How to Prevent World War III in Syria Between Turkey and Russia

JFIF;CREATOR: gd-jpeg v1.0 (using IJG JPEG v62), quality = 80 C   %# , #&')*)-0-(0%()(C   ((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((( " }!1AQa"q2#BR$3br %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz w!1AQaq"2B #3Rbr $4%&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz ?"Y8(3UD+$+C+i(FDpqھn5Ks̭ oq-ں[{+-q,;U1~fSqⷍx51OIwZg15,^CFU`.Yk}duJis/Z2萅QN >W=;ֱ5%ԞsR=Q4+`1dkzRO@aw1J;T0/yOW'3pE;>P)`3Ndci(#81UѲj|rϜ@ZE6h͜ \.YKUa&w'8(m&W-;X.YMb4mnX׎4E Kf8ܸv{:}*{VH^GR5ٕ8J4-Q}@ZONY6 B?53+Ke[4 bLZ)9V?U?u\3 xS?5/e-l!F1]d]1FSW惬Z*jˆq$~~- Ō\ԏqcf+x 7΃,{y<Ǡ\k}[HFNlzY#F%B\N,#U ̥9b? k2lgzʉ3'"+X,d tV H,s#>svcsTšÕ*2&џSqW_i@dxKObi ʱbAP ^hooĢ ےrHU?}LI\1"w 4/9 ,}ˍLԏP5=afrpl3*g^&w,YC֤@48)m:dPv.kVr]E$Pc( 1-䲒dDr <,&emא 1PG#A0fX Zrk*mڹ  +&=NQjbC#01Rr܃U ٶyb&P2:N+HkalHBnrjq .ڨ:gpI m*Hlk'ZT>i=11]È2MIjj4Ȱ2O@-tBsoBEzcIˉ4q aGJHVmǸm$#`Wբ̖p=떷 aAq̹]+f]M8lLJ&qΦԬ،#|!{:$'̱" dxRaIie?.3R [KB*PYX>QBu zn|>Yp69K&Ue&4r~k$gnDm47?q*\]B/|Xg;‚D$Dޓ| c}+0zDߕ7#c@is3lځTI8ۥ0C󀕘$ '8\gl} ;0@8(#9tQ x8A3jgTfEgNW5~4o+ ci,l1#o˜5dPycb㡥\̓M(nSp0z/aYA zʝhlwjЪ.Lj''D'=e\dRVw;zf0+JA6`𾵌G41}(QjQ|Ė{r[̒>f7.vc#MS;sNqr0~<`P0=qkGcz:w998Qu81 F .pX9obqբZ.zgA* \䊱9OYy©;F˚0an6qT._o Y+1Fj&H d7vb&)4Zwb B9t\RP(&b 4tq4+ J3FyKpCL)M4ZNsNHf1z}v4TuH0ܞ u>p8֋,rcqS=jBq9$k! Չ8ܻU\mE"BGȀ&"J?&71$=ɩYk%&*dsQq4,wsdB{N-RmUA։#Ti9S cA42F_1&B.ӌs;ˤUK6 iJ)cl!$s,--yNyUa] P1<p91 Y v8j 2(@Đ#4b. N4aP 398@'-ӷne & :HT\u>U.J$~d3X`y jrn\`u+qm?5͎@J>Ԯ ;U}n0OX%{D3 \ԜvdYpo'%9zH5Dި.w>A=,1V8zmm3m sLif̍&.u,+1F*jݽ663[y>ʤ dݴ m'8Nzqͼ[%[ٔzgzV#( vE -1Cc>Q0黤_";A?1'$쇨GHfwzҧXݑ|ɱ |}"6܌׭N4 D/8~tv7)Ҫ7o1 ;hf۔Fim³`n#ۃ]&aqN9"rx!v =1Ͼi46Ƒ\22CR),a,*Hʏ48~vc\71O6[I)2n6~#gMwq ]"*31CrxIa` A~jW~nl~gbz{JM&j!ԄzdĖnぐ:9<՝c@Ix],3F}A;tEƯ UJ'<ݣ%KP;K)nq\=h0f,}R0!&`wNF}76S#m\<]ޑ ;6vdfuHf 2?|0(AQ c>^? e}w#za^{2(%R^@yV}#_Ns$`b9t:UtT$fuRDӧҦd0(=qÏc޹Y|7rE+'˺v$w(qޘ0ڳ-ce`ء7^ .4:DHnon?𦘬h- ̩$b`'l|Xno3osڪ]ʋ}cgbdM=д64nqG'N1,@8'?Z{HXwmӡSvmaD2p?JsWOEܸ14^bR$N>NI6Y uvJʆ#ӎTY@!9 +;X lzܐ@Ο=0!9էs6&p6;prISA^ƣl.: NJ J͙cޭ0FJ{]4L4n*29VX$S4qNSҐ斎&!J?Zl) &8/OJ,=)~$Ӏf0?NhiB\1isNь.@֝くj:L(i8c4\bG#֣֤:B$OL\9$ޚ@U G\h׭>Wf)I8[͎5^2:U&+&9 K#N!ryc* ')#o=xrWH| f̌O qۭH(B5"rAB $ O{&K@x\ ]ߝ[q5H]3̠K_֟`%ދbQH oFv<Οq-QHI(;Z+FR,}%=jYC0!PsMqjs@DFjN3-тGh! dAP*u"(0(nA4M+gv3< zޖooК 50(,叭5b[-7̨-.AmKhoTA\}1A q 7rzuMm drR+I}8SdΈZ 2FH`FҡMthN{zU݂O[r72 G%.;ag[InZm^0SH\Ws 6&_dp3ޢ H2Ҷ }zͻ`^id$Ӧbȅsv5y13y3m?;/~B4~Z{q,|tc</&yLK=Z]⑚2zjaha[JE$ z֮otwVCFAʌjذD(wގ&(p!_,3H$O ,bBV3+)lp|$K1ZUUn)V̞#K`/<ڒ2Z&*S&UA`FX$ W/';kU{=G=~1ΝUt)ƳX5m[g8${Z[`y"2xY$LTE ]G e*spTmee*ӧOE|2B@,.HӊUSEN$,n$2}zQxOnlDw >bc% \p`r? h>< z~$1H\+ G@tRI$, >5C"HnZ8B|T_h'mev(xV8 QYwf9r>HмsL!@ݒz/qy?jp q] v׵A"eH"#?x׊|ҵ}ى(?.) 'sϠʧd-+D[\Oje Nq:bÏ3o\}h66(G ; v4ֈZG ewwJ+ 'T\`Og=)q Fr9 jf`6?1Qg}5E;Z ߟ1R Q֟1`ZF@%< Vrx%1A##\(co l/;`m~PJh)&u$JĒwsQv Ą܈l^}nB>g  $ǥ^ X,xUzSp>8KtH7#; q&-got+wʄc"C6e+Ɂ#0}jmEdP=8*? ,%0C pz~]Ѧp'@z`ֽw> ^Z8_wȥ ZXN2#u OT~%x,U!؍QJ[v9?(]wY$>Uptb`s,n9#JWV`Un q(2UshqNGk;0Sm&AOz}(Imqrq"@:2 fՎOjtz|pXpUgc&#,pϴ4BKfv8Fz tV>k{J}If~Xe)}'}x9a~n9j2-1(>$ \{VdYn-m_a|HՈUfoI~"8p:Գ*b!AqRc,˖Jm@Y.߼l18f@*)uW<2Z9GLfh;p@ ON}jps~`\mK񬻧)ǡ3tҏS)&=iӚk#& F1ҭ! x)`Q֌zw 'Ҕu!/iG^8#riOt旯QC8cڏ!+7J\P@N+j:0> (w;ҐAE>暞* u'RcP36zqS!2\QC?ȩEc]6F>4 5|$R3S܉> I$iZF)">Q50Ip;ש7ŶqTh@n`܁QJ!tNӔ)U0o#$ sp$#>ԑ |b'{@=RтLĺ`z7To;)WfGSH fy^[c*AX}>X"eI fel\=V-m'+F6@&OS).,=CRYA%rSy,A ҙur!qfE19Q2p[ovSR\`x*F?2)0&TP<ݬ txLdKx!C1o-p^rNVvb UrU8Ggq̶[csE9UD֑8cUhykԨ')4)i=D* W*zq&!Hqbr'1Hi.[KE\vTibだg@3ʹgbb ȸ3'U)GӭI#wr<r\FW *X{ԴEm ugz;Bȋm,1¨?S*/ RwC~/@x>TJ'up0NL[m*@l```gEw6 *3@5khEh>Lٳ1\ּc)@9Ͽ_^x^SVFms ܓޥqU`d!9HhU QK@SU])E KAځ֊;4))Ú^u u=)nrgiG xRr)14@C /(h5*i0qJ?TSe=rjP;$*ݲ*{<<ΥC zj v&zx6X3.\dӚpDv80~5 A{y |qfrXGn@ΟAM hrxʣTYR$% :>g>rMn7 8 `~5h(Ͱżx+A?M<|I&P`0ҟy(GίAo|c2OUݜdIgRZ9.AWw@~b?G oĊGBAOQjג. a.Po d }8.cdB{OrzTXth̞k"G=1ZGhxgX:~Z+5Ϟ#UV=x¡y:hMv+8(P}I*:Q4;be,vzz}i/&;{ytؼ6ݜR'+2Ia6>K3~G5٩iYC1JCkqrl1dQE0-֑ B!a$*KgYaI)Dŝ u$T#YGFI4v{rYPTP1#>1PZԚ8}8mw8}꾷uoh噝d vhգg;v۔ WA SM8@nbU7,h5Sk1 Hˀ^EC

2iܺuic$8'|u+[HHamVV-Lt;1JʭF G=zRi @eVOrr09쌻 "*r҅^xQڼ3⌖:,-W(?z9e-c+߼E}qi`dxϖQCyaq\烊#׾";a8;czV.;xSw\WaqVm|ip"'d|wϭA->|%~lBl^Ƥ] <)&IocUHS(`zlΝC ^\3ݤBsuX&s[0C+0q#$~PE޿>yq#bf7qP@rpwΛj$**`==ɫK$Q<ޤ?z\qGUx2GyWu[ƛw0sqSjfKFK~15Ng1>Li\*A\}yKh)28_`P6};qudƩo1H]_9TUaiv:A<* }VrAIFx1zUnH 9_ΠQ(ӶT͒Οcq%9Wߥ2X1ilx篷4+Z-թ# w)yTJ#YJ@4kyo.1sԓeag7S=G?G'ȭ>Ԟf)rB6U9.7Even?[MrsI&\S!yڌ4cځ֭! :ӳMS#9*9 T=ӊR)1)LS=L,(N(ϥ'ZL#ڐKH.J:w}i ?Қ~N8py{Q)B=)ޠdw85,['(3ӥG1$e9"{w?xĠ8i:Ivbh;GoJڥ\N?#LCdgi7n;d@^S\KQNsڃx+a.8[?|&à?,Sj%-2)0]}#2pGD-# =Mܔ^1NV(%gRw!KsM !0rĨ\g9'Rkvs5DGQE$"Fi#דE %eT m~t0 .ɣ #21 'S 2[=MIXEi$ٕUH$8K,cZz.ƻ;J@%?+ !p/48`mߐv94;c tȥA wTv+1sRKygcB @g'O}X#pQVzwlh_r:zTB?>`$%Ӄ#񨠕#yppfc{3C@:%ԚFЉnB8[-'3 #Uh-,j$2'O?֤"; rOl`Kv5̏YUAgҴAF9f#3[7F~sVglSʵz9UIm*tҬ"grvw" !),{ }CQӮ̓l~#m=∃ڈ8#z.cjѧ52HqO:skҼO@Mq#Xd1̻yE={k:v DX<zɧ6Lp嬇syew$.ф~xcn7?AH$JInjHUuDZf7ڒ]R`[*?\֎{Ie\DHzp3Yw6eCI= qa;]?e9Q8P^ķ+$Yjz^\]] U]p2:+-^&m$t|˅m{VsMo"6Z&CFAώe .H89TC/G³}7ɏP1w&cܢU;e@<=(Թgg$f_g?=:G<{dclTXa!erNק|Ou ҰNJ `3קqV yeVG"rA 1#?Lk}NIK),Yy'޽G➷u,0̛"a|yݒIpq^Q]bA TAɒrF3NhYw88O1ӢoOahRDn@~iXo@mP\sUL@nս,7d]YH.,PLO9nsޭ6-M7NJ֘@1\5v ;})FAke.cppvc$Lŕ޹ȯnn q,zuơ-éZsqh>dbs՘Յ{]IO6Ks-xE_@*vj{s԰9[2r0I6 p;<3''N%d3n!]:X\!Xp6aA8͵_-J<5ԑ<,۴c܃R@-WKv+wPUVm2JKaZɢDA1/*Y?x,ȽA'ͅA`{TKʟ#CC.AgE X2sW {sٮ(lc⛊sS{q] lCN ;zQ )qzu3''Qp#I0#XSh!]b=<2@Ew2+=:* Ap9Iu#c{3)LO}r0*s8.& 1AUVA'k^7@9{#V+`-p_?%p "Vo(OQYL;u#3&,-78ă{W #Ӧ&m7m>8 7ȅUգd\{ Iss`HD/'y) eD# ‚81ҖK4\ƫ$TO95,rYlƌwA#TsC fxv3 spƩ$jeΦ,(9w,hQ+5Ǒ$op:*km٢1ź)wʈ@ 55sakj"RH2@=QTfm6 @]d-i(7E #BsT]J4T1lR|@fa `d]0RIV_&1 1Ƥy\ SϾJ[4#r᲏&&s괘~o}kNC-ݰb=1ҺHĮ;OJX)gr?3C FEs\c{o{ 7u"=͂`q?\|<,s u ;Ko-5 F#֥b=b/H凒B 1O֤H,yhdb70`O[M_ʷC!0C*BᎾ*Gl#!Z2 :k&ή=A$ϗYRH Fq}+ aOyn2G8ϽS< x[l1s囩3Py1$e#VyJɮ>gDbb'pǁ#s⹿o: {ϪЅys C>ݍ d51o~ ©q[٬P:t8F,sQ삱c[hN+T@cQӀ@R@ 2})h41ց 8AR0(cxj\eҏZh~FjwHb֗4Z֐\buxZ3G_ԫQ4hZ'^EXeF@pg9'1Ǖ&4 bɣ],MH$*q4\vЫq u٘YZDl<8Fj܍D7\H|n!CªΫ4eʱu'*I-Z B,. 1$gLkeK.INq"aѭ U$&/+( NC9^yǦ(v!f)3M,nFFzAhh#\GFL@ɬ_)Ha0.W#d޷iM-4L.3Ts' &lFd|\4c4xH(*wn#f89+LgpEt72gDAF"rrX~n*EyY=Z"H2;8$Ҽ@ yf$%؂RGN8'<3O qL /< xz?q4+#fCzA[ aK/ "{3˵O$Jd9dʜ\s=yt8֭q*񾥩:AEU@9oLdg|[Msv@%c5xT`JoJ.;~+ܖne%`rC:񞘬mݝ1Hšq(,w9^Nn23ӌѯ5->_6 VQ3δ4DfV<8!\I+z5v 1t#NV|jK,Q^Ol9 sEVtBBNBdm{ԶSܥ~d0U\'6" "Ҷ,# P.PK2;j`t{V4FY qq'qTH><6˅1!?#w=jn/F*,Vl u=Ni4襐sbqǹ"A5L4Xljo溭!XE#`LWcN F#kᯰ^XʭAS\d+I:5cfI829x Iq+JӬyuhV vQqԟ }lIs"HzWH pEe+Avh٥.CŽ lVDG>Ėry$t=J&6QȪ*9:3 VJ(~9z{ExKmX4"xaJ%RƠLaڧ犎3J+4ݴ3H}*hg1c#F (hۂ.;Dq M#FrOb xl[fG sU-$8F -& ~=BB-%srѰp$98Ḫ>l">$$חQZOz#iMImye3sLE8-Y`%]bF8|T&cqN683A(]3$0?J77K k3泖 zO&h{neP$~kK"\G0W ";嚺o$ ^Ig pm .Gf\dt;;RX Ud V n! qq:\ݠt۰||r}ꖁb6~e'=g9S sJN DޤBp){qHAQ4b4`l&0i(E8 t"w◽<u'Z0E/S[)=E/zC S)ZPzPG ? (Sq@h8:yaC;xP;NZgzzp;ԒFx j0~CڜrrL  ݻ[:X0X4$z!+JONvjfSK9MyvòSC[UuX-d]}IEXkl $doc,*lvK3?CBl"Im~5-i@*݂nw~9T1,ja*w  jew[Fn4p6{֝S\i6<js m*h Ĩ;˾8e }68մ\,L$m;1צj@/-Hm$1{dҢ:J."fPJlhӨW}b39E`9bV'`ӛK6n1mug9u8dXAVaj\NLFpHG+ELB#:=IПS\M[Sв{f5-pB >vanlLg,=A0?WB; "Tp[HgXcXۆ݊͸\K17ΗdX%nVf.0ŸbFdfk3-MAom*eɛ H;IqߥS KQ$R{P=?LW5Oy%q Lmj26P~a2^8*W/a&7'8$Ii^\6(8$s]n3eki ") u6v}t~ k2kx,"I&&231j55oA&0'1C) ʪH$'oLsIV8A%T0zkkӦB-ne"b%dc-0G9JcX+ H៮͂:Xq,$) pY?J~esɾ4imA:m>aޛz? ^gn@+۹z,.dM%|0\pkOȤ¶2ZAk<ۉR Xc=` vv\L^j".5lcDr3$4})ҺݱBTncYޕf'92.xC6\c׬+ִd-|ҲtA"g]E;EF $g#5.KbN9f@)HN=j@PqRG#,N@ڡ;ӁLEV[0$t⥐ODG=B1SWC=+0pŰI'0 ijt.ݤvs60ڪ%_ΘR[=̍̇aՓc>t̕T(M5{7c'Uߚ2\dȈuJq6{PAϦ;CGݧ7o8NqT)3KҐcu89C¨Wځ!sGaI 03J4vsL5zR\JQҗ}| i@Nќ*hz*>S㞆*(!F1B<HB;F ,O-3o')L)+GܓCTR1J T:S[e|j˻qOaXZ6]`wheGtT*F^jӟ& :++9fFp'ЃcJgHF(8eRHq[BBG͓ʢH B>P[?)f`K2DF@HwQ pcH^yd.7zWdiq$BH3r3[W GN]X~rLm$i 0F1JL\zۚm͖B++?=rkxt˔ e lj;k&xp3g'5n\'-c)4Ãp 'ncދΣ|.eYJB2 8-Qݐ@Yj1zU !KއԷm$l#]Č3҆Ƒ{P 1V/Ğ89ڸ[2jShvtWdC#v$0Q^M%$!_c)(`1;>@W U^F,B.џaV{t ' cP|#\ 8K)|k<967Z|`FQs]p .| !+oiM'WnN#LV Md-gPQ盧 Q1\`OȨrO\\,c/A^;č;*Iw$ $8z}OA`H\f/qַ3̲Z$.:4lTЄbUK8 &1rw;/ \>Բʐefˋ5 @6`0N}IL>NC@T+b4 +p;uV 6^7cn6J>6zi^a<ܮy۟8svqi"u *9@_<nMc֥]lrn`VruKG#w?1'i}̌q#<)!, `HNgIic;&0S [ ]nxb,:Tpɴ:C +TbЊmC`Q}*ć$Λn<]"zK* ()qUG)W>)2p8_Nx&Q#(aWXF#a9y1S%Bc94جSa דN~ uHbiN=i`8ނ:8M d`RQbԉ"z3ZiڋT'tRQR(LxG;TsM@ V8<~Dbڞ'9e Q55M.VV[;SI!60p!S}3ZDB֬&4me,Ds6l]XZ}kԱف[FlVipH &c?PMe\ⶎ !ΣNDXj]:t@\3\&y=zy¥hz1ԾOGso$Ѯd6Yb^kf;ŁAg\֋-KĴsi܅2g;m 7 7l drq2 -&ϨcW/ "pIi)fmд|7bWUcKy_vM#A$)5,(N*s3rT@'@2kxzգxԋc'ӌKഢX xO54-  ǹC&hV9'= s3Abyoyq<ͺCSZb_Y"1yHI*wpYY' 9l=;A(l "ſs"E;p  ^d՗rOϥA-[Z#݉_0NaNdh؆#yt,mvT UjZ$"YݮHYrJĈ2p{Z:;YM})B!&5 H9>:2jVF>nVefK08'qX#G!)s9Z#-0OcZӘ+c oCWT5Ui1fI O\~nE:UҨ̭:@s޺;KLҌNeXdʹ]\lN>?ֆjn'qޙu L)9GR{*qXLaOђg^B3A'ѹR@j}civ/'чR_A#jb e=8.{$[ʱYlI  Aq=Ɋ6[o%X1-Hb0za4Zdv4;m k[>eBFI~w44kg&Y\] U4t/ i,v@GLSgorHIfz}f-SJ{F)c/<}1+igu,@ȱHd '~K=`:J)8ps랸ӌT[뫡uT *KN0V'o0$uq>PiYH L FH'cKnjnf@#_ڄV)y"Iy$(Iig U3C}r0Nxxcꋦiس= \ H8m蓱ѧIę/h}NrF2@1;}^/ԑ\U,{V6p p7n݀Py\ª'ex1 }r-5A@G#jjd ;ē}+PgamkYF1WԙQuWZ JcZ@\88榌gҦ%I9`:⎃xF}@H!)4 '58.dQ26*msꩢc2ڥ_|}j3vJNՕI ri *mGU~jPH8DW`?~b'|lA{IIֺ+?\\ K'?\W#q$^jZ:|E c:J)S[a;B2I9 sSO&BC@SׁPRx x֟72nӞ@QRNSOgǭK|j)6 Ϻ2*1vj,ϧjŝ k 븕^e{][D!jܨ 瞽kyLnI A<_Ƿ= y;ӽђ9qaܜ2P1UnG"jk?o.$QU|gҫfu K@kt2 ,EoM=FO>w_x?jn\bAkn҇F8Udx$$2rҢ[w<+Lu *JY󒤷o@tl"psKݲ4$ks\ĭ59_ %r6m^*Omuoj@_w+J-.|ݭyMT%o(JcUw}ZGGR+ݙǜ:Ɗ5,[ADusALryF~xz]CĒ. GL@W5[F,K! ܌׻Ơ`WTxtGGc9F,dgQuּ=jO,o) `>ux_>xsi%5ą;' oVeXŎMuW)ӶIEnQEQEQER@ JڊJUDpEY=z°-ҵ後pEs:i=JZn. A`9Un,Q L9_(ztI$kET3  9k)/)a9C2?U 3y ,XGҬNƖe#vSK3\XH!`n:R;U.Z&>}TLǦMf6Hۏ$qh g 1`Zvۛ_(Q'(Rceeli>]i]Kq48A+ c8D]I$HUX@A >F8?J2#2(s@ " Cp%*{)E;OB6zMY6K "0`]*S̻DGѫ($ sȤZv8zѭ*NIHi3bpz{ήm- JDJܖ#OooA\SyA=h;j@V"8p{犣מ5qX㎸A,$~4D2ĦGSJ- Vd>c;z{ƣք66&$|O=Iw/3 Ox|Qv#aF'`QmsvUCgqBVzԴ^K=;"J90%B95::*AZ?SSx0Rdm0Ө=x򦁅a7iN?h3 RK6A'y:-,4kZY ŗ1rR p]fq{5_d|1V! Ϯ ϥnޖ:xŗe%f̆V{x 'f3Oz/N}(ZFA։dZV1n 8'<)ޡu Z5F # _7RxYBwƴɧ-[9GC4"0Mĕ=Fz|AzoiQN5ۿX0O~5GyB{ԷT`^L('*#jVM=Gv4zLNc4M bQhM@M9?r>Ni=qb1y;&X8 3;T%eG̸#"obp85\zF1bHd qqNI1 1F2;q)"@c1|$dt&ƫ \$dϽREP"0yWci9FTPOUcrASs@QLnJ4{棰'AzKG;sߵMtWv2:B%1۵47ey8^`m$u㓌[$Am$d^: m%o7cBOF5)$:8g]Hz01ڍaqv^݅6#2uV|FӥgV*ւO.*F8-A^8N̸vҺ(8Eh/a.GS1VKh/-,M&l]kRCgc#`o#>Scv[n? &Sȏ=yܯ-<4<5[IYfe;s}jMkY_g;Gִluٹ&|׭tRR,v3qbbə}Iޡmn#+8W==46C0U ÞAsAa}ԓ>Л%W5|}y4ecxk؝q:WMʍ9 /+9A\Zўx s*[f1aA2+ B'ӊq򛧨kǩ%n Tw{1sʷmM"Dl` VV+pNv#w֔0,v*e[>N?Z%s5 k.IA~Aɒrs*視6)Mj=L nJ}ဦv[ ~tls9ɧ}՝a8$.ݸ$ w3H<ʡT e،n{Jl$@;gnܪ3P3CѤ]Ciny-I׊HNG9T$nFSd3CwN@&bic/tڛ=H~W!;:V-c|9ӄWUr?F}bqUdteCɼ9۴}B?#1Dϕ%(g.ūխⷍ@I"l|֩{zSmFA={ҾaW~vӜfmcS"+v㌁>%0[y G#61AYPj VEy :sUՄA$+ @O=ܳCbC(JGjŴ7'23 t׶R!Wiܙv09OFŷ8Ó*ycG Yq_L/iy]]I&Xအe*^5jvЩVc>e=i 3X+:[*Jӵ6۸GWSe(b9tFW0Y$][Ed=s׶達.Jv 8T[b;pkMCH>n$Xl3?cvE86Vn;n@z {۞JNzldLajucISW5>m=R?Y%@{)Jw,DӒOAP][c%+*V{VWR$g'uc]:6B2pNznOR"GC9➼׸Eq֩fRJ/i1P8ԤiSǷO*&zs֒JIVm| $❨ݥBIdx+-unM (XMʴ<3Ұ/D!9Wc!=OL^K @}iNؔ45yȅĪ{f"gմ*F?hv?Ꜭr{W3mxo]T֠#{Q 8nM:(Z{.t?8T좤.YPjlv:l, L'f98G֛s@u$b`ҁ҂"zS4ʜ) ((Lp:Ҁp3׽wo^Ɔ=W'ޥ8Sz4{K;ɤym梋J|l qWcdH*`,~Ƨ%ΞTS=O&GP)hGi-q$VKw?Zt=F0hu'N+B} bKOT+S"^{㹾6~){YFR1 7ќVnnqҋ`\wu;,LSs:z3iSp'q $m!^or,.??V}2D۶`s[1I#haz7#?δI_VK0e%yy$QzUm !|8$)0b)|`+EG;>pF8&Wh 2TTWׂ4oJ̪Hf!#h~s++>(:T5-[@kɛlJG8LcՈTu5pER,ttGj R2RV"*B)-t֓bZk*V u5* Ɍ7_֛m|uh_< G+\u/h'""vѱo5jojY,KaoeoWv7%ysKsV.&yؘcJT=0O/S]YdAjXDŽ5q$,p $MN7,>id$g=50 )&ep?#Iu瑐is# ]+35<I?7,o$JWsݛ)/ooOu='0چ݁߮1֛K4n$W mQ3z3 20G.#=S88;ONKYGZ*EȦxnk⾾Kt*K$D p\*)\79 9#ۡ@qOkU[E2w*u\d_~;Wxܑ:B0KHX_Tw}ˊx#ҜF4ۍ;RMuIUQe}= v5C 5ۺ1N>Q\n,6KW=T!MCF"_Vz4~5.s,aVh'$WE,_iIIeeef9;2:JK}ApRo)YpFNs^G^]X0BO+ږd9 Hƥe8k)(]v |xGs9 he_XE Ozz+f.4W#ֹVBpi)s0j  VUz_5!y8_nIQ +rL6y3.=@Oܛ-UC,Ht}Jmpo@ZgOrk%ԳTS 4F b7<`rrƵi-V:7zdƫ"[H|!z%P(Awj͍w[sRHmVcc1 wmmoŸNqk,@Ae@$'jcZB. z?CYܥ܀HbV`#Jk~IKAt|ȸr*phѦ22>ָ-WPPt,Ktj׉|CQkNbxHײ*Iwҳn{x|Jj^5oF$*6ޡv0b?Ԛvp?vkc awv_``Q}(>~c“`AB8iw&v C=!X 4k*Gc;xmJFߕo2Oy$ݑ)\bl;"6GlY~:sj8 =je'y48Q}? FL@94gSӦj J:G׊szwɫ\-س3J,H$ڛ9 t3\5R%&3Ij[w}jA8Hi$c{r+> 5FZE@=*dTR&I@x4(M#5" jճjGR2*V5ھ 'd_i3"/AʓG:V&3Et=*4T(Sm6#+(J3BP1^:-`03Fvy|jXW)0$`sqЯk!;ީ9*^}ўAҼN3X4\N=0a:`gP*XAUrc0UM?aIem!KW^i nRd. 'Բv1wD aU,$?>G#Fe}Ozpm5fBؓ$*$ OB\~3Ky&[Vq2 , *,3L0ϧ_ʅWNicK$l1ݴ5\.r'׿hEY+ FH6^O4i291$3d'ϩ㹫]Juim2`ɐF3ܓ4ʺlVUp@o1Un0QS'~w=zryjѵFgIV;q:UoV:ɍc,. ,s=M+ rqJH( ' 㸪9$5@Z㵑XVa|wp3ӓUbhD,0y;pp ~7gTQ#ᶕ?Z:z\31@XM {;#[x 26U!s=&I *a;vXɢl3V4}FJ\YJcpyqGq]f=ͬ2E,4M#ۏױbH OVm %񽞨mt07WQif 'PFGUlmh(Ffx3nr?JWWS,&dbr͜lu*,3I֝|+[iHݍ"l[JA=kH[nqs) VER:v6$s|ѝ:u[ >i0Ktۏֵ .rE9b!*NñjlwlN04A_!S۫ns]P7`K#3NSJZCym .& n"/pzGE 2 !`^(Xgcϟj䮼>@\8ǯJ@ڬSx3c9r0A\}j* b ]9_MK[gYfF>5&.6ރ`$jK&Ycw98RyvHq3\}qy"Fr 랕=ՎQFXIa'+vify&IC>mj~Qש5Ԩgdssӆ 9X*1EC{?8R0f(2N@%.:ӂ3A\j.!f;y"SG4zۚ6A #ۊLԅx(BHeҢ=hA㹪ŏ5kukB*)zT4TrHgU5#ІL+9"r(*x|XձjݽsYR J7.2Yݓ^QkJنo :a+I,qEif@3up7ب㺅vi(;j]:,įZƳk팳|}{;aF nGC]1N72%JsEّQ-hGo $peH,p͑NXc"drxKi(\\,r88ZsS>+b1J)2LXd_aUqdz HC3c9SO kh2 A[N%2CmLM\b[2ڐ Cs bF>b2]Nʎ*ƌnUM/Zi{x`Vd G'5=Lno5mʨ8t QvXc=}j6gy)@3CXE-g|c`DAڡlѠfaDgޥܽ*<-#^fDyex<'RS,fX P)#@Bcsk@ۭC,[8=WC pS,+S4*'=;J)h-r(VLchHNk%aګ\=xm]b3<Ԃ>NZKs--Q`P.Kw9V/ryZKVBvX{Y)vz9mj?Zj]K9_VJG"{`I#Zt7wx B9ӹOkZG{BaF01fVe|r?k-#T9(HjUtbciaAz!vOZuqu>ܒ2D*T{xP&5% WK(\8؊+6]nT=jZ~֒?Mߌm`|ZC$;p0:`@(i9Œc8+OyIgg'O =O^¡P,kNKf +D{lOsޥ[RܾYs&i$Lprs]]+2z3rg/efN'0`BNzV}qXT{Ce`GOjqA$UYqJo{"`d1^h D(dyqO\9Jb wm98By3W|23zT qC0s߽h 8 qK#9s{!Ǣv3MXv;BJ"OlX ;U+U8="@KHOXc) E xu>""[$f9h4ʸ #MhGRTÑ?J|Z5g6br8{UQ1L_/ϐ9ϧ#,gשjcn.i 7P_!:Ȧ+#$&R0 x8"*5y.Jr nzc<ԲMrsȗ@P>/zrYЄKZPy?iq]Mr1FSx^zc,VdaxVRIclAY;] /!ztXQ8ܖr2Á1K)3r9#$Em4PXScsǥ[I.HQNP|Sߒi.`PQyd±<Kv"{$6費8Sp]inbMd߷պ4GU!I$})eb@arO7!X gӚp'CnϘv#$s{FQ$gߦG4lu8= N~\CG9JBBi@ ]C}n Wʿpz~.S@L!<<}iT.r7a@T=i`Iݓ=(bOJx9t\pFPh8V zzX$ۑJ1y9)]L$\@BabQBl{pI`T2A돥Hц2TSܫ=w+4Sv7#u%X-zl<942T˷zԣq)Y>c+$&F3P2=j::R*F))ÚCE1*X$*i&jellpjo5iW*#cRdm3D6+Nݸ汑'#+OCYiJOZ|gHS5bS}hWF7=}O2ckti&\H>Us1QD>^G 3ZS<7=ը*! ohZ?0?u$Gb$`43!Jy~=KEfb999d[BEĿh(X2Bޤ$XqX9~U%|P2c8x)mܳ]%ثN2;wᐱ.O8"M&\/n2Gc>& VdVESԁ4qı$i0 01׸FC"\GUdorO>n@ zzPI,۲NT~j@Vyב#`_Ucԑ5B\軐B$@s!晌R F9~ ^ebsNɨ.2XxUt~=: /+#VHc,*6zh?[y2{g$XU0ƊQ\/g=O0C1`AܓX(BnGNoI$4c$b[{t E e 9楸լd.B8Ff'oPJs_ZAD&jNGˇƺmCA$Ҝ*vǰs~$GʂL(8mkť᫋c ZXu%8?ҺiۓrvD:Yk&Xp#>1ל?r{I)m2|mS. '_čSSu}-ªڱ9 ##^HhH'*KgPM intWVpr}MG䜀sqI9CR7W eߘ3`j18bK+(Dmшl~qA%Fp{9'5F^9GZ{imT8?J_[>,,;L~1Zťj\-݇\I1#;^cU/}xF`pE4՗ICO*0 c ~"eTiR$Jer})<$ DD$[xyQS a=x$ '#9OjMk Қ!nڇI$y1,%}H5 /jäa088b'.V1N/ҭGs8ؐn<~4_Zo 2K;LvA?>VYPvoASiRE(&;fdw~~k <@MB>Q䎠b:eɃKM ȁK/`Stb1`"7;5 msrW>a9Jƣw+Zwh7SrУrqYWLM]y3,bNSߏFFLYa f|ƅ{5 Ӛ(pqXvu^Cq3R&-;vټ?@w`LMA'Fڃ'p>8w e3ɻ <-Eۭ2[MqnvGxu(GPH\MN"ruĿؗ>!EQ\Jfې68++5tӡ#'̤=#|g \ HB1~"YA`)FZAa*q<Ƈv*8$)~Ԃ3a>۹K|(L,B*1AjhՃ8)w(ڨ+rn_{FhdG֞-K3FW"ؐe7'JY"d|K0Cu JG'HLG'=DZyr$9 _rz Z,U(\nq=IUa)naȈn=HԊmI5FH6ǩV9 {g4QYʹXRNn'N耏Țձ9B;C#x.FdF\)glnӫ>u+9$bk;`BEöN/q8c@ &6B͜.NFxÊmb;HX[gh0Q#djчr˽;Ai9l]Ic`8 gҕrW֣)&{>ؖ  lLgIB >B~* T灞G ͧk$RڙGB9#({+c8;O"()ÒTr'a8)tA I9[d,y=ѱw0=7n=)0d1ۃhBF7H'Bm'OTi:Z,fĬۂW#S§2GaӼ9uxAd؄OuXk.qOGVC)VO>Wq`ǜ_k.Oj'>2Yckյ}%w(^ ik-Y:[o|/qtt045xDXCK'qΦ,OtF&i6}atdo++aj9{ebsEG 4OSIRB(U#CNSE m8E6URjhT%fu9Q85|1aN!p#ɌIQ[x(ɍ: 9 ^(I)PssNO:RøYH@^94yKIApp$$bV.LȊzZ0}FH'kJ~c=:dqT2qDk9ʊ9 hӞ%IR3}xUc=ٷ.=O$NNHgsilbvS$qCXZ֡es9cx1AT.[f8dĦyp3W=lZHc8B72C`=q+ J2+hcV0NC77VB3j]x*WX( dק{Kx7˒9pr+8[br9#Ҳ$Nt.7ӵn4hX˅`?Oiu}5.h7#eO]Tk*E.8=$jdp)݁a&q`nYǿ֭Oi<@Hr8O?ϚBKs pKr"%4mVګ*' J-mo"Id>sQ][%̳X%EUJ:8c@RуCү݅QiT4ZF ?зV@0XcҰ 05ouUkuP[sҳɤhb6!uH0BPjnju9,ⶎ8v=:0(04xqX#U(iʼn1'ӌi9#槕\w;LSJs[7 =q&2č̫qޕFX4j1*ɒxZ3X2$p}_֟wsd, 8=1Ҿ63J1,aO ٥ʼVFE)$;TBBcD8ݞncӽMJi)p @c9oWns8ʯ8 8<3/-G0YYH0yyI1ĦB-#sD}[}FXlac`s֛3˱m HJ~H=V(y'2*^{y(#^AHR GN-7S@8fX vuHC>~ qP*fBxОԥ2w!ߏ>4\ ɶrG$Y6R琎c4Hтf+B@HVFiV c1GFUtl=8S)JO犒 n%õF[c2y$IʭL2!ݐ\ܜ{bGXUpON8Ԯ ZI%,|8[#_&$My95Iwy5\"RO_Z/ m`Quߏ5w"ۙnYQ2 eGִc[QU'VIXw5kw(e27sPszԒG4SՈie<BAoz/"s] XeɌ>a֚ *@6A=DQXg99 [`t%O#:9Vm68Ȍ/CN[| vo@Fzg F2zT>t#@r{ѱ@hVB${T8.iv&BA,=Gir•!^’( ǽHXc9%M }SGu71P2/4qۭ?jF2N),)FOCNa!$0jE X5c\,1;c;*7Cл4@@845ee;]٧țzSJnLE o\SJG@PJQ \U{U{iuS"q<#bUYjhW3cI'y+B۔!oҼ\Bj:(tyF6h"8?42$Ơ‚2xbW?I-g[hc1Leg#6fY@7*pgҜ$a?0?LvV%Q.@$UpVOwӿJgH 6c=ӣ(nZƀ!#ph{ Xda&Ì]cť$l젹v6V،b(=# [e#03;mqm>yRFʹ8 W=z(º4Ćb: {uWێы|4w0:8Hg T@;֧:lȤߕ`:@M;5I etXm}3IƉ-k62G8 zS]RH1;0rb'?Kwlb\+:c}_e7kaͷ?sMKc Kp9n-=Bd[9Ek+͎p03P8H!bC8 zT !)3^:"jQÅYGVqnu,ĸê@*CO5wYwrx©)[c N`A*y >~Cz{ɧ.d!\Z!N*- YܐyI )$ݾ}qSΒ<ʶv,a?_ZItQFI+Wy9\Ω,ydd(GAUake#PBg<b;ȒFGҁg۰H0Nuc'Po--wgxceQLw}=%(B1Q傀?ŷok?ǎ!/$'ҽ],r&ܶhQ~*FjDY-U9cqMsӥ+G81@b\gVJVFWu RΨW84H.S68xV5ą";ҖE96n ,0sv񶍃>mSec1ߗ*d+ ?{3i.ź]&G 18Q>NJ|i d[ǡ.пgI51űNƟb[0q27`(2'J( zZlDs+ (-Q֍:~||mDI#>mbKG V<3+B&d9M!Î X>β/;mpRGisf[_2EČf{)-,o1rïWW(6gpU k˻eh೑a`{nU'a3@A>Fjb˒q5DCc2*BpǺU vޝ1K`uj3sJs#q㞕B,Ygi-OzpiFW# |QC+0XfKƅi$|rX<_7 v0iՇ5)85b׹Hvl< EcMQ f?5k)؄kj$aZJMSj+x$"I\ܴ4I Iq( 1Ao戹>x7e2+ȭ4W ڝ+Ȝ"_ fe}J >x T)-\Uy]lRDyWۗU}FJVȷrJGVT, ng;Egͨdk尳 ktTarFkivRX{ N"eWKF1$BTk12n9Qe}K+JF %PQ@Q@K昇 w$@sYԟ"һ:?wQ4WqZ9CГO@;MJvFg}^ c8i7.UЈLrB'o_NN;NjkWxHV321y3nʆT 31'qsl=gYKl . ˅{? t{B*)21XÝ|gְdKxpy'p qڜR5yevxf$kf(ge*Tg#{<bbWa)!z^~!;87 (*z~yy,|MW88=IZВٍawːH:8ӥ$Gs<4>pi鞵`[6eJ3#$^1; kWOUFiJgb#(%sT"9e4A',$RH qjH?ٮ1gm=A=6ĉ`xAy60rJ$`zT #Bep }?Ki!v0CoQ@d_0uHJ' S-=ʏ?Vf_"0O,lX?sQjo2U`p??;EmV]R[iId% eC^.4^ilvn{U5lՍLoR溑qMc)\bBH aՄnV~X ]908ޣ]AiAQPM>$fWBBNOHѲMt#G0b#8L q֢)0Bc4!yH9#4Ȥ͎W)!BsF,E.R;g4޽pȦ{[$m#Z4#M+`=)Rq16tJp.140=isQD0W5@dI7`U==st1 |ۂU_H)r|rBd*#񤍊 N{sۚ^TmRXʹ"6`Į{d4jJ7\0#O#l϶@Fe*W#HP2XI@:U1719ڌK=ze߁;UuDq8= Z>@$]Wvx9ch>zF*e=1瓀}Af.ZFS3du}iS4Oq) `}1~Cf$i sĮ:iܭ!xBwan:jnN'V89jK=đn JU@4Ұ&Ӥ_Cyn,f,=:؈LGj$tX$:ΛĞC S09xX]aR489A⍶+9% qLQ&B~G42<&zM%eK6#$/5^;EVX #!.X&Id\&Iߵ>Y̋| 0I#1>T`%F :~"F=x+2zTA܂it|P 60#$z㿽6k#*CArܟq36׶HC>-pcmB.`g)6.E*P\ZO8 6i8%0'cg2 \2"H܁Wў5exF|NԻ VS?@F֞i*'@ 皐Aa})báj!υV(NqI8Y e, Q}'-9񊮲xKRXcHy^':^kܱ4Oj"HiXhPhG\z=D POҮ]`dAk5RcGL%a ¼IyDݸdJ3Y3+nz`or,rB5}jy6E)Sң`TU ( ( oZpWg=2RWV?AAsm}o_jO0.̇y$w }iYy,{A=cEY6`F }Z!yvn:HفA#=*2,/p\ -]msޢVdK G G_RVX&KhQj\RN薓e_)6Ae /ml#ԁ4FSGLT`FM`mLPK3y|,#9= t\X{tB >=*i[˻pi9 9UVv D7 ذLzX #OX81DM@v;e#Tq7J uڡ^F /8xBO$&T;pUA* CZz63ɨ唋gTF'1cŒO T9$秾jӳsI8sRD(cTj⬆f^F[ReHG˷ q֘')$sH➤29H9S uG4ҋ3u(Grq]쨬XzGJYH_Sc&Rٺ98ጧ^)&c0:TO3N82jxH- eo+(P`N>6]FҥKrN]91*Hݒ@;Uk 6|vfwf;={:%Qh!̓1,z^ܗ>kb+_ n]ٶ'9ۂGLzӿ6kmv#F&TU-brG~:Vdi>ynd)$1FFcЌOLftr\𧍽3ГsZ3wu{s5)D`T ecliVRC#A})5FZVbqqfN7 *#e*#3ҭ_6ZbDTopT`y^p9mAyd8ݒ#Gkˎy 3Ne=+z29 409m8dw bA3Cn1RC`8d+qLd{ sBFٌHZWSSe`y2ZFQFb=I#" vf*0ќSD꧊Xܺ dzjQPE&9:W*14-!L2S,i"{Rom鎄s@sZEp@LG2897h+chR;c#ֹs>z1][CE b =+ȯoi+PP3ʕNR3Oa\O]#mQ{ 2:+=Fu r;w^9*_0qI‚l p7GHI 瑞)U;e*+=2ό>qcPJ29/?a#=d$#&4T+ oVN[ O%T9 dJ \@1,B;GGVm9{H.*@m{&71ğqz}:/d'NYmL/ ǔ89.-cLlf~lzU e%%- S?>pI?NZ34Ǖ#={ԗ^JAb<0Xt<Zi{5C}kđ}<jfm47̬sҪt @ӝ"roq}*ŌH2@Y>te<ǥ>,=ɤqO O(Yތ?Je wbc#v rpN]N+$IӁpڤ#'^aPJey"wn*u9Da.i&WJ©>wrIn/5]3(A) eQ@XPUz)5qbϛ)Uն3jn0)8|ҚH0ySu8QE[pLҩDpu+)+ }a2qpr@+է]:)\FTVC1s 3^2IF%ݥErۉFGWvmGf +#nJ))Ã-d]+6Xd:NsB"!ڱ3*LNQs>eMj/Ugh$'&wcœq ȴ2{KAu) ~f ɸ917 >s3ϱIŀdQ|sP,io<MԱtm?P(.#RK!v?:22p>֦7,vE).U>P$xv'݁ؕ I$`NpF@f]2q#{r c91I=ԯ. EVVHQ2JO1ڬܗkɡW|rTLc,r#BZmbG7=8=ieeI!ۉ5x5X¤,0S׮yϮi7d>go,'$uHUwpE?g oC;|7nԌU $V3ot=:&+0*<29KO̳FQL0=FSU]gͱSd6>?Zb;'[rV_$W9 zwj/ Mt$xN :?N<;N^@jU.2cw#b |Ve$co#-rFP^=qN# -q SJJJ x}E46r (b> C4"14c1 ~h1|d9{R`1JI*3!fd*E XȀ8,3)Qd|H+6pCoVg2,f؏z kgr|۲ 3:*>K;dxI)G8 wQMZ vMS2Jq8?qb7m+֢2j5 [.쟯Z[Kh5G wЇ٬z9V rۊ}08L#V۹7\dj3}ȧxj[qm,r26G%Hby愐C=TE0IwzzYe[MB?4(&qZƬ9[ی?CV-OvK*$20&@?>Z!۩]f)]<|)A֤([GlSq@9sƉZmlq`AέߥBR]3DϼHBv95s?H 63QEZClhiQ@X8=h bxE0 (w>UVTBsӄ'z}e.mB%E΁T,hsW1<%$xdR i AXR<3:XcSAdUԉ[Ȫa#bpضOTEYӯ yJ=1 *86HQ%Rd}QETG Jd6e jLS:w2FMOSj(28R62_vO~2MUD7`%Q@ j(zD)}΅㐈F{RQ]lbbHK3ݳb+ңkh#Fǧ5Eku~QE+rMHr~QT5fҊ(M>֌ 4Q@BC)Ȥ4ݢ. oSA(p*?(y@3)7`&7GnA(|åS@)9@HhI7(<*a.A 0 º0r졃#G+į}tߺJ +1IB;|翵W2ȼʼn 08ybGEW8QLrysQVqZ(r0F{g3E0؍ A4B?J(.$Bw+!v'AQDD\Y'{g{"r~b}ަ)D|ݼEqB%»nKQrdE@g۷[ 1(`lGQE)0ID6Wx{dHlE$Gs)pA#QEim٦cecm _6H.܏E
Warning: fopen(https://newsweekme.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/2015-11-25T163751Z_530675100_GF20000073495_RTRMADP_3_MIDEAST-CRISIS-RUSSIA-TURKISH-EMBASSY-780x439.jpg): failed to open stream: HTTP wrapper does not support writeable connections in /home/newsweekme/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-image-editor.php on line 428

Analysts believe it would be a mistake to pit the region's largest military power, and only NATO ally, against Russia. REUTERS/Sergei Karpukhin

By Joshua W. Walker

Nov 25 (Reuters) – NATO entered uncharted territory on Tuesday when one of its members, Turkey, shot down a Russian warplane. There is an urgent need for Washington to bring both sides together to avoid World War Three.

Details are still emerging to corroborate Ankara’s insistence that the jet had been repeatedly warned and violated Turkish airspace near its border with Syria. What is clear is that this incident has been a long-time in the making given the precipitous build-up between Ankara and Moscow over conflicting Syria policies. Since Russia started flying its warplanes over Syria in support of Assad, it has repeatedly violated Turkish airspace.

Despite hopes of a “grand coalition” forming in the wake of the Ankara, Sinai, and Paris bombings claimed by the so-called Daesh, now there is an urgent need for de-escalation to salvage what little is left of peace and stability in the Middle East.

Moscow’s immediate accusations of Ankara’s “back-stabbing” and support for Daesh followed by Russian President Vladimir Putin’s warnings of “serious consequences,” highlight just how high the stakes in Syria are for all parties involved. Hopes that the spillover effects from Syria could be contained are now dashed.

Turkey’s support of their ethnic brethren, the Turkmen of the northern Syrian region where the Russian pilots likely ejected, will only further complicate the situation on the ground. Given the fissures among the Kurds, Islamists, and rebel groups fighting Syrian President Bashar Al Assad and his Russian and Iranian supported forces, there is no hope of victory on the ground. To avoid further confrontation in the air and to prevent Russia from any retaliatory action, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization must re-affirm its support of Turkey and call for an immediate no-fly moratorium over Syria.

America’s unique role as mediator between its transatlantic allies in Ankara and rivals in Moscow has never been timelier. Many in Washington had hoped that in the wake of the recent attacks on Paris and progress at last week’s G-20 summit in Turkey, a common approach to defeating Daesh would develop. Even after their own bombings in their capital, Ankara, Turks are wary of outside intervention in the region that doesn’t remove Assad as they fear they might be left to pick up the regional pieces.

Turkey already hosts the world’s largest number of refugees and the Syrian civil war has become entangled in Ankara’s decades-long struggle against Kurdish militants, some of whom are now supported by the United States. Now, the best that can be hoped for is that Ankara and Moscow will pragmatically focus on their interdependence and the costliness of further escalation to avoid letting Syria drag them into open warfare.

Bringing Russia and Turkey to the same table must now be part of a broader regional political compromise that centers on Assad’s future. It will be difficult, but not impossible, to devise an exit strategy that contains Assad in the short-term, while allowing for the long-term transition of his regime. Any such solution must permit Moscow and Tehran to save face and the various coalitions to come back together. Given Turkey’s calls for “regional solutions to regional problems,” Ankara should be supported by its transatlantic allies in becoming a non-sectarian regional leader. That must include applying pressure on Arab and Sunni powers to provide critical development assistance to counteract Iranian and Russian influence in Damascus. Concurrently, Moscow must be assured that its Mediterranean foothold in Latakia will be maintained in any post-Assad Syrian outcome.

Due to contentious electoral politics earlier this year, Ankara had been paralyzed. But Putin may have misjudged Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, whose ruling AK Party’s mandate is now clear: stability through strength.

Saving face for both leaders, who once considered each other friends, will be critical and best facilitated by calls of restraint from President Barack Obama and France’s leader, Francois Hollande. Any shuttling between Washington and Moscow to discuss a grand coalition against Daesh now must include Turkey to have any hope of success.

Pitting the region’s largest economy, military/intelligence power, and only NATO ally, against Russia is a recipe for further Middle Eastern disintegration. To avoid further war, all sides must focus on the common interest in de-escalating the situation. They must focus on their common enemy – Daesh – which must be military defeated to facilitate a strategy for politically reconstituting Syria and Iraq as sovereign states. Obama has studiously avoided repeating President George W. Bush’s actions in Iraq, but now America exert itself to prevent further war.

Power vacuums in the heart of the Middle East have almost always led to worse outcomes. Preparing now for a peace that the region will own is critical to all parties and should be an area of mutual agreement. A regional summit called by NATO to include Ankara and Moscow will allow both sides to put this week’s incident behind them, and help all involved focus on the common enemy.

(Joshua W. Walker is a transatlantic fellow of the German Marshall Fund of the United States. The opinions expressed here are those of the author.)

Social Streams

Comments

comments

[], [], [], [], [], [], []

Facebook Comments

Post a comment