAo=+EF(ROvYHNd+J|=.{ S8a>܊XX;M4- ,<yiruv:09{׈}NV.v[is#ֵ(ʙ%B2ILW.H Ft4Vi+d8^~',u(/wVs? "̘Y6`#M[X4اt\FBHi攱uUu ½ 8~=o7:>e8ǟֹ'PrO %-tbztOfòoީF)i}N5joΊ |:T6CUa#P663t5S / );㟚S[_ vKYw+ rq+G=*Q 1^.-hU{5+myc\tk4}kPiF~ـU#*rI9#S x-'o0#~g/fy[|2Q&t#jJ &fL ҺdjN~ՌcK|6Y" Qk}k3[E؀@Sֽ^9[~\˒E9džz2ipw/]T߆ aҵ%]-KqsӼdO _& E5 ivݍ½O8«15/ m<.Xv;㞙t7u[;8Q?+ ->2 ds>^aSJx+S妵Da bG+ӷg\S"QQ|߫'xR?ZyK4M)~- o)2nsOo[8c`6+}jxt[6k…eh uvIK6_L>' %C>s5륵QpvUͤd8C* ? ^#W 3Eێַm/Qͬfl$DAkօ3w#?9?ʹ u/qkBM{ɜF\x) c99ϱKt VjRڲ\zc׭khL]fq/ݧ;1LS(z;aT[z]|U*4BZ\ݷ>*neCOYs9]-f&?d;bB#Ժ^w_ {~x?8~_wMs@WUc^xSF,^I1a鎀}(¾!̿ׯG"pz"LJЃUy)x@X&,\9]q`U$R㢏e*:mkHs$(L o5΅]ڮxJ4kʱ)p*Fkȫius#ciIocƫ="J\9?yK .r! 9O8#νc[-,At?k%yA{чbEDε5>ctYU'.t[mCS^Mm6`ҞM_$ZHy d.@/'=  dcW9˾\Y7S\;g1J'h V'ڛgyx= .Ivglң UQ?bvq  ry^+ A1ϠBwp$y'|uOojK#&oQ:%04d€Fjq֨&t'݀尀8nN.?ZR`ÂFeQ'9P\r)CISpF{) {V9R ?hbq)繧@qJ0[MFO}^3A.FkqB廌!,*h'8B## _7ins 9,N2rW4;֫0A֝4zϯ `0x9QqJ`c#;\ ^?ZO4F*&О(Jf x wcX.7E!x1TI]6fOq_D cТZn zu|Fp`cMT'ۊ|lyjܧ@[i ,X<{7ZdԄPOl>2z:eS ǁsj>CF[9^ y$U9],{&;$['!k-%Eڳ¡$ "P֖әJlJZ|5C |Пv_EqY5NO.fdۣ0HbVvQkiJs5ہU(H[T3FހӧB4 *Bծ&K%4WlivfN2OLfHP@#tj\ĺ6v ,0e e]@8$qzP@RHO7)p9?ɭCKcd]L+*zϰɬwŤq=.H`+{_)p+ zМF1ly u߄d>FhE ?6~ ]aK.'0y|?'ֶ|qK{/׹d)~ZbHx+kNf$6mF$WTtvF9pO }OՄLH6͗#-#sW?onB58 ;jh\}ŕ񰾹X8z [s&,",$gB}8RR+reafƦ;H`9MP?ӧ?!㎙եZI .Ϗ{yR岿ƁWbuQ|sLm5ϑw) @ ?B+H—?[T?>T`B p"&X$8ƌv$1O.K0w:V9w;fB|1y?c&I&x,"1P2yn N:T+zE9w;NǥM̼t==F ۽S*U7-`G*8Y.jYqЌjmm$g+ڟb72Jq*pXV'7?Ҕ݄ <){&3cj OL#P! J|${D?TG7 W_ґV!BޙY"g_$ԋvw$`L  ӂ0R˜z՚Rc>`#TMYt ^ TX5f  N ~ҮI#$Rɗr8(t4h'"h6{f}ǘ :áK @l'j9*Gp$\?. ^qS~^L~zQZ9%EvsM&jT{;S W8rUZ8'8P>٥Pî1r8R=qC^[#q>YGJ]ņU 8W #ҹvdKv'G]$w!,q9_ T~֝ICv93:=Y08p:ʠ**PHqOK1pzt>Ar6A:&1tێzz8$|ASwl@4|'q< ﱝdz4cz"AJvȤNFsSzXXJFO&$gۭ(9n)]8>Fq Ӹ!%$Syz`S)?prҋ_}#N@cۃd:Ӛx? \b7gi FrOWZ5n4Č:4Ԑ2F28J>R_Y6mfy>k,>^Rbiy&6g֙ E ZiA8aҕݟqf=[4ޜ6ʨ-́;cc~T5?r2ic f`M2,bdIBpBq[o6Wx<ڒL2OxN(vGѨ#cL I9}GUlbQI;lE5vC.4+*˹bK++ 'kbkMGG Y@ɐ:g=62Y y c܁c(5R&Ri6M7+Rs`,{7"\y)%s|O.;Ku 0,J1d8֖e_~JަM`7Vpgq=?كᧄg3Yۊ #*fo}SSqhGC!Aicp$Uy -`H^ H'.C'QMdri34ZxK,m"V 3< 7]'U2HUݞ zQEw"f3X͸x&?j;n# (J8zgQ}zYj̨¢HP c==sEz+P9-z7ѿ?"|uy.g][Ǝ1.>$yPG ZQjځ2Cx^98%ӆqu'(:Ktee}Y4YU*Lh*W$9YG'Ni*X>\^OEV&ah,iyWGpL\T7Z~htUpv^( c\.4i]O' X؆g+~/.^_$&یx}ԟB%*ɒRIɻZ(g'1ˏR'HEtG?Y~oK'$ niWml4Q]۸3.IaΜ^i%“ݎq]VRײ%Q-7)!y{S(۱׎i8sJ ;1P=g kfa++ƄZn=Ҟg =Ҋ+X_.Ig8' BEhf!X N_LVo{4*k-3sJlrNOcZ(uW"]_k> \|좊*}Ȅ$ g9Nu3chX%qj5@YN]\1=3E,D]U[$WޣVb;cEOF×^U@XYmi (X[@tNu&e G|  EvŘ:ʶ;*T O9*mŭ>[3|Mrhvzϖ-6 `3sMmx| (˰$Jr@2ɐ28ɛźԡ!lndZ(b4c}u:rh׵o `:Z]bI+T#m<:g#5*?.Pa5?(l*:l cbFqjȤq?1>p1(]݄7pb#%A@n (+wh7dŠ*
Warning: fopen(https://newsweekme.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/golan-1-780x439.jpg): failed to open stream: HTTP wrapper does not support writeable connections in /home/newsweekme/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-image-editor.php on line 428

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu (C front) poses with ministers prior to the weekly cabinet meeting in the Israeli occupied Golan Heights near the ceasefire line between Israel and Syria, April 17. REUTERS/Sebastian Scheiner

Israel clings to Syria’s Golan Heights in a bid to claim vital resources

BY Nour Samaha

In mid-April, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu held his first-ever cabinet session atop the mountains of the occupied Golan Heights. In his second visit in just one week to the Israeli-occupied Syrian territory, he told the world that “after 50 years, the time has come for the international community to finally recognize that the Golan Heights will remain under Israel’s sovereignty permanently.”

And as the war in Syria enters its sixth year, Israel seems to be capitalizing on the chaos.

Israel first captured the 1,200 km square mountainous terrain from Syria in 1967, formally annexing it in 1981; moves not recognized by the international community. Israel expelled over 100,000 Syrians and destroyed many of the towns and villages in that region. Today only four Druze villages remain, with a population of approximately 20,000 Syrians. There are around 22,000 Israeli settlers also living in the area.

Israel is now moving towards changing the status quo on the ground in the occupied Golan. Over the last few years, Israel has allocated large chunks of the government’s annual budget specifically towards improving the conditions for settlers in the annexed Syrian territory. In 2014, the budget allocated over $100 million to invest in Golan’s agricultural sector, and in 2015, the budget dedicated funds to increasing Israeli settlements in the area.

Throughout that period, Israel has pushed—and continues to push—many of the Syrian residents there to accept Israeli citizenship, promising them a life of stability and security they won’t find in Syria.

Oil In The Golan
What is more significant is Israel’s recent foray into the field of oil exploration in the Golan—a move many are touting as a strategic step to cement its control over the area.

In 2013, Israel granted exclusive exploratory rights to Afek Oil and Gas, an Israeli oil company—a subsidiary of the American company Genie Energy. Afek’s chairman is Efraim Eitam, a brigadier general (reserves) in the Israeli army and a settler in the occupied Golan Heights. Considered to be far-right, he has previously called for the expulsion of Israeli-Arabs, calling them a “cancer.” He is a decorated war hero for the role he played against the Syrian army in the Golan Heights in the 1973 war. Genie Energy’s shareholders include media mogul Rupert Murdoch and Jacob Rothschild; former U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney sits on the company’s advisory board.

The company was licensed by Israel to drill 10 wells across approximately 400 km square of the Golan Heights. By 2015 Afek’s chief geologist declared “potentially billions of barrels of oil” in a reservoir, which could easily supply Israel’s local consumption, but in a K-8 form filed this April, Genie Energy stated that the “preliminary findings confirmed the presence of gaseous hydrocarbons and other compounds. However, Afek did not encounter the expected levels of liquid hydrocarbons and, as a result, could not confirm the current commercial viability of the resource.”

Despite the lack of any actual oil extraction or the guarantee of commercial viability, the Israeli government extended Afek’s license to continue explorations until April 2017.

“It is important to put the Golan drilling and oil extraction project by Afek Oil and Gas in context,” says Paul Michael Wihbey, an oil and gas expert based in the U.S. “Namely, over 500 wells have been drilled [across Israel since its founding] and no economically feasible discovery has yet been made.”

“Second, even if oil should be discovered, it does not mean that the will make it to the market,” he adds, explaining that issues such as transport infrastructure, quality of the crude oil and the cost of extraction based on geological issues such as tight oil and fracking are all factors that affect and determine the operational viability and cost effectiveness of the project.

In fact, Afek’s claim in October 2015 that they made discoveries with the potential of billions of barrels has actually offered few industry specifics to validate the claim.

“Up until that point, Genie’s stock experienced a significant six month 40 percent decline. The announcement immediately spiked the stock upwards,” Wihbey reveals.

Political Impact
Israel, which covers almost all of its crude from imports, has always tried to enhance its energy security by finding a local source, ever since the late 1940s. The period of 1967-1975 was an exception as Israel was using the oil from the then occupied Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula, which covered over half of its crude needs.

While Israel has attempted to exploit oil shale in many areas over the years, especially in the Negev desert, it never tried its luck in the Golan. Even after Jordan explored the Yarmouk basin, which is immediately adjacent to the Golan, Israel did not follow up on its side; that is, until now.

Many analysts are now questioning the timing of this move, pointing out that digging for oil in the Syrian territory while Syria is preoccupied with its own vicious civil war.

“The obvious reason [this is happening now] of course is the Syrian crisis,” explains Mohammed Saleh Alftayeh, a Syrian political and military analyst.

“Syria is not in a position now to prevent Israel from exploring for, and producing, oil from the Golan Heights. It is the perfect time to gradually create a new reality in the Golan,” he adds.

“For Israel, which officially annexed the Golan Heights but not the West Bank, claiming to have found oil in the Golan would strengthen Israel’s argument that the Golan is vital to Israel and it cannot return it to Syria.

Or at least it would increase its value which would enable Israel to ask for a huge compromise from Syria in return.”

And Israel has used this strategy in previous negotiations in the past. After it captured the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt in the 1967 war, Israel started using the oil from the Ras Sudr and Abu Rudeis oilfields—totaling around 55 percent of Israel’s crude needs. During the peace negotiations mediated by the U.S. between the two countries, Israel—which considered these oil fields vital to its energy security—managed to secure $350 million in annual aid from the U.S. to cover the cost of importing oil, and got Egypt to agree to allow non-military cargoes to pass through the Suez Canal to and from Israel.

In the late 1990s in negotiations between Syria and Israel, Israel refused to return the Golan Heights citing water security as a concern. The peace process has been frozen pretty much since 2000 after Syria refused to accept Israel’s modified version of the borders.

And apparently oil has replaced water as an excuse.

“Now Israel could argue that it cannot return the Golan, even according to the borders it proposed in March 2000, as the Golan oil is vital to Israel’s energy security,” says Alftayeh. “Israel could demand huge compensations from the U.S., a huge compromise from Syria, and—if there is indeed oil—it could even demand a share of it.”

Legally Speaking
According to international public law, Israel currently has no title or claim to any oil or other natural resources in the Golan Heights.

The international law governing occupation and the international public law of permanent sovereignty to natural resources both note that the state in which the petroleum lies, in this case Syria, is the ‘owner’ of the resources, regardless of any occupation.

While annexation is a different nature this is an act whereby one country absorbs territory into its own” and thereby gains sovereignty over that territory and consequentially also ownership rights to any natural resources in that territory. Annexation has not taken place in the Golan Heights and it has not been recognized internationally as annexed.

“The occupying power cannot pillage the public property of the occupied area,” says Tonje Gormley, senior lawyer at Arntzen de Besche Advokatfirma AS, a law firm specializing in international petroleum law and contracts based in Oslo, Norway.

“It cannot legally commence new petroleum activities such as exploration or exploit any resources discovered and make them. An occupying power is under an obligation to act as an administrator in the occupied area and, with certain very limited exceptions, only safeguard the public property in the occupied territory,” she adds.

“Furthermore, the alleged annexation of the Golan Heights is not recognized internationally… Just because a country refuses to recognize or adhere to established or widely recognized international law, this does not make the international law void. The starting point from the international law on occupation is that this is still Syrian territory, and that’s it.”

This breach of international law can also have an impact on companies working on the oil project; specifically the U.S.-based Genie Energy company. “Israel has granted licenses to this company based on Israeli law, but it cannot legally do that because according to the law of occupation, Syrian law still applies, so this license is technically not legal,” she adds. “For Genie, this means they are carrying out petroleum activities where they do not have the license to do so, so in theory they can actually be sued by Syria.”

According to Alftayeh, the best course of action for Syria today would be a refusal to partake in negotiations.

“Any negotiation, with Syria in its current situation, would not provide Syria with a fair settlement.”

“If Israel wants to create a leverage by exploring for oil in the Golan, Syria should wait until it finishes its war, rebuild its capabilities, and only then can it seriously address the Golan issue,” he said. “Only time can serve Syria and ‘deplete’ Israel’s leverage.”

Social Streams

Comments

comments

Facebook Comments

Post a comment