Is Pakistan’s solar power poised to take off amid energy crisis?

JFIF;CREATOR: gd-jpeg v1.0 (using IJG JPEG v62), quality = 80 C   %# , #&')*)-0-(0%()(C   ((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((( " }!1AQa"q2#BR$3br %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz w!1AQaq"2B #3Rbr $4%&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz ?עi1^ Iv(6Rn)@.) LQ~(0 1NR"Vb 1KKhG'ڸ/FX $JdPrvg_r(ogq I슊OsCd`ҚU{V+~O5k[ {cI::1QZIg{cS`Teus6`Tߠb #5f DA6ZJi╿M("G0u]3YZG^œRn$B ֶKXI+IJ`O0A%'ZK$!Lr@?5YԄ5 Gw$bpq~TÐFCCHz?fI-%kn$d[$OJ>vFD-a}X׶voCյSJ_Wd;On3G.N3whQqۯ\*3--[x/\ʽz4%[M|[pw]Lgtsd,x~#Q9PzQ]G8ahg Q`7ҠTE4Ԙ*RG?8\S3b1@ Q31NQNQuCqF)b &)7b1@ bPqF)أR@&)PqKZ1H&)أ1O!qF8Q@ LS;b PbF(SI@4C@&)PqF)h⒝F) E;h;Pb ZQ@((bbQ@O4@{ҁKLsT^X\ZF$.N9'Ðe<=՘CFH{b{9~Os}+&M-4i"ğ¸^ƱJ1+nc2I8D-v1Fr:GBy v0[ g[r3:kJm ۆ#>cth* mRٙ]ے8Ȓ39ֱ|G2$=Il]f ٘ڊ[yXrOoֆL9'':~Bqw-&c zb"kwh$н^qwGCjoRAj#)*]kO:QL@yyx73$ qˁ]hIe]kFqjLQqiT𭬑/ .̈́` A$VɡJ؊] +öe6$`IL3nH?[g-.Y[mJISQ kCy{3t+Y-<˕upy7o? *O<z CGO#/KLS 4A=)JQ?Z.{1N?QG#3h<.J\R֌0sa1F)wZ\RXn)1O&(QQIE0z)A)H:;>c4!R⋀Qv(+bQ.qI}1NLSRb b( ⒋Qv)qEf(?1;QpLSKJa;bPE;b7SXf(;En(.(ъu%0F)آQNp)1N"QpE\SIJLSȤQY&(-QJP(Hb cvE1IM|b8iq;,\M`툛>v;" ?HtYH9qps/U'ID?Oje' ܀$l+jж{}2NAY,']~#j暆\x_`ܽ,>&($(AX9c]Œy! {!XˍAH٦Xms;k f؉ !tKI!վH`p?zTVI-bf)s ~p=AYF<u$ fW{;8?w'o69Yw@ڥџC{Wĕd9r_ҠӖ&M-ϵizegw?:%`KevgVGsHWdc#c&s0;$wR0u g U=$*B0 ?{3VT/D,dyf2@$=";V@;T?;rh'g_+W0"9;GcokLsmxm*ɸVrZ s(#(;uIap ecbsQN\3Cd~GPt*~k;~O8VS?p*玵 (`!a=qX햭n󬛙F2i{+Ir/r4<ĥ+`#3CSkm ld矩ޖ2A TGk(n?J R˵p-Z0$90{s['ZR9E&N8u=p=LEp: F#%<;.{w"a"/3*QRRbs1?p1N3bLQpnۏIF(LFGdzbʃQI0iQw┑?;.u(ҕLRb1E`Ҍ04QW} -8{Sv (.H?*QӸ b.qF)آn(;qKu&)\SF( "v(q1@ JLQZ1Eoz :P1A(q hQ\QEibE7bQyqIv(IW b6'4Nh%.)@(&wfJ\%ֹR/#b`"J^8(ϗHM*Ayaqopo1u"OPyZNv jMcCu${FrT *y')C0H99I> WilZ-ͺ@qpe=$\Œ)S@ѲAzb*{WGdBZ)JeX8\4ǂKXjx>8׷zLc:wyÄ qXNoZJakKb^-18?7?@1׭EZ%$H*nAk//ȓc, ǯQ\ݦ0Ef!\qu[=~{fX¶ߚ6`~'4I<Cdڪ&-ll6 V7ӌ0~Dn 3O_Ɖ׵QM^Y/p79nz;4 i\ 9]HMMe0N ԪǷkq`qq1(>y5\,0]yZ5SLǪ]& !ae\}z (9 6WsYؼ3H"vd=xFSKʒ1ykh.DhOJq 1Ԭ4 B*T\ A5fze7lX>cv+t@h>lOv&3اq(UHs 2\qIj_Tq޴ć;2.&U]3 vEqE}j"d I8x UVRK?pR$1CV5.M>8 ~U9)Rxr,4!a۸ʥ8I`*A\>>˱,?s` @x5Bۅf-Ts׍ HqIUJ G$sS^ዘqLQ|@ ܮFx?q](}*oa>x@c脔2Zw_O r%WG-}j$,8zHrsyFxȑ kɏoߦit;[ɭnw1rR$gzŽFx027#U<d4`ZXleFWs?uh(FG?a{l-7O[I%Ƞ뤒qsf#c?%s0nq\ǎXu,@&VO(h]̬~R8'9?>O$C dϞ?Hc#)"?8$ {K[4ʩqnURHB6d.Hg@8FPL-}HA?yATؤ.;{^GQSQIБEhiqASБpdA<h MJ}a#f`i,7bߏ;\v1OaILQpRb1EqIu\,7bLQpQv(aJ.+ !Q.; F)bRbIދQu.( !sI+(Y:1Թ$ \E&*7)*q~ycٕ@`G"DRb2tN842D 3 2B> s`ayq#N\^F;=G?VbhV['pNy?J໧;Sv:XWg+&6fU `}Apl P3YZc}xQw$:35SZsZqq$9\^nҮZfH|o<{pzU6ʃ r0A׏OJʵFwcySL1Y$)Mۥw>Pav~&C+moW e5ᨭ廸kyRF:? ֦ݣKl.^Aq= i=܋vTi#@犙n1;5c+aɮ lUqb#u#9?W1*[4L}HX~}D1Z0qo ~/=<%勦¤:cZG fE ׃V|?wYN3?U6{CAm$J%p}_Α|K +?Rm#v~U$ Ke #$`27M{-{ܫEq q"}kdM4/39ֺ>bJ9aHE7ɰ)أ\,6R .+ ŚG*j!'*9V=~kd+tqn3ޢl~1Wr,3S%+h:qQpͣ+bGL4nR)6SX\Q>aUk .rxS)}$RmzW $@ E1ooʦ[zIP '57dZvc؆" Eɪ> OY>{Z% =9=1i:(jOjmvU7ha$G9=wO[D"vk<%K¤z)S8kvN3JaQ.i)ƒQwbLQpKZ ;1@!:R:k"8a/<[^px'گDyoUTF<϶k9;jט/?6א)j?3'Ӑ{̒72x#X]EyǰtaQ e)5j&6hұr 9P\jn7 n9lr@LtLDc#8EV/ΜX֜B˜:[- ynTt.ցmN?{u^}Fۂ3s sڰ,+P.Y$ĖX2Ne\E9lFVZ΅og<&.~Y=7V.du |cE}0,‘mĎƵc/ Ē6?Ѭm7Oq'Ӵo"S`ɸp8>y ͐t&/.cBv7P݄v8*ӥe٘_k' |; , ‚9;Vߓw$,0pbۖI8ǵq] $gD!Y/0@[Bɒv0FY4kY~^zijװޤqCʪ|rrXwi4]Vf8\희LzҔLrVn&3g)s& .23vw݄!A`\UN viI;.~yuvӽZC"7FTQ{{ {P\ C*qԌW,7Ċ]m,1,?ԨlJi2C<2K '!r Z-Xf4}V\nK2DOd|QNrmv˜cl ;!Eg\]Ҭ6R/ʒ|69 MV'`Bz˻Q x RM OT)izhlx>p&ws!!;dJHZ}̶B;~9/sܷio4p]FFەbCv?t| #b?ȶYO%<56^Q[_] j"JwSH]zBݏU+(TI tjٶ I=+ҧUKKJ6i)Ɛַ$J(B$csH/)uoVұڼ$++2}{szt Al\FU܋i)Ma(QpREbRъ.Rp*ƣmor I1ձ[gm;`6aƠXq}8ct |C+e{cҹb\cyKO fIvVvvɕzg)fD(tao gjmm~xJg FA<^tm)YhW5ͼJ7Q}t6Oiֱ@c۟5ek%!$YbsVԓ$D BASGrGF×Kڅvr!2/͓w6c2#;b6%=+!}Xd7RˎIH "!pqrSӊ4ycYB&J?v3hՌ8?@kh>.C3Qj>RI$JDf(ߟcOkeHB7jTLVo -CN9R26 #W22rL!=k_@g̔y`g #N0Cȏ29ض?P?kϴ&7i`5sM#2,w1灏nJq%Žk0r!t֦Iy:;(p q۶k3H3iKYF OZV4ٗ %ʀOG-sp;m`1HHfq(y_{qMdKi3F9$;-=7ZƢ83#u#zHnti4syP+md*zj`n,i${ #ޥL,Mgʞ%y9|`mtAՄאx/MzWbwaQ,\ѲI´n3mn?'*\'a6uЩu% O:|Oq%1nTp7 ^}msXYbYXO-̄+ uv!\yϧdT`gh~%kXxe Z>kR-ny!G"Sc:5rKml@F Rz ugq?$J/jf-֣qSF[%x2i-mΧ\!* ~\}+O}Kr1{zf 2\2$#'rsӑJOcjlGY&PY~B1\bx.chDK&MZFO-OJ$-Nw9 u*ϓfR sCfV2A)P I,O>j+#Gad|c]QYgVs'QV--ϙd,#VO;梾b ,ǧV㰽i \@9zTv֯jJGγOzu.\}ʖ d$ 6سC8nqw $l3¥\%/ +)R?N0oaI4tkE9#ozҾ˒LhvdAϠcj2Q}Rqգakx2 q|`HOY.ȩsZK3I$Uky րۍ>U*#7Pܐz9Yb+yvJ~퐄p$kwcR찳 q}랏Yq"$ HvJ@QDc (xYSffKZVIx;zҾukD~Sex#>8#ʺ]5.b˸UTg#޺E;4Dشi* Fsmg$nTqT7:vL^2AEnعJ+O1eRvH=kF]I'|~쟘h>f+ÖF YZRF! 6$WKwkw#!{JV1KWǙ"]կjnc-#9e$zqSVrjIX I3*,@=(,R b*J CSB`T7s- RHMT{=7}*e$ҸK ZpΠtpGdc_ȮݏL֥汐|S°5dj3nH sqjV>e$^_Jd!#O{F|͂FqӁX-dS$cpoCs46Á#nǷ.r$j¾Z$s6G|#>KȦkqRÆ?smM>t7! : _5#+ө FH%ܤ'`iMը˔|~` OUeXQ,,dc4Z1 u*?:JQ~xvYVY3#[~9+9Wp ؁О}1jv3GTtIc{{nO!"%UTZ"TZ6vdI?tq9'-#nO=}+.K[eeܤm#'qna{da6N{E;Hб$B&vPBWj0Ď$sNqY_iԭm>1 )`ޤc{.V )<ү$ܓK˹ aL:EKb,?L+G0v\G;XqK˙gXpڦ-Tc_Nmdkc%dmAkoH(󵭀elȮooY>[ǿz.l).<:¤ՙeĒ۟#`8"dzk;f(Ė}jўɉJZM^A4?"SW qCl,Zs&:<[,f[ˀLi@'ZC+<<2q՗ְ/^QkZ?3~J%łmKrr}Gt6qbm{k җy&mʠdq:KH gV (StS6QhoPo߻{x+:IϏ9eտ}w0!ppI<k=Dc1I7TN)r;s~̀)܎ϧjE"ZJ2X` `x.#h r۝gSXZƗw^0vyHr{gB"H$ y$sߚ]2GHF~\,nbU\ܜkMi%`ʩcO_ʨ5նo%WpPB V4tYmd71ETȬnb:{T.eF{#p_ݽZ)cקnYK*/CdX vxB9pa<V u;hRc'׎8&=S,AW'Kl^n"1wSUIB v FyIvII=؆;k(C(J\o={Yd)L|\ tQɐ8;ug }[_siF*ښɞUU[w>`IOOO֫-ĺL&QFS9 ~bB2#"Ԟ0;`}1Y7۫BC|+c :9kh-w}_R&3`V\LZLًN8qRȢI,Ԣ AV8+'b;('[C0[h<=OZJ|B|d7}{TZpQnk۴*e$*a}巊(#Fc)N jk&-&2nh$!G#EgDpN/*P8RK9<O»hn, 8'5j O90Y'ϭtߋt r00uӫݬeBy52pVڣHs w,h@d؄9__Z>.y)#!uV\Ӛb^B$€j~Ps}k}z;[IWdyF2@l'=+KR.o3Gޛ= +tq dfpDK$F *FyvYFhv~js B>R4S\iOph muj-m5i! ,c`q׬],՗X5bn N1Hw$\cꄷ\N:{s\X۟.ȩ.[޴ 7 iqp"#r3Ӛ].Ue&Fev%pG> JMAD2ͱ`׶jռ72(]ߦIi5̲|Pd'3ߜCFn{Kc.!X7He:.=wĐEs &E^x..m q**O~OmcojEHb,qG󭡈\wMt~~ .*iT ~ⴉ-,Ql 0rxOx**y:O6\iGsGLSLG2svi:I {1[nE_\Ӟk5$7)>_ zӪԉ7kvdlOxϡk]^h!+j>Ⱖ_V?gA M $:W-\T&1;M/,~#ޏ 1~s't۪&׎ V]X+M"!ޣpA~qylyzӟJ:$I"x )Q7k XcLlN[Y>S̊I{zU[˒ G h 3 >KCB-1^(fF}=G^kRl2L #=?R>|jDrg }GH$D2ڷ%؃z+9;SFg=cD &Ōխ%Y7_ZVGvdp\'tnˑ@@ g~*f*#$˖ 0>hǩ?Zsl n_ƱԦ2F72d.T}}-3pe\ehikW.JbQdc,YDg 2 {Wwq-Jq^i',',W(KD#bU$E]6 xǧ?^D%2]31.m9J#і% pzwKd˃ʁF 1GZ]fV3<3G&$\As]-rZd >}+Be]%.7tso§臨4P2e-kZ F*39!v|~Β"ʍʹ\f[ldzUJa8X0+? 9EK, mXl[ԡ QGJ- w2xzKay[WxD&z<2,r>i7wn6DZWbii52\r]_^:QR3w-\1#pZhzr3ê}=kKs,AQ\Gd.lgG@s!#'$RM w8۵sF-=fiyb"<q _]̞`pȤ|Vgv\v#\CpBIX?:.X%k{ٷK_]1|͞ޣ|L,ly*qҝwcd 9޹Kc3}%-gq=8מ->?7FIl1i҈&}{h-PWt7}}'J]oTP$+"-%,5;iVH~`b]jEJ~SoN+V_Q݂H6V9qַR&Ξ{XlTtѶܞ/1!U=sUk$rT*H源e3%v o^0k!r[ΈI~/ཱMܫLfA^~@bXVTJeUQ"a?ӽ?fFVykϲM.F##3Y,vc[s#⽒-],mI`08I)Ph1,L@nңآ[<M,%/.Ɓzsֺm'HԴ-NhA$eIsׯ&z [rߔ1J˾OZr||VH-{mQn8m;[#x{IXj -߂989_HK pg[5E]B8}9kž7-=Ks"yo=MTiJZ1hu^(,n(sSUFUЌ1:\>r|8ҽC>86u,T,H5?o W Ҳ!5?7e#h kƚguu;q :T^._izRGQFfMCrU3lp=z禼q6.<ֺ5K V:[E~kȘSu]:Cpf OGThNeΟSmR.Vؤ&"k9(Ă6Hlm yqg~0F"x=9qR %9gF***Kw$0b{WQgOC4zdp QUvaxiK TS8OkAnL}O"\",m4h ޳q]?Zh\eeh6gDʎ8펙KlL']2A'& rTHΟ"rpy^3}3[F\M;2䎻%p<S{o*]&g$=۔N6 Ğp11uZf]a|9ퟘgwT3E`a 1$ cֽoN4M2I!OJ|p;UN`W0O)x]J~B0IbH >d`W!mI\xXE nڱa}ǩM-檗iNx階)-.gUʇs5$"E*#-ϥcɪG5L4ϯ?Ic5:41춡va3ihoj!s}Z]QbьN?Ʈ{;On;|$uR;gV;h$ٵkiGX} :oR9&  _WԭuQhjdDlm۞fLtƉR 9Jg` 1 8 x4YbKe'fĠf8awܻ"[ iX [$ ;MnT[dL 1dAPӥon[,O'fN# s1 FLgCWv*ɨ ܘCǃsCq4K }SXVv4ňTJlgkcTGu?2+]C*BizjE-q%p]Džn93}%E{޳-+H{opkL34.PW;k9+y/[P,lܜ?^}*ffCHi_ >( c<9֗dkY!I$P"ۭ+5X[Z{r8ck 1`TP{~5\aP#p<䞦~xkiH/ wHtocp[fol2JGʭjSsEi,Xsʓ:n+#Cnx'q@~dH`ֺev^ՂCEDRJeSd=Ħ"Q{dՋ|*@H6J{4̸U[F:ܾRͽm$ ̣Z͟tI;t^Y#tRY~elQ._Kql!W]*8ZZtYVh3 m#~)5$$EXWh8XQZ6YɾP039pP겻L.c3g Ji%Q1Vl V]6yI9'6 #fH?):ַN4e7&8)Iżq=o/^ՠ *Wq wzɭƆ$l$p~C3,3[]d>)Dem Ejb0{Q4ee2_P%eVT`{gUZߋ4c\M}vHQI!T[^hx1 q?ْ4-cu>@Q3k7AXZ5+R5h$ t!"IgG8`F=zw4ؘIde|6Jp&CnT>ӮmJ O0˂qty~;#xķ ;#1A_ _3{`F֕7'Hi+j1-կtVtߗ~uM&Z~bGޓT{ʸsqrX#d/$ƽ7ƣ__]qp[8=wTm_XB\H]c{~\Ÿ #f3^qet!Aʴ*+;YYkn8ڼgSs4N;-l֝.Yi@Lg-'WUT_&fi1-`gQ~~kŗ2 s3 zμnY,]'&mIu= ib5΄Eڷ=~5̗$]&?|)Ҵni Pch9*'K81'L!]@|i? ?5Bag<}?*iqk1L+Xy9ڵ~1jQvY"Dz֧΋_ },g#ct_B|[P{hcfukO8ćp(Ux(&:]sG ^{$,ӡ$'.t>̊&dG?*aIwL(QdTֽ ACPt:4?"^,ҭw+ .Px'|V>aQ95N-KP:O^_vRc+$&w?Z /R[U[= qEygNMSW7 "<1m,? ăh[|μ~dޤM5|>G|/jO/WeƲ*dܲN?y$^r:kq#ƞsrk ~ ¯v>Jל mgWu$S tFI=L?,$J%aZ5}Dy> 3K=BfM>eX<=^࿶/ZWk>%j:Z7.5ƚFICISZO/,˟Nz/#i&q <|ʴ# MIjW{e}v&!}AָYb9䃌k;$$D,8daȮ{ve NDtb=(8{VRQNs<7]KMEݩYaR2+֡Ut.5H&kID,DJK/^ 3Qt)l<wƦwy/:RVWW/"ڭw &O. MxƮz7*Ko194\̜?$z> ٦=^l-21ufT*]"8琎0 ҪtiQ_n'ãm+CK,t'Ћxd`j${m?J8+X6.|\䏺xoК~}R/)_+u⺯~CƖ2ƥ[<>#0o)F0QG]D>5]x^5m F=k)V.I)rɞ &c 5go3?{^l"6rcrsm#ԕotRmwyR@kͼ{uGuטRsǩlK /%xO8v 0^̪{xk{K}|g6?ęPjM*oVi֧]&gKmJn K]xGPRpLtN"t`1[Jc8+9J<6OWjAj}ix~C *#I"Pc'r`dzUwLqd r,HuQV hQF2 ~O֖ 5.2RfxGXRRiKNS{o/mi:t>AO{ }WٵݥE:l; 1On/y#&nTynGC߯u/4R7p.,P /R/.+ܣ-k6(gvSc K>=^eII:cWKxٕ]n"rt;\n`6vqtu@Jl<jo[k_!? ~wHVO65ŮtuGwnRT?*EhGOq#|틫~3i)Ɠz==ѵa&ek6C9ռMWnOʭuV+ҧRi/m7O?_CXe֗i7yfq}v4d_ց|>X{jVwo|ǿ^kr6h|9|!$pINtw]RSD2:>2=VdΑoz P^%W8߇%5 ?xG!0F;֣|4u-2)n+4X=MtzkXGx,j-lnrPN|;< BNc?Qt5GqS|=52GKNp>e aSx'W6j K\t޾6:<9秙> k =+>xE A#؎TªqzH'YU>յ-W˴ifR71jx:MY-RQMϯZ& C"E si=Sm.>%];~"Onߌۡ^[QҤ}>Mr'tu^MOtVľqO;T[i5A#:͜ Ő2D ow}ZkvrkḈyZjqQIiXx$Ymut-'M?{Om5[a'/+OB^|AnF J" p+f B÷h^$}9db2&}ŭ~tuU}Ay]7۳ľxKRbO!DKc7SfA,dCx-M4myŦtp8z'eu-qOH{{wLpQKS΂Xv1<#E2R(e$kGCxGx."'V鹾𴭦k6IonE=$C?tRq{WRY'26?*#ߐigCqp-y|qc3sz`;f0[$ѓ9.F⻈KYݧzny6۶p?jG`+6 ,K?l7O֙jghnu:O25 IBKq3%[B~̌w^>P ũh7|u-ߑ+McR𒲼Qbsָ%MsGTk Z3gPXTݜasVaXLc$ѣ(M.\@Zh * NH͙DȮy嵻bB"3r*\r sSndvEu򂤐zp1>I:3 YCDnE+'-򑌩 * wOeFOYIk0b^s`ZRm.[7Wr1;q9໶VP t?jqEgYmդy_YWZdNKάnz~BY4}29ID:p9]Ir45ԳFaH'r+VEι̖D~`TPƭAk,"۳>ϔ8i˱g.Es6$b#v7X׭;B QXv^wg}r[Gg,ndV>6RJ%hWd'gGZ:ps0'ĦtS^*:{wWEon?FOHUj(= dl2_jVEEsJ>5FUfQU:nMFz?wӚbmT:ل:<tOM9FXЋ8sMl?s}zH<|xwvH.d`A,s^JEm-}a,{GrƼ]+!Fʱ?JSFdBح?5Hfax?S|C<6 rTx&g,Oc+m&M&c"yWU PXZ^A[~쳷4\]4h5խ_"]~c[κO 2 5-6"Dr*=#SԘS=xڬh9 1!qjVSKo+DzT:mXVp+,H)q-jH-(O? 5IV^@cO㊳Hu( NNܴ@1~ɶue\eIMu?7k'5DT/r3^Zڥ ,vC}1KjЩ~ Ÿ> D7jz嘀HelsWޏ5pccx?uGWT7zQ4nSjq\g da9 #5rGoH")gj!q|r0e8?h,_<6Tl@\ h_GZhס鼼"uV?Lj.m+-O^9=~ DlHD;j נ2D֗ў1h-mtU;]_$ "̤s{#iM|A"xBgMpqNw(: /͘Cƽ'|cᖒ7\n9CI׊MT4\ )ōuu9CU{kX49PLs=MJy_n6Z/|;495(5_3YoCC :喓_+`,OiϨ6ZN;v^yAgyy'Zi&|;HUK_ZAƻl^/U& |\mLTWBWM[Ndwd?bYI>er@:ՙ fm8̖z?Ggj#Tym.4qÑJmo…|x[CVOCw4j9m?+ 'oNzž_TUu.ۥ^ bBő-uɽ^?&+k M6٤{i&1cGnMQ\zk>y=f?\r96~,`ծV[lww_CEޙqz}=[ '$ L`r_+sӿU*j7~M =9h_!'~߇/>L'e/oǃRZGFQOjQқ$gK:HnfnuqY.HaZ4y}b$?C cIHw#8?}}#JM-tio?ބ{TTYx/.1èxlQEgS3EhcK{aJtW~fY3>OӟZh}W.mn෼.(N{}FYoɟ1~2>lGqM{x5 axR ݄u[Hd6Jg9Z['y~x[E1G?Ɵmjso4ȓmO19z4}裈q~zU78D9;Y<&g[ܭ|cDx1`3NW_J,!Vpڡ0qӚҗ+Zq{mHehHe܄g'Dwp#H˲N3cҹo ,[ d.9Ao>mofەbӀխaIaO5-LԇRr[W3E.maxǽrׄOm811IM&4F Wk18=+rR]B8A& pmgxYC]%,?1$U3zWUtlb6u{OPex\ 8b]7cfpgBvqsZRRFuTn>.:V]`ͷ'ʋs^iSЙ.&pO$OMz][n/3tvW|-mJ%lQ>dOξV3|Mc6eM"GÏ-vNfWg_߶=y'˻ש4' j:6! 3ZmP`ٍYխM.QGx qUMsQ=˃/nY˵{{\cKXI'$׬ܔOhU}?\PJݜg?Q⛻:,%BUkON5F!>VO )zr̫]U<+as*§O@N=JTfys6Owssw21y$צxcQk28}ى9HWhCUm,k5'|o7vHc!s!:6>s80.nqzq xM%fA$h|]m~$E4 &F㏩ɢKmCdr5ږig yV0 m\ }* 8b==Q| ŭ\m2l9x_^5 Ygy2c< .j=|VCAnNF{U/j1կRa;?tp|!4xM0hfJu3伅\9M^}mz&x]MidQBIVowkWD %GE#?Z򐋻UI&!Mlipe"}N!sq~ѐrz|פ]ۧxO0$73c~u D?`)RISrps>4Qx_LI5q,qk_ߎtx~Ь@c9{w?.P8@ `gh"GA׬BE'yNuRV]7S&RKp~S~>[bYIaWIQ>"i$e%/~_Cĺ#@ Ew{_5e&.q=<]^6!x%w.ez᢭(&3ms1x⟈5?s]WzzK E/ܟ~ExO|3E9-ܑ?WRc83|ź4]VYf.9bŞ$ 3vqo<'f#ڹ\&LEsd[>X$ 4{kS>kBXPM5 A⺗DG)}m]/,u}ybc .?Ɣ)AQcsvMo_4Pu2$7 'ңI⋭Kįf[hQ>ldgY"|u|˦=p#G6~:;~r?,ƌeM#fZbH-8?]ֽu+!{ 7FEFR0W1;7oUU_C*PFh[9.'c?Þ9֬NR4wVH88`f&j:.Kҥ#أ3+ <חewY])~A{WR+]lnN:P1Fmt}m tkoG 8'^C#1[k׺|Ѽ~K 99:b}~&]7&r5֭,l/-ϷFTf~IsDџŦNVΑJ ͩNdpKʰnvc"4I|/茈uj}CV'.|9e`w0WS<ڸ'%+rqZ*E+ුb>SzsOѨQɵWk 1]}{]}*gѢ +y>w5n=[Ox"?kPN܆'Ceyִkx4g_.2eJьO==kZfpRK9di1ǭzt6Ԥ6K{(RYc˴rF=TW>ڥİ Wf ʯ$ʛw>OOԐDՐ<6Xqe6sF+ ^cb.[y< rz >*Z݀ϩjy߱>qקWQ|rba}bnjz| ]Ei+t]GƹWҵy+>\>)FOuz Ē@A& #<GU~GřEl<8SE7M*2{^:.ZMQ5h!=?*“Ct_hHTcuu + KP63NZ/ǜn?sC{i/ApyR|m{||tZ?/WQ4q$۪^d ,6mLPޢxLl f캄/0Oc5_ڍͭdžu1=ǡEN+mԚvl'4i ,cբ]=O-{H'\M VWm/OBc~8++#V1Yn#p gaJt>9-yPr3x.};U:s"O֬;2lMirđAϯJcF>!ּ xsOreVVNjc$ai6#xIo)`1p*& C cnֹ2t>p; c8luCY^sƅM<{k !oO?gk/eiS7:kg</ ȣRLju-JhuPlǽcZD ^4ي<ݐCWGwW*O\^i]\ߐ]QV}s{N7y,E 8s?a)MoZ1Eo{u 0u7@M\i{wz2znMCfa?!?ܕx4W1mc^O Q6:./~ViN#mķWWR)m0S? ? Xi^3ۥ&IK{> UץCh-&6Dѱ] 5OKs_L-t|;40n")ڪgœHPN)?\V\7)b]i\ŝɟ9c]Ź6ioɁJε^T&:Tax"BQ!x‰>qsZ2ih|; NEΉx_ g@|s]PXjV6FF$N:0k%KUKOx& 1݉!BH8'=Ҵ^_KI6k.ACTºJeZcg$XEI+6\>KG a;@VEkv;qҽ\_WMtk1"B'9Nkm ۮ q]͟Z9ުJ]=A DˑOZ嗺- "x,q\Ɵl{Czq]ޱ b}R1ljg~ķI4iF,ÒM{9v^3K|%x^- C$Sv>di^K? ?tLr|=`VO=k%yfy]grK1IWO3Z+#[,&%1#"XKQI1{cÇz˫gO#ki g%I*^!?uYg|Ygl-c>uK_q-xVGW2CmMc\>\P E돦O+͸P L4D6;,:5ӔL6ϿZ$>(eUeB#8QWxTuPЍy-/֥'?VV=7Wڗn-t@8A^y-w1ܜzCŮSh/fU_דG<0hUBғɝG(HRĈE[v8sVgYZGYؖ'p׬Q7xZ,,~?yMs Ip6I8ңgQ n=WA7WU<α01'W~<k6܍*  V\ ka[oـ-dTO'~:}_zM"ug<9=sPvZfobgMa|5cY$*L$|0=Htf~ EcusG=sS|k:~ 3|v(J2ǻ.|},5e;q`_V6q|AҔḊ?tY~8Pvt2pyv*-B`;;'`{٥/v;OKدqNcGדq]o)XQnճop@q=? Cĩx'ҰȒҭ|ϾO׵|R?ĎoH$uLw?Yu'z|!Mic^c6T/רIfׂ\ag?(A^iku)0vGMkBQTɜdtz?ǔO2l_ukJbS9ʧt_1TQt*O?o|^h î}`m5Sr xGa2?Ix~ Fi0țMcU=RǕeW/QGkㇻXcdp ,kz\E?vٌB с\tdW\!]=V8|smm$h^φ$~ƹ/6-opu) srw=5χ>Ac- O?\o?Q ˈfez7Lß{- y\gA5`V*iF67ܴ:ߋZg/ ]DUA_?֯5 ;KRbT?]ᯇEyɰ;?p~֎j1 o*@<4:6Aݩ.dQ"HUQҾ{G㏃L`sۥu*߅/lx֨h'HF`L`˧ӌB{6{0?xr>S|"eHԣ#][>AT+ͭ;o(FG7jOM4V_g0?CXuѵI-ͣ_"2<\GuЕ+ٍtɴV4mRMe{'l6 X`sV|k ,yP$COύ0FbM:b2 H?ܔ{%Y\'? xK0#GdžW.;ĤUK KB֢M ?6kZ<-m5-L3wo5q,n-=-]\}N8> 3MuqgOy0J?5W".4 :@۴^xkYkrd-yvȇWԞ?EK<'-Z6reN\U[OhxE%#&vq%OQy6 ªx3}!\_Ax_ZŠ4.\‹%>WmZN%Bݤ^z֪B{f[Yq5( ȝA=zV)#7G8,)4xc3Jg$i)sߚj_;u@њYf/ZШ_ ~s~ &{y7סơ4G$quhW564u=6c%n_QI*k06CIwܟEPZoEhz,!~ϫB,CaCĭ5h_%ݡwQ=jOxj='w}6aх~,~~\Aw mOǡֽ@43jLI*Ju 2Lr@=Bƶ1i=f%c&pRkNu"|qAA+QREB\O룫k:;poR,<]e b;=E#ڽz퟊5"4ivtq܀C߽yGğEc2LO;[#VTks?gWI.XgL).-fM·UwַV/VY$7&K2}y}5XE-D6SX+>#?Hd;WNUZ_neG#%_~IxYD#m rFt"6k [컌oÝj4?FX/ʜh}AW*khklּ!&tlr۽Oax-37ikS\OE}eV.7^wE2~=}3Iw,hZZV]szI6e]F}ڬ%lp :k12AS'*(m[B-֗-z3{CMմk m藒ϧnޠӳg0-go&L+_Ub%'[I}eȃU͚W#|JG*H/FiԾks\ŶeqV-/jF,{I7ͥrբ?=O-ICf}*=K׼-y=ΚBkVp:}z/t"C2i0@?WӺPW\ew7isa8";p\'X?YJB;2jd , ɴZ٦utS/fS¥y"Ym?ƝĖZԒ4o$ _$w"@6ӓ/&%+tmD^i-rASDĖ~)/bQ>q%=lxk2ϧ/DiEoO|C*~T#rधkQёr)Vx3mL=SKsS=ߏD_WW:ߋ޳CoC:z}c)S{X>YXLQ۳nFry+o45'񦱮1EUsվ07׊^ }AԎ}xb>׈|Ycc2N- |Y{k5go1|=Nj\pl &N8֡;?ַ Ś,aT^Jm]1YŲ.~\|Y`R lpImծ붇"{ osxƗB5< s~hk>87@h)pq|d%Zⶬ uRR:ψ?U_KU)r٩xȢ VK}6c Nr>+PY⠗6|\\0DpQE'{%ֵ@!D_LW{ѡ-ZbLc ^<~3sj{N,'ONQ*6w Fg21:޽?t3i~(֥Zr,r#,%Ry*"ci'BPr6>ǎԪܣ83ZQf$-'^[7:w_ʳyB 09<?W0IvURͶ 5$Lt(nu7 O׼4ڽް8Dss_6_|\ՅË84/ڥmo؋Y,C0$⢶.u#T(]y/Vv2Ϡj{1ޏ\k?nM ,Z# Y'srw cYw^?ƞ*TICWl)t'`gmfx$'_~1j"]>ZOwl6u&>֞9Kw{CwLb/23dnΊ҉ʌ:> ve~ubvzQƵO~޽G&u3d(7 eǑ,A"zWֈOvz>0,~mppUpƪX{>^p֗5mؖs)ƽuiG@b$ߒ+⥢KĒ+rՑV5%5Ҧ=<gr~G +Q.=˧g@qk⮜J4,YQ%ju3{{1G k:<߳^C|b5-!6 ~ɰ䮣nGr|N5$9 \~Y.M&ch7Znexȕ$2:a[o废"RHz\$F8 ~*)Q, +}Scy»YKƧ%{ֲBq |_'Դ.nW9Z⾗%n%fS#r}+?Tk4CustOIF^9t,P>w  x3Oڭ?x韢יFedpWt٨F6f`J+? (=Mukr`hS. M\r?^uiy{ku AH:x U>2$;mA';}j-IK*aqЧ>է<k-:\ȪToK^k3+G(i'܎+핖?ΐF@B۔1<סMjw~ ~*;ii/"RIc@b >kΤLͭR,T\RpqWWs(x5Y-%À3E cN$Y4K ف%dKBiՅC$@g:ڼS:W \Z32=;I#[k#c8#μcƺg^-g&E% tTNƯ5;CooM90x]ޕk^[i1 sIy'5|A$7ٰZ ZlOFe/A)Ջ(2->Þ*ȉR&Dn@CyVҗZ.ŧI3d }GtK$56X $dW'rCu10=JRw8s5톭wƉ%V8X ur^ej6Vl\#/4dXHxwU;j .KQ ;~ku2zë#\ѱm{tzWaON&f#z&]UY E GlsMY߇MA4,@sѷsӽ8cE5mCMNVVSySx5>GxoUu[[*| {9lx pe]@yT'8Sýy{s> ֭:Zm[$ ㍪ր^&s7 ]V Eu ׅZdӯZ6 N{W>&5ď6eޣm3n3d3ּW?W?/&8s(tck\CAz#xTs\4}d\|[IWj2;*9P38AѶլ]8j!TP咿KjZ7|#Hլ@ nY{aftĥ1oQSŌ:>`U;wN(rD\8SV&u'exkZKٯtY[!6aK_ ] [B[t5]Ζ5KٝZ&#Jh.c?jV^pi6NOV}±I`31V>4΍5`{-Ŀjo\$ݫCasXkp.IKxbh47F9K{> Ro/-Ƌi-7n c?}WK\ŧi^"yc,kW>kO%*+!WN8=9]2[knmbHhTkOAԀ q&^rq-L27cSLei#} Y,c=:k^hK&K{1QI&i?ZUn:VY)m I,Yƃ ?MgSJ~jHΘ'Ͳ#E$׵q~,i30!@+Pr: Uoq jwg*1:+S%)>L$2q^k%C 1F]Cze,湵QrG޶W".l͜ΛbN+>Iسb}MzuMf&x-fpHb92*]'r۫0$v$ғPkfDL ~e'qrkQK֊%@pN>nKTʷ-Aǵz,ƫ5rp2qzTI[|!]3(Զq's`4AQ:FAV ~u=KxQcC5ڙ'O8f9A7 0i6t65\mukIx<p+U[ݼw1¾KWݫf+5Һ5[RZmBsǸp~ 8F,\W]kyzDDpVqޞ5I&788̑! AAB$ 50hH!V|;9bs]IaIyj s{N^- :)bGx~t}G)'|;M+ʪs횳g 21%++v7cS'dRԹxJ7p ]3Yi 2#+տZ}}oVz K"d9Q̏zǚ!Lʩe ` mP3߹k{/\#1|w!a:ʱTj􉯍mE`iHQsmou"FP2Ͽ֍|Z c?{YLhjD..L'jA Wx㊿jQlj#Gָa7*0UΟg{4,Mq>Ԓ2IB6\bg tjH%#@T'z4>b99ՑR8y~IanATMVí݄ΉgyO1Mzm߁R&͠ ׉8g_ZFLqFec~sgտ:]z|qcпMLd!SBgތXKf\1Q"Vg̃}K=뼏@G[0Z4F\6 #q :Q̃c5@/nO ašX}-ANOhA?wuID![Qt*|_/9'|:#<撽>? Ŏ'0~f¶)0Eaݎ4DM/GY]6]eInį̧=:bqM}kvSPq>Yw6p tQ첌c<~3 ԱW8늌1 תa[&e^ť9 chϑWS@cjt>'`@}|8X ^{DPԻ{|ɑtcF8Oö0h9 a3fjgn_KIj1o/vjŜa?#< 0>׻[|;Bض9osVZU+f?#Kڡ3rsQdz>|D `gm3$eQyڠg8ZvgOXc( 2}sD~cW#>qpʾ;A fFNϛJ>2F}*AxhzkDAu`cP!3ǒ~A>i--ࣳ]vkB2n IT̒rʃ\ǵS|r w$rC5J[wy%vܞ}!;?+KvQH$ep2 _o f`2gqM-iivAHq.`q )!#2"PriN_0`*Ĉ*UYOQO)GdCɍeQ랿@(ZPcdGi ~p>iwlgG&Dp=O~I] mRDޡ[ӊK9䌉XCLCMHafDҔ32݇}i6&m-}*dnېHZUˢs$桹ӭ6-ɴ" Z->v/.LPFD_C+K+ Nтչ(QvYCVٟ9KlXc\J]6hHDӟS}:ѥe :c {:{~=FGZ/NϗI.1֤E!1#I Dxy>e0HyOK)܀JI}'b"#b"9?ܣE#Qٟ5yOuǞ%1''~{o!3so(1'i~6qHqRhLJ2dq뚒-29|ٟ5- Hd už)%7$NAΙf@IcT:ԐLkDv>ekiJ\>;+ $n)9.,t~{y0i?𦦛bY_P^=%\B3BuL.9W^6mlY# Y:| nX93S}\9h>2AT85~+lr\0㞾ZO iE5"薻ee3U< qp1ӥC˷qʜV:b:dZqB2J+Rݬ+r6dmÃҮ3 GyL&B04 3 y< W2d!#h*IyLu儃8YXK3LǓM[cn+ֈ=zW#/a`ӪY2ܲ*CjG4*7WBZ8]8yg8yG=k2"_,NQӛn̮o:˰_ޔI J? /arφ F7<\l!Mue]2]]b8l&]3EdY${fIoާڦ5d2IBAf^zP1;]KD cN3(`Fyb2 3]@{NZ"A-h$?hEJpV5~P[@ =GB)b3g$ eBI5KioFXijL|ϔ>zLꮥqTS"a,EyE$sҼH 22y`nnԬVP2#<ַnn.V 6|zԒl,#yB`w?ZQa-QDBŒlm9=?U{k)Mx]+EAT5/2a7Vֺ2[x`Y%j(Zx~vSh<<ʗEe7f"DSsGԷsOƒnFkE7n0c"xfL<QtKD >4O BZ7"ko&."$TCOgu6D*kjsGL1irq2:sYbpm Ii xi#Gno~F Kv8idm}kD>tl9JW- 35`N3mV=zƱΛddO0 g @A-g R:F=;U$%a[s9n9ӗ0ie).6M,nQ=K㊪,͠n4;P)Ն3n"]F W8?Zl%$FQ*r3ӃHb $LјOrk}IT U`:̒[\."|s>ȹr #AV y Gb(9᱊T@LjRʪ$1Cq%m ⫣Lxne-%* Mi`ĚqR0ܹ̀,a@cpws{Sa@=+wUmm(e{9J"ټ٤Dp3(d,nڈ$jI.%j($+F8ݜS;3!84!\>Nҟ$֦ n=l,NjO6'FAiTHN1Lbh-$Sܒ\~C5tr[ {U%*SncM${.0=-#,Þ^XgWoן֦I2I?Xe~+FUTʀ&KIR dp3UE+HV"fҀ'6Ht)=01Qg8`Ln`=p0iJwyEX zP,Q$%0E+l9R 6NDӵZD~Ec=+:.B{JH2C?_3܄d˸~a8ϭ}'5M)9>|s.J)rWz֙زс"]o'o-!0@e  d s^cN%ɿ|,&0ߝ~a[O%ė>b$ `hiyҢ1>RdoFУ풷@y{h䌋 c'R}?¹Y%ͭ˸ cG8ϪHgg۫#!g< Ӌ_ܭ-8Gq$puD׭nn[9jZ͵HP{*<ˢ2.F,h 0z-N8{>@KMn46 oBF,ԁVi W$ğ$jW DzOEN=>n9kLizp֣dV*ľG;c)Xw24x!(yܟT%٤'{pƺa%i9B?F].q2ߏ4F$PDW#XaO׊aoSm>Gyxy1 =3[ ŒQ]>lΐ\0icZQ]8!a/"v2X]34e`g&cxYolɰ0=?Ʋ͉nmfHeϭw7Yr.VHH={uGMRgF_^:gОI,:$3n_'nSw?Jit֥,[\yPL6pG<Wխz=̧lJ]Sں FkN{=PvN?QEܫ=:(K.cTO;:u̐l9z5 v 5jF̞{|Gs ?ᐒ:={}#\9cLHfdbHVHw&}sMfB@*ֲ [+nGkw#FvcA}ҀbOfF3:S<^3ǩ9?TRf\Jnz~Uj+w*;\jd m%=@ 3*G\6=j9Nb d&8*X>UKLrH#'xC|֥Fy?RڥֱU@ιgV]闐?u$W`rNRPPj[^ "})ŮRO^|CU6*Y nS;׍+.9+o|B]*{wb}_ᾡmc,wQ7\aGJ c6c l%dZJp8;K ;|s_&hdN*сlmA&U6z>kc&wgz{خ%Hӝߚ$xv38*K67C<.Y#;ZM| QAb<0@О aFH1$*r0rI*ǷnF'S?P?N*XԅUH.x]7*zPbIOК,+/ )mh$ Q/9XUe i (O>M@ 98*ʡz `=W, bU ׾DW3[ʲDd 1UNqSAՀ)&Fy#w~. 96 RA;yxޕzi inG\'jV#-Қd>r:Pw]^=hߓ8m#,G4<8Nc$~Nj%@܌V5XH'Ґ#^(c?{'?Ҭp@ GzdqmP> piG3OPnel2Uv#/{"y)b&Kedq1R#,G3 r_R3Bd{]0Hd0TqgT , 2؊=`SrFx|mDǐ/O Μ#cTm.nI4 g^UE 1\03JVvEG: ;ǴI(i䓱D2Ljj͌r˧\5ʻC)" DW|m è힆]6"l䓏ƴ%}sTHc4/0aS p{Miϡ9*R׊qP{*9jeSCDiOSHa;L'O"aXc?LdN ?$f+6OG)D'VݟPf;cu;iIߴSt CtڵW&P02rN{VF3Btz4 T!H3WdPH"iee@00GU'I@XQm|bP6:q­i=dnʫ) = 8 4`fdh #7`ު^^M vqpҞ>O}MܳdX.-Zl,m:+IvޜlSiPк*AFBGBUc88VWQAq JStq~Y45kY$Yn-JBGkQ8sQ,ŽsG@MHۓL9~=(1gֈ8RGZzO1Hw_*k|T]"y BsZ'00ΉP8#,y8P2Lcx*{oam%ۤ1F.z 2ypOL* 7## *W ]0I'Z%͎sQ%N%Hs8Ob~`3Ȥ7a|sIC>࢓{;1ah'x@L,)&Hc?.-5ػcic0;ׂxPVݳB dǥ\#%#_eZ]i8#61.D#/qlGb1^5zU!JG9=G;>,7s)b s9HR1?#9"FIG )\HTMG*w*Nѝ>ެ}0 k28bY,H7@4NbS*H$ȐcJml9KX0zSr2_c|rjQ߄ɳ?"O. qL> \tSt2`R̀I_Ϩ\KaXː9I9ێ<1K joQ.1LI{`{b;z^sxF:|E[x:]w ER~L2@QsDJۏºv2X[ڽ)Kdt4]Uf#jz"I$W~]ߦkxW[ @QTi{⋡c9 =U>Cݪ^>=<#'̺|įt1aȧG;[ J[YنӇ50,?G20L;To t#]"Zl'jTTabOXܖpgOQ|CW_ef#$)P45x;\.B 7,W@r@:6iŘc3]{x'ZxbQwҪ_͍̀cbbc:z?\< ȿNvf Jw"FklC[_GZ"ǷSi]Z7Cq*C9At+-t`FƄέ<[K xgW>Қ|5 t# _jt:|+r%)ڶLJ5vgNs1Q7eoe'tX u \kU5s96-.K pQ{FpqW9/arHS:438.JE.d((Aϱw?ZЇ¯K&ok{K֋ϧ4ExQJ{Zoq׊Ce汛=t-WUܠuVx_[cӧqD%#!㟯4]!~R.GL5kk˰mvӿNlpZ.w%1 l+Σ{VpzބEmn Ź+"EN 'l7R#dV|ϗj;%O $_k1S') Ќ`u5pJ玴2=y? .cI#̠緭nTd^?JSW^ .8<` e#`tCu62Bx+S[`:^( I`n uJzYOt Dgi:lCy#v1P\$S˕[]Kpim@k,w+XשּׂQ^+s= o_Ƥ߈P|VRt;z['na£F$2G%fhXuuSoآEpYz}({ 7 q]ڭub7p10c, :id{*\ñ!$ F\L"_;o&3ۗOq晴3$7SGuhId0McrW=S$UK1YtVho, Jr:54̆{qp8&sr]ͤqEbDs1ҎT]W]lY9@8&뗞| B5.\OjRS ޱ&#׼5lfh++ aTq4-T^mMmSSrqj%t 'Rk~q]$%۟Yceu-Ա,M uFbgG>Q`4kT-ORO=99PVySYFvLn.<_q"66. _$ ?+ipqEW3A?Ƙ#|P*zfLTj@}7T/6捲y{Q`G,6_#~c@~kܟO%l1ʔ 2X9%E"d̞D>/RλܤR݈W2sHH0d:zb`%%4%~!=M)OII>sIZfbz֚cݒEAr_6]U.6ɀ=:"<-Ocq' Q?VAvFaNXnN? ?hZ`40{Q`d"]ORS% m㋙~Ӄҍi$}3EఎId<K3PKqӀ|rzQ`#ddKr~2T28?%*'#͆Tg4Kk,,PP%ӅQjx ]\"@RZr>P2zHړ\?Ʊu'kId; IƷ 8>V|ͫ86RHٮ [֗h{a;ŸAڔQӟƀ?OZ,+yz8u&*#VP'$'``rj#.Õ  ga?hz}O7y.֪}*Kir@#qEF(1kꗑƫ(ܩeA63Uq($g'=iXw/K*Y/vn_֙3j'wAU"aIe.3$BAqDjjwxԵÎ._^D.#WGE7R9fuPou=.\1Œu-xLtd+LTrW2gj#\o%q.P!cHceqzP; Y#]^*rlVCZ$sbe+?Lt/b!q İc*0˯2H*&{k8^G!YE,7rOZzP@SBx1P7  @wZnqfa.>gjY!N|ʌ~)Ri`,|.KMFv\lz ĩJ#au'n>M+5f2m!RGH֖i|yNA'>@vB^\hon##%qbDKhfq;,;>$H<#=i cg#2-c9Q_¢"Jh}YїVVj 3y!+ךw@O }J J#81'*Y-5]W:hd̶GPY#6}Yɨ+l.sl}Wf 3B\l9 Tp}H48ua Մ  ϖ˵yKZ:VQe/wA\~`@!?J*yjfTz/8ir(/9^Ú`PrH8 'H|S`Ȋ<}yU"v\9 [w =c!xmՉX$DSAf6㜫t(:ID *xHF@Yyr3U}z *@Ȧ+1brVƒI$UD|oi *TvmS0 sk"=䚴wWrϱ"FNxLHߐ$ph-x' t\)Pi$,gvI3/N3tc;i9.)ILw+@><83N1oiMNFc:<}(_)#D ]A~TA4R`8F_&=QK*UF,KAM;K1Pm y)U ay8&ĠR}ѳ-H26I)ϥ!EUT9~5)U dysMך,' 9 `L4&L%J4;p\9BgR+d|˂+H2AlTlf#q1HL;!^iҕ27`A pH8y!dXulc: @F;mv'Q"<H]4A<`,0¨OJ]\ QKˮ>FǯJdu_OُAR]G9;FnL~8Qd͜:էfl(9{ $]Ϡ?jG p0}))#Ԓ2?:UV*s(;9 '7K&P9,p2NI470!팚2 C(y%~B`I R9@&EP9!D%*=8.P*&݃N HU Ԅ$m[>*2!ޝwu'Ҙ~`N +0$pj\m;'99?Jz"`f^9r0tw"02Hx#4eݓзRi쎡9+ց#\!@,JMۜn,SNRE4vdu*dW8R>[xTni=O8X)w^rJsL3gҝ4QJ Ojãe#ڜ* >Y3aFJq#4ѝێrxǽu8ht]pvGr\2OpH}UU "ѕK c94;sA8>,$;vffQCT |Uc Y̆Qk?K]۲r@9*H:GhI2PGJ:t ҫ ^Y5O0dT7~*,R[P29K=tyLw/ңPu欑q;Pfv,{'Amv<8JAz.=1O\zsC̫ ~9wb iVR1 \Dn@+@I!qQO!D79G?JD9')k ͝dUwՔ~m0OZvC y恍K41|Ԋq gr8R*rcR?J}d:9DlB|>FiK8]HONYQ S@#wL[|FЃ^zՑqP8 :EE#WE, >*MrO͟ozx9'#4\,S Vu'!aՔFFܞr IlFXw, ym;.?0|g+g#i7lw zr{Npiap~]>?Hp'?b 숸gԇE",0U =Ay(߰ mP R2; bG叓8{sLTaA) -9qOT2mz p#qHإzcF#XiW yexp{S! #ȫtl9*X<{PprF92FAcT7OT]@e=,[{r>R3S|)YՕN?)@u9ab!bc8Q)o5T@o#3cr(I-U#84[4*$$9e=s? Dʧ0Jb*B=r?Zz!cey׉b^# B{lg@rt˷=TA[*.J12U!HfnyWHSy T~LG|_D? ~4[y+嘶 ҼL*t#nkψE8S<>E009 +tn;VN*̉jݻqZOy'h$ƥòcU}* s8>߅$y'MÜcQ(.9n:bKyLyB~bz+d R)F^3BqQp!HR#%*ypEU`)K1 nl.Lg? c.0zSv;!3yINsOr*?Ec.+>ۋ$![X=8b&#rp~Lt"D[6HP(NNю}in_BRDb@3J}qmt;v#^]$SE i oq0H\p9$c'nKcqsRV%*w*08FB;h +rNC)nR;hdC&;cwUN8,sz3c-7B{ ceRpEPDd[+dw`Io]OƚOu#uf9en7?y^NF?wǽP,~Z9UAy@qs֍-F 2^x=BF8 7͞?#/IT*8ٌ(aԆcҐwWBA9a1|7`j+D/T'n?W簚}HJrwt}8ۑ6N W4I>r1.|=jh#IVaGq}Ch3Bբ9Id#Iy܎}隗,QrrzCG Hbx8OєyZ/Z.3uZ#L| ~ߍ5 ϴBà9)&Cb0^EV?_ 4o60!78 &!K)ɕbVRJ7C ÜƅfbPq1SJYFC|0sӚH\.Jb*,6ݟ0m?,sPIhc[Mldp~fW({uVMrT9n m{9(6 9$Xuo?(?~*f@&O9 xϷҕ䊑m,$.Sڣhb 2{u9d,Nͬ2BzĢ rӷ3-ǥ80.WG^z,9)ʥTGG ^IO< c9 6wbQvʮ=2A gӲLPp ZEhpq)w9$P#-GA<Nw>R$)Ђe=TH7 R)#BVD#9C9IIj'{TlRe9cۑ)tz 0Bi$B=r>Z+,@$s}h.JL0()=ˆt6%iуȓ<c˒y)NJ#V"F2EG!F"8fs#+~QߊE]@"H$|*)(ERPD eK } >A_/`I;(]#JF$I# MFo r8ɞ`Xv브HTz7Py4ɼ WҒ'/ y<FG#} 2YVad ѳ 5E )RJNx!+2 $$!{u[9*+ ,C# ,4Sq,llk;?u&H>tl+1-׏qW,߰(K~'?ZvWsûiӤ̓e8|{zU\2J)q֦,]ÂBNxn%4n5 0##'ܓ z}5"lU@$}ɹn!XdlV27湽 Vv#N*:iY sR 0zQ.#66FPW Ted"(]S]Oٴb@yn&g1 @8!V&N$x10'=M16URF1.4\rxR{d7Զ%rn1N~*)c$RgtW!s(o\|D#9K%Agf~Nt4$ %8eMX}/=?ҞTsdkطU[$M>0A@ s)co4v,yږ#*x7w~Ԩ@1\իi&]ByM1XЌoq.*G T=i\PYOO%UBp9z7Fr!L#@5bRM#%2^f ?ҜVs2݋I@;P1腢–X [i ;2c n]ߺ=1nG$9Ÿ8R`*I+*Wij\lfBӶ?Z ,3;A_qX(Tm _hy$yD\=? }޵X* G=y9{S?8_fa} s?֤`5M:89D%ۯJfc+4L6ҰnkuF猩*yUv+q6ˆ݌[$~k=?1;@~j:rڤf c`˜)ff[(P4q[6><2`9cBk(_7fIgָ6H0O#lwɑN; BCe$Gjd+m~JEΥ/\+d<TRG[Ȑ3JOLPň7IzsM(wb<5Åd2=ɨ^ `9[h@VDW0Q*U T|,H)hB(f3ԀIqDU]8?JzBJ?59.c, `$rTJj;}н#`.%X~TQsc'j+ Rm}2`/ΨYmlԒ'N6$nx.@b3Ǿ?:`<>\v 9#rǧ5I u<یf$W UUoA#C1Qw'2jFbw3gM㜜qf} pA>q˂@΄aG4VPذ rI>:rG℻n(0!,ke%0 ߽lK;_ l+z2BgI*I$ʡ$yqH *@@S҅u2F7mX>6c<2:Զ- @7q09%GOǵDȻ' GUgMeN SBd:1#XnD%~Xƛ1]]SvF,l^h>$E3Pp5:u :Kr0^Ug"z4:ˍ1"8l1FN"i2^ō"58hؒ0;2(\cN=NqEmώ/piRWh:tn[mnYNK' UH QE 5jdrcշ)^yQ@WpP0`MR8 QnoTFL(OgU|Z E/wP7|\BssB'*(nO$^N.ݥQE w 7{"&'SPyŻzu6e}y5OڣJdl*zwK=з[H$}ܓӵWH=hR0^0m⿓$;/!4QJùuvҐx ?Ʃk 稢C/\%TeC168D${7?q1Ҋ(4gG_/OcNX-(ٌp>QC45eFo'( ,;yqNF3]W`0V$g'QE11 *VFn (25[V%\ [i]E1nmP9P1KyȨZ 0-4QLDI S,Ja vX*My֒HrP2`."td , ;x#ڊ(ѳFqt˵S%d9P#n P A!ס` G t<袁ВNs5j8"h%Ɗ*[~X'ҕREGHyEB\68I^֊(HUK6 qQM\C?(PrXlR"H[ >QE2hM 9L [E (q0w\"o# 1ڭٍz3Kˏ:Aq5f7H\.ӏ(!3 ֜nUTWEߊ( !%x?)93mEQqCuL,qn;ϰ
Warning: fopen(https://newsweekme.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/2017-05-05T104738Z_1_MTZSPDED55H7BCYI_RTRFIPP_4_INDIA-HEALTH-ENERGY-SOLAR-780x439.jpg): failed to open stream: HTTP wrapper does not support writeable connections in /home/newsweekme/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-image-editor.php on line 428

Solar energy production in Pakistan is poised to take off - just as the South Asian country is ramping up coal production to help plug a crippling power crisis, energy experts say.

By Rina Saeed Khan

ISLAMABAD, May 8 – Solar energy production in Pakistan is poised to take off – just as the South Asian country is ramping up coal production to help plug a crippling power crisis, energy experts say.

New high quality solar maps – essential to securing financing for major solar projects – show Pakistan is one of the world’s best countries for producing solar energy because of its arid climate and latitude.

“Pakistan’s solar potential is huge,” said Jamil Masud, an energy expert who helped draft Pakistan’s national renewable energy policy.

“The government is waking up to its potential,” said Masud, a director of Hagler Bailly Pakistan, an energy and environmental consulting firm in Islamabad. “With the prices of (photovoltaic panels) falling drastically in the last four years, the switchover to renewables will happen – gradually.”

Pakistan’s current national power shortfall is estimated to be more than 6,000 megawatts, causing long power outages across the country.

The country is building nearly a dozen coal power plants over the next 15 years with Chinese investment, as part of its attempts to end the crisis.

But Pakistan also has a range of major solar projects in the pipeline, amounting to more than 4,400 megawatts in potential power, said Amjad Awan, chief executive officer of the federal government’s Alternative Energy Development Board (AEDB), an autonomous body working under the Ministry of Water and Power.

Until now, the country’s lack of detailed solar maps – needed by major investors, especially U.S. companies – has held back development of renewable energy, said Ali Habib, managing partner of Shama Solar, a company based in Lahore.

That changed in March, when Pakistan became one of the few developing countries to produce the maps. They were developed by the AEDB and World Bank, drawing on data from nine solar data stations and 12 wind masts installed across the country.

“This is credible data according to which banks can give funding to potential projects,” said Awan. “The government can now do the appropriate zoning and develop solar and wind areas.”

‘BETTER THAN GERMANY’

The solar maps highlight which regions are most suitable for solar power generation. The southwestern province of Balochistan – a desert area with little cloud cover or air pollution – has the country’s largest solar potential, they show.

“The maps reveal that even areas … receiving the least average annual irradiation are better than Germany’s best regions for solar power generation,” said Masud.

Germany is a world leader in producing solar energy, and uses detailed solar maps to assess its own solar resources.

Pakistan’s data has been made public as part of the Global Solar Atlas website, giving commercial scale projects ready-to-use seasonal and monthly data.

This means investors do not have to spend significant time and money gathering data for their projects. Instead, “they can instantaneously acquire certified data of ‘bankable’ quality that should be acceptable to commercial financing institutions”, said Masud.

That can substantially lower the costs around projects, which in turn encourages companies to set up large-scale solar power facilities, he said.

SOLAR ‘ALREADY TAKING OFF’

Frustrated with constant power cuts, consumers are already installing small-scale roof-top solar systems for their homes and businesses.

“Solar is already taking off in Pakistan – it’s going to challenge grid-connected power,” said Fariel Salahuddin, an energy specialist based in Karachi.

“Roof-top solar panels are growing organically and as for the grid-connected solar projects, lots of pieces are coming together like regulation, tariffs, investments and grid capacity,” she added.

Pakistan’s National Electric Power Regulatory Authority (NEPRA) has issued guidelines for net metering so consumers can now sell excess solar energy they produce back to the grid, Salahuddin said.

One of the first licenses for net metering was issued to Pakistan’s parliament building in Islamabad, which switched to solar energy last year. Some banks have started financing home solar systems, which are cropping up across the country.

The Islamabad Electric Supply Company has introduced net metering, and other power companies in large cities such as Lahore and Karachi will be following suit “in a matter of months, not years” said AEDB’s Awan.

However, the government still needs to simplify connection rules and procedures for small-scale solar power to be more widely adopted, Masud said.

“There are several procedural and commercial details to be worked out before rooftop photovoltaic panels become a common sight in Pakistan, but it’s only a matter of time before it does,” said Masud.

Pakistan already has one major solar park – the Quaid-e-Azam Solar Park in Bahawalpur, built with Chinese investment. It produces 400 megawatts with plans to rise to 1,500 megawatts of solar production.

“Not just the Chinese, but many other companies from countries like Germany and the United States are coming into Pakistan to invest in solar energy,” said Vaqar Zakaria, the chief executive officer of Haigler Bailly Pakistan.

“However, the support and incentives being offered for coal-based power generation are far more attractive than those being offered for investment in solar power,” added Zakaria.

COAL BURNING

However, despite its considerable solar and wind potential and the rapidly decreasing costs of renewable energy, Pakistan continues to focus on building its coal-powered generating capacity.

The government plans to add 10,000 megawatts of coal energy to the country’s energy mix by 2020.

“Solar and wind have their limitations. Solar can’t produce electricity at night,” said Shama Solar’s Habib. “Every country needs a base load that can run all the time – and that still comes from coal and gas or oil.”

Social Streams

Comments

comments

Facebook Comments

Post a comment