Egypt’s President Sissi is Bullying Rivals Ahead of His Re-election Bid

JFIF;CREATOR: gd-jpeg v1.0 (using IJG JPEG v62), quality = 80 C   %# , #&')*)-0-(0%()(C   ((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((( " }!1AQa"q2#BR$3br %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz w!1AQaq"2B #3Rbr $4%&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz ?Hih5E-%%-)h9"oWf8-QZ-Ll$=i1MZxǎii( :I@ Fh&]$C5y1a(5l`9Jڧ;xt߻Vב_:-0K)[=TYW&hQ&~ftnr~q9jy˿L/s͚)-SǏJ ip״ŧߍg̎HrAL@N;zU ɂ{WJIዕk <27zZ/ŝ'īWO[߻ݏk j5 ~I6QqUh+:U,{TXD{'ϛj$TEtJUTo푔w`棘|&HuYI!doZ5JAf% |=k'%ٳۀk9_FX7ؔޠ *&r3sS9ဣ9R2E}itxBCݿ*NA qW%lg,zުMvgkXbPufbRSI@P1FIu'zn)1N4QpERPhb m%:I@ ԔΤ$J S(QEPVUcWᮈi^內 j  H F)"IA4jvwҔ 2H@FucYNOrGn¢6r\ǹ~hӶ"/8nHsSCk 8xB ɜW{˿DkjHw (Hy죩?FOJ rz KG~c3ߐ8zc֚EF av*X_&Kݻ HcdÐFZ{n[b/j(VўO>8t!q֭V% V5'Yu+>"r;qHW- jhKQVBSUan ҳ+6{HCFTd{yhF[N|ǧL論mj VE&L[3KCӣ5uFErG w,oO[RS#ֶ'p tr,,EwJu%1i)Pi)ԔRPQZJJJu%IjLPqIv)K !"F(LP32)+R( 4QAKIJ(c& P GkҴ]IhA0u z PbPeE 1&Q$s:s۰qEmv34o/;N=u_r/o|zQq'ʐ֫:v]H෎pp[҉$i[db2ͺNeX`֡wc۫+d$e܂G1%i#] *+ʖ̨ɣx^{ ̭Ԓ@]|u5k-<=jeC;GJMs 0Z>%'zա u>ý3Š8h46 EY0x+j%,Nj$3U4JDR;ydm^0lHJfEc 9z/ PE]OrۙTp|śtp=֜2$_QYַvLr q1~Ү[cz5f9'hm%ud +U.jjv>SNq!f_⢑\$Ѷ${̐I+![*Wb7c9E:1ra=I$g'oIBJۚ{W;T%vl*uݫ+^^#1a5yKD1kȬKq))ԕBE6RPRbE6I@ IN)h4 m%8Jn(4P1bCHb ( )(QE0 \fSW #֭: 4-;U(G]],g|}j"qR@<In7qБQ0A ǚIbޛWls)+ @xaiŸ;vL! nJ޳:uA`W}j7!jО(ej:ە-%{{ҫF3WcRF4+cBrt7oT_Уhfw"_A֥,v˸V5jH!1>-R)SyEZ6ryʓ$s8#ln+YKbU d ST3J)i+Q5e\Go TE_2Z̮FRkF|uys3A2znWY-AeU60rx5{Ptx8kB>tk)#3bs!Ϸa$-7hyTg o5+Ր Һ H?z{W%m6ki%ف#s)Y%s=JCv5+LN}0\eγ~ZXx@-jӐq\s5fu)\[ڡ.yןOtb}&O"B|+zxYBg~[y㡧6Rd0)v]9nYZjƍQأmn[V=`Km,Wmva=΀H%sӊbNR7vS?OXSܬuCؿf/—%׳WHmYq}G+h|i*Z;h-\bRbI@ 4S%:CN"Pi ;N&) mRb bLyXUKazuט[668r3$yDo9=i|ZQ7Df 71M!c֎p,П\%3t-t\xUiwBqCU\W"f$uCܭ^ >e k*Qn;Qry6*9G)+Dv:9ڹE"iк'!FFM.0H6/߉m}<t S{i<(F6Pz mu"<*^īc=I>_BzUEW7 (IL7qzc^:EJװR⊧onQPQ m HqQ-,2R>{rŽ ,1Q E,SMk!`f,sҤb0\GucU‘ng5.ԭ$[J5\ /򎆨دzdcTֶ#sұy{oإ˩@z֞4UVՙs ppqOhJ9wN W/3Z+hnI461銯898Q\:$b[*0*2`U ٺ1aZy+V9nM]*nRMFE!/Rp⠖0! L+Wlgf%؅TuF[Avo.1 B;vK[=͍/k=e+$ dXE&Ed!Mi:a0=YJ#?+:N%9JQGX-޿_?ݟZΤo!,\skQ58 Jnޞە5zqUU [tܸV+;j*3@%l6vCWI [[ԮhqhW-6U{i7W#!5M$i$x8̳(#NEf\` "E>V+b z] ;Lg8/u91]fsCˤV/vw\q` mjˬ[M5 d1cX~x[RiZOI8μL$kMVdkԎE9ƽ},/b"K;dC$99*:m;MV5&fAuj.s9FzMr.ҿ̠],D ׏Cq*ܗ? oJ0qQm)V:R-s׏1&mumz{`Y1P!b?8;;#YJX=]J<'mwvMq; ./}FRE&]BGh>u% FJ+5_WJ痒=OJBwtotv{p׉-vo(|cr['vAWw$x+efW,zHԫ8əEW`hH:GEc}>WXm599v,/!%wZ~FY"DfĊsOq[Y-iG01$RnSA6S& ;e*H+ŷ?0`/L,jߚk:ՊbF j29Vg\d?u-ͥ`Pk+U/04X`ySzN>XmxVMnH?G3iѩ* Bgf@۷m'fPw{||*H8熞r$  yaZwGkR얲ƑH0F+?M|탴MR>omIoӯ /Zm!sDz;*e*ɹՏz2JThvbx&(kn_̸צxOlx4%:&^ }[ oZGQ +5&7<.!EQZӕ0A$LARbZ\B+I ObG\j[nVզ~C]tH߾1&ϳE֙5Z1 W?6wT8w%FJIh9ŵ )+k"kVM 6:ȋ6E@zRgإV($qS4SK~>g(@5 iՖ4!DEUZco(S-Lk38’W|2i$pEVC6[TzEo 152G^@j[Cݕ'0a!o=4E4'{d/,vKgs#Ⱥ],R!=ڼoZ$tv(G;maUPgF>U="'*'hZlI5 %pB%EXQ{Xl$h/3G6.*)z\*qTgYWm: ?e Yf3δ@MҼT]DL#rwJОGs֢+q^Z$ա|$T}E D="SL{*^o_]ܗ #ozoU" b%M:Vr.^c1t;J<4c&Y`$#r,*ޕmRQ7@Oں? iiEޟ-"f[P^9M̌9kV/HPsҼbJ,n5RQ z7U?iIMT + yu#}4-ւ'MfvAWZj(]%">vZF' JNk#S\n5K-F u7'C^sa{ ok5U#wXc{&{5Z{&0Gv}}+Ӯ-nu#Ytxm+=WRKrp}q3*vUާEkޏO\A?$Fr$Jl50M.e#EqZJkOsg }ĚL+Fb$8JU={˺sMr$>m5+_mr|\pz`y,c bvcr9s[~&PYyZhV}qkMeɮ׷cl6s|AjG-g$SYr#d`k*o.2u;H~qW-l5}[>Vbo6[YzsOuTͭEi[\8' ̼U+YzIܵոn5y@qg֟mp"H?\%9} =|۩m-;h$,M$,=je -+#ѥi-ZT9i +}jޝkKſw%~>,㑥 G&lEc]XG%l뒃=3S*vpRO_༈Io e?Guy$:95=n"k6WGAV<=ȧb|½ X:m<8kg/~'sl `%mw=r8k9 ^)a[WlRe}ׯgbO=[^Ennt>f ,gW<ޤ4t:#w5Fgi$_iz .mF"76I5ү-o#%Ɩnpp=Max]OOZ).W pgDnWwUIV-NG+MBu2H>2nc$_.9Հgn{ק= 0yvvVb0*iy{W(|\Y Qj: 좥%ʬ*OܫᗋP%3Ta a*)eBQ8U^Y~R$jkk鍴v*EN8J{Ȥ^{#(S6~F#y-c^Ow l#N<]~wDW~^aI$̓Z99W_5 .K@@]GCZdvG74|uRW64qWekp@rlfy.:}Ս-M)%e76"rZt g@/6J9>bչ`Cw b:c*}_u8F*56@2YNXnXݽK3;9hQ^gUuI|XŒuKs>n] qzqҪIqsY#"K\7*r}zUK=Ug8XG b$;i^Yi^KyX{r?kڠ[t'# {?J6s2,(4{။$F|m.y7vӃּ@$QjMt< 7.[7z=iiuV9'Y7.Fͤr1uz>jkM^[W{{w\68ks"Չc6(+qk#c|w '\};Wi8ve1Io;pLWSZ1 -cu wlYNOLCo C]Tm >4hFZ[mpx$b5FO3#jKV n/"sc]t[X;uj%k3MJfNVM()uZMvtٳYN pC/zWx?ַrڜ+,(FŎ٬[߇wMbHK!2clOķsg7(\f1fphߘ9٭PMcgz^ 1;D}SGKWӮlEOc*k#Ơfa/ӒiEh'&Ռl&d1qאĖ)7$a\ *q]OLg e\L{W*Zuu0$fZ- I:D<64e2 ;iM{s4b[^ͭgUЅc 1=:sv5ͻ&9QAՖ@k@$X<ʵtۥ+"Jъs* GE#xm*:%`s[7:I\IzyV Tr|Elх=V g"X 18c~᰼>Cd9F /WV͖V~vZ$ɺs:NFjc֤ɶ&]?pQ7Gֱ1g q,Zu6Wɱ5cOOj1R%4,VD`GcM;;R 2)<ך|~!ђ kN3Xś9_zQJ# 55f eX;Q0zSMDiy]kH3F3l5ޙmL=+=$Z]r^Eta[2 W)ūτLkJ$^.ZC8gr:YEMaPl!$c9/[u-=ʵևMx @TuAd[:Tԙs JXɹTVWe9ڞߔN@V̲͹"bO;NFWu^>J_6j1?= y](cXTuVЍINSR-t"(4i8Vj^9h(շjzZVbikX ?՚-Vi=j ai2}+?sKK ⥽sŬjW.0Qs滻 Ii%p%ueA^?2Zjז M}+ռ)]ba m\zNTOMOBSj>kg₺Mp-0{^s=d˨&{V:QR-8UFwY>ntync77;yK)Fiշw(]n{l]m¢A{3IO^Wj)%"a]m{flF{({1ݎ%=֌$mx|95EUp@ҽ55ݲ48N~w$ԗj_ST [|RUҔkgw;n[]> x1GLŸZWNid#h*jiWk5 fŲLds՜m1$zZYq=M^'&p+ڶtP*O8UnVhHLTr|JUp?",*|0!h) >HsgT:ZZwQXF^W=G@=O-[+E4|K۪Ҹ޺/5<рgDES^֐434+ÿiIS攏ֽ =sVM Sn4I#2i8Bp4j6 ."{/ÆVUP2c+vƾ?K Q剗|ם,wktd}j.grLnL]DB3GDvF4eIX\Urjbw5./t}cZ 8?ַvq_/xspayo1A;:|G]|%[r9PVZS34[9e,u`ǐU[D"Ŵv 2:#^@{y4>?&p6yk FKfix9"FD[26^ao ͬ隶l6EL K; fA+"@O?+ʋ?\Jm+4biZռsXΚ,y rqiS+B1UA1- x56Ҏkx Q-q5Fr)R/AE-%-1%x/7 @H_cW[4.2Ez?6&{!$̈́$ZSW/JGPN* WJJtJ6ֲt't֡KH>ҲOX32Hhwm^95& YeUmMY0jنx|\)?u4WZ i~Xn¦.Vu$VL# ֶM/c *Ube6qrԧ^Ag\U2;cY* g_9Y?hVb8&XzX^ $wY_ob[E ~.30Ƕk }[q~r׷knf &Mj(``jb~6Yzt}>a{xzkYt8ʗ.l{Úui;$p+u=StQH֧YpOINOuƊgCvZ/1?`_UyJD6k4.23Gv=ىZF=:* 4Qڎ3@ zXnjbi0@]7"ԼA;3s$T7Ysdmjh~jy{[ȇaMw?+ݼGh(Aʺ)4}B?.S5P*KIj|07WZM/hhǰ;5%?=y ?{ן[ VKzswy!5=E@ӽuZ'5;ij̕'ҹ.嶧_"Kú-,{W 푁%3LG'z YcO¡~b9c=mORS\qic.V&Fx o ВOWZȆFc_xP:+ۃO8zJi+ #H8,M8qLBM0SxjөrȨSPH̳[ <`~ 9gQKWv=g"X& cX5$G^75mpYBivOl 䒱]Η@> ~T}JF?Qrpex^b[ta|{ASCc Ҭzw1o/@ʊ>,c̐dxa.L+epۚ(-]y Z_:=?NT0h*rPOěz=*[15T?ҋXdI>nV"&$N3l!hQU9>n,m4 S Ra59cQIʚs!"vF [RLg×oG<$G!ݽe_8fQwSh(p$W.kOĒyYĽER Z`-%Pӕʰ*H#i@J| UҵbROtmF}'R=})6f:iJ2Y?Z)NZo-#l4I#588\jRl-C5>>\Ss8SI- '&4i$!MaNH)2pi*5XOE )J^B2tMD0+7ީ5 uY%loXҶlH~Z»}UW(^^kulz;5 'Zc5{ܵZU(_xZ/;WyLnUfYמɠ\urJH͂=*ͧu?n-F@ߩ۪o#P=jo$$vy}k&:E̳q}$E%c]ҷ'&\n) ͞ecYE._:F gu֯u+zWofߣ9m5ɯBԢ d*r3Himlғ]$PHisILHi}i1@zSqQ(bBE0HE(Bjm/:NMt^G%_E%C}kc^W]ib$B{H-\߼BHlz!C<a6(~g>}A/w0Id#cӓho?©|Q oP^ Ҵ;J3t ʰ3<Әi #nǿҶ<9 S {٭_#?+st={Ts%9GTn׋3㭴-yW8W}+dTtmU&J8oú|]=}c8.?P+9Ր:? wZh=6I0J昪Ih. E8MNZ`Pti)ÁLbQޙ̌ {#9 a^] Y qnc Pk< mpţpNAuɊfCҼ$PLI`r+Ł;HN֎U į޿CL6FYfP+(Sm|b.A;kOU?횤*[fs*H@Q@RPצ|Kh"R-'U-,LUІv"] )#5: @凟ЊҺӺR0jJ4 84J-v&R!lS:SߥDLHZXSN FT!/Rۥ :7ZPZY{Jǟ[>Z5hTM]%{Z6*b;t^*nՂN]f+wHx VK; %r' ӂJ:商ukrK9Z]]#[iUglq^!M\mmNGL-*)k(A]4''>i|py溏ڒ5.w }@8ʹGnzPV ;q{ԠQ8&{ԑƁE( N4R6)ց aPț5`'H#/#֬DЩӂ0)MS8)1mxbx<yZD;dA=OWđ"}-*4IJ!f8) ;'>A{uyw1NqLzWX8f%#b=ǥ|umfOJZ5Tƿ2`9}OP0  ~g#eF8x?-V9(G SDq S_5֊FTMއWA_Aeʌ Cg`P IhQx%5h<+_BHhr\YǸS5Q=BiE9Tfc< 83A)d@` *U(R;7 xA8\w/;! ukk` .#ۃAu'Z.Z Vԑ<ΤyQvgt*U>xO34pK,%HB߁܅z >8Ve* /d^TuuZ}BBzg5'\%G\]L"FN|-kZ&MCg x2JO+ qei%~U1qКf6t_iV6%[yvoj~m._V#*p⽘|(A3M.)YqS[(IوN{֌X G5T1R-nR,|e&԰GZLEFºB£zC/ MHmTV5b\l¢"64,2=EaV̜Mްv< ?ri21&HNMD sA@- P(RJi;|;h%Ki_Go'#VSFE|o+C*It!ƾ9ED> "oJ]z0< QZ04Ӈ5% FhGJZ%1Hj&e"6{TdL*pjU 4H(QWj3OnC"jl_sZf9O\z>26'*jĪ*f\Ւ>$ҚY2Zokᦜ !IW%@<5vZMhm n{׹.âOx(UqVNV쎮d{4p$C\N՛kc V<6j}UE*>v R[;zy.ZRsUÆԓG }Z' p?:YgwIl.F?kڷ{+4blnU9#|e'}*. ?U܆mP8م3Wԟ t+M3ÖMh,K/Hkdy tg_E|}CL+(AKb=qi>;*Jy*[T8 c>yG}^^R5U xЍң"ic9֔sFiG@A+eRՈ@۽8)`8SWiQC;5Z@-%H¦)'6BKe&sW G^$3V< |BKޠn;vR=GezKm`Vv-q}Fw:oC!Uo$rR\HaWE΢d4F8ڽEh;+Yby[cr2?1\o5#Lhn*TgNsR]{#ouSCbW,<0xREDC]4`8^\Ԏ:memҁsG5qOU d~T5! &6ziܔ_XUXh*5*ȴE1JiWi@«]0X[jn$ R+NeWܛ[o`Rݦѽ: ⛬^[ &ߋï*L@4fd LMQ@iZRi(~*!}qӰzi761\Au%Ƈf=+2:RWx⁏Fi3H P7"n!Q5C"je93d5'jzԽ@S)Dj6hv~ %) "\LE]{tX:nY4T!?CSXbXYKKF` |̓EyƽbPolDdv5M%3c>FßΘk"^YJh4AЊbX:THvJ3L9ґa@#F)6hO*!򿱩F'Ҁ$^E)EHqJ:i;@d/?ٹ\ZnǩVэxk~\ %$8K$'C {^طid#f0Nv'+;}ɭx~S;Õ?WCn_zě/;ȌӃgr j3)E'ssnğr{y+oܴ:/EBwl&W-V/0Z([Ę^WEMUW,cfh4PIKҒuhf[K-ؤea؊>]6ȹ55|Ҧna!RGWCl`xM)Ś?iw.]`+tW)qھ2᳏4l*i~SYAژǶ<7^ Ֆz6 +)C[8,iҘG5i (QK 0i HM2C;sH!!!MB9ic)n!Ѧ958LZviG60XҪnl¥guM!ڞxBO`Nt$܇U00ʑk%heGCS؊_7 ufQ, AkGoꥬN_[OIRn/Qba9S Uou}{[LY'_ /c7vckάd_M gcד$f慨DUs>$>Sұe mGo]Y ^J<U-ٔUK媕;ka"t^OAvoHiM4IFa`9$UmJUY떨nB9[4 P tR@+:.^UmV^a1S@u=68 ;RQA"њ1I@hMRPi)M&(FsN֜ -.xP86C$scW1`99ܤea؊#?28\Cd)_A›N544Ƨ641jTDlSRf1wS摩eC҄ dՔ|[&*%a`5$I6B{FG8s> `i"4d,â]ve'!98?p.Y%IUY7,xU9۞ڼjr:ntWhZN~uk[8ĨND@p;p8_,4UWQBĞF>˯ :o,Pl=~?-4jK\,@Hn>jJqӟޙ^'s@)4h JA3@d\ά;T6PZ`4E6Q[*VU8ҊF5\7٤!f_oZN}j0v0[xPWwoac}cxMrH-c1yaI}\WVMI)hV\-σ$!-SdG-|{* P8W֑Xִm#gznڃʥ\RV83MOnϭ{'3fjpAp9AqQpJԮjzb,p8 vi:RRgQSa9L Uޖv=) 3)L'4?uW' +]c;2b JX>oDf`zč˖\8NOX V }!Pd1۷M̑D1CG\,Z{RLS}AW,>=xcC\fZȮ;=?![%68%!40Kd|_qQ$R4jl6nc^QLt~^"+{)XbjCޞzLQjHJ@4c4Hi ku54N$F**Ԋ &SK`>P sQnӂp) yo^Ot!HW =4⧉uM ;3ޠ@Kna^!-:I]VǭtMc;Fzk.[+c[JM'58LI\eT=+iiIXҞ'$|= wn0Myyj1Ģ8̂5{W3^Zg5mer^F+7Qd*è5b'7'E\du4#i ")y^N $6X5[ɨ'H5тvgr)8&?1vćkZ<*Wim[zDOk; .Lv3+n]}ZAWDҼ{^O/U}(R)R Z (ҊJu-)Ph;Ҋozp Zu9I`G>xzplA~.¾!ئ!e\=Jsb>ja0u*(뚛O _C с+wSL %{ -Jw> \7GoSn5\֧O& w*ޭı bz y1 jg>6wS۪T@(u6w`CN"Э֘JVjbGҝѾ>ZqHf֛ۏ8R`4RM5:qN'& 4RԀ  q}iV>~cT:N%p8uϣ~iɫx2Kd?#RpX^\hLB%?68>cN GF<k~,k ,LT@s_)^V֊Nin+RFFpktcQL CzC ܑ梄r={׉q{J79i!g UkʿieBT 8ٯv4d'8,rDzם@W0 oTsfhAI{G8pH:ӅGzkwՆdˏJ*G EOI"\=Mn4⟎i;8ƅv<@@˚SL2 d;k sk [}sߺ &6νGb$Y#%G*z;_cڀ?xA=0=j6n(@Ğ1g}u07~{VRrqǵ#*@F֜[ciQ\9:=;ИUBe?'}@?__ ti kTdW"m%p[=x* |=rt< P0^E %)!PHzTnjX )Tt*p-8j}p+ћ[Sq#=ƣ]k, -f^sqJi pMz8$NґemYzYrr8UKέ}r{s!$KHĆ]0>*HFjE"V~,Okijl]EH ;qֹkF].g\D=1^7q_Gxւ&=x1XqQWVgXIW gzoV dXxTMĊe5_T(eV8VF:ެ_Ejvwϰ(&SFds<'͊hW]1@+G*K  j~jksiL*TO|WCxu9{u;I;{=(I޶KMGuM* S<L-#Մ#0aUXXdO0oU@p>/D~!;YAXEGTeʤs4}Vcˠ?q-o!$WqU!t}mzeϹxW:9E@"p5onk>xf|%js.n'ƒA~*"0&pk&՝<⧀,Vi2"$OLt'>Z2M2ݗ1.oN?_f|E$:l34F݇Rxs_~AMgef[kƠ|sVv<GTW|nUn`lzuYGr9ls~ WfՄJbJ(E:f CJiu vM)E>o~.!`xӁ;-# 2^dvE2?tIW)LcJM0jc5:Մ.iՐ2ƞ<@e(jJc%M* :HjAPbT!E!HJXSWEJO֑E;~P7B+.*ۿW'e'C]T-i"oGb$Ht@/߻o֤)e>'$gXAqw)vPy;[JﱝHSǧlR+|H͵zRix^IeH9qπ,sO)^6ᑊ¹cC "?QPbX-/zjZ`җ4zj6aJJ(NJ(@Jj54t5"Z }iug|+MfX 2{pOa!Ӿ&[ H$ےx+_->u L`Ry4?yvv$j+|egUOzysGp/ G O91{ϕ%oj7.p,1 z5,|2+I FV hr2]g,w>IxZjvNӬm nCڣVV:?J)t )N˒;ms^b䛖rlؕ"HKUexU[yϳHH$CY R$uheDŽSF+`-RΑ[n\j1'`=y<&{iiWg\tKnʉLP'{DX- x58c .1]'M\Zwx-9'ӎյ:Vtg$]-.4;cPC.2ל^> ey7m#w>*Myz-v{sY> пeMƝ;c**wGeb#i^霼\m.Ny ܻyS.8#Wj:ZpO$瞘pciЩIƢ}Cu6w< '5چE p: cIeizNG,m6ǍeujC**`̱댂xC־<5w Lzcuӱ5}Hsbq51\`1 QNuzV(QE--.i9(%/j(f>NZ6[_[ @;::ދoyYR~h1Uhi< 6Q,f)Ub5a*&LMJSZ"1b5QaKҹO\s&r0n?5[cJ{*̿P=Mx1w0l:8iR4f8c؁CY$|a_jߢ1Q%(R/y!gmмp΍RLZ`8RM4Tna8[äd7{q޹+a!r+ c袴%iWbŘ|q߸"ACtbx!ʸ8'֕FJ,ø>zVċ8OFp>ɹ/4jTӟjb D&=N8ɏqyt|?xXܹ؜diMGk+px#$bm<{4vRO|V5>*f¹h4iƚh4L4J()hyAM>WiGZxӸ}(skㆠI"uQp.D _SxU:4~R~Wʱ])+ռKO mdrt2skMnكwE0[6ddM>bw]dקwI0qq߄l{h68\jӧIRoSL])\hs5wHbB*2FG^ pr:׫{O2)@"v/ට9[5${^Gr81x:x k;I-hX;o?ih8A y+ -ֲTRzVg}z׼{M-f/qy֭w-oSq3 Wn@Q}t`N|jaVd7MKꉍXH|.@QVI]wR5)lTq\?«asO ڲnmdװCuIm[w6Nd,k ]\.8'q*PUKN+n}q6 O `cՓ]aisIKRJZ))h4@W4tJC;.w kE^D/O+YjkRf!i2qҔ A҃ҴD1sM^nx.Mt+O:l歱t>V?ήn3.0oj1\c֗X£:zV5TEW*0Dyuϲ{[?ބć2kº=ܜ&9_a+u#lc+5z-h޹64ǿZjBXy ^'8,l+/?ɽ@3*ӧB^3:S#.zRLM\hhVwX).td UEWA{S%NmGR)rzP[ބ`0VޔF݈ycޡu}aLHTxpi$*E<JcM5jAȧijM uhٙ=~޵y9ҺDPH'CsLer2+Q:sI #1s>Ǹֆ|o$@@9_қ1fq ؑ+@[q3'Ҥ1GR܏oJ6[Rr= BDQW9ayc ,DF=Os >< ~#tydz׬/lVu?5WM>]?0~3^_CxDӣ yu M=>`|W, {Wm).gom[r{ [^hus\l 蘫-a,״E)M&=KԥQx#cc<:0J*-}J.dZa/|) EzrʐGkMGPOV G㗺yLMJ aڼPێ E{k=;s[^D]q tK1zgncW"Ӯmf%)!sQ285>c|bc6b9T8OCW|G_dHf(9#㓒qUq{/vX.L|ed WԤvuGd< =kS6XR\sF>h"U-,zrJӇ4Kil6kr W#1.$&F Ė}a7)z5[H͌_Jp[3PRWai TweqZ v.`6O۴O< ̚_-3 Qjۄ<5roW7hmyZʋo,LVOv~ZjM].E+YkmV A˳_qi.E->`aj.X#򭜻n3JcB$Xb2dd;]>ZԥB4p$6nzLWe_6H1.=Xnj 6В:gڸs^ch&އ|A,tC0;1-`&MEzrW&H&W1iA=Wkh"}[JM@d2pJZQE%.(Q@h^iwcpN=;ך5i\!u5񘯥> #QpfX>CPTYp[ֱN5M)#Ij&"+7:|f5x<&筱=ϖAJ 3|=@$W-NW<+{=`_VSWv՟BKıLAY"c͸R YuYaAQYysoo#6gg6і SI5I B5աx.xYmVB=JWXӷ,ud0’G>Ϛr紗*ohzrFxS-O qeGӽxNk qۃٺ=+o|u{F,Ka*x kBܦբ*b 蹏G_Ҷ$0ݏ\g?n›ݎxǠfs#L)ێp;VR]Hgyvx8ٔcth=^x *+4MF+< +ZxMb) p=kޯ4|]qYj 4fKR13A4PM%)ER OjrhE%8SGJA;19p:Rt^2&N (bTқԈ2.z_1I!fǖВ'rHɂZ3'\p:*i~X|PsI'cܭ' W {Y(a 89L(9?S9gc%I!ed@8$=',FS Y}+d6ӝ SO!)<YæS~xxn%.F͇bM#LS,n";ҽzunό`B#p%€J{BsxvHXqoI׭McsUiw"XC0\z{S{kXuM1& )ʰ9Ǩ<3M"Zraʉb:zS^=E'I -#V.%(5φd}i#e-F_Ӂ%f۴ⱜTv=ZЦwٿ01"N>f4 qFڨG6e TTsk6k R5o> rm6kSa]*JoE9oFδ /HQj͹)1w0G>{8|<#ԯ,UFZ1' Gj_kw kg c 1vݱN:~FyWO G>-OQ41"Ep6Q2vZ}i& F27}zNQzt僱"բn#k{`TFDg"\,erIi|Ye ]A!BL 9w5QSj :}2͋(&}s\ s&T6c]œ\eOj{H9sʞҒ]d48 e?)Z֘NSzP.h& ` 7Ux>1/WRCq:"HLe6 D r,?5y$s:9{TtH-Ɓ4Ud;S(C ;=sOH.>\Cy`qT\ >GP]XP׷> ,%*=Yҥ6zFWI:2 ƞT  o{J;Bm> C[j#w?ZyY@).QkɤkOi$@XHS=Lϯ第˃((CIAHiRQE QցN<`8b)x=\ ڌNE7>dhSFHÃ@/R)+CG,JG~ N)Z ,p<~7qj2Mo[L%QMc$ C!Peϥi‡IR0NF?[43bS(2'?tUbC/w0'*"Y#P#<–(%'#ZRש7=ek)"ڤ`$׺Zj sK[{덨5o.,5Y/DXebx5'ĉKKJ9\{qqIi .?.R {SW"e#o3qᗆ-ӆ-?J#䎧ק8wDzhk3JV=yj%@n#ZŧMYsдYySYWqCO|4O4}^K =G=Gjmt~x JkJ>k:Lj^Mdq?cS;1.|J_g0jx!31YHErY--Y,`1ROm"j)\+8$Uei=݂ҸsB?—~g+Լ?[P*-eAflG_uÑ><=t/H?VҦҥI$)m# Oim{i=$3ޅ&Dpcd |)vG1?^q尒}\WE/R"3q%}0z9Qҷ_5+F@ʒ8 ӥO;"8̫?Y:e]_8#^,!Es^%cqBQ2m)A%QIKZEl%['jW? |Om+6d!kX*5JiYxV=nPɚh9S >bJAFҧgxDn$JqUd::M/J^j2g N:S|45em1g,co1xܣ{@ΗdE/u$Q  VO5jVZƦ%a}.y7˧{F8͡hͽC1V} 1lO$`c"kGI,&NH9I%HYW$~,t1IYhL&h8zSj1N_֝0$(4b$v R"м#!<]ׯEu$HSp!ÊMqq)uA'Qԣ >m5 k#p{s@m4 h?"ă{1s[{WݔpB\夞d >6.O4Fi\`V,X[݉nReޡ }F8|{zT6Jn$60x iLzӃ6# ~2oCLy O2溭3KiXiźB\>nŐt+րMV|0eVN)44dxnȑS0*[O)$ż} x"Qq \f4RҠɩDj4$@Rڴm)Ըc(CzSSOJy階4`Wޣ4cyXcJwCTHNjJI#1S3b7G 0Oֵ>!FI]_DHFg#Ur'e:^;jq>&"܎\Ju8uyrNޘn {^>!,2ȩ#v^v:U4b*j崱_'kRKٚB8*53qWm`@#@nO #i)&)ŧjs-į،@ zE]rjec~jQWܷ*]_JqJs!dRO{t"=./A]T? mTg؊fk *I˳-H[ҢXg=7Nr\46=7^o[[Hj)"8Ջ`k vva:247C0PqYu#%P{+y WU >6ć KqJ (>jͺF,#+ݘ/:CЎOpZD~ʩT1RHmzg5| 0R'5C5z Hۀ;:W$mΩy ZI[ >j>BcB[4rѣe[ZSp= iz,`qFۗ?QIlM s})J ji2F1Q vH]]Kqm$RA#[yرEDQAse]9 ~5 6zՙ񕕂3K6{E2*XR EUn(ϹQYGT!ԳyƗ+dt՘aoq$`@&:ԧsyƗK_i )`IqЦ=,2i0N_4Xp2T8<,AnܶGq /boN4N^FX1f'$jUW  g\|D7|G{rN7a#W G!¦]X*Hr0F>f7@ yOCU+tF8fxÒ Z#&GZStacp6/'k|>;{DAqvb>NEITtl&\WkTC% EizFlt bk¹NMj9-zk)IPqШK07-($s]zK_<6 s&#űmPnRHw`մ{]]nj "7qYxN\q3D9G#qEPiPqLJj < EL*M?5 H 0cVf'$_χ~"&T1)xkGZt+GYԑ wgVٛDզ@; &+3WC>bOW,|ezt4K%f]ɖ>bcbqd(>}G<UG|2 xFm 'CNP9.l.ojbܯ?0׌W'$+|P.ߊBnۃ'{ᕭbmbTw1‘撊,R9\4(4rZU◑ފ)uINhb*P)}hW/39)cAPzt -IpbD-A^ rnF )]Hg/rOWg^ͩxbo yԬOaΒiI`K[8 trT漎]M& y7OPx#5p1M_)Jt|8Gwn{?-o4d[xf@κ;LVèU]fI'cЊ;b_9Ƒk{1Q^Ʀr+$x|Msg{O rQEgC7D4tT}5ևg4̛ YV?q@'Ҁ {҈( zWt[ӵ8nd0h#ʅ$zU8#4QY&GRNpH2;u!\) 2<C (C:!y!Q@?— dĸW俐 S0RE\)”RQE\I_(O_*h $K( /n& cKFN~潃>j-$]{r:ʊ)|R|{on-nh냊)B K^M${9Z(=0CElVcXگ{ɏCEWcZg̞.|Awc7J(4{O8ZPOAӤH,O%?QEyի\? 7(r0{z~5>(ӵ`$0ȥmۂ}j()[ebM1זL;;0KE݂9/V=OZ+mőOZ(AH`i((()q]O1.#J"ǩ?J()iYN?.-o*ސkK,TnQ]-XUo#gcPs#ぞ{z׋O ƣilGlV/YY:{BGጊGC0k!6|Y[cr(M .QP? {,? Lß֊+ F|` }=)"Y |5"dnsE:$IVV$]Zf{u@"o A7`*.3EnKsI?y"le݂\Cqc>w ɶ āEx((Nq2r[ mgZ(AqGsܾ]x(|Lc
Warning: fopen(https://newsweekme.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/2016-05-18T174217Z_853577770_S1BETEUGXLAA_RTRMADP_3_MIDEAST-EGYPT-KERRY-780x439.jpg): failed to open stream: HTTP wrapper does not support writeable connections in /home/newsweekme/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-image-editor.php on line 428

Egypt's President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi is pictured in this 2016 file photo.

A prominent Egyptian lawyer faces trial for making an obscene gesture, as Egypt’s president bullies rivals ahead of his re-election bid

By Salma Islam

If Khaled Ali is worried, he isn’t showing it. Sitting behind a wooden desk in his office in downtown Cairo, the prominent human rights attorney is discussing his case with the calm remove of a lawyer defending his client. Only this time, Ali is the one on trial.

In May, Egyptian authorities arrested Ali, a possible presidential candidate in the Egyptian elections early next year, on charges of “offending public decency” for making a rude hand gesture outside a Cairo courthouse. Ali made the gesture in January, in celebration of a ruling by one of Egypt’s highest courts in a lawsuit he had filed against the government of Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi for transferring control of two Red Sea islands to Saudi Arabia. The agreement, which many Egyptians believe el-Sissi made in exchange for billions of dollars in Saudi aid and investment, sparked rare street protests last year, despite heavy legal restrictions on demonstrations. Though Ali prevailed that day, he ultimately lost the suit. El-Sissi bypassed the courts and sought approval from Parliament, which ratified the deal on June 14.

Ali claims he was arrested in retaliation for his challenges to the regime, including the lawsuit, and his announcement in February that he was considering a presidential run. The charge against him, which Amnesty International has called “absurd,” has come to symbolize el-Sissi’s many efforts to stamp out any possible rivals. “There is no justified reason for my arrest,” Ali tells Newsweek. “It was an attempt to scare me.”

Ali has not been scared into compliance. If the verdict in his trial doesn’t prevent it, he still might run in next year’s election. But his arrest—since April, one of about 50 across Egypt involving activists from at least five opposition parties and political youth groups, including the left-wing Bread and Freedom Party Ali founded—shows how determined el-Sissi appears to be to make sure that there are no viable challenges to his authority. Activists have been charged for offenses as small as expressing dissent online, like Mohamed Walid, a Bread and Freedom Party member from Suez, who was arrested for posting the message “Down with the military rule” on Facebook.

Ali learned of his own arrest order from colleagues in May, when a notice from a public prosecutor arrived in his Cairo office while he was on a weekend trip to Rome for a human rights workshop. On orders from the prosecutor, he flew back to Egypt to present himself for questioning. He was released after an overnight detention, and now faces trial in early July. If convicted, Ali says he could face anything from a fine to time in prison. Ali tells Newsweek he is certain he will be found guilty; if he is, he may be legally barred from becoming a presidential candidate. (Newsweek requested further explanation for the arrests of Ali and other activists from the country’s Ministry of Interior but received no response.)

The arrests have intimidated many. Other opposition parties say they are not sure if they will put forward a candidate in next year’s election because they fear retaliation, and they do not believe it will be a fair process. “El-Sissi is preventing the opposition from running a solid candidate in the elections against him,” says Khaled Dawoud, president of the Dostour Party whose members have been arrested on charges that include insulting the president. Fear of arrests is making young people hesitant to join the party, he says. It is also hurting funding, he notes. “Do you think any businessman will come and give me money if he sees many of my party members getting arrested all the time?”

Meanwhile, el-Sissi’s government has intensified its crackdown on other kinds of dissenting voices. At the end of April—in a move experts say was designed to prevent the promotion of two dissenting judges—el-Sissi ratified reforms that gave him new power to appoint the most senior members of the judiciary. Then, starting in May, Egyptian authorities began blocking access to at least 100 websites, including news sites like Al-Jazeera and Egypt’s pre-eminent independent news source, Mada Masr. That same month, el-Sissi signed a new law that Human Rights Watch says “will criminalize the work of many [nongovernmental organizations], making it impossible for them to function independently.”

El-Sissi had already crippled dissent in Egypt after leading the military ouster of Egypt’s first democratically elected president, Mohammed Morsi, in 2013. Since he assumed power the following year, he has taken some 40,000 political prisoners, effectively banned anti-government protests, slapped travel bans on activists and ousted judges deemed insufficiently compliant.

With so few left to challenge him, some here are wondering why el-Sissi seems so intent on crushing his weakened opposition. Some analysts say it is because the president has been made increasingly paranoid by public criticism over his handling of the economy and his security strategy—the Islamic State militant group (ISIS) has launched four attacks since December against Egypt’s Christians. Others believe he was eager to quiet opposition ahead of the controversial parliamentary vote over the Red Sea islands deal, which is widely unpopular in Egypt.

Despite these problems, el-Sissi still has significant support within the key state institutions, and neither he nor other members of the Egyptian establishment see his position as vulnerable, says H.A. Hellyer, a senior nonresident fellow at the Atlantic Council, an international affairs think tank in Washington, D.C. At the same time, el-Sissi’s seemingly close bond with President Donald Trump has emboldened him further. In May, at a meeting with several Arab world leaders in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, Trump promised to visit Cairo—and then he complimented el-Sissi on his black dress shoes, saying he loved them. “The change in the White House has sent a further signal that international pressure will not be all that strong,” says Hellyer, though he adds that there wasn’t much to deter el-Sissi before Trump came into office. “Frankly, the Obama administration wasn’t that vigorous in actual policies that were designed to promote good governance in Egypt.”

The current circumstances have not made Ali particularly hopeful for his future, but he has pledged to keep fighting. After all, he says, “the regime and authorities can’t win every battle.” So far, however, it seems the regime has won a lot of them.

Social Streams

Comments

comments

Facebook Comments

Website Comments

Post a comment