New York Judge Backs Apple in Encryption Fight With Government

JFIF;CREATOR: gd-jpeg v1.0 (using IJG JPEG v62), quality = 80 C   %# , #&')*)-0-(0%()(C   ((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((( " }!1AQa"q2#BR$3br %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz w!1AQaq"2B #3Rbr $4%&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz ?A5ZD"ިHɻ^ rk8S\5,g,k{T\9 ()i(RQ@Ĥ4C@ښE<֖yBi ΍G:U=#~|{ֆ\Yء,ǓGLtk飰ўF뎊=M{$Ϲ#%TT ; !9qҵYAc %U k'U%zQ<& Q(*' eJU⼳!nkH w5]Q ZjʿjUԲ=UI_+sA\ k*Զ2 4jkk*\RY3u4ֳneaYfz4yT`XM5sr=i5ys涄nfaY5q6I<'4ȮF2j9ڠcZ6j64LAJ))E'`(S8#\cБ:H)Ҟ(549?DJj[vF(\>|n4J Hj皙)Xwv1M^)Gփ.EUM&4+'##ҼǾ^KQtj[~0jqwCiIj|mq>|c(pTקx_\[E-xucuf;>ּGG AѱⴔUHng}i(tU{TY_+\M 'y2zy[4'=j|w #x(sU|g cfrLpi'TiHk2lV$5{.r)p*K/'s74κZ%rF\\ry Cs8n&'kͻ {qyk$Vf6偮E# JdjZ ̸کߚzjXUswz-6P[84s d5Bprk[>J]]8$rGEwv"Iz8"yOʎ~l)sɨi4v5%5Rºm$|=֝՞0ޓ}Iw4cj 7Hߥt B$tFdk;P@qTۆ&\>Rjiu yvnF_j6+mS#}z,Zcf W*"I\ ǷsONӠB(5^!*}@_3Ĩ*\1QjEAi#\#)]r)z0G=- A5QGsM)>J7R=?*/D=jʊρrjmh"u*x̓d v5^CI)Ng5:z՘dU 95GZ^Z.x-]CIe )'gpjxWT"R~Sk,.|ؔ\-'R  j"[tWC:sҶSEDXИVN)Td@"jˌIx7ży#[r+SE KIK@ )Np h x `4H”)-1S֮2YⓊcNSiܳZ%*j.9eKs-oՀҊenz)5cQw3PMAXEh:Tr\lg^Y+5jVA 8wVAȦ+SyhбMh] NNhܐ k"Qe OI5iZ[W+d>\r'8மy{; wG}֝uu=/Vvȡ`Aj݃~|DZLZ᮷q0?RgWӑ0DXKEtCov|cj`ͽϹ>?єE{BڠO*}Dy:6F?5@yj;S]F:Rs>TR?ۡƣqhDlcl8 WcFLzjEJ-qQ13ҒPjYe+RO5M1+NܮxR&;Rf!sFi)hɫpPSZ6?1ϥ0-(9 7+MoDFCOj)ǭ+b(ԐM}AHWPs}O5σ?|AcR~4Q ³Ў)IVJҘbU>TYNa)^*D#q.~TS@ьJpZhƫsSQS=i\M7gBA0#4DޔM@S4̇6M@)n* \w""8s#]PbΡy8'Gs.̜lm>=_H` *p} yd|#me*Ƽ5|R0Ӈ{~=z Jq\΁|&Sծ uKrK ?T96Z=Z 4޲.ZDg5 椾XWyJV,qj"wUA&MZsLe!V"8) kR!F-*%JS($oPG53 aYa *Z;sdx˛]|Nk`FqLg qbGjϖܮx{0seX921@{3gSҁQF@p hxS8P1E: -6ESAd)S֭vx&bN)ΞV)O[: eRRP]k)S-On+ˬVB9?Y閬h:V-Zj^YQɡH9l\ig>oLҾs^k+47 \]iN  9.A.oX⨂dV$+Cr)ٱ]6E4Mq1enjb\~t$.dzL F:-c8~us&ٲyD;V}b$!^-qiNv[tw"s$!獺Wv^L 3J$B*yڻV&t)]dO"Y ^mCi8C{kpASuTexZϖq<OjMJ,M'沯&o> €Ş%*{}5ZEjCk|u/hzt\eȫ"!d0aZBvљ=Q?6.<2)O}VX?>;T{i@XwԱqOV1gcB[Xv(Um_Zm 1RL]jփpW~weo p>) ˎBXjP2on+^+fiTd1YzK~ KmOZFe&8M)4✝ tt/c] Oӭ6ʠv\Ǖ5I>cקcAl־k&U)EqOv[̸UGҴvu^*lm\q)jU^)f)`1ef_JXez+D¬2,( *#h *VqR""aQDiRF€#4*Cңnh֚xM4iO0MaO>֥`#4O=ii) `;O9ȩS rJ5l*'bsۑU";WC,TH#**E2)iQ@ Hh C@8HhcG .5X ]5 NEtZ*[ 7#:s^/E|­>^%Y#zsEz5`hʷxc6y%•t8ewÐr+!l6 V}<8CO)Jj>sTд \Z1Ew0[c_ 84xSґ@5 RNl^eճ7CHc\_ݵxߋwc7xNj.g5 Ipxj*eG+(Z/>}.9~y~c_>~jЁf𽰷U@lL8XW7\RJNQ#kG?E8yPWOw'5}RJVw5NrEduzM2cak*6.yaj$]gʹ۽N$!8]P`2oEc[rD"MAǓԫh%uP%L.i\C`RKZ|z3h$e쯹dI+ $PzU]$N+Vf^ ܱQن]1 @iS5dVb+qM;)Oh%9çүLbPpN+ԭǥfdU{c!p ־@ׅ۬ऌ?Գ/"avgE'CMkWʊ`qX%!j[kBFod-|4!h-n}EImo=+B1oب`v[X"E wYZ)k#;a&D$6q2yt −팮vMuyB[EQ(X+\Ĭ1Z5؟-Ⳮ;- nȬ: ;0m*"F3t;$dWKehG5-P1ֵoj͛eEJ|.>ɫ1N$Y4DP K8ywmY$ڹc50c֒vG<ۖkZG-kOK!ĬSҴ"}LMg)yɮRR1k፫W,.᭵v$]FeZ)݈y}Q[ W6jz *ǰU2*& aQ0*&;T,eǥB@8XrsV3MYg;̵ _ XIVŷ-T t{挦aֽZ}M~eAþ4ÐAȂ u7:, ؆PPn-}rj3SHT&2)(MM4iN"*3R=iSM2bcV_Ixðkk<2AM6M2$CuEswFv*G&}@XBn BqtѺ;i/<spU*ib9VEfkDzԱj {=$2~UYXy_"dݝ]+^`P\8Y84˹SW6ErւBN+b;ۭJO(-Խ588Z5+v?J5k!ɮrL9U~/<)$F.OAoK[jdk2AcܧZF fFjignT˷3/)bydG@> )t9 aQsyKLmwV6S)Fi4m;mIW# :Wx_\kI-I4l +Ѩ[}ڞ~Zg#5mK9SԊI#%./*wHkgRM]E|ȹO_I)sH,WW UkM19#5R,ΘTM]XMqPH,%\,@wAF-da_GA*+u,BqR [B8`W}:RJ5*Ż<%ђMM9:WZ[ۈQfvC8-*6ǕZm*(. Nv9Z_:1鐞p0;sZQH !g*0ȧa\X^SRJдЦOUZE$KF|M+a"n6UX҆ق*yzu{m*b8ҢJs)sr?WIj׃ldEuыkxEIƘS|qR;儸e^s[ UIf'5LqV1Unu(x" fn-1ɩZ,2$ru> E,ʼI Ll*ՁPkxQ}WfR $]KW&iZox]*8rb'_Aڭݜs0.z3KFP#(0+uX{ Hhh=Q;3m">ળH>0IuTyׅe\xdRk0ء(u&e%GSuEqX9I(o!*>{<zqV-(}M.EQA?*js]DM>D/cLwe:9>Dzm5 φ |!V]ǃm\?o5^›|H'igp kA7g|2z@?Cu4i880?&o*Oڟ`X>P0ȧaRmPkIfk6u_ʟe!X`]'/{l“Z88Wxt[ -H}kRc+Ӽ6 6It~fH5itV}d.Q5ə֬^bjxxMeSR4! X>lҙ.ȬUtƩ>8$Tz=mcvG>}Lg{Ntdfiګ\r3tV@p+C(cJdYZ*̀*h$UEU<\8KhYDƕ$Z8*ޛዹ6܂%]ehqMmC"1svW_77e. UUrH@OGZg,ƍ֣Djmq)i(5>)RV6/a\\]6f؞+T(ɫL5 F+n7_E/NÁ%ēj ʖFYk>]>XcIant׳ưs^yHy$!ԵFU#NOZj1t]2puVzlVȡ$X֯Dqg%yibCnHQʲ!u7R[ˊ 7mwVԧf8jzwZ^Hɮ3-m;iO Akm_J/2:4;Kݖj$D|Yyqv+ih]KxR0=\c 7=Imˀn$6\ׇ{W>XsmKS@jA󏝶zP^61#Qjn &m{渭kLq&壌qOۅ&v!Xz2W2SVf&a]b^I} H]E \;ו[:MSOn/uGV{QhIzc Rq$xÊt%ֶuX 7xp`NV{i[Nغs>BY V|)\[ȭz1`6#3&Oi]].96-<p4KfFVhCpWaQ8_UD˚ӂ8G^Z\awu4n=Qy;Rw=#(M&iVDPI4=)dwӥ&> 4&=IML#`Sȫ OQJ{2z@ø4`f@ǚ6M=zPXCO⢓&< ۃҹF.xE05w6p3Saq0Vr-nIU%崜Ec\l`q|ڃʞ(mqv^wjKw'9#q>( R+t=(j$ )V-D-*NӸY&EARy\ ZiČ{Tm ˜e>i\OAG;u7ua|SSޣ3`qؔ{R}aLYUzq 6({ =ZQq)Ft=!fSŪ!SLdSLi,1Sҡ{T'qUW+ýіS/&psOTRA"WiCoEX8;^gۦ{5TgKqy(L=`j',޽{-4SQɳw Zc$zn@=*).1ךuS^hfj rV7Z&(ϗ\,uzݼk!˫ V<=}fr!>fuJQZӼ+8o*.k2hbHGk,[:k:5Hش5neukbX,p?zխ7&9'B#7 =km z!geUI8]kǚVZ;g7r3}ܭ*/Y:lj4% X95:uT(rߝbIkReYI-Yj?c?ʹ[ɧq$? 8y'QW7r@r{ z E}*7gVv Q&yCaAT:BVݹiX}N3T2i2H!r'M56$FSC i G q@K e5f3ln#sr?J1HW#Mw:YlvO$*t-6CfLO%armOH 7yaT8286mEmZkywE xp%ZZtW6ʚ}[ir%q$}\zSvB)q{nGV6 ČcUFBX1q|IQz}} >LvwBsQ*Qe* rk+Jԃߛ䶌"޺qo bXvJ} UU#=r9Ֆl ZdpAYI8iKb,x,jx9Keb/ F@y$x.!ijHcAb4#SH#.M,0>hqT75֐sӂdN M, i?QHh(oqQ4֓pj]E WޢS3RMdsM.Oҹ`~UXZ-䌊\g KYLwzt]RV'f2 }k)Db#$):nL>)|ʣ-(Q?;imf7ީ1rQ5g yNcGΤ3U6Nb際֩(1KR#iYǭ+io3Up1֚#֪K3I$=j)n*W!zoz37mg g޴R&ƿqY&ޣkCkϽFnz3֘.~n.f2\eZ5=iX[\pia`'Vr&JJ5 _Z祽F5zRH#Ms^3Ҹv CZzzrB3M`3gA5ڨ5uy'c_CkG]t9ڸ0X6RHzqs=+kGsQJi(ƜntėmѾf>ջob]ЋH=r;f=д_Zr_ISA?ucrˬͪ'%ĒJ<9Qe:VXb QZ׶9Z*hw`l4E=IX)ڼBO9J)v;-n펵 e4]6mG~l硡r?0~=kZ;pv_OGpO,Gg=ɡ0DP[Ǝv4vZd ~ZEL{z'ԯVؾo"'#n=R$#{DG _jgE[GhVnfYes¨[VZQ;5kq 4-dKp?b55UWS3i6&>ljO8?檹*_f[c6)!H\i ZA쪼摤P0TlAА6I$A~3})wrZq~AշO0}j&xs(HOd?:PN)HFԀAV hޘUKOiZ̒n:SNKzכ[Pyjl7yZ'd[֘n1Rinަ[/Z$5pvbjzo랖fcIu5r6:x YTk>[ֱ/6zt*\PF8xCxǭEq*ƤHl Mtۏ5UּG.kK_k;v(DqT3.[JT W_M*8xi +mhSdW[hKks7F7)SwhSX[kHc[tk4}Zk(3(-i B8nT⬐TZ&.$rGjƖv2CPH%o*:]kML?hWyF#sÁXmB c&~ pҹ`#i~Dx]Zd1ؑ? ?:kiB`z<֡} S'ւաu&DwO֡`イͦ-Yi2ҁiBJ~Oy$Ӹ 'G@ joS?Z{֙N(c#cUj̎x0;SaX=jw3YWS2Pkݧ^J=VnUUuV"#6tޥ[zD z>=ki~=jc^}ޏ{kBi27~=i>3ֹ}AHo=9^ uGb8TC[eb{U O pKvWnީ8$U|8hɣ7^q$67r*?RUؔޣxCxd=ji&BzM\^1ha̎5V[\j}3r9|ΎBݎ#Yn*܍5\ti ~&ygcTTJsCYj&ZNy5spDS$O,\5ZW3s\Fq~tQVvERsE%s @$)( VVNjUwOGio$^nԮm ftTJc*0FmÇItiV,gVɒ; RRR(uv:ЕÑzyX_Ȅam"a~4swA4C=?Kw@MB-N+'=&G ']ԶfC_#")Q(=9& $nb{|e4^41 3y'V4 Ҵ=C70?]ȱab|BI\en=[=1m:̩tZ6Wo?]LHYnEIML0*I%b~X>'7ou;-FyE o+K\y˚#Q1ME.o幂8a>7ۤff'5{l`G{6yH1tjK-F#c֛VZ(Kw m99ocJi[*H>A2ob0'Ҭ,SE &x՘1P=nHbaE&]sњ[ss*}~eORkW N◜LASY[c`4qր(cesw~T[I$`iqښp5N1 ?ΡyrHv>X[5?j(RC&+ B{+spX'l4SiQլF $:Ͷ񐼊[,D+u{]2,Պ4lr? 5{"8k-GKGpqUl'\*eyK:V U\ՎOߔѵ9c? HYXO qN/@-sNYq4^&OM6nGj;<GZi_7`^uF"E*{w[EgԏQ'P~4gIS|H{rs2iJeɭ) tءJ yB*)էG *i(#Jҟ$PsēMLPEak K jEt.3}Oo2`환uoڈY5aU#n 5%1d SքH;1+BH,N*"c 42m Ԩ:.{ lbF <9 !\(ɪWS!$kA"\_SÖ hi_@5-I䚣=$#'QukW:zՔ*3g~urK?W+ +eh+͙Uf$cFcn)WV EeAQ\i.*,V1oYiZ_╾_qY)1Iȁ}89%-ٴcIi~T g?VS\Iؖ=Ebfy@(hўs9Keu*$(We>Fm=9֩n=*Q]4c̚{ݩS[x &>f\i9>^A֞=t)U]FHV,})?:ndAgtz⻛r1!޺7W 5IJ z׏Ev][v-73Aa/#Р5y]Y%{ֽ~5ͬk4c+on7ܑLn=xMTWPvGNԭ~\= "JЊ6 =hH>in~Ȱ684&G[]Ó(U*JsemҤzfbxzid9OL^N7sOu}DE[N9ss?:~5}4 'd$xZˇJ4-u??c-՛y3[O0{ EtnFF|ƨO[BIΔQ֝4 cc\KG0w*+ɮ̌qAU/CԜ-  +Hˣ%.1 \i'= M4i!>\q@e$eU/tctgTH&IOd´`S&dL'n=JICm[Q QT|9ys.X~\\tzo?jJo O1]O y,c+ȍɽ}ܫxrIٵVn=0+εm:;ا\a潧4K[ b]mVUliA ׮͸fZIVf>ldfϖN? -/Q%#Қ9󌕧}[uOvwҠ.I]gm4j+x5H(m -NDjfڠu{I+>[`3]4Tjjml^E,9cPg;Њ0jBf yfukȖ(_zl+|PB-Ϡ~X+>"{#+Xos9T\gf~S7zhi,q] [cwd:0ujH1D nidKJzWI>´ 8㰨c.Dc8uw9QۃUS+2 Fj{eEܑgtipU)c94)MCsbsT*\X2DG)y!]o̴ef<aZ/6)5U`~mWancSV2Z;^$Z 7lV|S&YVUޕJTJQ4!e kXSBFǽq4wݜ`۱xef!ѹu RǘC+ơl\\$ݔkk62*ԥ--Ϣ+x+ ;#tirkNiZٶ۵xΝb+e#޺_b;Inj-w{Z6cK$ ?!ƴ-wD;|kM6Mdݔu61le]G=`8?W): VrBT5zaH;t5h^4fUad Њ/phZqI@9SMuڀq]F;:;u6D޹n3G4Gib08x[ջ_*B(珵5H.z|ͫ R6 |Gmks Z*͝NZZdnVuiDK/Z~+]E=Gz|;ӝe&^wm۱J7:/> t;Y/u+(%b2O%?6 :Ν x,7[]N:#dƲRG0$#* EBD>yosUWZBH\K_ƯhOI"MoBRε-H`S 5i ^+w%FoZ^۪#24DrZ'Ct$N8+;.dܚ|[ G=|a,6 }ik#_8x=ګ7S5vvF;AvА"P` VSfIhz[51UV=375Z'@A6LUw R(ZSyUvzl:C%!ӰXޡg6zb&wfXh8}6[%9f5ZpZE-\ ?"cHR)60IHi OS""Ԕ#5f5e jhK´mvLPuf ݜV-^Y  j~lXMGH9/ iA?}‘bGH6@#:$ r15P$ncV5PIozs6ҸX˸;w9͒NH#}*&+P~4*&DP:W,W`jGf9+¦֕[vK8㧹X)$*5AM#8R9^[27*+>[o,cnIH csY:q+^ ֯qFXWHYkQMEq,I4+BoԴcXBDڵNX-Kqo< hi&N> IӚZF 1G}U_*3InRW9yî9w {^ 6ӴVɸ U[= _'Ϗ*qJUctԪrMSJ[Xqkm_iHS͕!E6Dm%.uyOY{>LmbQ50Jb&NFkJAյ6 ;}u"!jTOu[:MEo'DY,`ƻ ;u `Iݟk~K%hI;z6r냸GkYg[j˽O, b/{e?0ȫQHMeԕݯ9#'Qghڪ unk|U5 >b4ߌcpG?|[4傹}'s4!擛e(nrȖb9$<*H7|7~"kS^w26st-qu55TuޛzY>kʱh8{XTeH܊v&]&zMNl.Դ+fDǚu&?:,)ݹۓHzӳ\ bdLhj07CEINĐ*+UuW` 8A9TIu,~aXuf_4x޻I$yӬչXqY#e'ސ.j@V%@J*aiiE(R@H)rE M86)XVf2x/4*zԃ3ɐ*c5U ȫQRImAZOQZ:c"i\2V<`qW,$@njdJI͓<'i3LbsښBltWҡ{!P2}M/} [}>U\rYM>pML \ӰJ*m ~V&?5MkvS1F S|9Cg [4ҼqN 4sΒ<]Z i45#e\gne@k>J1S{Ie/*`h uSRcJmr)d԰ߺ85j(Z*'u8[˦0kNu9J}ޭI=qks=m>iea_:Y·t2+E;5/#iqm}+t;Wn|Qk odeՊ18{N.:ROD+O:~u^j{ˏ.3 p?\ ʗS:}ܓ&39S6.5x쵍~jZ}p%"%N%FFST7##ZBC驾+0Mr?RNl]Zcһ]?GlTUB؜"ܝ}+lz D"AFj=TNYb:25;F=Z]SLUϠnH?01d-8Qͫ5<5emjp0?m05;7U3F\}Md!N~I#j5oK9;?'4sF V4ӓrWl世cj-+7br**RFr]<5eMZ*D:qg3穭 ]i ՛Q!F]7+U42tCBb+ŒFW.:X&xO$֊Fn=ϣ4$`~ZjW@ۓ_1묄dIxH:S'RhVXXcqKM0VzK=r$+(h_C) 2gJִuI|naA{er,%*dK\{[>e ٷ"$WcY'Iv[a$q"vvqժW6vkUd 20A:;{E!g5ߌָ}S_y!ޟ:[/sZ8pG혪V!`tTM,i#5^Ks ,dT3J:\ðSHgHwHs t֙=iCTI0Rg4Eq@鎃)sKW6xiդE4 i7;Vd=+hi Ԙ9 ,xjL v@8J+U)fpx,[=)FqؑfMuYڪdj[&fi:W Đ+O !_ ;渫 V{:ZƢ26eiε9栓Sw `wH:br䟭s,w4k#jt[&&ԤI%hAaȭm@< 4.4˂ù^AW3f)qZ mg JHw3U-0:Ud&hVtB=@֝ŏS@?|`$&p>"Ԧ ڨǮ޵uwkkvFN ƘE!qHyg2iDY2Ar'S*liNF!vFBb`TQ7IjSb޵ǥVy95 zSB,<5 IUMNHeG;1J&j!%ũ8mӵv> 6Ҹtkq_A(&h QJ-(4 q4 Z)E%( Zniₐ i@j5c*14}D?pQ"je@'a9r"z8qN(@) IǹOZR vۊMLCvN$=E4R)EPq҅K@ԏ&;X43H OU9AֻGnю;ϩ+:ꤋ"Ik,>c{&h<žgOUauqOE$ROJzJ-?ph v)$R(5<Ӏ`i m=jӶӑjC.!Kw;.ORn74atK֊h;J@8 P3IpeғMHa0Ʒ4Li޳4czӰN:AEL.+QQRg#Gj"y3-WTd9F%ϔk}@V3MtSل筑jKnr{3Ekw4RfE&E-6v(Em2)iB8 \S4 zjA'"5"42CJ,VD8%HbS"~4՘e:%2*-F*n;"KVP qS!5rYeELfqVcLl8pOJWhdR⟃@0`R*@<)wJ@4➼P-FӂJ)QpP)E< w N)I=QJAҐq٠zS/CUa\ZRnpaIDӗ*t S֜dC, 2X*Ҫ{й汮g3/\^* WpYgfnv7*ņ֜9{F>Y M34ߚ.<( h JZ\RN 1&(Rdr-FPV`RO9\ei<-'"FNNSr" 'SZMKE8TH`F* &#VTb%U\UnXCLv-10Z;4Oivy4hs1Jv}) MbX.Kzi1N¸4b %8EvZ]pHhZ~ivԶUiBEt(QI픛hmQqLR.8&hC:&( *nR RE)V((QNQHc@@8-PSb*YH 8RDxTS(Oj9h1 S'JQE%Um.; qJ袩8qNPM&hg(!ˊxQ@cQE/)\q&E+d $QE+ Zr;QEK-/J(BHh4sEh ϵފ*FsEdR`&yQEdv)R4QBcZQTHI(B^Q@“QR8(`Sx@Q@
Warning: fopen(https://newsweekme.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/2016-02-17T225033Z_1874687406_TM3EC2H1CTC01_RTRMADP_3_APPLE-ENCRYPTION-780x439.jpg): failed to open stream: HTTP wrapper does not support writeable connections in /home/newsweekme/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-image-editor.php on line 428

A court order demanding that Apple Inc help the U.S. government unlock the encrypted iPhone of one of the San Bernardino shooters opens a new chapter in the legal, political and technological fight pitting law enforcement against civil liberties advocates and major tech companies. REUTERS/Eduardo Munoz

By Julia Harte, Julia Edwards and Julia Love

Mar. 1 – The U.S. government cannot force Apple Inc to unlock an iPhone in a New York drug case, a federal judge in Brooklyn said on Monday, a ruling that bolsters the company’s arguments in its landmark legal showdown with the Justice Department over encryption and privacy.

The government sought access to the phone in the Brooklyn case in October, months before a judge in California ordered Apple to take special measures to give the government access to the phone used by one of the shooters in the San Bernardino, California, attacks.

U.S. Magistrate Judge James Orenstein in Brooklyn ruled that he did not have the legal authority to order Apple to disable the security of an iPhone that was seized during a drug investigation.

His ruling echoed many of the arguments that Apple has made in the San Bernardino case, particularly his finding that a 1789 law called the All Writs Act cannot be used to force Apple to open the phone. Orenstein also found that Apple was largely exempt from complying with such requests by a 1994 law that updated wiretapping laws.

A senior Apple executive, who spoke on condition he not be named, said during a call with reporters that Orenstein’s decision would bode well for the company in the San Bernardino case, which has touched off a fierce national debate about the balance between fighting crime and preserving privacy in the digital age.

He said that the government’s demands in the San Bernardino case, which include compelling Apple to alter its operating system, were even more far-reaching than in the NY case.

Although U.S. Magistrate Judge Sheri Pym, the judge in the San Bernardino case, will not be bound by Orenstein’s decision, the senior Apple executive said it will likely be influential. In both cases, the government relies on the All Writs Act, a broad 1789 law which enables judges to require actions necessary to enforce their own orders.

The Justice Department is “disappointed” in Orenstein’s ruling and plans to ask a higher judge within the same federal district to review the matter in coming days, a department representative said.

Though the defendant in the drug case has already pleaded guilty, the Justice Department still believes the phone may contain evidence that “will assist us in an active criminal investigation,” the official said.

When fighting the government’s order to help extract data from the iPhone, Apple had argued that being forced to do so “could threaten the trust between Apple and its customers and substantially tarnish the Apple brand,” according to court records.

Orenstein said his ruling in Apple’s favor was not a decision on “whether the government should be able to force Apple to help it unlock a specific device; it is instead whether the All Writs Act (AWA) resolves that issue and many others like it yet to come.”

Orenstein concluded that “the government posits a reading of the latter phrase so expansive – and in particular, in such tension with the doctrine of separation of powers – as to cast doubt on the AWA’s constitutionality if adopted.”

He also wrote: “The implications of the government’s position are so far-reaching – both in terms of what it would allow today and what it implies about Congressional intent in 1789 – as to produce impermissibly absurd results.”

Orenstein also found that Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act, passed in 1994, exempted Apple from this sort of request.

Amazon.com Inc, Alphabet Inc’s Google, Facebook Inc, Microsoft Corp and Twitter Inc have voiced support for Apple.

The iPhone 5s at issue in the case was seized by the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration during a 2014 search of the Queens, New York, residence of Jun Feng, who authorities suspected of being involved in drug trafficking.

Authorities sought to access the phone in 2015 while the case was pending. Feng later pleaded guilty in October while Orenstein was weighing the request, but both Apple and the Justice Department said they still wanted a ruling.

Prosecutors have said that since 2008, Apple has complied with 70 such court orders based on the All Writs Act without objection. Many of those cases appear to have involved earlier iPhone models that did not require customized software to unlock.

The case before Brooklyn was, according to prosecutors, the first time Apple had objected to law enforcement efforts to utilize search warrants to get the tech company to provide assistance and unlock iPhones seized during investigations.

But since October, when Apple first asked Orenstein to deny the government’s request, Apple has objected to helping law enforcement access at least 12 devices for which the U.S. Justice Department has sought its help, according to a letter from Apple to Orenstein that was unsealed earlier this month.

The senior Apple executive said the company has never made a new piece of software in response to a government request.

Social Streams

Comments

comments

Facebook Comments

Post a comment