Millennials Lead Private Media Opening in Communist-Run Cuba

JFIF;CREATOR: gd-jpeg v1.0 (using IJG JPEG v62), quality = 80 C   %# , #&')*)-0-(0%()(C   ((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((( " }!1AQa"q2#BR$3br %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz w!1AQaq"2B #3Rbr $4%&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz ?}8/eA5bdp±|k>5k %@qJް\pq5Q(Ui29aE0-=VR*iUiPO J-<-9VTӂT)B=P)h |ҘX ;m <=>3WBR"Ee^)%y3JEY cҀ"!<2RTn(-&ڇa](/p~"\QH~Tp?m:(AZ RQZ)&tC\-u3?4‰ +M"aL"d8 Rm*ƭIi1*lS#TRC6ԘL,G.6)59ZaJf^i":T,D[wGZ!"%ŒgZzL Ff5ȣ&9Yams7bܞr`:њ[׃qP,bM&}QLߑR? 4Xĵ7^Tk?*,kL ֏[? ʀ3M&ӮkxLʚux[5vY^:ou"ӒTQ)Aא_4"b*EIO`kh.cxtRqReHus1wuƓ5ǛK\~TqF|~UAc&[޸$?Rm)`~"k S\S#e!@kɦGHth Y3Lb=EsGJY?53HzQ3Z:.zܨM4Zv?ZffȬSLMv 3a}ED/Yg×}H|7q*iSO4cGÒwzkxpJ̰Qd"]㌳M0]rsLGDӯcQb=g42 濩ށ$ax>tVi I$u1W0#S-jHu ןx^ksi {2F)jEZC{n[taqETi@ R*ЫREiUjEX)'ҫ14a1WZ0*3Rk@&cЫcRuC^wo8I%ReH?ZV,[E|:;Q2G_#ֽ-@Ƞ::YdpgWm";x(`wSOUJ!f/ʌTE&@G?*3GO(L?Mt~U&Iv2t~THPRx?*ixJPzSJJd=_.PP"Ry;~)Zfњ@7OyҞ')\RSLҥ*)i ?'ihN*??Y+Q?DҷMYehJMD?MYaQ #tLzUZ+įN8QWVf^1\S]=>v$ XjX qVFQTF)(0`z ZJz-mWO"9Iq YNA+ffo$S^~sI)nR9 Sup2z4P a 7xcT[FԼ˥&F$r+ukk1JxH֍յgc^Ю>Z~t?^å[6=F>gS{P\_eX\*0 韩z^l0O C@"yLz޴dd:)ˆPS wfVEys<рx'uHbw2*!aں}~:jaQ%kb (fZgiBZ6Se?b#n?!^ym+Mu*^WP_6ަ/'7Q3rpNom-]S&7kvTd 7M=oLn?qwwW!eȫ6 աuc/d HMF(5EtX8ic"ob(_h+Z"ZU} r95?v5?SJHq"+MRb*,Q TSqI#YW 4p +d i_DfZU[˜QGT𖦷_dIa+Q}+eEMӷ*)&2t;i)tcX)p:ƼkY.t2t=*fXuS@yʾjQRo_NmW*UO] Vu2)X Ԥa9DKus 6w`bn5ʸ :T|*qқ8Eh>#$6AWtU- MR-2YOZ淼nݑִ גwQagUrl_ڼјc5貟ݿ(Mtwq} r`IGWN}r`ZZnEs0즤w.n)H((LWxm5+;:zI-~h.p tnսΞr1"C{W>*Nz9cI'xkZadnky "w,E|G*1 +<7Yn4#٧݁fGAY8ٕsZk$dP.ƼE_ްXXv$$znjG#\׃.Hs1]:gbD/sUd+ҥ;|ط5Nx. ~GY[Ve`%#xչdWk5B{ bWS_̰WihhK_%fyݝ$kT'spq 0?v x\% gUFODXiV4n{tSH9O=Vg$( _6y#*C,zdE[3 &h+*PMX 0 MȂ]8QNUa M+V*2RҵhLeZiZVVUZm8/- MNVVr(2hWVеM~VV=-#:LD^YA{nƲFXWxi5͠2Y1=״($&UWF* ,𹉀$r{8`b)OIGu/fyeC#[9G4"3]^ӵ1~ZkTS,CWN.G 9H;$t{bN88=MsZ#،[j׭g//|#`Yry{Khպ. e#{*h;tHGpHmf` Fp+cOͼAd7NE')$Z3#Ej'oU @-Z<[g L-Qa^;2.t xNW8>MNa`TSh.[h$9[}2-ntetTJYqڸQ].?VIxݤA"Nj_r`voyEDG8ӜjwҳaVSG[\2k.< tK5ԁsM5b,qSlg<4_+W̲ޒ_ӚXᇲ1+ ̨YP>[->yc&s[ڽCfk΄Z-X/cU&2PgJ75_3.rFr}*yfW1s+K9)6)<G{lwrBZկm3WnbB(#?&+@eQxA+ZmCAb='!J8+̟Rc{ }do=-vj7{b3zW?jgkyG! 0}}K05aGzb ` %sFA04tcuBLȄE FP YeX2#&S HdQ3j,VCTGӱRƴ-D#^*kb-Y+tcJPR)Z$CeRµh0;ʥijJaZV JՂҴ;+R+ RNV_w`iFD$.Mj(_ OJ-6t"2Ňҧ] |g4 <9jSEsB- Pn23?Z̹OAHwH.㌞6쫭O\M<|Vu:M.I"; (r{Vs՝! Ԛ̸bӿ=;,9lT凯Z}KrBܭx %boE6+uFICJ~5bث 7MY.h&[x Z:SqLj@@T9@syz͋Ҩ?{5;x}\?7^hs#m^>]NAs]pV .\VEL7ش: S-hA2ԂZPOSQi2Tj50'մU#IѨ[A[1鸏W,8Mػa|t)Hʉp[5'jx*3iث4KU9WmmK5t¾Ҭ h9IT+]7 7Qyo'銶CdO)ƒXV­\eJmO% iѴ0tB?_8?xZ]*(,IqS%8#5t{] BJXm(OҾqؚlV1{f+֋tm3+HXLלD9>qrˏR=] .6﩯H <;|A6P|ʍMwZ:\e$zDcQ\5{k5*[uV}Os hqV,,a2x#ۭp^VEi&V `t'^a'%x!gqs=#FI#ۜ~β]m W4˓YSH+zۦG?CE֠`%Վs-Џʯ|9uͣWE)LT=[(i(`T@^=?Kt~`*Xד"r3W,I#&m$٪D=wLm?im-SgtQW6VǍwA+\'=lt)M"#?[REI0SiY-)ڲp4L jxҬ8BҭF:j T)S+V%RZV1ij-0JiZVV\/42w+bsh_׵Gahk _?}+2Rc4Q1&O,me܀a+vDVksnfd9ݎ}B)5B?%>D!4 lz*GofTS0Gr|J%?ʥj aQJÚ䷑`i!^df4ڪQ/d֢&XX:5KtBQ`"¬laE¢#Di}kty?^&Ǔ^|=hb^o>ݷݬmKխj~Q:SJzV)JPRD *ԫQ-J2UUʚyzJS5m PIWä2& DJ 96_슷uJ>V2^֥u缋5tah$dy6@>"fŃ}G2|0h_3% _p+|Y'*_A)D%Vʡ[A]Iq[RĻm? gXHƒnnnٕZ { xRvFgm^ t: /j􈭄0Xלx5M7WЂ#@~V./5\rk*2sYti]CG'_"Bc*F8dxSUaOᵐxO Lҡ3a*7OUwX r)Č^W?JDQ%|tv6j\ǂ^F)lMw⭾LL 05EIc* /@R*b\bU)8Q`(jƑwF3?5+ܱ7]hdrҬW1tKkPmU7"F-ի|4kʯb :ޟ;;tXv"kb[{0桿?}+<}Jv2mr?V{= :=} 0iأ)sS8ùL@ڭQEa<%KF(␊)M""E12vR Ղ)h jlRHdU{f=ҮQM# I=On2Ldc"q}/' 1'5шZ_|#Tr, <8zC:%5V_ }ֺ_.F>dx%N{ltϕ{tP?UeԜ9+ X \nPo&L0"4/݆"?!\!*gaJ^CM-&S$Gmz{jݥG}Ɔڳh[rjV!F+dCX>.m+1bvU8W=-w3V+򊤉*LqJ4#aN¢q!UiVbLfP(}ZM[\R~9/9*t `O!jв9~wܮ l=iکEP{ ]CVTԫPJ*ԋQ-JB%Zj%R1ZUVO\HeZ2~'8EҽƝJE\~!jsi(Z+ʌd$5 Op+6P{W$ܡG#] o 0Tʯ.S>z>1: nBz׳Yz`H %m` 8Ik] ;kGALnQwny͓P4KcL)\lO(Br:}s[I%8DURI?-yWMEu;pK%I9/5 Yd ն.z ii 4\B O`6$О Hzx_ *D*WGҼǃ5UĎm`kaW:Q2s9 WeۤYbVnki6zDʡ'J jTآ6\r}a7ҹY\LO 7ܟλkAqӧ?޹Z [SQN )P0MD =@QLijցg<ԁ7IP;(*bT*ۙ3ֵ!b^]V~[=ȋՎ* NF+zɿ3 M\@}͂{m|,A;A ӽš顥{iZаhm!I@ IKE0 iRbciSI7m0HRHE""yPDSHH"L""E aQژFi 9*WXՕ*4/I$gFDu ?L~d1AH?tqꞪJ+٥:nrmmK"89A'9%cUSnF⻏*vW<"6(ZƲ_<Ԛ;+=ZSPH~v` ܹێk!]-]FsIA8Hb)(rӗ `s~;] CkA^o?ֽ tL7<\Mt3/\xHsn?Q[vk3_XxnºqHʡn2A9=jJGJo}fwmlc]n>FW)vq YU\wb4YLvϭzE/)]J:["ЧcAJ*SMm4O֤j!-CUZj.;4oa昞;afojښ234"D1l&{ ɤ-c ?(fcn7m*8X;S5bYӌ3^ѣoVlGv(4 Jԡ@HM%)I 0 ))h%S Q(BRZC@ "E<ԺUڅ $־cXc8>Wd;]]Ɩ(#{m q^aɫ“N2=G 1^+2RWG(ŠLKT@)G9 `>ziS^]BCA+dq^WVң%bP#(^y#{ W 7VxkrUk_~-y{XCjZ 9w6R l-5?r_J",`+maE`ceΪ]0ډ=CWfSڥ!ONV]ĠHCw.y;t$)8IO`1ҶEc)ŐI;mc m'xE>Ury4=$ bW5{2nt{?Џ +0,k5B6F}A~ an?S[S~:H D^j>x&&w\њ=JZu}iu4(HhO"hCKE0 0@12*F0j hneR@U-NQ 7EBO@|3ur])21WcgظAs Ko xTGQںvqSJ{SA%9, 41n$Etgb`XEd"#n|Խ鰌 ƻhZp֫%}Yh!M҉ɂO[iUvS1^i[ 'Q֦6=ΔTP𤰺r=5 5D9O5i~aM ď?νH}+>%G:~Q"Gr W???ZݙE`Nx~)w#h<+L(HBG"cf7oyltk9]YzYT\zM] ڄöAB+K㏔RIU7 ޢ{aO| ng4TgC6ΟTBg0DIfZD7,彅cN~cV>Ʒ5 WZ#<۳. 8Q+ys]ܵr>T6r7)(-U(E+(͔v S-@:"tVdV ԪjR"t52:(<֢x4L*Ԫi&4jYV?5][7OUo#^fd춪Y0}=2Kjr*lPq#ȥ ]]OP1n5f'rOsH ,g,;Ӑd}i (ځSqPHxrHz21=1u"Mo 7EñTlsOqҩFM&9'3x`uA~&vaok)dΧ%]ދP0aŐ]oZ{ŎVWTEc\=߉e`CpD¢M!4ch?W] У+ ^9'A\ߙ@p'Zܷ^ew`{a?ilzV9=e[x ?ħSGjW#;%+9M-6I#ERI'x?uۋ W= u=Z]n)'gF /F.$gR4b:"^XiϧIzWIB raЊðlT(_YI{8;>S]OVAYn3dS[j(s_aX^ԡ@HկW*[M T895$+oIpB"{W6"obvI㆛J NB보bSn=}kR}:J%„ =O /rQ1Tw^{) _*&PkZHby5][u C:+4YSW?δΐ^]UW swiẼ?_Q[,l2O_I_ ă*m]>i.-$X[H1Y~ "Kv8e<>U PhPn&h]ԛ-n 3I!|S3A>B+n}AލsGj n+T yMRysa8{cT1\HG8WPnqqωH[~D hoH»?NkVqVRXɪUIV<e MTV |\$H㴫*mF5{b0\47NVrjVp%_έnSCUq5DS:@ )&oIP 5,`gҪYIg[GXCUjXCVT5:hE52STje5YMJsHB& 5qK6]0PI -lj4)}0$[ H%*˞ǬC& r+ե"EIGO28 ߍCz%ҽjqo( Nsڼ [.PBݻ9 zw jf$ B}iA-p*FGA#}Dj}n I;־>q潻~3K}f.\"He HE ك{RP3\d׊K 8.>YnWVjZ/|AEYnGަk>/ .~UHsCB#-,4V$J X)7FU47v1}{?Vw[%ܑ$M( =I7VzV#h-X/h>BƟYk\ Nlv>kԴl<u˽"sum}om?,;.t]6[)!-wQJSu-pTGꦑcy. A*܀U\SQjtWie&[k$IUfA秥bthbkFje,7A=*gXu C$s]A5´ZZ}rRCF6ʷct뛋8hwT>-Դ%W0Oӣ:r@<X˸$NaIY0whi֪f]8Zy?ݍK(-bġGAZQ9Jd 1IݸꭳiS W5-GJRͼ6s?ZcG "`HdQq[d_Z~Bbq!*Q*A>I&FѾx ̖x8.d<.0G6罟m^#Z <_A]=tqB?)aTMk[hCHF:a§]E]2< \٤V?S_MT5EdzsP2T5s YOɀdE#֎xpAnE@=A1:>ًS Qәg7cnQ2{j]+WeS}zڑm\KQiqozBԄdEyjijcc5;zc971[NꈼN+V՜ţѮGz.A@wy9f?Jj%k͟*9pkmergKM''2m^ixpwp{9o1K}+叺\#Nk\6厅kQۊcƦOB/kl2jɏڬ"PWYRhTASV F= ]+5\? #dV\siFˊwab+VLV42K0'VˑY2B[gdw6tk' ^gi8?+jI7dVAOZ9hic) ztQԚ 8Fwc2M Dd^u4AUtW?šukHEM+} N2#cC2m*2@9?!\ T ඞe2S j&Zg荦'3EgE2MEV)TdEd۹74؏aSZxsLXW5s2=1X?dS Uc?& eyԴ {FXh`of VKq$--Q`^\"rwՋ-ֵ_.؉`d^Сmsˎ?Zm.ͧB 6~z.ѳͶuyNV3ujۋk\Y~Һ!dsRU%L,1ڡ@A<Wd\ `ScE^U8桍8xMmSV)~R9i8zV..mȽ_*#ǢMmɢkVk MbC60kV)wtGҡq+,f0oyۯD׭ﶜLf.P3T,KW##qI=Oۻ(v=j)F$J@"#g R1mcxS '.Qr)2;%pL_ %nYoG$$zJ@?xEa MeU恩۶ !d"@-"=LY8}޹}g' pD&N}QYt66W*ƣ6rAތy"λ+.2UGPjș")r)!Y$Ro`d=85trSTԬi\ZXѹw+4Cn43[=)i8i pzRoEFƕ;]>=='Plw-v86(n'EXO[X؞_ iл<|R7d~ti%ܾkV5BQmNz<:E%M+@kӄ07˂wcִ}f#lZU0ʤOd=7u}S]Vo&fՕd^2Xd޳cմR'~k;FҮ[1uH~f~U5^f&ԘъA&+24:S'if쁑Lf)Ai42J e‱U~G+)Qp*)֢ WJhjMUVR HqS!25Rm L!SUi2x54!2F5RjbjC9{@Kƙ}_2}}yͦ]$Gz3+վ:][ks4#}޹'!{&AHHv<9ԫҠsRoĹjct ;7a3əd'#IS/"mA{jp1Ҽ xG^cowbxJQkr: Mt 5VYu[W^Tp[wϩ<ĔSH"pO\Re9#Jsg80?H.r+Zp8~cM~6[V_]ˑZzO¦JRfɏketzQB_B? hom\et/nSl=E>f+{YgHְ1ŴAw?R>aXd|q5>eۄ{s54~qG0ʺ{5p ¯֗OO]svz'8՛x;o-#)R)hsM݊eXD^Q"yZS("LN DR2dSOg@V6] x3 ȭg :Wd.k&o0 &0e}00>ǭtXn$^} K:n,q*0R5+:Pa|-OVϜ%]daE F+dJENq|a,i4p94M8HdBszTj21L؊=sސ `O)Jj2h OW%HZ 5eѱSUYSUy Yk?5GQ"y5zaKSPK{ _%DWk~2f՚O&YXǩ'&Ǿ6@W OLw,AڡGc^Żi#aЫkJz14m8]A#v>TzFCwJO ={{R+᳊.oZc-˳{ݜR  #\į4rX|c{P=i/CWvUW]I9d1vyp1n9\݅~15Gf}XV/cֆYW)V'Srƶ4?;~0^2*1rvFDbIXѝ2Mz/7ѧ7.L}}_Fl`ɎdnXz΢JK_BLnysнix> е8]Q٬&]*ҊqԊ49 i0`kKH3^{Nڷ1lsWKksC i<Jw9:@%zey,XWm\$54EdP$02.{ S+8TF$8-MIΞ?xڢ8>#$u͍$$rqC&*Hg4݂yZ^XoA!cKa1Hю9Pn"m?/n2\2%qҠ˼ dyI6:C>g*J\.3ޤX7cHr#fR(`x<{YJX`() qrb6\XsR.Ҥd#YA8ךFPNgF:@D-`v!S튙H'O B'ЁIojw!x5 Ɏ1Uj> o=IfxCB$ =@4# '@L@ġt=8ɂMH 17j)$wc6zE\nS1rc֝NTvQNs:6ZV,+wcz=K^M񑷱PR( VK57ug=f]~cPMʱbQph]q>fQ,yT(I(ٮm.HejK{YuSVuƞe0:0Yd}x~>\:9B%:=ioxǥ2F&UU|G2 %>Lx`9}jA L.PHE2HRwS# #,@͇#*vPy=j)W< wŭf(NuvESaVI]SAk< `vI\VeηvMsnU!MZ'c.)jl+iU֑m*bغ_I@Bp:_Jɼ7eoF#Uee"/ᦝ{kB>r[#^Oe.JK65^[Vr \3+%LP~׬|5ҿ<#f$Mp>'[|fxO )'KlU9cJ*  %2A8#҇+⫪e_֬/*TvP2/5$mAg~kBsU-D0yqgn811,63a M*<B8YY@`iMqfpQGnn528mRm  6MqR=jrn%+ XݳjGJV4Uc6ޥ35"}M;RFr'Uw^(-W"EQ> SF{O5Eדc1Z(5FNsR98W[fḨ?:FEJ?(֦ۙ>rҕ!H݊iBJ `Eʞ2zNi4E% =ij u4` B#MqsRUr'$u60L 6ôn'se:U ۱.rjT]]J3j28H1jRF@HNNh69FaRxښ~IR)dSH2y٢DeVPq#;9QOP>UEQ=zhySHI43HJF/>lPF0M u֚2 g b 8`HXgRc#pQpjfw0'` y( Z7nq?E%EchzFaTd[\t"3, 42b3ڳ?^H 8Vn[*EHu%q';:R$TxOJ?f:Zyj.m4\,s3lg_f*k}^E ?Gp *R[O&#'p*hvE/B'8ѓ GpDYM#ԟVn N +]"ʑZ PM %ת0X=)622H*6#I F9Nh,9)L J`7n"ǶjR;-Mv&}qj- a}}~O>QFw:Xml|'R};, w9rK H1VI}s!ANsTI%8Ǡ-ImFVpvE_Ԭ-Ḏ <âIE: 5ldk;.'t6q6FSok;X5 LY59IxuW5(>{sM!s ȧ kr{0ˑP<|WaO ˧52Ŀ+e#l3)IVdNT%HdgҬm8he#\td\ڱSN.2#Nc5^Uc] 5F}D_m5Q'jcORuܷ  &XBq[ZICҁ isځژoK[oO|%m㍨\6} SFd mz#p~AkE-c)s0k_]=Ua3ې{Gj,6'Uu'ݙ-~E;Dƾү`t/-]dUʰgׯ|udӭbFkԚK#p^xWMtV/%~QOEic|۞Har.B;ԑ`r jTP+1b;֠9lfpHHdbCPɒsQsPJNGfҙ aU`rnHL0AClc-̬QbFX\n4q7,9$68 >:T,2iH3RY\?ڬsRj G>",p,VT32Xye9 x"۲5 ̃g_Jo^9R:Q7q;~5)N@ڀ'm_i]y==jVOh >cOS#nq9\0zgn:StՋڀP3K9iU"#*2. !8zx{RsQ $`U03ۭX'xQE>XZp:"O#:UKɐ`pA%$_s:,{.LP#er # /N3Ym-yX)Qg5=W Y8`G P1S4G#mvlǽSRFl{8'O5cZ(t 0"L)E<֣0^~YUFБHǚwm&$J. ixLb(Rg#jF`rhdc֣PX8<ӳIMYx5BOƇ-N kj2xd(G5r{WAz>cʉcY.}~TՄks*nIbUY\q&T'G,}Yw9dX6(~\dwRduL9\u=sIl[9{ 1HzQKtR~"YZ0 pH m)J+!C0?jH3b=71&ñA9?ΦSS[nU,m>K{@@@hIFQ'{63@18\ui8YN0? [HF\K4 $*pRzg֥H.玣lC6,gW,[O_1WihďNXug`np}'' +HDh%/R0MΟ2'K(epq@K;*Lp9=;әWil#*X֒'Yc *z@VP8w >P˰*F;NI4@S#ny,Q_L^M1 f t-3Z5J#)Gv;S$݃pސ%ңO-@9 Q,Hc6LS =Kri8hBzW`:M`*@#ۊւ(Q`E6P* ⩁k[>e<0CgV\ rWj3p* rm=kSú滨B8}Mj+W~& g2G{עz'g0; i Ǝg;w>ׄFnuKθ`[P:(?ZumZ{Ëf^Wym>{eTRReIXXFyHf<$yi[)^ .t:vǪxrk9@Aoª(C#l_Z{u #4Ȏ228&I %%~8i.i cq&d;í:DO7wpʻpHaSTD7oq¦CJ~on*X*.jW]JGgd"b#{`1l@trqX ҚчB2)C5I Af~}*h"(TQ.#0!y_όF,J過jGeEMyȪe8r6G"aUi:HƚH b ?AZG)˾61%F3ך_(>Ig +1:W<7apC+e2;J`f1)1#4j~Js+9s*?Ƥ:1#.j'v0O\S\?M9>08ßZRg PC4S\6Ӵ)oƌ(,Bn*O ǸLu*Gyؕ?Κ##̸z`1@WVE,Jn)#oW9۷?3@!OYDŽ?U¤ 29ZF+fĄ(*O%Kg'@1Ҕ8#mҁ)ҮB㞸9'pǦ)2ɒ*.f0Kczt~{_Pô:&BF 7 r>!?. )mˑj'98@ qP)g6T0ѐGJlxd`9Sɸ1h9}*l׭E"#0:!FyQu0֛$OUEtςa=YdmhぜV]sB+eUOjͭr a\'R{R_*f * y% P10Jϵ19Q"mۺ,rp{f wDG }1Nn Q#bE@m#1 ү" 20Gc$g$Ug#ONJsqL!xB1>FOMKXc7LBVɴgxLG!R yۓ܌gMUwXGj;e.sOZOfElg#f;v'Qc5H$N$Crm|claG ?yW$O,AvaWjvaqk/߆C>8`#Ax5]T 8Oa s]|0 {j77G5[&%ä."yR3s]7=VO =i;Rݐj)G-߅sԟα$>ŒdeZ…z7M^,)ʧ/'Vwf^Ě =V Ż~4M s9ʜ0Ez-d(0^Y9ß GNɏF[7y#xmCQ,wunMsSn+[YM\_AX']3Τ2vi+,h_4?$Q"&[q/i#tt3U 9U ;}k6ʱ*AKwІ~5 R:*Czܠb'$Lf[g~]PHM$X~ɴl*NvN3БndFݤ֜A<1H(._ 0-6!r u423ȧ㟗ccb({u? 39K1U˞ƀ?֐( qh F3L\=1YZya\v8fl\j0J(JB#㜒y #Khcw9 Cs$6+Is+7sޯyRWSQ\A E2l*'d1Kl^=)]]TmpGTk[#2 )a?RP:KrBd$`fL+89 Ð}i+vZV`:gmb TFX}II5UɕPF?:d74(Zd2nI L|q{/!Cާ>֑x)B :f1D@pwe\_$` 42a*L,.8ytԓzArta .Gl;>8R`FڣgSf-۱c?NuN=֚= 3Ğro<[ha=)K(&H1AUfAǧzQ"Ȍu43*ɹP{h`Ld}BE {C0-b @=$效L`;.cU+Uw dn*Ğ9`#v>̕nqVTmVP$oH-֡cTU'  ,7s0#w\'w1mj.{Ne J$$,r~;;]g/mӕR*s =1'TLR9žj2$f+0sdz_7(V9Eϥ50.~GTcr>b,#0cUYdM\~`3l*(b9G Rя2MFO?ΨEAh`W=NϥB r۔>nP6(0 sMUsOIXʜ# <梎6ي3Gl$ `/ϐ5n+t) ܒJj ʶw[Oj3N\@0 iDc(޻IC˴pVrHx^Yv,ly㚑I?.16J 3"<] `S@qߨqܗ8F+dU1¿d=֞Z8tVRx?\kܤo[-NO\ ^  CQ6K?,g5rr~׎k=,oc)+9lr zVho 6x*z1늡KdI > T t5̑!dѳgxX{A}?W4XK8Tm62̿(?_+:Im5$0/|:כ|O}WĶMXLA?#^u;sh0 .] k Rm?rKLUxQ-cF$Tc x843Kxf1hv緽LvHGJ`R{|$ "p'>;Ki62(O^*ڝR9ϸ1hئC`qiq ,~Po2EHݐu8T^BN7"7)?Csڀ/ S C gry*WI̪ n Myz*^ Kޙ*.Ss),>?XvU\29cVTNF{QPĬG8/?ƨnn]5-80ǭiB QR0 U{3[#sNy9%F7;W==e!>4H$]*NzY` FxQJa^GEPAcڟ;Te%Xؐϝy1ݽF@) #M>~}NirA<r>j;d^.Ly&HsVdS@ 'H )>R*(G/ÙA<l#5-ź+C>>EH,mf-dF);JZK`[h?1Cy9Ll!GLt@hDR@5n]/xioMȓ zzHu*{ˋ[KmdoeޘM(uC/"R;LXdu4b4g<ĩUAT5|*cc21 nF]Sj u, 4AOY5ڝ< p('4rw)#NHaI#F:s_<0E0,NXRwc>>m$T$I ) q1sެh/-wԞGZ)[:=EZ$܊j/S|mOZ25 y9ZaӪHd9S˗Eg[JǏZ t/Q)1kIq#(S*s TA侞 $̛z֤x"wHҁ9Qzf&cu#.If˜egL)AԷQ֧7$`"2]hz49HJ^r^*fm"XC&nv(Lmk?Ni qj\ҳ/2),̻¨^:Dc/oW "R5WNVhB>&ISX{DT#7gizI6|3Si SqđÌ\ '<2 *' QHB/8ޕ*us';`ኟsNP*dԀ~4qh#48/OLR8Hޘ *7R;0S,{\%7nF)."ă-DJ]\ƀgU>lͺuVic oWj< 7FASJp~\dϒ {Y##9n.h6VVYPk@/'r\T[{m6O 8T`^p3q#җO˒= ʘ%Gd !5啰9!Ay5 A+$G9Lg4*G;aH( cb+OB)UmNr*|tw2p?JczcZ+H8r"SRS$#(Ԣ { ʌHܱ*(\zGO_ f7 @V pwhZ |͎HS 0)$gb6|j EH K*'GZ9'# іGqu57p7f5r6ޙyiHQ-E!Ibm* p# TqMQ#jˊ6ֆ18OnJ.7S eA1RozU0?Lgڳ;{V8K~" c'8=;S m=F2!:VshqU/3B)y)P|I{󏗯DXp9t By5{sޢAЃހ"~Q7; A#$S`A0"L٣Y^.q h20@֭ҁDdcx?SԢfHޜ+SӀcpc2*Kn50lT-l~[OJbjJ\# 'iuzF"e!8 \SڇcS]H(q\F*`B'LTH'gȹ#LY4ݚʸBX "淋݂A{!1Gny) wh!MTcbOjhW$FT4E}zJ#k)OXFX)5 4n/CM ,Z &,cW%d-1|}qڢY$ ̤ ?QJ|G}}*:bRFDat .pr=#6g 3Xx+6 <:Tm*F@~O~`Re(>Ĉd7-'T^1%1Rn%|2;vi${I#c|q)NR Q"PwVvQ [ld0pGЊѬðVʶiS+RTT1rrG?!۠(QO$:YsJp{Ob0W#k!!P$ݹ{}*^@8St)*g;ySMA F% s c*P! [Adwn5& ̸Ҝ!mlw4L$ڪrF㧷Lʥ Bdb*+:0'\yfnB}=]Fg*5?ATt_L.V1ץ_B$甌AOt2;9$~xH "Uۅ*+tX\E*X"_FNQgp*ĶuQEi>֟=0m2̑wT(#n8=+:Ga#$޹2Y0iSx#!s}3Jqc \=FV#c`ЀmŜ34@U*'ҁ5R8 /VCc1p_hڤ81~})BK ,#l^ hC!G4[ڈaIAU Ohn 0Jp1TpO27 @T\~cI9LN ?w9؋ndHcT & ?J76xztds5E;`''=i mnLHT1e-ץW{EW$e]A } $Șȑ[r YBqpqKҕ6<"899j$i@Nf~lc>»gFq=Czm$%35 e=NA$QLZz+X`FtPBy#!_p `=:Uu#w%*+>ߓUdnύ3T4kY }۵Jw1U* ԥ$[ͦ &RU*gpܬ)z:L3]Xp $ fÌҘ Tn$ 8|l7jsg׏J}p~eϸ91BG"q@j)\*?Aypy\%"/pb#Y]6~C011(U'q2}!ic64z`@ |H nG'ajBq@3`T0!I T2<{HSیkXU RCRrj# D͏u,z 'P'X'{W;Yi"i88$OjUA5Zo)$݇sNH8DjNrMY%bmjvICvFM*G$ tQƇU_\!<<Ӄm_{ .To<(vi;6Wޭڹ1 HV!)p* w#;_ D}abN=EIls ShQEpF3ev8:Q{pZK si$R`C`v >H$\xpE\c|?r q1ʴi_I$ʸP LޤQ_Ao SwFD=OJi 2,=k>4DG\B?#^d; d׈fYev'SDdM$bM=d|^Yl[|#8NFkn.#BHU˻hS'5#`yg֠tȬ۽Hx[XўF895U 'p +5dY] W.!k9|I>mOLh">4 E16ՙ8ɑ1ҧ3f+ S֭"- ġPpqL0h;)7E12ݷ[0x@gr#d#q9CAGqjUQAa'8?9Bݷ4aMG6QicwTza$RQ?z@YyMs q^$vrJ΋PC&p5ܲ+$0})eC{̫80p{ld|($gisnya4)*p?~4khv0]ܻInAYrRёIOѰ'UȆAqOsy[y$=M6 Aɦ]] *ȑG<7MRI3ApIGu "9}6Gzb HdX^QpOhnyۓLQ9>ƥb8Z{< Vg"_*qR 'UU ŏcҀ&}) h$t{R>xqiHi$t XI/o5I_Њ!5k9MD-kƹ#f#w=qcvӁ9׎."gh2ܛ/p=1A8P?s-,Z;R7'*y!8SM1l/nA (W~~kys-GoB4l==א[= /Sn @%w4IlI+(mIk,stlƞ̍/P,o.>R5ˢG2r1۠!m|d֜$yW8`v>!p:Sr'ݑLX@ GR=V&Ta ry51~ϥEw:[~D849n95[YOނqE_beLE=C.cdrjv!Aj/}#9 #SaT>UBA0A븞JqzT)#ހ+:I4 >JmD~e=i1 ##\g"g{~21㊧wn]lNV+a*6uĖRb99~CSiխDNAB36$yvFIGgT)uOpA~u-IG +1,v>r;-jdO˂#>lvBx }!>rHAxiH3HeNE9FHg4 #>*)%UskG w^ƪhE\c*G P桍;Y!@\E"m8̸ݐČ䜐H 0rUFE{G.8! c!<Jk(.$F+KH[[ E䃆JNGLTKb}i~b91\@i )g axɉWGz xZ;B\O >M{hк_IO,{qڼ"rFcԜL&k<.Ҳ1PyAoM-ᱞ |sT-IAR(j0YkpD[QbqRQ2ϧZBϨ$bW\ .7rI9R(z `0)l`au 屒c4aߴ=EN) Z2z׷F XFz"ZRy2{:my`rpΠ`;(?\*՜"H Jl\=*OIwmG-LPg9T @G 2J$ui12?jDQrG*0?_I&X82?>ߎ),\w(˹VfˌRsQ+ T#iirG~LwR+-岶ӞjpPjt)粰43$1X\wЀ-@jxcE 09n3K9< B.p}d~VܧҐUtSJdcH ̚I$}~ҭ94+ M2Pv-,(cY4{d=6Є%c:MW'%RNS0;G8EGU$)@< (%wt>3c z9P1rbin$fʝ>_.t2uzB$9%n™9 }2xJ]gOVpF:ERn'&2v{i&5ꌠEfiQ2DaFT}8Ys(ZJJ9&(ƅU-X3 <"ڽ>QK'h9$󁃊(}f<`A=J7R 6kt/qWkc#?Z ǭTtXdNOTu+Fh-9^$3GJ H7_Š*$-;PO2#Huʍh e=QXADgM"󑞧t`KDNY'?Q})yt۞Ld S$lX'Eg%q>e9E4 yq QEʖwyiČIv9bo ZEN蕾QSg]0wC dk ktrT`E#YGF c)`J(z0QLEr ($9P!šG4QLD.Vkɽ'(kc
Warning: fopen(https://newsweekme.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/2016-09-16T041706Z_667719125_S1BEUBOINQAA_RTRMADP_3_CUBA-MEDIA-780x439.jpg): failed to open stream: HTTP wrapper does not support writeable connections in /home/newsweekme/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-image-editor.php on line 428

Robin Pedraja, 29, editor of the digital magazine Vistar, speaks during an interview at its studio in Havana, Cuba, August 11, 2016. Picture taken August 11, 2016. REUTERS/Alexandre Meneghini

By Sarah Marsh

HAVANA, Sept 16 – A handful of independent, web-based news outlets in Cuba are chipping away at the Communist-run island’s half-century state media monopoly, challenging the official version of reality.

While low levels of internet access across the Caribbean island limits the outlets’ domestic reach and they are not fully free to speak their mind, they are opening up the range of voices and sparking a debate about the role of the media in the one-party state.

“State media talks about things no one cares about and hides the truth,” said Abraham Jimenez, 27, who co-launched the online, long-form magazine “El Estornudo” (The Sneeze) in March with a group of friends.

“The Sneeze was something of a reaction to this context. We want to tell the truth.”

While the Cuban constitution forbids privately-owned mass media and there are no independent newspaper printing presses in the country, web-based outlets have so far been tolerated as long as they are not “counter-revolutionary”, a nebulous term generally used against those the government accuses of trying to undermine it.

President Raul Castro’s government blocks internet access to dissident media, such as the country’s most famous blogger Yoani Sanchez, as well as stridently anti-Castro, Miami-based outlets.

The new outlets, mainly run by millennials, have distanced themselves from dissident groups. Although they are often are highly critical of government policy and describe in detail everyday hardships, they are not calling for an end to Cuba’s socialist project.

Jimenez says his grandfather worked as a guard for revolutionary icon Ernesto “Che” Guevara. He does not consider himself a dissident and says his criticism is not to achieve political goals, but to present a realistic and balanced view of Cuba.

“If you never talk about a country’s good things, that’s also not journalism,” he said.

The new openness is emblematic of a wider, albeit cautious, reform program under Raul Castro, who has allowed Cubans to purchase cellphones and laptops, installed 200 Wi-Fi hotspots across the country and even fostered a small private sector.

For some, the mere fact a debate about the role of the media is taking place is a sea change.

“In the Cuba I grew up in, that debate would never have existed,” said Hugo Cancio, founder of media platform OnCuba who says he moved to the United States 35 years ago after being expelled from school for making a joke about revolutionary leader Fidel Castro.

The new tolerance may not last. The Communist Party newspaper Granma has published a series of increasingly angry attacks calling for restrictions on the new competitors, who have lured away some of its journalists by offering higher salaries and more freedom.

The critics link the new media to U.S. government financed outlets such as Miami-based opposition Radio Marti and Television Marti that seek to undermine the Cuban government.

“Cuban institutions have a legitimate right to adopt required measures in the face of tendentious journalism,” the paper’s Iroel Sanchez wrote on Wednesday in a column. Sanchez called the new outlets “Trojan horses” set on attacking Cuba’s existing journalists and creating a “media aristocracy.”

The new media mavens, like the rest of Cuba’s entrepreneurs, already face tough challenges. For one, most cannot get government accreditation as journalists. Financing and logistics are also tricky.

Insiders at OnCuba, which overlooks Havana’s sweeping seafront and by describing itself as foreign media has become the only one of the new media crop to win official accreditation, say it has softened its editorial line recently in order to keep its permit.

Cuba remains one of the world’s least connected countries. Fewer than 5 percent of homes are estimated to have internet and access at Wi-Fi hotspots around town costs $2 per hour – a hefty sum in a country where state wages average $25 per month.

“We used to leave the office, go to a park to connect and then return,” said Robin Pedraja, 29, editor of Vistar, a digital magazine about youth culture, speaking moments before a photoshoot with an up-and-coming Cuban singer at its airy office, decorated with contemporary Cuban art and enjoying a fine views of Havana.

“Now we have a system that grabs the signal in a park and brings it to the office, although we are still paying. It’s a bit expensive but better than what we did before.”

Vistar is a glossy magazine also popular abroad – each edition is downloaded on average 50,000 times – and says it earns revenue from advertising, including Mexico’s Sol beer and Silver Airways, which serves Florida, the Bahamas and now Cuba.

Other more news-focused outlets have a smaller circulation and are cash poor. Collaborators for “The Sneeze” work for free from home, fitting it in around their day jobs. The paper says it rejected an offer of hefty funding from a U.S.-based foundation.

Another publication, “Periodismo de Barrio” (Neighborhood Journalism), run by Harvard-educated 30-year old Elaine Diaz, states in its ethical code that it will not accept financing from anyone that may have been involved in “actions to destabilize Cuba”.

Most of the owners of smaller outlets say they finance them with money from other jobs or savings, and avoid foreign funding that could compromise their integrity.

WEAPONS OF COMMUNICATION

The emergence of alternative outlets has added to fuel to a smoldering debate between reformists and conservatives in the heart of Cuba’s communist system about the pace of economic and social change necessary for the system to survive.

Castro himself lambasted state-run media five years ago, complaining it was often “boring, improvised and superficial”.

“We need to leave behind the habit of triumphalism, stridency and formalism in broaching the topic of national news,” he said at the 2011 Communist Party Congress.

In a sign of the internal debate this has caused, Granma’s deputy editor, Karina Marron, made a closed-door speech in June saying nobody chose journalism to write propaganda and calling for reform. The speech was leaked on the blog of a state media journalist and went viral. The reporter was later fired.

Meanwhile, on Granma’s pages, Sanchez and others routinely attack the new outlets, which have a growing social media presence.

OnCuba, which also targets U.S. readers, has 259,616 likes on Facebook, Vistar has 15,776, and younger and more news-based outlets like The Sneeze and Neighborhood Journalism have several thousand each.

For the time being, television remains most Cubans’ main source of news, given that internet is still a luxury. Cubans tune in to the thrice-daily state news programmes or to foreign satellite programs pirated from the United States.

As such, the new outlets are finding ways to reach their audience without the internet. Each edition of Vistar for example goes out as a PDF on El Paquete, a package of media distributed by USB sticks across the country.

“It won’t be like the Berlin Wall coming down all at once and drastically changing perceptions,” said Michaelanne Dye, a researcher who co-authored a study on internet usage in Cuba.

“Rather, through slowly increasing internet access, new, unofficial media sources, and an opening economy, pieces of the “wall” are being chipped away, bit by bit.”

Social Streams

Comments

comments

Facebook Comments

Post a comment