The Men Behind Modi’s Demonetization Policy

JFIF;CREATOR: gd-jpeg v1.0 (using IJG JPEG v62), quality = 80 C   %# , #&')*)-0-(0%()(C   ((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((( " }!1AQa"q2#BR$3br %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz w!1AQaq"2B #3Rbr $4%&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz ?2bEzcF*b1HD*U*!) pQHI@ E-%L4iI`RJ*XH)EH N))8R”PKHOgʥLb$4h29jͲ;r, BEB`tQ b_'lz ~lj4H#j%#zd5nMmȱ뚇4hh  ~=4iCyq5mer6^2!,7 w+JŷGPa\d`s<ռ!>ws<$dgۧOZ8y-nC2,FrHϿrOZƢ-Hi2ˍɸ8 ~u+g גO^WP$r~+ ⻋ ˅iVo?*}J/TInUh%89 }kJq4m6i - Z)q@4S*OcPjF5PJjթ UtEV^jhMaRA*&ȘU7⋱ڢ Gup]'TÍf+D'd]y[Eqs<e5 ޫK) EtUIޠvqJUڤW<԰=AFMXFvr) s4i*Xi!# qLXTgTL7u(4)("E"z TRL*KS-CN*@)hiq4I&M0IJ8-02 jEKP)¤Ip@ p xx8R a .H ڮ y>o%'  G~0>է3*HDrǜd tw:Υ-Ԝp{`U-l^ֵF\#tO zySLc8,'֣cYEڑTr8#ԍBV"0W >K2ޕl6Oi9g閩qԷ%x rN YٌЊ@.={Qe*9k HB%[ק$ `(v ٞg]v IpNF}:ק~4Hۿ)3|sߨ~*ݶnv8 w&x?t_hCTl}IݥhQqSL⭀}=+ouI]9'=J};RVD2 g RWm-|A=*JM6iPP)q@RK@ NZJQH ;4hM j H櫹 qR!^+tG⥷Ly@pi5*A 9^!3R H}j/H ?DQҸ3L|i4 G5 Tj6O4H3J( CR撚M8a4 4i3@SqRfjE1jU@Zi1HԋPiZx5"K- LSmQsTi4i)**x)TU"h"H(RE8 ANQNS#@183!O: dNzewNH]ݺ(_\HH :~4bιKj\Jw1`k0\zݘZqJHM'<ԈCq Ώbgeb pғCea4޺+ )"E8#2 .}NF$iնe:=;ʰ7[XT ^p+FLRm-!Ϡ+lTTʣu+V P*G^?"v.<{ZTd +f%^Hک1ZB{Vw3z(ϛU Tcy7wBB0;H ' R皑1z#:$fF*WJ c X  O#5f) I#L\<7otH#,8,1ֆ`cM4ldqV|D4Fkq#DqLA]xncp$?̈́I nIA+xh愗l[SzXgB`lpʼ{֭|Oe~s0 ͕?H34FiRV`7PQKE%-PA4cVU!M?m9yZ*T5va5_-N fXO(|wR ٞ3޴"x}SU)1!Lןr=:NvWA$TrI75X2 ioz\Fji1sFiƔa1iƒ 4i*6ar4֤!&< (4@8n֥ZjA^ZjdJMZp`=M=MBN)iXDOĩKqHiԆIP7Ze@0 "LF)T*E(,bR))(NԂꓘ,ܠcqƀ\JUy*N ^Ӻ2q͔GXFk1D"DWo)n$m' q;ʎ=Sd7"ȭ+X'&C=k>#"H<Й Pdt5b)6c Uzcz։J$݄WS2e*޾I&!MPA~pW;W~zC5YFcZE٘Mhy=SFrѶx8 t }iY75vWoq;H ~+)Ҭ$XCRW)BbRR1F)qF(1F)qF)4C@ "aSQR`8z NyKa]N) J8׊r.4H㏣8WUdؙ4YN2In]6k6rm_+.27ֲ0iԛ0 ;`Iz8l稠gYᄍ.#8cܞ {X# zWx^fonW/)$pCObj_Z,'LXP+8bzUز{ v<`zUaygۂyNڭF`M\nC'[I1v@5ffw)ʊpɭtK5q*ZvY[٩C>_96.мd RUL{TBmE|ܞzUo-/ y&a:U)ϑDW_ӑR)۽T\mLDa%rϙ:}kG|9,{|LDZ\'G P0m"uSZ)J:DsWׯ(.~UVEܑ W7Xe6~T59:g/iѰ=kFןW&4%!⠞"xtzӔzI:P5KՅy'!E2&^kv`sZ{8-؏dՠN?:7-ͷ^4f =:o^ J^O):t^(n_,6q#sPj)y?:~`>_~/W-(e<05vpN}r-XpE kb )Eb$1\ƫO U$z|B֐{׉_|S*Id}j^Z6qOS^%ŤksLgrYir\.ziEsV:Wh)SZ@O֥h **^BGq~uӃm*TPwk{K>ŤɶW5b=L~Ћ3Wn.涎E2"kͯOhJ\+b r 3RuyQدLםu&eo7SX;(RT  J3LBM!4iiRQ:t( p-Š JissL4y4q@ҥQQL&SH7ԏҪ9SCEȬh洭Ȥ,M4,T@FIQ5K-,1k> HK[8y 'Q址=MzBkt<oA^kO7ERsnef$Zlq9l WgSxPɞv9߶M2dVHS/֜` aC#j̙PqN(AnMtҢB#3N" MOBC+V]>'O4b SMJ= V4w=d:yP}+rzJ-˃iw 2 3?N*B@Xⓝ>/._(+Kelk/Wae?R+|m}B}4՘}89 0Ѱ_:xƫ0 ׊]TQGF>OgI/j"* ~R3_D~^0jfe4ЎW_v |U#oQ)ꚤ3U5ŷuQJqnCH'IdR1 %1 [bi3M&4.hKy3Mdx5ԂJ)8Bi .iiɨɥ&M!Hi3HMi4i3Ep^1i`Ӧ0Ut$eZ+@ ^E# [eh$w6W"UAc2CR^Jc$͒d[&4Zߴ YMsziuX1(C&{OݤhQpn==+o.d,ƹM'hk7S^W9$$2;Vp tEЕsI2[;RVQ2xk8BF=eE`ݝj*3a~DP6 dD})qc###L Kv# +75nO1xD$G& ҸGX$麑F?J9..m]+|,ZXqc5蚧%WR9bN5ʃZ]/{XeKd mUN- =6H1^5͞f&!sXbj+w1ʓFHu +e7>E/ .R?:kiԫA+Wͨ2H +/:R41;m`yX֏+4N5-څlE;PT~0kޒXv(u5(^4dW,1}gScj?@ON/jrʨ1o_j͵F$Ӛ"YONY#B9NTןcT-9Q$V՚k ;Kpz*x|ж21楕PI$f-8 ~3:,D}}u.A :f\\,d֚At]Cdu7j9A?#u=*M hz3eX)fIGzڹIuDү&\13ڜjKyA.V-Bv 5\") Td~nMrɭ-6s70MWmbDZ')&I%?mf;tu&K2m^͜'S!Nݞoq]]2ǖCpHj쒴օBt.LhA]U>Fާj3[Kp>I׏jO xKhS6a2~ͪw)5 0|5}2;oZGFqgӭS+a*%WxpXՁfj+Mt2#r[Ynr)2qV$Br iVE6k#HPG9k!nqB<{ԧb5bFj+[If#]6d”Th2K lYH$WMe*k*u[7TR0tek>$o,j1{p:W`eY@W 2+E(psb&NO5b!Vʋq[I}&csFi(4 )4hJiFi4IfT@Ӂ4њq4i 4CPxfiy4i &4M& IHg,+@Z{a…]+խd\e~y,\}EFyxSOxrBn+sZ&ǟ(0K85!HN:<EQSf~4zY^xZ-vUc׾k-F6@Ҵ`L8qbjguYAqTsX%vNh21ԼC ;3M'SkC"0sj-e*;xvXp>Q۟X3i sq\=> a36.xYB'.V,nԞ}Qu!dTA>J1!6; {X\U%.b7F 5#6uqBby9DY&_9m56m,`N|v`{Yrh;s\C\Ig^f_-Ik'P-+dgj~##*xgW\O;WoiC쳛xY)uHzv%.FI?_jqKS1˕Q,x/'t>]:GA+9g5BonT.\Ww oM62G9vha=ƶLeY%&[_`͹c:o|>jɪ6o1r)1.+Gx4p?Ƽ tؚo5EeR0g[O*YqYVd e=+8حqW` UN8 q,@Vk9sJGe/;CWU@(9͝ЂBLHknӠqmbA]m*6>um1V#>]μngQkI(܃Zb%ec=sdd;Sۃ{m-U ~H1^,L_qum V#60M8cPHiҚai4C@4fZb (4K@SH 8S;0 8i (4i m-!i4@}qh&.koķ2g_>=@r;po#Bx^gcک{쌦 XzԷל+>}lc|}j\SZR1w$MlNXz92VڼUD{¸|@Jr8:Ap2qZz-{k9~Z t]R9 _ HV0cҮ0{V+2&z Q.ӂBs+;6ld~Gg1-_幭3kR*tnUX犝1j0uLŒbL1}*ez% Tŗޯ\ؤ X> h[͎3W)ħXG=WΞ:~5f"^#24qw5Xe,j|*!Nh?5sڴ|?v,+8En>ǃ[tq%%saWIXIAa ڴ<<56<)-S=R5u BUtaҼĞk^nw05[-àj8=[YvJOLګHҒV+_iGO2`CTk{?Zs8?gQ{HnVyS$Cڭ@Ks{U[deeݖ2~p?*95N,t񁞘ahXksN𐍖]F_6Lg% ڦR4n3<8Y㚫c("ts*W9v\AboBQkm8ȫYQlݸr7Ükǚ&2vgi.)FJGzⵝV}r{l zJB9TDKWzY Z O鴟ǂ#*}A3i}Ĉ2#bLH#!GJof+Xʹס0Σxϰ]V&^HXF󨬴im 0B+n#QB{5q|(b) jt8k_ڞ7l`~O_W΢hr8޻$WNvp{5"zjIVx85kX[W+Fw4پ *œfAU;Z:mgVRiCS]5\Hj |$㖬#5&sTUh5V?rkHRw:79,>.S댽U$'jG3=+9j҆@y#Ham2H*2C6fD(< ["}awb+`M]h5%+N Y6Xֱ9jnDE1CQ326Oje4NC)iqE0 ZAK@ )SV(`ޖĤ4@@iiNNpxDM`ްUʱ4"fpk]^8YR:՘Ƿf*98G.' [[GId#j8ܖݑWcdՒlpE{E>;J.=+n9T[֣j%fz5LHI bۡpR:jo,z֚Vu8ȭP2hsVHֈlN +K ÑP wA~jbSwShG<@ V&h%aVAȩc\wܕrT5QMyw]=8!-NzѼO#qo/wqH]7XQҏ*E?F,*2=u>B@T;_ Ϙ/^]Ei]7 Q}"BWcKjsV4Kx!2@~y- Ғ8'7JJ)ІNuWesgiW4ɦsԂv"'j$g!qLc!rqMSؕQ^Bqջm:+e+WO-'-ZP09f*y(({"q:zD8E!!ywj Wy=k 9Q03\-X?#ڦKnȻ6Fx+זWW &[M[q>xѨfPY{K;3e8_Մp=ǭsZ]Z0]퐂8R{s7Ⱥ,߷|o-)5#Roй"úg98"s57du宝3tkN;HbsλAzKOimF;pJ%˕$\i<4n3L7.@GA""Ѥ wmȇYjtQ Eʇ1G=t8x⤎ftR󅪍g5hɦs 40ǀVco+t޵>%.%]F>Euب 0q^i4p׫'+"HS`k0+wP-{衶~yyim0nCVw[&YU9FF#XM)44FhC@SE8mIL@ J)&M)QT/ɭcei*R`V?-7pdtčyLx455pwfsVQTzw]k𭟝pꓲ>Z*hv;ts[v-ҙldU ى2Wg 4!Wշ`UWԭln赋U?| 4H܆.&-.+m~FΖ/@85&wIF)d!FF+\5;cṫI38\y4,E8̸^lgU׎>}?We4}|!σ Zn`#E,g5CL6:ΤОvɬ5݈ ~a[hLn7h󥦄i$B2d_,fYjR$ 5ls I2|sY*EV&®E~$qƨRe1~>u>CGz}%fua;olODWon5+mn'Yz4l n%ՙW#4+R1~TH#k4x ПqڼS"R??HGrQZYƐ<1'lc+ǰ^ -{P#z9ޥٞcu> b,RmX,"b[$7qPv=*: P=Do p`Ms~5K f`0CKK! Gk_ku̩A-QSSҼJ^xOVf7l緶kݙ$>{X#{!]XcJZRbuujeW{f GJ ?>\_z ^ç]<(AYjm5se sI2K\,Ӹel1t3[Ӌ1rQwg^Y| JR]`xF u51D.#U.4[8I5][8M3n`ik VROw&:1H ]+bQȫEnc3Wƛ|g&0k|]݁aa҅Is(үmkmҩ淡U+U.$u+"_zppTM;D$&Ys]w'#5΁co-V\pqyƵ˧;3+Fj\C8ԧ}zR3yo@5f-rBכz-YÒSDVgX OaL5ƚiaBJZ(E:K@ E%) () )(J) i)ƒ=e->VⲞ(+CJ*)NJ=*Ө{`V17C<# OhW"ƂHG\RnjMtvVëW =TūIn~Jw100NmJ3䋌s]W9u=&OYӼv Ф>:I1!}bou@'P{Qw'Ȍ}qB={KBjAkh+rUe<&j7˹;jQ|rSoRLFDmRx`]$4z2,sуָ;r!=x ,ӬlsY:}u6摰7p9R5h_7odRy^k,yL`:8I9i[L!6 e,b=U]+ "8rmgNs~]+l\/hS~oZ&C&c4A<`ni0o+ HWHwď#+Ƞ·nCQd4vr3V6)d8SW:?EoiٳylLGrEx.nR3*WM.\2kGk73$k2}+KO0m9^ tHѮp1(G¹gWc'8XqZ[TfESϩ$k7v:[=>&jT~ӂvK^ȜI<ƫ2jX"$5R2bg1' ץSey5YpIucї>y`wzu/SGiݡhn3`h'5̯t О+JMhtMڲa=DI;oP1RGLqOpNǐASYRC&@ç"NT-],36qL =kxϖ0앾n<حs'U׵u]8*w9rk_IGKFE+i-LbX9ֵ,F`B۠Xrr[IrOsV6K 3 =qBE1sMokQk-+y4R+ p~=I|TSt1拃{*IÄ2=Â/zee~gU-ǭfݙkToqnu=:h0-}B2YP+XR8D ?]8Grݬ|GdmuȬW2G5t pkc+)V6oF|FL,CZZH O-`ѫ5U-+UI#6X2b5b9pG47z7?済lxzڼ>a“VVZH>@=u¦jFSE[\WIX׃y^xB Z.jk:7aݤ!k8+՛,k <|k$&{d%YMNazS*5z1kVc 4Ӎ61KJ)qEQE--344)  QM4 >S(4Bi3FhbuPP}MjqqUoQaz07vMNH<;)$ⲌC"2E\cQ" h׸?JV}Rs>Hy?cֽ%~8񝩇IJ#r:IQhǸ$]ЁԊ<0n\Uf̋؜W@qz;U{Su!#GheV[2ɞս9fp2h̓ݥEl_3tMU*`h$pGltv+OrI[K%S޲ʂjQ4Lh.5<+$!\Gj+fmU:#zt^+iʿd#>5'|j+!ye$pkӴe3 %UݬscrTo)ȯWịs7Mk*!Q&QgnkZ YJM:F*Fs[:X234ExKYfFPHV_(mc=(N6,ZİPjYkbpkc5AgEx;z⛟-Bqy$j܊Gܐ"VLu~q_G V\:;y+S=P{kRX` /R1GFk(kpF9 x+Ch .fПOa|k7OJьb>8XO0Kam?6;,Sc>4$ijs*>y+H9s]7tb:UMj3,[sZq̗VnXX.˸ 1=e ¥Ob?usM'ETMTղ?ub7lE+u٦l'h *o%O\ e2^V3|Vm?O,=!򱶾2GdK(g֓jzLUcǰ3NmX!V`O8,"O)`?ƴPVUcޡ@/Cs4Ӄ1DQہkLȧ 3>ܲHX0+:PcڲnVDνAf%BC-aaHx ״CPG'zW;v6]6l#b3?^R4J5]i|OL ]T+4R:_P]:c6>)ƺjRABiMv~MTeԬy\.{Kgf摤gɨX O^j+f.)8)$ͯN}jo6U"޲>#Zaj^T9p¾th45fDǨ!zkvx9Jbÿ&Ƭ߼Q+ ¨˥E5Κ<#afk+E6d јr5wWH5~-Mٟ>Lwo\E˚&- |&<ӗ4dՙZT5ckCzkkF5zLv<"ILn)@B)@w4SMPIޖQ@4IޔPE6:PQ@`4qVtEM;s]uއ$+61F;Vӻa)-b;w NksDYJ=Xwֲ6ꥫ^%`6({O}mZi$0%U~#gjɕ-4@qjHn~WV{?9UɈ\ED1S|5΢Q:P 1 MEdիv7W:kb9c[@ >گi )4TQİ.,bf$TbD ;zWk0$:%#{\>C6t+=-WuګN+#M6[ wcQf;1ڰ;Xt9Er"3yk\dyc/&r Vr U4g6j[ͲRG8ܜw*:#|mPcZߴ ڵl Ɵ:S'K?)2犯3+rsX׍(op3ǥWHY8j֚ԖghV_AĒ<-d~k @1^9.u+8mƾvB; +&|H*˘epĥُ`*Nrjc;sc}K6h7$j3mO(~1}~|_]Rz[o%$7I?)UMP^ɼpy;5Inz[|dvܚFl\p}jM: i⚲L֪N<P);l^NB88)1lHFԴl %$ R msd0\eB{]g:lt"ʓVܧb2nZڅe1o0@0cdi%Y"(s~q(`THJoth?福ZNͭj:E3;3؟i>\\Ξ{هoҬj>J3Y Z:Y=$^y)(`R-.Td|E.mYRFQ\s4W!a+eY0[ q\idpw`iSI!4I!4њi4P(4Q@iIm-@(()’=$Sqg}LN:>]:){`m<_Id[˴ :Ҷ7gOa$\)ȩ-bzs咸Fl;T*$YFID|/v"!wV ⸻+x\$jtk {y+~1h07h" vJ)#b>eJ[ջ< c%fnpkoֽ랾J+QnUV}.Jg&Y k[9n)8( M Q , hC&5JhBӆ rHv6AQӽ,ڤ+{r]\4KM2sEe*v5u4wix,5DFާB1ڦ1L.=Db쎉;+լ2]: on=զg[޴m,4SCfp2}:uMF$ywɓ^3^ 8*Wm^}^,* W3* c eaMҋ%rL`oT?Ҫ[8ެBXʲC][o^IF2T#n G^QTn#66yl!sp{JUu0F_fq(=ꡐn*6u6}P;ar /2cTr͆A1{C{VI"tȠއJѣ4RaՓ : |whMA*9PCܐ*Dc,j4H0ܨ(ϿqYt2FRynOOdzuP1y2W}*'dy6|6 o#{v5Sm pղ;Ptq؊l_V<аU92lֹe|UdnRCⷡt[YX:>WqZcL]K :䭵 >~;V[9*Th;_ =R)^9zgx: Ԗ׎ Rp-UzlW>ݬ;GQSwMNq\6}&㽤!!W\[,%)?Sd5YO%qXkwmc+TzY L}9tkMFc;r:c5 ji84;g|σ,z3M&8[RiئM6\cq7aKYW8'<)9S2s8/3ylA^iMQ Azm1?w:9r+Fz}ztm : ~TLskHrԒN+P0)å@YS>V&6r))0Krx!$z"EJ1IHT20:EC0 R>J-3DzX z赧eׯ-}MBv*' .u] Ґce㨫P˸bʹV<-Β1)NZq@03VP2$v[~X-ɶcdUH'9OZ2 i|e/#x "R6г7?m2֕H皻xV8^jE\icq[<%ռ׷ Q&?zEچuhJt6A=[]A()+2Qs=3[=6Fw0IP?R8|5($Y Y;6[Ϙ?+bS?ff{~U [iL18bN'm$f_iHeqT𽵽*p@[רA+l>ʀ+'QuNgXY}3^`c|S}?Hcaڎ1 ~u+w<:w\psivя4NK>-Q⳴bXMx$ 5jCZYٜA$Jf& MZݔOSU5*`UCfțjn~B8nof7" r~;`-)oD4GkLCyT(qM sQT9l(Q/<.j/41ҠFsңYǡ'"𘃌SSjC+(Q@}/SE+]>+)F۰L'isIRQ05Zx\S_ic]Ezd`t4uC6yCxɨ"s^hD͹ ]*ܲ[ØvJoU#m9_}Ss ^{u}I ̀bXz>=>UtVzl>:>OjkABVGD2WƫR.*QTMR50&F˜jB)S!S⨐Pi)QEb P)@ 1N(Zh)ij[)#(20QEulGp˖܂!W)(+3r{֬w@[0 UPz=QJ\*4=ibC$i*X<;y_.k skZ*ϘvPjZp\;םjv\' ԭͼMWxq:69eJԹ}a+>+rz# "-'Br'7NZlWۯ?V ~wqgG>؂?~ }kקMZ:pIL Ĕ&]cd@˓1AޱH%HY0~D8<}*Pm`H\,匝oM3`UoMZh؉cQ/uhTL'NZ<F?X_klB`XK5Ccr QcZocr~aT 9t`*㧷W+=J4Z=~`9\=jbU@zNȾXDp3+ʈn7a>xwQ@c Tc%!o~בR5*%J*=2*zڄ"@ELXӭfpv:X\K ȼ4ayJHT:~;*ŗH#ָq4%_p#_g`.zk_+;1yJYlHHҼYgmtx_"(Hjl-sՐ;0gGņ2)|a8~_S^jVڭ\XΓD fR[kBȢF!NTC*dF6Y]ޝ3SriE͌Wɭм&@Uʞˆ$޿-'kŹj5IةJozT!;fQyrՇ17kd&`c=i 0M(4|.3QKWB)C,ML8^#G&ҩma[S'_; +[ɬ+J\UyL.Σwa̹d;xncsWP6xFKm>s zeFy\f߁j]]bkkmd5KS]8FN3Cgϟդx`M-x=aO1SR]N>1g^FQjεBDۛRa4Rb)T̵ hFE40#66(Sq@ SKC1N.(SӀv8 pZx; Kp7)#ꈵ7cz^ڼv1*#_Ko 3kwmGgE qS 崍Qeݚap5RqɅ8Tb(pRR\V>`1y52?@V>wȅXdeLUajߴ[xqTw4eXV|{G_j (m ;אEzbhnTpA0N25~ }CK]/$/zE|ўw$I2oR3UD籝Օ㾆u` rd]Gf-TZ˓ -  X5 b06(}*Q Q X s>m!En]ǁXO4 @&1Y%23KЬ |>49gUȒ+fc$c9W⦪A(v`)VY8 ty}-˂yL?.23pr?5ՀeG@;}9?Jo`NTa?P !/޼9r=J߻vOu=w> UpbA~?GJ9a'#S_s_ҋXFL06 u G@\v9+dԺrdc8?u LHe{QʟV0-LJu r9GPykǗꪹ#)FWAG*fVK`r-ʶ,Ĥ.x >\a#v 0pYIt?QN+C ? Zs$iH$_C-SЏ2s)~GMd̊浗 k|p`#` T뱏{\A[g!B"g:MQ%m$V)O늹\L8LaY:ʛ`RDT|ˆHn֒2KU7.dSTSګH擴8Tei,rE:iv3cku7D_hBbf9SpGllZ%#2dD<<l_ȬRT"LG/*vwp~'3yx*~qn,2H wQKV3;6e?u*}=?Z*rOQ}kkQpvt돡aN;7Oqqܲ{ GVV/p`:Yu*NG*f5P}GƹNRM$\f y gu KVFU)|r?Ja{r J6:OB:'5#t$?DEaRa?F6ǥt)^:+[cw^Emy'\9OӚea_ކ´};PeC#1qi+ nᦜN3wVō$gִV3As g20P2+=~s_=m` qr1^V}}iCׯ dg*z+%kpfmP{8:_G5Cc̙WY[{p*AlH6Oq;, td0洬vCVf!P+0IRRZ'溉0w b˨Hq&#z7s Ϳ*all08GAָ+ tKɌg[p_48PS¡$Δ*r7+n㨭v}EcWdU٫4$>LR\*ve1F#d :zjQ+V~l r+`G z^dZӟ, 7~c:BdUr1\Zz}F|VdSTxCR Xf9WR%K|@RsdpE|~Ak,zKkR #J(*:]>R-Hq`4RTcHsu#F:/ r?!bUh2ѫoٵs3!ɯJ52(S{Wi.CgZo xhت$z^C#݌Uv'ZDȈֹZ(.%ՙcUr15.V}Oy$0#SO9IC赻c+vmo>Z[{( # %ջCUW, D׶eaǟ4^E EoWl+SzF֧bY!z梩GnCL[8$QRS ǠQ9]HbOO^*j0ryZOf]>ZG{krr d=r:W9s`ohI [<ʱ-6wo^AvCS[ʛ؍Ao8<ƒ;ؤLrRw}$^хp^!.lvc m$y F3*2qMMIhCVH9#m-ta*7"Rcd6Md[jRFDHPw=}b~֕z4#I+ba"pe oתKi7T͏C߯5 L^\Wt+(Q(ې?Jw:wpUZH6P VM$I3[!eC["_5NѷN=;6's*hrv gL c)Cmq8ч_6U+'nQޣ .Rl?Ğ]D`k %%,J8$WC3I1TeiO '̾]{n/RvyS GShʁK pnYOky 0OHz}U=zVjMp@:J;ƣdG8VXGC=z[*Q,.z чqZwvayYw<}اۻHa$a:Z} [( >~^gOFfi`bSZū_͝2tmʳ" 1فOWm>dw&< q\v ´E'l* [}1,MYY>Fwñw5W.$y6҄\:?Ol!&YBz&GŀBeV~}T:$RSٖmq.\w2`)f=!Oϭb s y\ gWqq6GU?,*h s eBVpRю8k&g@r1hbQWM{%yd:c>215; $|=EbثbVG$3vT.>iE[AR[Jc*Ic #_ʗ+^]CKnNޜ<+4؏dב|"=VKنL?0,\db{:ϳTXH#` {8fĂFw/q^ˆt^Y}c$2du7tD⦵>U]R C[z ,6;]$VԎ2*ƹMr1wb+|7zzZJUc Ǖِ[_.Ye k/;Oү3bBlt0&XW ˒zU]CrVAv?tnW#>SgVDq)=Q [kdVv8O"Ymu|ȏyGDXg 1v[;$ܱMz+67sMm;[0;Mx&c+deG+]TW7UŬ1V<}iAt&imڵ|?td]Ǔ\.k  1 ]F̗nOmmVWUb3q_;Wz{UsW0ڳah>fnHA`)gsӥO^{t5^QSdA%3\)2LJl?ԱMH{Mr@̻ 7q^uZn^S!XPZ˸lsi;,ú os OV{bxy'8״^`FN8">EԊG~QnTEUvMk q yLͦh;2r6m&}+oN{-׋H0+H*Zzyg]nZQqXV*k%S6H&+RH),SJbR\*ԪZj"J{T\jar4P),> گ,>*4Ŋi<|T;ĢVR:w&u^j¨ LT8X]&ig%A <:'׵uitQV^WD,Ž( XS/`+wzr̸֩Vq骾Ty={]"IHD+%G+4k*֪x A N=nna{y䟼* s* c@ٸ]Qҩb_o;۪L_AR t* =B̩z;7+q<8)M&43XO޹0ڴu)5f22 c& 6LG* ͋}Ȱڑ1$W{EgMt6x &؆ Qn}ȧZGeT,2j{H3ȑSYZ$r&^$9'[=Y,}+tfgRJjM:~iTKz0WET z|Rhno w8Xkl, @EhC(ygu)$Bس$t!N.vʑݑq+Շ|f`!4y ~d\EͤjȝWuB^ӵ?= cjSI[qeO[47̍QیCy=X[]iKK8e~Xoε]>e|1c>Vbcb/,v5iù9Q:7J{7Vq/Gz_F_OjWaX0*@'nz:C42QcoQ?kթ(Mz?WAkHJbH[ZFz8 QHw>w(a zcNʰqzIsw=riWG#0"1|=-n期{j/"=n㱤xDj7~xR;VL6dgJ@ua_Jf.LRېBT~qR$jGEmHl;Eqm gƺE$3$Z9ܧ?5fU%@ihQ3(67 Df]*gYaW_1G*W{30$FjҮa'ʟz碎{;;?:׏ى8чOFF_䂽tqTk9C)Uf Uf%NKgշ-73uK>zSYVXNd+#iru,֦9?Evu9euIʐ>#XrW97QBVVF,+\V)ȭѿcVb{; nf&I@[:~kMiYd`܈};dO !8>c,ý\r^}+^8+9r?^+7S<@pPkti"m`_UY G_@x5 ZJVE_-R;WRTxIٸ,GI*Z%>v4xQ~q,Ѡp#9ަ֑xa䗤+y{1Glǐ0@WNhGSRVZcGp~8"x(^N(nQ>T_sZ6*Mr^ÂlFi9lbSѫH`e7g'djt&ү,,CVoa\,%Lm>䧠̜V=;m~gYw<EWE",q<5g- ͻ{EoSo1fH᳃fsw~D!,G_C_ƴA{8QqXL3Z8Y\{V=7fhTDGPO㤭6!?GSOcp.>Ү W ֫`⦷IQ-u@#,g ~5wNh$![˨PdZŵ5$4tL(>zFdR9k#H& [ܾ [t)fD,dǶF(eI $IuJ:q].RYz-GǃManpq^>\!Oz{a˖+s:, ܮzWgPHZaStj2e+@DeJ8-KEV5^X}Oe5҅h}Rj Wbڧb$cFuڤU7.:Bcm!r%Wt/4hխ⋓b&)U:`TA;zL%` SglJ0A['˱;1k֫jMݯw5 AX1~Ǵf~ѪF^6ǥEL"Up3Њ52WT&6mTnG m3"Y#5TAQL\}xo>ߧ m,`s[1U <`qMfB*i7v[NŸLo~; >7Ŧ>>?=YK Sե-fp3yJ$zw{"H#',$z$d^ni>Dx#zޛ܆Ԏy[=ʀUUBw$ SdvT?rw)B7[/\SG$s(:|.dw/ظ'&n6[z HI/ǩ'/cĚHvU-W]*r\;ʽMp.Ae:jFTdz5jMˌ IiC Qu#vQq?ڭGn\rGu5PK.,nONqzuc=ͳ$Kcpld:uEg-[bLX23D4O*yr+g;1jnLRº+w3b9!{w +[\W3 2)c!T!FUuzbN^qQ^xQsߡZn"&H^ANiC?zڦCy̌yQ:굫hnj89A^Ov$nPπ'Z,<%a>54ι^z冠U. |C1< ѫ%w6hICT|g*vH#P帶(CFO@xdڛ&F:Nݥa>vO<ѩR'*O֧c2;Ux20w)Ƴ+{xT=`o%O˧K1 =0+=-!c@9td?fy92'渫\}MiMGSڴ IV {ۥ[qnq Ōo|Wj$ckǜ\$՚=|E ԒAr4^:>H69B1zpW:{mL( 59Ԗ KH\zJQ D^$G~8?!U}+PMF0N~4wG3gp@ ?Fj3Ɩfh1lG?'TC<13PVs&p_?Bkt7k]mNܩ*=1?+_~qzEyvmct-TW\,\rd{j[ŝe_ȃmy _ҹoGE7=vO}ЊY Xv x#k+P>>iߊbGMRK]Z{=A2?uWc!!fU n?ʟ4.k9@LdV=c<'iףiŮ.nlvGPu?-?xßBt=lxveMbZ|ȹRxc[EZ_Ek;d`>"[9|nR7DOK%jk *тⅇ+Z&4@ɷF m! 9 /Vʎՙ*o&+|⧆$}ʷNGioPX;V\5"V!9vSk#[#r9.GҸA已+nmߝ] ["ِ#;aZA4s ;H|d,\!i|{]0&zWQeF%JN0:g>0+-{i 4w>A߷a50prȼ d~TgufLTv2Nrzd[wq9 ])I?]&WS+^ViFU]$YohW7y~vEKI{k~)F_FAyojO ݅;-γI[#v0sһM28݈W鹇-_A\&z?Zu p.XӾqʾ$vMKyGk,GB}*}im|+&ރut&KF΢\T)qQ8$QIMXВ&o\JNOGJeO4R#{u9a .9c~ o+Ѯa܊&S99qf~cEHC䘛q*ͻf-^j>ڰjXNa+1$## tlsqK)Z3( ~`HQ^r5)0k\-g%vg9+L_Y uHѹaMe/g(2 h1o>O\5Wt\6<;TnN^6JǫBZטؑT&ڰVW)L)[HR*l_=`0-?SӂԌbPE?1KUURE&~)ؠ8$ZVh*FړҁLxB1s]J7# uMweȬ[C]$"]q :$DybsŨD^*jiV@Y Q&k.~aMp5P/p񞇑RȬ;w# Ua.P0=T,%0Ee:}Q=Ӗ,Q̴3Gzu\mn?[аpVq[5\MwryQNsZ^̴:/,_I,3JgdPpOE2wpH!3Q|I<J^F2NG? gcvZAXMGC뵊lЎO|E5fDrp[5\=̀c ҽD1rEf^Y ~nNT9O[ٷ2WKkvq- aAKmz6ROEweY\#d98B]#|Ok!ak!`H6B`v:Ѽ ܬ%pSm$fVWZģ%HxT! `pqPBFcp@Y۞85n)c[;pՔmkzQKXAd{ wH叕5^{z;x;#5V-vbGְp2X7ӯ8Ub0/#;ex~:Jx~v$O$<-38kRtXdnrisߕjhҚ )P:^TRKt%T|I+0aUfln,hJȣc5x18;u'\hn,湦'RDzشBeO|Je xw724!"A xgPڧv^~q]-ŌV9U[]i"^ iK@=YYk +sOSµt Grw:QpbXe𡫠"0$2 `mQH15ʯs:JԓX!f'~7/"ⶢϜF,?{|.$*GRH Ok|OG)n_Jٝ(lgz YӏY6ـc*Qj-9 v rFexpU1Sxft)#8d;] A]Ni/%ʤ>n0#}q +FTݣQdBEsXu6Snk{Q d5c5$JyGMe~kf$)ؑkZ\;@? o}FfV'( 槗tC۔gߩ.d iu''2x=<~B a@ai59:}ggnT!Ժd!x2bvzU{0-%Wq>E7!H5Bmb_p)~:.׌&RxE#6Q$Oj2dNV4NTKiE'uK טVu Ť̿=zoH;S$ւ\])uTv5P"u-5L8cɤQQ JqwCVhҼIeyp]*FHc_ed-5 ȸ.yUB('HVٗ\5m)m#,c5 ;6Ϻv%ПT;p@'rU"K)lr4ǰpO]W!<@|c6;?lDzbed$SB f#Bq(̼hT0e8)#>ܢu &*򧜹ؔ w_Զ7\] 088uHٍ2o cz[t0|f\)1`xUnlSs'C]aK'?:z+13>So|bE\$[K޿+nǷ{[S}z- _YG?n]U-R #dT쬥O S[DF4GX*0 °c06d1[nO!$_ޟ4drX՗-Uvê=*v ƲZBqBRi 6+N;= Wq'n S8'?dRDbhǘ+czAIPĂOnTRH>L( } UUc"BTJ Y$4y{V=Ĕem>OzW"IWiEh+n__z 04f+(r=#g;O[fuGNqەe?h-Wlq̝= П|Gy* IQ#9 NUrr/ŗ&-1a$/O?Um"FX|cxծRV ǧ鰲AiB tGZUk3qH|2#wl.yc] [w_Z 4kTU<#[vmf#pv>~\׭jƛcVdgce'wmI"^dqX4AZ>,F[i±tF4CFLtHr4H6K^qZR#U]zǃ.V n^,lwX_?r1\EXTt3Z>[ YsQAj5ʳ(8Q*wsrUt7 ftzⳤcG#T6t5X*p:3jߡ*1ƪMj s t¢F|Zl3P`:Dl!L1T8X%(Zˠ*ltCӔSC<< v(Re&J2TLRRhWm8-K]mThHHEKiDVHh*LMLNNy#Zd£qU&dJ:&*Et|R̋U7RGZdU MMIpjd8wVRBgu(En+e>1Qʜօ{E=JTj'e2cPVwO-=qV/lr9=iXze5 ?ڧ$)Ǯk+\h,brw$sUy޲@eOֹl͑ۢSr?:<̇߅KV7vV`=*YygbBg̓KHL*C$TǓX~Fa,:6P_"\ƺ-5!cYd32`Lx]$OqS5H^mX$}3ƛq>У+9^ַaZj𤐸V<4ۥxE-Gu\X4G.|G !E DfWZa<3*%>gf3%1IDqII'#n`>̄U[r4(X'JѸ5ic)ةLkfu*an+YMCwQD'qOw֏:mdzYk<gv?xfIXOmq+c*%Bs3cҹl7 GQʧ,5jZ]K =rj_ Oe*XDwpyjhot6,Bi"J1=4d4Xms5x3tp{ܩOjb2N%RwZ2!OLLB9-}֥Cg*@qІ%kR@q,'Ҭ듃K~ wVSjlcuG]\ĵkѤBExRa\;D@}a6Xq|=zMWӜ pw>gSnVCs*Go$d}f(XPSw2q:z+ac?l"it^d*b c$Q~k!x[7JPIvQygkD3i1NłyU?iŤ2&B5K˕pߑK)UzgiҸ%  s?t<]r\?kH=rMfM2$t.NI,#FʣfmD dq/z9e6cq*r}Y=#1:*݌[xw 'd{=Á?RY'H _XK q kwuIjL^@ ֳ;kՌiVý75[fI]o#:qsU-9aZh mÊbn KYW3`iMW@jPV$YӎeA'4ϕȪJݫFXU 3vjwZjMuFc"T&i GHZ-UcɦL/M/Q=)F*E: ):E*ؤ T~`*}jL`)JE{T *6ZJaz^~ii/):c]i77\΅M+KRnr0ZMHH9 vTX} f'N(3Ϥ3QE+!1<_6*lRg
Warning: fopen(https://newsweekme.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/Image_-Anil-ji-780x439.jpg): failed to open stream: HTTP wrapper does not support writeable connections in /home/newsweekme/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-image-editor.php on line 428

Anil Bokil (above) is the founder of Arthakranti Sansthan, the NGO and think-thank that presented the demonetization policy to Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

By Arfa Shahid

India made a major economic move by demonetizing 500 and 1,000 Rupee notes and introducing a new 2,000 Rupee note, but what many don’t know is that this policy was created and presented to Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi by Arthakranti Sansthan, an NGO, founded by social activist and mechanical engineer Anil Bokil.

“Arthakranti looks at this as a stop-gap arrangement put in place to address the severe liquidity crunch due to the sudden withdrawal of about 85 percent of monetary value in the form of Rs 500 and Rs 1,000 currency notes. We believe this will get withdrawn once the currency circulation is stabilized,” Bokil tells Newsweek Middle East.

The NGO was founded “with the aim of implementing this proposal,” Ashutosh Phalke told Newsweek Middle East. Phalke is Bokil’s partner at the NGO and one of the volunteers who presented this demonetization proposal to Modi in 2013 when he was the Chief Minister of the Indian State of Gujarat.

Phalke says they were given just 10 minutes; “When he [Modi] arrived in the conference room, he confirmed he’s running late. Once the presentation started unfolding, he postponed [his other engagements] and listened without any disturbance. He paid complete attention to this for two hours.”

Phalke is confident the demonetization policy has the power to “radically transform the Indian economy.” However, its implementation “was really not what we had envisaged,”

“Today what has happened is that Rs 500 and Rs 1,000  notes are withdrawn. About 14 lakh crores ($217 billion) of currency have been suddenly taken out of the system.”

“We were really clear that we have no intentions for a punishment model. We were always proposing a correction model…and after that…a systematic withdrawal of the taxation system. The last thing was the currency compression—the most difficult part– which required these other steps to be taken before (demonetization) so that it becomes easier to handle,” Phalke added.

The main thing remaining now in this process is the “withdrawal of the taxation system” and replacing it with a banking transaction tax. “That has to be done as early as possible so that this proposal gets implemented and you can see the transformation of the Indian economy completely,” says Phalke.

 

Social Streams

Comments

comments

Facebook Comments

Post a comment