Drones are Mapping Indian Cities – Where They’re Allowed

JFIF;CREATOR: gd-jpeg v1.0 (using IJG JPEG v62), quality = 80 C   %# , #&')*)-0-(0%()(C   ((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((( " }!1AQa"q2#BR$3br %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz w!1AQaq"2B #3Rbr $4%&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz ?ip 7.8b_Z|ĥb@HbdYt|M1Z@qOb)6N&6њԛ c;ѷ4a6R\擜ԅNh+.2::T).FhHE7ߥ4ԅq1nGHzԤRbb拁bh,QRbSѶzksRm(q@)..g&6zmE-JG&.X*@1ANC<Ը\Žm)`1EE;ҌP 0*P}ip})PxRZ6.$L)Z1JDW"TEmMm4\уEڂ8SmN(V6Bp\1l @ch6Qp( E\v!7mMiOD[Mj\RmA^j]ކyhqFqRc҂3HmvѶ"!&Ӛ6ҸGW5.()1A61F)J6O 拔A i&(4|A`Y~W3wHS*\j0z\NOҋݝx#E?^X٥K>UF+gVƧ_:{kCahgR^6ڟ"_O=Dk3z +=0j~.[7r~#=E4Ozyu852|XO޳}EWBo Wj_<:O?Ǝt])'rLu~/ J8.pl6R2$~3R \*Z?J;>byK8&#f)q˃R4i l2;Q֤{ !\R4Q"h>`=̿G0Ka3ލj- 5b g4rc(jх0@H}G7~\_r-*BN^[eUi[Q-BIbѓ?Ze*(=Ѭku>P>OɗFGAG:Ij{Y wPKdB5A sS! aXhq-|H7պß 9[Xrr[Oo,?@ZXi-c=n+յ?cv#KSy41.@&tѢ9\N[y wI#5qZ/Jo)474޴s5[p_BG_Epj^! G^ vksk,?<ӼTMuz~?ޑM0U$t?-rۅWчc?]:q"*j<}F7tdםWZd{FOrPn0ʲ~mu?/ljC.}־cY[lqo@3Q[se 8  kzphR?,^)t?ƾ.HlTԪďîݦK8qTZ{uH''lt#ע_l`(:-l}"U@#!ǮO0+w?K$ey]r{}7$#f}H}v\j+^%(s8>Ǣ6fNLLgBV7q+Y9) iGas*5dG=iV!hMMHgJI+7=(=D{}hJwfhyNsIz4`SaU 9bWMcRmҴ+ˤV#.z.d'LT0:mER,RLe)1RcfDG&ښhYg5!{)9#\} Sٞ}wRf. YnH+֊bįk.|6X_ |Ov2־=1^GW~>nwu*cYۜ\Zn2+¼o 8!XQK)b;Fk i`M?ޅ±/>xb;Č3'5>E|#|?Koq{ +ૐM=yuiw 9q]K;̅+χ('v3 ZH1PO# ?ݔTnMR̟בcXJގyg[Gnwޡr?W ]S^=VfKےd;$9bKriK* )"H#5vQӮ{`z21F;;Xs8GYcw|JPfs5 xBq=_HGsb|N^*sUxΨJ?A'R?gdx.Oj> k 7uIQgo+(̠LG*aOC9O_*H46.}Ll?j<,M^ ]BZ#ֻ稡RѱsҟRn]D4ԛXu(Ҕ9踭vfc4=Ivdme/m`Cf8Er:9-vyM)>vgjt76\@{-BQjMjI{ slc8E>A]7?l/GVX-g'iwi}sAY2ho>@Ӽ+$}G% 6DZҘ=PZ0Q;_o+E'9\|/A X$'Gs~*U淯Iv-\^i[Oɹk~ Ol@p?6*jV}ݛhʃ=YaqE_ҥ\j=NijW]|Ym^ğxU1D4 Ϭ_?NxBH|}+B[%eFɾx";LId# +2ZwYIq *ҏx98񿈭;30kZ⏉ΥI!C+o^ <;zMۉ?/e/'} r,M OozcΎSD&iS`7hM\k>OxI62)|j׃x٪ȯN~u_2d{_S"? uM&ߏ cV8tm#RP˦3P kD~8X%&_ge|kmzf龈 ֐\ſ M]ßßֶk6k.{HQry_c#ڐý,鵋&Oe(KX[VSpQoW=zȷky@nM]ݴmQJl&ڒw`4:Sve? *)1O 6;22ǥHE7s n2)1Rb0IF() 杊1G0sRbG0V4f`hm!\TQڎ`H\S p!),BԞKx~taz?k[R;9m/Ydns_!s>@uuYΤ搄dv=?xffںޟyB:j3Jѣ|wW/2A2p"#5+`W?Tlݙρ1y3? ;qC8!}kܾhznɦԴ[r$l`qSrWq)BfA!Cئ= _Z[?uI["^3b+ldr&?ҮzlyzE ?}?ӊU,4{|M.'_j:; g٫| _ʟՠC;ϭ.=#R21G4(3b)60SHvѶt"iMmRb\,G1O3bV.1Fz~(C-ZIhɞvZm=MqNj.meE\ x|6Uk#Rmg[9>\3 _7γ5ԌkeVvT!{#5sVV$W0Ϊ3%^OZdt9 `#W&"N(Є~FQGΩTR⮏N8d3ic6ӸaQLS3!b:0mQދ&)HNh iZ6Қ;pE4JÞ~4\v0M}'Ė^ja&_D7fQ Hd8t ι}U`e}BϘަm@C\^e3 HHM}j(jd\ֽ3)]qe{ew$2ųiḯ2})N!N9gf5=̪lqB E2c~\նp3MAC COaaoҸujG_p$~uch}u^k-:_Mn;% x'? 4#N?S]-y'ï^ӼYp#1HJE"e߷ kTsJ.C4P^q ~ӗo⢲,?=Evb!ǧ4\S?OiR9Y7ҹۧ _񧯎*ƻbG4vB>_Kj>5 dI⾇XFTIПk&xwWZjc(0 ;p;^\׭]Hث v# #"Y~U!_Fz7z+hqM M!4HMQQ-EICGZwQ$ѸҸ(ؗMȨZi<;;V/fxWU~oZq%Jb>yɋo@Z؟Z\A'y`]/k *@B*FNP S8"W?mԓ־fa |%kI_Ҵ{e=dl͢C 5v*}1ەki4c!?Z57>It\?*]~3@ԍZ3'H9dXб)J:RRARB~٩LA>ȯ'S =Eui"PSKȵ$˃4y{urp{/RjV˞`Ҧ.Hy֩/#*{ן7H++ANag9DTUɹפɴeqRodڝ<=U]ņ)|G¹oBGGmGYTG6_ǻidB6=kW&@ÏQI 5\GOe{$UG -2ZSr^Mg|K@$zhq@Tpzd}y -E636q¬KY~5<=R7*ƤsGu}vawoS_)x ժg1Br21A-CMjR5}^($&U`?W>4C_Aqj5kZW%c.'l?MDU.u 79=j^=(Wruړ(6SRB}z䎔hC($.6̂dn'.6̂n>;zFBs!Xmy=,2r)ubc]ƃ_ZV]NKY݁(?Z⦏U'} z֒WKW:]7ڱ ,gǛ;>9Y!$Fiٯ/jIٳ,*^|dmc_2p< +GMu,2haV{GJ"?u0u>uP7y:)fМ318 =G57@Onz?GFBAfPܑZ[o6Q^p-jh)$κlew,>P8\!%9?qsOca*Mű#?gPHs}ֿ%@'cӶMkx{;,+s:UKW$wydN~go\?K^z.]|d}ĐFYZ݁u~>m̥;ۿ:ބcEӨ;`}0ZW9lkC#B͜6ɑy>\k)+Yuc&| >9qKCJA=h8IKB拈q &=c hb iF8bKj3lju Ґ٬ͳQ+'Κt'e g :^Ջ#hd۟Ǯ* F-^Ok;%P7!#9mv'H:USŇO}hȏ)pګ:9 SN!fD֐D$e :/q/<ǔV!H֭\'7lHp^ݾZFojg&WĶIzŜq=KƟe9\Q.M_s=XTI` MVԼEDґy7u]F+3wMrcppy*bR4S#Dc 1A?bOiԊVK}7X}飡K蜐=1gܒV窷;&דb='Tv@(;٣[H6j9H’zxdͽ*G\W"c &#u"U&\6>0VFQsZjcIOzH^䕮BI8*rYͿpJ[#4sڬ\ 2c3~Hwm9Ztzt2t5beI܂қ&SN/C,L}OS܌s)%GL`+eQV|0G )b튥plù RQ"(bqz3)Rx3ʨ?"E<증]2WcϺ23?F>vIJj,Q.Q̲;15lΪ@ _]=]I8-)p (iVB-̮?q-ᣝ`9{qc}/OU{UU#沖%t.4<%spAly?Em}u @3<*1O8oҼş6r ٥Y K)|V.j k 'I.a58|B}xF0q'˟qodJSƿ GddCDzW/cuw%G1'{^2.O4lm1x5^E%ZT$TްK:ni)vhB0~4Xa\JI'}yF\.S]?Ipd/H$<3={άZIŷ/gin6{WRHWdd_ƨ79iTb˸O6_Lqqj+1 oЕwQRyKOO5?۟ Pn{l>@c"ۇG7gևo7^eM)8*}FMdzU;TfE3u+k\Nѩ6^/؛8,' 6> -"S5MPneqn{~ZIw]@\a,N0$k{ZX!CAN? QGG4V֭{2 S)Nkc"bWi\ d=)Ԕ a֓qIiG=Xn;-!SZ0II Gj UkIz)-Umq?,҂Ué^iiw\ c5C?9GA4٥5r8sҕ#z4"'@8UY+¼`Si\ 8( ʪT}:]YXF&;Qp ,|bzT֑FWk+5Ъ*[%r]+âE]wgһ-#–NAr2|B J԰|kǣyHCm#ݬ<=a(@'wg70)_rO;z}BHc~*1iX_q#ߴ(PzpM^Go~%js,&أKHWlPēI&ъP9AE;7bjEO@[JTQl fQ휚aiC X?2?8xsP?w??5+2isV#ZDH)Ú'i*Z Mc^mSSg/iJABj9%TXޡ;.Bοz)GHf̊qjHrU9CUaXE7XsIhET0)7`sҧ";#MVo*d~UZ{/-P?]$RP;[^>9Pp†漠:v!) #i[ FE6ב9c.be#\~=./]o+64)x.-hK_bbcs?yvMb=jYԊcP8/)w@tZoer{ոLL(sH9e}4;si czU=E"42#AJ|cu [3';ŝD2Yך_TcpI-!Lm<>Q8Ԝ$ȫwZ#vխ3oI$Ҧ4wUu~{l9FkJB:*)NxQW?X2&܆U lzix';ƛv֒VRf7)#jU[o81`KdBKm^<2g+YL$U1FqJfcA&=z*G>e ѱSyg(=TK;X4PcU5r=^wܸՏl1̡/gDsmٓ#RHyTpH&u  Jƨ jKX\J=Su1Go.gܲ5+~[G7JOƪmG&Xgܹy}oMU#9p֝bZdgޗsE)R2PzȽѣ-l|µK{66Kw:>1[-czA9U`d+c\-5E!ʺaQSp RSM&z Ab/44%iFGBGƐP#'i,xQp& ۱\HiW)?/7Bvƍbqݮ19( W=i ⋰-j_d;=TL zW$wRIs+ϹRCHJjZZM,FޞQNRAP(4h`; >?gޙ ̜<ޡth,X>Ә0TK2E23I!Uyc}MݐA<tIou,+w% sqR3vPh١xw60Yn$΍{4)?=> yTr3X?e0OJQܖYj6Zvﵢ9}}9rM&zБ՝XuܲB?{iv^Cz巒p>謟7r[6/b:|a{a2@d2Lyt*'Ly*A9b4)JaPobzSqbz W`8BC5, *`\m=s1Л#>{~O=y?U֚=8P*m5Y["EBlm>t9bcVف,v6"d`2JdZT-ː}Qׯwlb9Leehɚ@'y:@OUKzAghgp ڧK<I52Ys) ˜ۚvr\;"{^2*GC* @:TdlwKh8{Röݮ$c)R4u]>Qں[hӦZnOi&5E=?J6hp%,xϥZL m'$Zo}j Sc?ښ/2=3]J Ke ۊ{q%n^Ǿ+ u-,~[e\92_ϸ;czشkQ|09֮jeU_MNJEH?x47`[NKV'|YiZ0N&'~BG-UYVR4'RH%T%'қKR9*3#_p\ZQ=*Tf=x,v(穣wq|?JM_Z9538YzuGCSGk99=/>qb*eCU g> pKzni]>{ v:RO"T!␎4'`z^w2 qQp QKKh -%;SQ"Uefr.VEɑ.F޴xvWWrFB],f9Ua=%'\#̮q[1gcպM^ԵW9Կge=>JcI闚T^@U[U?C[K$[&dV\?κ 5{)c;${2X~޹))h2>Fq+WLnǎ+Y!z[=ƅ#HK[?x~$J NE]37MmCG*{eeܼ;uC.Ԓ?p} ٧[ )GLVWp GVj 5bE$uVIK{YRR$NoֹjInǘXG]֌`͗2sͱN\U٬XxKjځ8ڣk6p=~C6e9/j~<~Z-/u;#?EDsVK6ls:["HfQB9&MlT'T6vU33]m% ]vFx9 Hdg@(xhQw--Yuq+\C&bU/-x̀E~enr#ޱu-@3}#qST WlNš BDX'5v}̯fY[n۰SYw8'u;͚XM>K\K@]FHsUJ2Aִld.j-$s7OZ,هĀ314l%p!V%ɪ71y2[K\adSС|YL'֫\C'WqԼqt r׉&`-GZqlC2Byb rsWsxVu}Z9;hO)[i* O¢Sa?\uT]E*S3'풂RvGnvns44=:Pssq~0;`CfmZSsW 'v%2J) y6yR-rAP)ҫD5+8bcgԟdcS^ ]qB?dyKLԶ#,{?*q]<6RFsYQjqsp*[ &zTf7w9rx!q\jxc6A 67u\yn0 O"k"r24B@f0h3p_q\-M*˻#'d5w( w#^Iuj2 QZF53p:}+Ncmvzwwz\)q¥ѴKNPѝJ*?^߆[\xH# }&4(4U0d꫖Aod67`g=:_P.l[:Xah`I=e[ZZ\hX WSNoDidx!\R2^q=1.\O8=pz\y:9n0RLRJF IsޝF(1HzӨ(Ұ8⎃QQN4>{cLB@!H)rMA@ NУӭhY6C?SJWv3 JqtG ]UΛmmHc?sB-!-hriDgNI\.Ē{9zEnbMm32t"-D@ǧ\ƥq)5bs|=V%3©"x܏CUi[B[(H>աc+TZͅ1kjU%Dz;+f\w<%ҏϣT"j@x52KL}SO~zGXzU%@O~ƻ=lK)h\o&]>[9̇#&-%nhSR?vDSߥvmijC !G, Ѵd.N'9oʴgTtv;@Nmrтvkt '*Wo&G)T}{h0s]=˨#H&ȎgA7(Ocs׊͚0E.$U$g+("QS VF\˟A?6\oRf-yhdTkz=mI.b8]$iAҬ>"IkkcՎMrZv~;l6p *[ޫH2qM; *[N+KD[ mrjӳ5Sg5nM#Lc}:RrK:9mx`zVF%G̑@uvG!JŽlj&Ws5*mVCn:#,mI$=< {U&u*z-l_u:Ern=!w U{YT9 [WXgNMV{+KA=jմ '*:t"<HIvi5#Wj͓C͜\v;b2m2m-xTof+y}6sV kV766Kq@-_d%W~ϤiYUPW5 oCkTmriM&vb[BUr+ús'N*r_PIE̞vKgZw$u秭Gl{8fT vf@z9.Xn{WLUwMzҢ#w^-E# *t'ۥ)˕\j727CXhkkGϕN;*]E͑kFF^vOa+O<{ԗb1ϥA׃ֶL *zjsК*hr;l1x`2 r@,xpr$U=\,;5~'5#M2G4Q1d Ӱt5[fSWڶҙ9FԸ^*=g r2deNA[ i$s,5H6ˋ=*OK2yu <ƄU6<4it@[W LƼޙoh,*$ȅ VFMĖdC fq󪟻ÚŖp ^TgҺSkI <-.Llȉy US4m<vz<@)U}f ,WqIj"|345dn2>H8t6S6.xST5ϗ#G4s]6ey+ikX N gOwl.u.G9NU }Ltݖ{bqp^8SQsPzTǔX{RäbEpGR.f>588unO}+nnD.l,g%z6gZ"-bXju&xIҎ)+>D\_ߠ;sk2bK DlL;)jw㊚V|_ၕK}FK m"LZ 覕d imEr_JCZ^54 qe:  d~cj>~|ym{>DBnIpPI3m?Z-u,MxS|T<ͯؼ[o,͵U$SҽWijĚkܳ~4gcM$VC2 F2+|OSIv!7dsVV5K?SON 3scI4$Wԓ]vG4ɦ*x~_jޥ{EHD }s_BhӬt[FV5Fg@sV:;N?clX9V|sX8ϥWh}+n 閪}Dc+^RjOWXb^Ks,> αzthfs*FSZnĐ)qOS=ƕ݊RNE^ ՔʄnU=sֽO+Li)3$ S_a5(fq@B({ocҽyi]B\go1iŕn?ҟ<{yE(JYGLS.Vwe|;cȮ!pp1\y\G֬s LWmu$ۥi' vTqZQ4Bm#5i^eXãf״{ 8{S"+M㿵l|=U|76k4";W9!bXt3|%PGDBR|c8khE6 mѥN5|!Bsr5Cڦ[_܈>G#_,֜5M= Tݑֈ}q,ʇ+^jbƣO4T E;+.@`8-UƕT?{&ٹݻ|ˈd`4:JϜ-w3kZzg MЎzHrk_6SP zd{wz£5ZEOa[]d^[?9.=!2:PW( #Czmh)]è+?o( 1G3S@I yt8A(J|9M7HL}U=(ah_Δg`gs04J8e6<9Z|haI"Eg{qFr;@8➱"طPν40sqALf~tnIK9M;gOh܎N:U$,`/b|*^E(Qҗ'U?wάQc#u52ʍ)Kcf<}wڋ,Jm-?A5 tja?ptKx{Oғ0_?o8P0J: ) |ם)1QVDgPY I/l0*\CGo7lbA?|IwNXk͜8ݨP׫~$զ\a#?]ߘ'nX澡Wϡx:.R}Qsr.k,,4zk<=OS+㞕^Hԍn?8=gP2s7h*!$O$RLT`}P,RW,R35\ȹ L S_.lYTzgW_7x<[j߈ xJg!q\Frn]#H'b Ƒ6t6`I\mNJU cY_ǿ^ONtBv!?܏#vדPnz}s\|k*HOQ5ޥwv`;C7g0kC,+ʟL;fiW\_ kT ,CG}+u[ךH'wg? 7sbH7.O]ѧ$qrf&M$4F &}Er$޼> /Z$p5s}jΝpm5k;p`$kJjh;I3f8#%ƣ>m:KNC85)Zt{cVLk\wpGR <aZo4߲qڦ zH5+UAlU " v;8|s"ɋ{/@Cו>4 𯖥ML^=;>,R|98J}- Ȩb} czY洕bT»ishs\+ǿgQb52Vڗ038? W'g+JP[ :i&Uƞ["n101<u7TyO4(O{h Q8~eOIvb?_W*pr1kW\E߅~D)跗t1+W׷?Xd>ӚNNխ Y2{9YP窰 ^.ņ0jJO?Қ<#\@vO2-w:O¿f$Q1<'rͫ_02xku-HQB*/SO hG`O@W_Ǻ7]Rn$rSNxZo7/\9C3/A5嘦ZGi8*2*5 p9/6ۨ>G,ː9ډ+H@=r}RݞkΝ&=ZcuwJvhfS7p݊aqݩG'4&288#=h888TL`qNy ӹ8`sKt#"u  .0 0i[Tshy*@uHљ&ZWB =Ԍ49OH Ā]o|k$hly'I>𶏣xmK-? hרcWd0}dr:lsr?嬸8x y|{o¤?pʤP#(WU*NeQ"H$W3~p@$~ E{pvs\Eoj&|Ajo%{W}{Vόuy5__H\nzT ԗ4:O't7\͛'~"Ij¼nC1/x2?yb>gKWRݏG Hz;'z=sV肗d#KxF=a8Z>Ӱ(hߏqSBi&*WQt-Y(;8tCM2J:_j.fіGHn9Oq.9[~mݤI<&iBO_C|Xڗ%4?1g /$?TF mF_BMz88G*^FLhL;p=I=+߆ Xm0j%Xa#sc؜;>xF: ;n.?!FO~#|CYѧJ>U9sp=Mu7w}YԲ"/I6kma ^l˂QƓ>8˦hJY_\UyrļQlecRx#})OVS<ybnFy8+C9WK5 y#-W6~TG?9%4>`53OZLcai-NV8"e?<E\vtտCo ESf_f# 1{Mr)>NC!Š_`aI7O3%1TKbOܶ/"#Ӄcޡ=<FA⪳ P2ni7*䎝)CjRC!8XPGZ{0 &TRMwZ{˝jr hƇ.Z?o"E~⩍oH𑎲o H#C浅?[ѳF0W δv0|G]).:7[F}EDc84&W5̏Xh{{P%xi.2'n-s޴"DAj jX :㯍'{/ӹU܅awǭl>([ldq޺0'>X?3&/4,h*zW^0[_id kԩ>H6y$|3Eh]ܵc#'' 2O5H?ɞn簕;晵WIgJ,ߕq?h&?$?žX:F~'W&s=$\u{ʏ7wT:۟w_?|QmnmpaҤا9i*S'o_ֱXڮ[q|5d)c`cU|Gˠ(򪍩 =^>\5w2GQDvQCz[#LfՐi%vȭϷ"}Ow)#-ʻgvrO A$fzg|39h!Sc zԪqE)NOEo [xwMקd;saGo=bu'l* .Q_xXKkpdnKu$ul ZzO#7$Wd:[|Ѽ?]ee~~lukfbӴFe}ی  *1&[STG 1Ua;.uyX(SX:ę40J B[<6ر=_VMS,glӅSdBNXׯOnW$"Xi$'V[IKFD:s*D#,1bđ֥0 JAЪ`+O\R2n ?8a(ܜے3 1\8T*[Bn:_ºχ{}NFC %NTz veD HbqIiH}*'J3բVpٟBMCormf6b|ɸz㍹#ܶx2W?'ֽG/%HuM2?g0V 9y5YJW;iGtJDjm'W4nI0220~z8#n.ɧ1ֽW~Kon8Z2!5Ch.Z1\pakL93\QGaPcxՇ3zEhZ1/lֶ8I9xǭ4_ڋMjsU|;> B?wd>Fk5^"G[}ˀþ {tƨ9d)$ 0Sÿq? uv<`gwmvx,YAHoJpUL(OFnZA͏ PyOjvAb N_g>E+!$hisʶ+?a?+q S GY~bzʗLE3ÜhDOp)م+!X%0 ~'tۉPrPkHb(BhUTpUP/ g,Hð>BBa~NN\5\ LS)61/#{_'=# [jǮ֬pG=HՖH, pO83} Gqk]1N $HGFфxv+|Ĝ#92:yҙ.C$BsϠ[DR8Hh[Xnjvq;9&*B%`rGB\@RNqÂޤWL *rHqʰ3o֚J*}G\:u2<9Vm.ZfL26Ҡ*eyrZ4.ѡ]-8 6QS5n&aX: ͈|l#z$d:Q$UUB ~)%ˏf-})O& CsNFpw`khI;)BA#? iLr$G'?:1);xMŶX֯iR{ q )߹x!ww#d8FJ+tr'L>nkH?_@||VIc@&0~u ^=4xrov@p5gDK,?=(OewOcu5ufsmD)q s!VGPGpFE<ȤWjq3{vYg$WNU&ϋ@Ȇ3ϵx$P/$5}SbK*^ƾg`6@a\y+GU#-SRҤ'dJv5&%_.GT:/HOoКHXrϙu5N)TҜuym/OQ\GaM Gp)b0HSo^LJ5: JL%!d!A+Ӷa@hG7Ʀ (ا֐XvRJOI@Ob #&,VLa'_F#55<`O8*-=Cɳ5 َ~4YH}9'= 5O)Vo X>rWiXgnQ^<m#2 q|H+f=L 8PAs^coTZ[*uÿ4 jO60$;#̚¦6er!' HX>?_&a>}󯡴 =:x`$H~d pUf $|94@_i[ `~Uֈ1ָ'RSw:bvFoOZ hwGE.3m3lw6U'ZcQqY$hF>$~t`vzʭTl3\ӀBR:mG'H,0(T~2H?3xg(qȦ;@4Tf1X7cFRA"nc8'd&Uϙ8kZ1oZh6cp8JO[i…/#$7ֽKt⼏୷jb'͟`ǥ|)=/GҜq銲p>W9s3WΥg.O?*}A?4P&ؼ"?a^];IBRG34'Q=E6O*6dc=z1&;pvܠ[ekޘٯJ#Ȧco!'ӱ~D~ xmTz)ޟ/b>v)wG,PyG41\V:%&3>د~,?:2I>܏+ݾWkj]Z/w>5цQ6a ?ʾS iF}-vr:Q;m2YlEw8R;fL1i IPo*g{ $klV-[Rw]#D\c9|*q̓mQ~z~FCIՎb_xRn@]0VXQzK@WҩZ O6+ɮE]@UscNk{L9-7~/m ?ޑ5w--' ']0S[a,eImX/dQ5F^qp'1chW: ǞIPдTY%Fl]Zn-$XUCw&[֭㨣וtMlq `īޒM"l^H1ґ 3?>~6ݱ8)`Q'|9E834g ;fQi);Etz{GE?'?Ʒ"\o0?3Q:ќG 2OkRúQPeN:Mͼ(]p{W$"tG oഉ PmQMtv։jj/(v\)nI=)HzP$xT<GJ28E+4짥3Ekg4`wCЊC1:a Ԫj6ɡ -_^)"R*1?w5 Oz1@NO_z>NqE;e{f٤'ZS,э.QX$V 5(|cWߴλMG/{"wܑ_"|H%/+KD{^?ua)9N|Dccx65֮!̛-L!GG5Ou$ЪLCx$s_EZ83q3j2a I?6*M›rP4dxT8>״ FnZ>܋FJZgvn1j[vQ#QNpUIv真SN0)ldG|&&D'~üA~3K 6^8CJOjyr8lx kmY![ sy BgL++5hGS"pVB(ݟ%m*hxęCAabM&y?a.xNU(O5xQɚ#BAK78]եS @0*o5,zf#bC+֝3Aڣ{~)YkyY~`#*3Ur[,yISá߯JUXqUiBgބ*:9JyBwi PW*@Ȥ!9dȬsf\ۜ7g\kM)BaGMHQ82XޱL#Ai&&.yC!|NF}:ErJr HЌ'I_Z9—\8<cB1Кω3Kݎ%q*2csUσ<=7-̿)㟇ZYoeD-rG#=3ZҩB3VOCZ7 [/RWTS˝ެYYc=G+[m"r+m[9/Z<%TO"X<kc^;ЍH1UJ!W7?Gr8>#.n[\Hε!w\k =Gz㼌U#eSg<5'Kzi޽QLJd%O%X]oiRH@>LsҼ P+ҦtX1B.t}\q`e&|AP3i8 "8ueeK; @ (݊3;x *(b'zʃZ]qTetSY8.(W?0X\RT9F19p)C.?±LҁÑҬ|sG($I+,K:oҝ={9@TcYU?2~}Q\j*N5j)t R6|6? m0q'_UR~aE8VQKh+!j6g:pq?΋#lEFmyb?z}s ۊk@ݟdW|$fTÍ¢0 5}}evpҋ?\L^Ԃ<\ XR`JO%8vFIIO&qd4P>sY?Azo{mA3WkQծnIG;}Abl,\ s>y[kc.Y[ \Jܜ_bh֐ZUEK c gׁп<_uK{}6=W**h<~dW664{ae͓O'q$-3Œ)' q$r3t_J$p77Nr<4Z6>[bdqSz)YO##@ J$acfhgjR3OSpCտJF|Ss;R4O:>Gc6ts'<1)f,u!O_=j+2s'E9@x(zz_=F 4XˤJw+Mv ?,UoyVoi#E۶> l[xD\Z(p 8*7zgml2a|aAsLg(~A,Wxˏ<.s]xJhOR ;sY?g\Ĺ&]ʦXd)WJ}Of@#sO6Eؘ#>݁sҪ¹eembq(Pk5U>Rm2P;W}9bhC(ojL);o(=EQ^VGQhD ޭQ7h$zE֛ksgH7* 2ƓA+Xy{bcfݷ^沀^5;~u<]K4=4"ZC*`` )cV#?1~>nLZiTM;&2NB""$ 0 s}*@FsG0I:7oЊ˘z {'{]J%]EN?xpA禙W$`1^=jc5_ ysd:V.$3 ~֏<H.I^Moir1q :̺q=+ZTt-=F̿jX|-sݦkzt\:lqֳtez)UcK?Ou*\ GI_b?"Z+IeB6.9ոmFl?C'Oih!Esek'7!f.2ɦA(4&c̟{XoM.kTu9c1|mPN=U'1N.(S+lR/֋1weipz6U!"2JGF+PA?Zc鰺WfC291bVFN6ftc\(V3T9wZIG\X('9Kk-FT74\WNŮpvgl]ÿz@?)N =*.8=* I~"%( =sJj)#P%砠 NZZ=BfV7rdschBfSF舱E@)?xӗHX*W51nQ^i<j1S`KH]wᱜg|:,7i^J/+ֶl䳟q?x兹νXIJt֌oAIրߝhشhdqFBAYQ9ݥvbKJ[,%t'EA:cMk>|z-E)ۀ& gvך&MU 4mi 1.2?L@F){VhCM)m;fT ݉e vf'4ړx"ЫGl[1 wH<7ڥ 1SYfoW/Aol:4P|W&"U'ZhB\xƑl}MX?y5 Yb}jTpI][9KvGoMv?q_W#(/<ߓ]{ąIm6&JG~⅖s5zuo:ʫHѤEYDք8$#nWnpe٢O=_m,U'c9sWR s\Mմ5$sⶣCث&cVwcc=i ;gF#O4bd0?5 \LoluOBP$2.njķsJJKHeyO6=J)-C׾$Yt'yjN1We;`^6vixKLlƭ v|ʊ=˲Nszz] 1R(q MG{j oeE#ڜYĹIzbD)8AѰ c.dS@946MyiOa({Hcw<~`18&@ Ǒ@{Kc\X2FFq |@xS qK6rFw }*3iT#p⟜bh6ё^?CNH"zqLk~5t'aK\XX>;]WWrITRG?k# y3R(&h!Ө#*:ߥiJMWc~ѩj?*.nd¨&c+ rhZ [hU n_ﴍ?Ĭ-l0H8Q½>+nvvžvbe F)*SjhGU9$xtKqDI.WB֛Қ\zcQIE72(̎̄P)J@#֣vHѝނ3?Jc:2Ƞ0Ai\gL,]\]81?\$Yi  /;^}&6I?Z5/x%mE}ҽ[q֝eqx5kfN=9 \Α103BO`rwcyfn!_Uq^8B*/'C 탴wShPj虈i}s[r8[VZ|zUܧ)ЗϨnBhH>H&Re>ZjB( qQfb).;稨0 .'SIp9\@1֗jP@|别w{--\ɨ}$aMT!{G|Rjњ(֭i?%2WS@fV [M0_2Xy&ܞTsV城C?b㴱yr7zTI)#~%b=,įqZ׈uF_.Y=Ewh:0VUeuK@]HN&iӞ)xdqI@ i{iMRbWn9<2zLQB`ϳwf9nqTn~T[W\ZrBf럥V="Pz~4\,92) rd'$ZcdHrg*HgAGp~`Jhc O2x5>qzjC3КӶh۪L覆~4z2dvO4{'}n/|2<⯈ǘ;o:.tI}5xS1P9]L)>xuUo,bk{=u+X_bs=LN~GmGR̖ HsKZK{?, ɹM0ٵt#xHDeh].z$<۫BάV4[}VluYGŔc)V>"qbTO"Q1{jxFG4s 2?*n+ 9+#_&;Ƅ54㏵jvv.Ηo֭YQ_Jk+ ӷX5B?*%kO Gd&_¼boƨGq1YK V?db pg>!>iNzI a5Qn:tv${ c^OJrgsܘW4ⴭ]6nJiú+g's@4F{:#\oF.4Ha' (U ipֵ.R -dR*=<_W^uNO!6p"o/-lJ^3:oIhp5x=i{צj5RZk[s#S_7M(1u"ብ?ҡ5F(=XQzRnjI3&A=&9⫘V8N}髷/\N`)nS'. fHA^0[4O֐#4A❑h) 40 ~5щaxÏrB1QPV&4UkFlhJ~tҎ? mu-1QlQOM0͓P>@~@a{w*0mB;ߕ $c?§#I&qS+ͼZOz } JIၥ(Hh.wi7縤K6i"ф?">T\8Ǹ2ʧ֤Y8>#3QOZx]0McŒ/@ Vn ~4\5UOM1p֑FjȧR}sL,cϵ9U?xФVl'cf` 1Ngi+M!|I9Hh73Ҍ֌9l~paFqP87~fcqP*|󹏯jWΗܩ6Vvq[hӚap2ǀ~JN{msv?k]-=z[uBYWvmVV;HOsmJ)mDUM~,͜ ӕ?SW}TKSgx#V Z͸5w>vzB<9,qKQRٟ4-Ρ`x3!1ZM} HoCTnt.䖸%?Bӗ}Vk6ѤL9`U+zkjWq8VQ0x[BWELw߸[WHyI3[#5p 5 HyHEs 'ɹzyZ̸XK*[FTkg)UP.<[/{-_Y8y:~߯aV?n|5[i7"綺h󯆥%x>rTkw5,2ga:M-yweeM u+_Ixs]Nf.4ќ8>Vg&Kg'y\Z8 l4M Fڻa֜Xqڛދ. .JQp( Q^'+[w)vw+:*AlhpWo6Nӑ德!$QFqN 7JE_{2MyM&zRn6ܑH=sRbNɪ#=iqL;< IC⁋hiiQ} (E4ߟ<$hnxNisFG+~\ _֜S ~=ќw (?¤,^} iE-Sg*i )UmFgK y HdKoHߥy9r&i7Nkګq*Gh-^`G$LtܞBҼGy&^kXSobܜ~3xOǿFO;ƞ:gaڣ1u;|ͯHrro3k rHsZuW 鿳o/uN=bCjɧ\mT?JHqZ%SD?g ,3@q42FR?E9iHr=GV]u֞PTS do5q㱭sW֓cHfXVbA7˒*[}bMS< j%Sڝ94IY dFi"ě7IބN;ҢN$)C T@ڗ.bm“p<Иf9'֨ sF} Ni٩?j\J84;\2|͜V#-M@_.EWS)5xj9_FׇWx>vHn ZOs_.[V {WXP;@̈GO19+!n<ՀRO^m2.>75m" 8}q:r[=.}iW;?ҭ݆9=?L֕J[T8v;m<ir+_[Lv%[YG,Cm9gG(9}0kxԀ7?j|ͼvȥH?fl.8,p>5Hb+t|(j\8^wB˒nQk(h );SJ)`TTgsKI.B2ÿzUV~OӵH7tt`GzbȄ.2EQQHQN\Vw=#~l=]3d>M#S4,1G2Hy\ d`=EG,|^ 8vlsD$%8\RCb5ԾY-Rq)0 `@Fi әF{ҚیT00$(xZ ;KCcޠЂRSY8ϨMw4`?P Mh=3.03R3íDPM7bYg235 `XzңQU~4I":1(MzRgP$w(a¤v$WaX,d|̿E;zh r3bPo RL.Cp9Aqx u7=6'ԁR=l>¡޼qCe- v*iRyƛ8g = g" S[;pH42/R=qMX1ye=ɤ!8?F*v,@I?s1"\e!0#ެoΑڕV(A X҄|[MAt=z@xvILy}Ɔ9Sx&%M,MZGj^hbKx۟ʹˋ;Gs7GLSf\\[*02_S6Gjr75W ?cFv;rItG+>CX*{ Q? zױh[zcu{QIG`үZ}/57íM q#U]'ԗ6htZq3Z*ѨEW2:LQE0'4(6{]F(''ҡdp}C(vZW Uy:Cj))8E)I/j,e%V&((>I.q?vTI0vG`袥ЅZF?;5|BEܗ##]r?V3l6mQ@\ xQEOP@jqE 2'9QE0};uN)gUlTetsi=vEJr[2bEc ^tCH:$!f?EjE.;K!YlƳt &vQEoNsfu!jK"k-6[=k3VÖ(U)z EDp1R/Z( qy\z1SBbbǚ׸)= &$JcA]!bQ0W>#ܣy0iEt! I!RGEbsۥ!\(?JiO@ Warning: fopen(https://newsweekme.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/2016-11-11T183411Z_1992404820_S1AEUMGNZVAA_RTRMADP_3_USA-DRONES-CONSUMER-780x439.jpg): failed to open stream: HTTP wrapper does not support writeable connections in /home/newsweekme/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-image-editor.php on line 428

Officials in one of India's fastest growing cities are using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to update land records in a pilot project that could be rolled out across the country if rules governing the use of drones were simpler, authorities said.

By Rina Chandran

MUMBAI, Nov 29 – Officials in one of India’s fastest growing cities are using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to update land records in a pilot project that could be rolled out across the country if rules governing the use of drones were simpler, authorities said.

Haryana state’s Project Udaan, or flight, is mapping the technology hub of Gurgaon, a satellite town of Delhi, and the towns of Sohna and Manesar in northern India.

The drone images are being used to update decades-old land records, check encroachments and resolve disputes over land and property.

“While land records are meant to be updated every five years, this is not done regularly and there are invariably errors, even with satellite imagery,” said T.L. Satyaprakash, deputy commissioner in Gurgaon.

“That is why we are using drones, as they are more precise. So we can verify and rectify the land records before they are digitised,” he told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.

India has embarked on a land record modernisation programme to survey lands, upgrade records and establish ownership. The project is scheduled to conclude in 2021 at a cost of 110 billion rupees ($1.6 billion).

Delays in mapping lands and authenticating ownership have caused disputes that stall development projects, sparking lengthy court battles. Matters related to land and property make up about two thirds of all civil cases in India, according to Daksh, a legal advocacy group based in Bengaluru.

Haryana state officials sourced drones from Science and Technology Park, Pune to take high-resolution images every three months to record boundaries, illegal constructions and encroachments of forests and public lands, Satyaprakash said.

These images were then checked against existing land records and verified with village councils in rural areas before being updated, said R.S. Hooda, chief engineer at Haryana Space Applications Centre, which is also working on the project.

“Drones are cheaper now compared to some years ago, as they are being made in India, and the images are far superior to satellite images,” he said.

“This project can be replicated elsewhere quite easily, but the guidelines for drone use are rather strict, including where they can fly, so their use is limited.”

Drones are increasingly used in India to curb deforestation and check illegal mining and quarrying.

But rules governing their use differ in every state, with permissions needed from the local police and the defence ministry to operate them, Hooda said.

The Directorate General of Civil Aviation issued a draft policy on the use of civilian UAVs earlier this year, which said all UAVs must be registered and that permits to operate them would be issued on a “case to case basis”.

Drones are barred from flying over certain areas, including military facilities, the entire air space over Delhi, and near international borders.

“It is a challenge – if it were a little easier to use drones, we can map more areas quickly. We can do so much more in land-related matters with drones,” Hooda said.

 

Social Streams

Comments

comments

Facebook Comments

Post a comment