The Real War-Torn Yemen

JFIF;CREATOR: gd-jpeg v1.0 (using IJG JPEG v62), quality = 80 C   %# , #&')*)-0-(0%()(C   ((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((( " }!1AQa"q2#BR$3br %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz w!1AQaq"2B #3Rbr $4%&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz ?kb@d1nVc|Ugl( +VRO籵I?H\[vױ! 6~PqT㳈3ls,{Y蝮/.r~tk )U\5,jxVYQkBʐzsSvdOjvYo c#sw us<" WIivoiŜxϽq-f^ݭ,A_??Q3SF<)`,$V$W 72 RtpG(DV4fH x~qCjLn_jq h!f_waN ˱?N~G9.ioi".O8+ )-qc`Rg?]z2#yHe/l@(xE $/$@ݾ۵\BsԎg·9nG%m#@XOeq9x瑛!p1~B zB|"$_B?>= -i,/ !~8CG,jѳ$`cihۏ\uqs5x6ZxDpM*  :8IE`6;t?oDB_IVO a0tv*@?N97s(B.NFL<ߌԧaA?ZGM?:ԭEt#[J~a"`nۊws,o]mYwcd(N1`L\9YDm!%R^1ެd "+zN EGfFݲ26;NyqZm/' 7@JHN,h'ie{|+/É r>r\v.@YR_NdnahA< qӚLt Xۧ?K|@$ygpҋDGVO<@E֟\GH_Hcbt[F_ l>]$gdOG]#5rEYE# sd+t={052'X0S\ pTb#;Ցn1޼ZG+XbO.$ fq){4;h|cS?j't*k]6M DdQG"yw6"ԭПiZ?`O-r!uu.shX30ՁE.D|9=ψ3#+ܠ{EƔ2yu~ ]*ҁ8hBOT5 dښI ɲ66X4HHyRQh˹p\\*Lz=юO2K fJegd[.ұ1r10?5HQ|w++Ou`gjgo,m^I$sSxYVRĂAkTMaX*f[GS$ \G:őLw8aV7E\ehd G\*ƝqQ9~XE.TY9CE_=K4B$6GߊѡvźFHaw2[ D7^A֤Ԭ.0vltЭGĢ)b*?1#֢2$X`|43f12%qץ)k;t!9gߧlEsg?Z[}i<ʱ@~\wqv7ڛ[yFۼ s\LydƙPF: s֔*+R]B#$@FN:M#$_(Yf:5j((>\? ɟZ⽈-laedR7rsS㎅qy0mQeϻI9ӥ{RԶrX\W|b٠jyCGQߠ[d^Fc(9|Vj0+ܪvo֞'4f7,Ml]>Ū#,e3J=JVK̼%jto%u)=_5(KE@385F7-0;ݢlU%6>%zG02/%:d]iJc7W QcV̙R:G񎪑Epbd?y9NL7c8Zu}YZhQc/~"i:Sia5Ns 8t+>"+;oGmN gs#3fFp+Oe)j^u k>8:k ;K=$sVkrǺYHDp y~\eWQnn]}yYЮXmSh p[zӔ{ 2 U5) n<2jXҵ2=@BڸI*}zWFZ5հa\L{ϯ@+KF|y9r2 d[Qm ڠ8 biMhΌH1$Lg= Z dyF¦Q'޼Wgmu2>_°<cm0f$>_@@"ټѩ"8+BY ˈ\+'PBk"\N9 7ĎMc#(JyhHfu@T{1g:̎@]b[jMa* =2=3ֵU킨MLC@,e~uUEpQ!8Ȭ[yR}&v ԳI$#VQڹ4Imhg3#n$_J⹊ͻG= W0[݄c[Us=uM+Y9 <ژsASzz7r%HAw5D xR'Ҝ-2DK#>c!T<gַe -r?:qU,tQ2npp}r1&%)OF. ?<7Y>aDhnJ}~Ιw{hw._G9yPkvqV4iYZI );sõ_ndRl72*G\Ճjב( 5ٽ1ib˄v+E.Ƽ(c'$In _+FOԌ۶V+f-{:|Is3f!|InCqs 'i= 8F8^:u;d6 ~D"tl> !|"K1gRFe2 sM<#nrnƐY@+p=OE8ޘ+)Ez7gq8cY"Rp}& B_[.fipr 8횵d†y+@Ҥmi. ԫr+SbzYN.쑌=;NlGvpR2Gx 5ve:!C{?6Օ(x88imّ8s!.,sPjPXdd* Q`ҬYn,TY\I5q9f=V.Kl~Qҵ`EtJ m \.pdQzS$ ir;gD"x'ҽ.f*@\#85%aW/^ $ d%deQB͘JzEspcm[0I;T4IU' VI;AF[z{ՅC(@I8##=0?ֹO^LwwX1R2OF"*!ٝ qR$;'2?TmuX'I%jIa%î0>ыRV0]>$Ko R2OskG B8g ˟.HH:tX;{ES((({źn`I}5욣 /!`>u~3lEtM{$$ΪTOjkQR_- a4*goZ,R 8)BIGGϹb61mrNgu Pli$FG5Fwl:q%Wo|S#0$m `ڜ~A\ИXFB6zϾ܅&ʒp\9sB8ki\,ftot`2xS[Y'xRa'ܩVgMF}m<2UNT$(zlO|oXwۻ:n@_O8QvUCNoi9ZCҖNy8IwfpR/Id'+M 4g?)BD:ﻄ ?AdrJ>Fz~T]Cbd*,9m(HV :&]*+-G( \u &SfkgB O?i%ҧA#g-0͸-19םxG}U/t@DJ컳kԮV9;p:׃ɴ~R)|aLIN3̾ߴO0;` 񯋥>mv D\3ݪ|1w ~ :|\f ZlrzyX'STC:E\q8s@y갱Erǟa]oxӕ;q7ze5ǣG߸yNM 'B#\~UVqVޔqƠg3X}1Ub=?\ĝ.ifkO8,SqxqE\8R[2S2~cQ6ߡ둤qJ"4\s"*/mb Y2#qT`BVE7vzM410T%UZD^Ҳ4hThaAOO es3'ֲZ{r3֢eE SktO$qp"_ /#sRͧA7Ub!#7odw,R/nxK{z42\  ;tϭoGФG4H#[{UBxd{U-? /) d#t=8>ޤ׌q5Ԇel8$rƨY6cr:B}Oc[Zki#.A$nyg]zv[4PC!t`縿X4j" `p Uɲuܶ P8ۓRBRX9<)^X>|u<<B  #]qzU[km-ܯ!l(=x<7JQa\TK\άF]O9N:vw(.g*-Urr1Zm=cGu8R%wkc L}4:ЀAQh\mwN  >$g*Fo}vf%rrHrO𬇳ᡞEHΝMt rr^AǯƦ`*ǨS8=. 8.!wR LgMJ4k,z'#wv]\mu&[ϡWvV-]U(9,;OƨA O$o n;⬍X0ğ0luEXv4rII?0qn G\kj8OxwQd:CHOONqUdzՆibUakx]Ka mJps+d<ɦމuP.eJӯgQ!:|ߎNkhdb3ut7/aTd ەp"V6ld t,?\os7kcEVQ@Q@Q@>mMc^+tJq}+<\\tD.k4E0(ҥWCRm*{ΙmpJȳo{x p9ٯf)"dR胕Z#GE,(sUkخ$h\ FGTp˺EW6U$WpUzqWВQ0!M46j&`T[ȪD:rc=35i[XDE^Q,1\eEP=B0GQ*V]>8Io#A#zm2Sq%fx啱lܜqLi7ވ|61cAÅU*F@*($.7;1ێ\aIj6{?z}-pv5)%01Nj4{Wm wϽj̧{#` Bk-lkɘΕP2?w[KF'>%]q9eA=YX`)8dr}jh:nYf x{QdH 9I_IrB=*F,L6FF>RjՄcfn\qҹV7wl;X`'?ПƫZy3yHi7P?4M,w/ڼSBTfrZr"X0HF Z !K"П|Rc6Bd갖x q#y 7Fӵ3$;@Jq0}j_ۏD0\1|A3=O2.uu:+c{aSs6kAid ~`±tTeYeiI rlNKr愷a[溶s'yQT6ŕ8M1OOU5O bMˍB2i)~@2>5$smToNQNesA;'s%(`T.ߗXvrم1;̿i{9iPwOOu5F u{ە89#RƋ)j1u/c֭$Q~@"E @p9v*e\oszRqC1)܄=Ŵ/.0ێ?@>йy;E+#ߞ0UrA3>nj $%e T `gk׌FU@pFyHi"{;kUMYF)@tWiI01ʌd=.ѩ*TvU8z!O M0#RG+[kH|'ekqo[ (W# 2_`ne\J+pyW'G9 3&??k]f&9RI;*[(":,nD[x⢒*ICm.G&fVg]B#P{՝sufleW*?׫$qOOJA%kouƪ0Alcc|T^XUO@##\ھHhrykz4ˍǗ3[) 5Ox]"s I=xĶ .+q"s0z=͟,P` ceCO+5oc:JЀ(((~ĬN1 c6an˟zmbAdBuo1࠿^Og-tZqZl}{ʭ@"9CM"u5GLifhI ;X3aVԆО$*sn=ݳUopֹĿLSp:V/*ɹI7*J7( 3TOjl\$y^X 2Gq&Y,QFN)KsKA]Cbm-UZNϦ(gr\g5IrW zxr[8]Ff\v:!fAkwL18*^>- ȹgc„'nƯ5H~~˜*[6⒊9dx/PIPʐl9> %ݴPg\yq:H98Ti.^ec(N}wQyyI3&(5瘪@;F~jaiBї6$b;zTk x pҫgo*8|u=+",^!U=_SKgYVIW;C9cW5[cD )%>qws07ntۘ6HK%S trר޼ky {?tL< !y-GTqU|YW:,Q߅e4VNA#2>7+S߸O:5Ve𪲡߀v+lf+{#䜖Q2ƋdE_;Iߊ.C6y7Gu#*GO],}Fpq(BzlPx5sƥ{F̭8oN?sSisV]$y銉"NDߪ\q 6!q549lz8ϯK%8 FsǵGgKzIERPU-$MA'=2d*;ě`jj;QɖC4IŵUאGSGQTEz鄵gdF:n?Z}!gJ|GR1Pr 4.>Yױz͟RQgn@7cЌ֍P:Kwq2>_S1]̣c>2.w.<,luO^Ł\[u8URG~hSJ$aa"0?*D X!nrG񧬖בX=D#mi}qΆ#}TGD!g#QM3P14nIWV8a}q] qsfm`0xNڨkUkui!Y<2=I~yfti̻ Tkstl \|߹ssYW$]]O&@ F tՏZxKb;Q@=:WNs=8jsq.l-Zq;Q S7Fd: 9MJz17^3:EVd$չkJA,xM2[{G( .떱Ų̶#NB ېy5Z_Xcxcrq7z}m5ݲ]!;_Oӭ3F6=ϙ$ϴVc_N8$ҳq.x=ZY #CLgԏJYc$tX]ؑ/njn@m1#؃NF>MtH˱A)#?XkQtx<:nHѻ8❛ cIr.^Y-玊7x#f?v rDˑҳukٱl^ج Ev2P2GSRS]ky!e!rqvzE9l>Ϩ gs.cp:ggM2 irE©$m< Q?ZՃAm+J)rw(Wl$Q_.,Yʳ8 Nx4{6om\i>m̆5`$.}9]8' mɨYKK(2Z5®$y {`|mRmݜqڶ[GL۱&QT6\ C²KpxڳnhVuI$~]9t޳Y!V#)R0x y;Tft3s{,ܼ ņ8=z ico)1e;SmHA,q3(31S8^\kkie[_<4i>g*LjoF$%CߎV{$yܲn`.3cZamҽ/P0d A9漿UF%[{D!uB1٬aF}9Nxr ,t2IUgR8n vnYjHZ[ǡz *YZ"Zc}Mfa {wtҵ%& 0@2q,KhmItgh{g> fy# s_^EG.,R0.H Z!12MRI&jX[ lrzqN p1Xu4O2ky1bB#O1{֕Bh ģTq &M9Ja,{v;zמ@'0KxsWmWEy#~}kNL#~J%2wz!;e>UT/Ub3 JX`ssG0sFXJ js X;zj n`pp tһ p -;̎'i$(U/%'ʶ1<ȷd|?_Ωj¨86J17]R0vʞҒql|݂8L}}k6',ʼnE Ԛ͑kTC$Βm>ǿ_OJOSfa}jY11ǥyh\;OlJZVF+f88R<[UIsXeOzv">Vl#' ݤܒ; ;t!MThUֽtк¶@(_J8\4ex=+֢r ė]ͻ| u)Xywk)N-qdA&#Gk1[Eb>-7̣A  esP^HQP_j67tCyzMrxw;^ ֝D+>׊vM>4Ƞ¸r}P qR(=HpHGY |Ɣ҂HM>> =gb +GZ.<7%ZW$?j)lO)qH+,!y *Zy:u/Mȋvk;?%S~w_ uoj$:$Vi0 U$%RnhS\6.:o-,KYªas};ՖgDb2 25>8oxzM:/& i_9q2?(PJ{k)dtJq$8TޤӸXNK|ǡ /vA|$\˴~zU;&Y6  pHط4A^%ݲL`ꈵMaR>vIoa0xEXBthFI1sIݍYl֤Q|#6tpz:]hDrwĎKlT4vx=zp!2aC#$hI4/iVcHJ)c5mt=,t*Egv =隫O-ĩ$r}3qڹmSİ<6MddcOrzXЍ\r@#֑wG18CF1ϸ8Pjkkv1*0 `i6&ܸWyp?.} DC2W^SM+\wivwӴwj(73 Um.u9V=^Ŕġ9#:kw:$6Qu =k>cj.vTnI]~aRv`",ۜYO9tHI _%H?9~XD"D#qk[Yle j6R븂:ԲbIeF >$`OS0ڨ\d1vj!`8% ?ҭHFxqC4h[j!3 c4Kpo,`rHJ4oKs<񦟙60#۬:>ssR0\8U)Ep嚎YɤԪco5AVXLCnM#3,1-ԌsE21 -pGZ?vF=P٥2"o "L saEr 猊IJZ 3`x<ϥV-o$A.! یgUm)mTpިBn4fR@?C:t*q׿֪<+*$t?BDdGkrSRLxrsI Ƨ+yR+;bf`?L8H1UpNCd|`gP]7>8+=Dl.rC"`f#&OVLc?^kWD~T*m'JC&sH$='Ү_G H :c?#?*L$Xx/A Hî>;6m&oq X!XhqHnm 5H!ry998Sb TF;5u\l0׿qXl[h6O2K7py=? {(eΡCas=*\.cUHRm+cx_%8DeD=k fl+wߍY/<^1Ԅ?۪wQx'5Vݢ&vwuRMyJk39/Jm7iskl+ g1W}|$s׏xSU`̭ 1R4Ze~?ŠX< &NG%m15aC85T0GU6Uf(1 ( (: K$v2id:WQ` n +3R~Ͱ ҺewhGy' k)+ƬcrI^[OEF#.6+fY{1T2iҭ.xT I8"dɴ,_"GII#A&XpA!B&4g:jž ͆9Tuz~48r|RFM=f dŀLOq\Wl:sDkl0rs랜~uzMb >HbCÙE+SӣÖPaR_l|678tX\8~q- 4Hl5H.?uRE5%U-X[_<.7+EgGj!RH5;9n gb.@9"h-.NЧO>cj?ge\j1q0 x#b?ŋbP68>W Sv}q`rsTK(]!b$#Te]4D9\})Rio-zdb_0r/`˃n=OծfXdNUmnK ccpqWM\qBNVb?ȣ9+J[Heʦ( HcԝYrHyDՒK}5&3;s/ϙ `;nۡG!8f^61Y>!,,QȒx`֚JeeG׆^ {t0GGФO0+չ.+-* FAGT|= r#kZM^2gGm@/9ӾZSuԥ*gJ/>P㚛N 1%eIw8P:Пp{X?u +C?\nn?lm1Ol4ި1R1NyH֠CW  c%~f>k$JcO8a)lWΒј[p;Wh~!+hfy吀1 I.YO&?nh+Ή׏Ʈ24LSU#ռ)wk;S%|Ԏ|v^uv{ .;(s$~?_j^thA,ݮNɡxluϽj\;5;㳴ErgT&SNѠI[cpVuX3xg1QϽ] d ?/S\znk60Fvr3ֵ* 9FD`Ӝ]ã7Pi{fV䧒s5B(A#qU,@:⹫4"ۡsI t3B[AZ\Xj286Z-}n?[H5;oTeW g~5~g ˸*)]#yɪB9͸˷Jw vy n`2ykV%U~#ӥW\Kh 0'QN%6FA?:m7KfnHӭϺ=^Z"čKw08j]WKIh q@%0 ,aT-cfPZH#uZFKUdAb8˭IdCE{;DBys&A3[sԐDDr0IAVls?^juFO*8?2kdeLDzs\βB|ʍ>Qmbaic~1#AO8kV$X ]~]$ߏUt 561ܐ`]r@T~D|!0^D@\x9V4T%_c] #d܎2"b5NuTnzڤC4|<"]:d]E֞Ua+4QmI,x{V[Vy-qOaֵ,4A8VˏQ\W%kxcKVNͤ6|swCQOfmI:Ci`gAÎxG=OXODCi'Ro1kr-cS&X]蠞8Z>L.aYZ#LYp~qggmj7Z`* *TgUgxrMAo7`{sҸ&]>g i@%׵Km%<3 #ǧoƗ:A;I-"plcIf$ +>~aZ(M}.5Rc[xTWLd=276+; rG'ODkۻs7ߺ#6[ ̍58"3ʣzc ;?5gCek>#;r!r'^kv.I,rI٘)G%PQ@Q@)ymZ/x]AdmYtHٱjإ,\QۊZ: LA:vğS+^Kxb\8D$eйR-T[q b e Yc_<2[ dk6O Pj^.UFg#H:R>Dh!PwL9`኷yr#(+u;ah@تNмP19yj2`,4gR#S'@d"Syy',@>*q!Hb \iXw83rk9$1y7B06~r=+F(Wn}"A{%ʨppvu?,񑙼I>t1nj:B+;VoUX֊DIRV GH\eö;/S]{K֭ͬ]xvU>LvqȆڱ+śUUx%p܂GeաH4Nwǜ|_dڥLPٴӔ ?O fB#$_ű7:]/X^DXшçB[dž\'p?Yd֏No= j$T6+V$Ri&ý"](5д; D{@KJw5P<ѷֵn{, èqSa}_])|$H0WG=뱒-0=k4+F)w ac&0H o\-ձBfÂF ޭ7mIѷ[n 5|5K`@Asһ}47p>\hJ+T %BOA$u&|DWڪvg w}ĖRf Dž펕̪^@$o$O 3Ӟ^Ƭ&Y~PG)Q"Mb4G1A?+iRHA8 ?α63/{m_q#ft8QE-Zrɑ 㟠,S. 0P (_H2,1θ8.qup>kumuiq?=jǓúzbG9?:IXF$$O*DBKǡQ C  +M9G!]1#--m?^ [H\zTi9#9aI[q K}=vw,96M*yز?ZY"K/OɊlﯜ /˗*F{qX~jW$"6]N8<]r#(P%f=ƹk ++2SpS3'&sZLnXC"p ~l@J0Cv߇Xm6NX9B0;7#=iŵ3gcFvOmĒsvF3W4!kIu2h 8[z}g?O%8GUe ZCww4ۯ*3 }ukȧ9c2K8H tV-D/cfs:o֒x.< *I"4kKf|#d8W*)njg,lUA؂NrzW|G[K)D1Ĩ2t'{qҢ},A i0uZ3I8sd=1zcGz$vۆ?CWOAepג6چUI'AO4_Kyre0q[mz{L*7 U0m'pN!"U I#Op)\+i #x⣚ ȹLTI;0 &:09YXt#jOJڈĪJgǶ)-AfynH'k[J6WVN4$ 'Vݔ_g=oQą,29N4c ~b?JTaMW#FcV ²sU.!sGpUyS1Wdfx# 5VubzdPޫ=څ|rH9 p{tfPokUUuTdepNpG|s[~.,ww^zV\-8Ȋ5,y-qYDObxrA+Bc[h8Y 'ֻY5(?RyZc)LkM6'%G!'/'HtfGu{x|Ekh`edp9=~ׄ.tC4qYl̓nBvO=z :;8:NӭvqP:ϷRk|Wwi'ݟ(% @`:0=sg^$׵3 q$=r}=}>GV湸ҟS?יKZh {hm2[" <__d|CYY\OnU#.&nO=(m<~O1$#/9?4A0 +`?޸_[9rt' wGbGRX?ϥwmk7_nAv(7g y VM>OӒ;{xfL78/3kHN+T!A;eueIotBE#i^:jG-6;TJ>V60R8J+$DU' ?F#1(_ȉFm#y|ѮNiB@f̎Jھ$]und dz~t<7.!O1"'0,03TtAYde`dZT[X9ueyA([xv1wo* UAQIbib@O2qUP,ӠJV0qs<&Cy۽=@Ȥ~k}mU=*qi4ZfLve ׵u>Vk] v?Jj3.'wY%'q5-sHU}ԜFsЌ:Wgwu/XC4(=9bw%OVOQ5P(AiA = .)c '9P֖AD;.y8#ukf6~KLA򤐱P7*}ֲ\b .o(1JnyJNMˢv1u-,+>ႎKeyg0V\ּɖt\~VP$? Yؙz|tQvhr?ۉ#j:3G/*[#U9s5-&F`@ɃrG_Q{w͖+UY0UsQ@?T:\ af#]la|(Tu\ Cs1v $ = ګHa"&ܷ݀'':UkZԧ <k5p/$Wolg漒ٮ敎zfh0th 92{?mA Vv"%$uzn_]GNJ cP勃?)w4ޢ"ԴU$CW]d|&uG_5kJ@,.$pIHٹBM^7{/Jf3~fԒy c`i} -S95Cػ֚F Z-}^ڕ.څ%at$ Aw+KpCɅYa 5+9DfBpNޱuy+␹8qFO5IL:2\gX7Vg. Cy? |VͫOkȘ!9~yMC~qȫ)2g+]Iu-nU3SMpf),Љvo>[Fx,.J ol+$ h^iH#Y)}ZKK|#Y<?+n/Vʸ RV0rH)^~\ %n*EsA9h2=69aeБSФ;fpJw-)ݾu@xL@-b8SǭF4eaeysP)F X9yR3J"DjN|֗OY`9!|"GfGy@K}*%WCKE@yBJl8]Hm[u &E'֙m(5xr#ۭQ6dd=Z '#׊@ȐoHU=? C{"I9U~o\A"6|@aWg޺&F:Ts1jXǦ:^-cRq'ӟWhLKpn<2r88 ]^:24K&S>EkMLJ$n7F:`tJёnU 93ҙc*T?J4κMftA>jrQՕw ,3s3b.xuۈt<ű;OYWwzԓ=Ecv˱8ܞ/cG, ClUpFz*q1SKǕ8<8=)sOJ 'r(Bw)MD숫+2m#19䞃֋w?<a*0 }riRPnRD m nZ 6!U$n}LbS=3Ubo]>3 cq+~on4!\̠(zB&eiDKkQg(OzAp$u;[qJ^:2]Fx S#Lx%owX_")Q]~,@1#S?UX d0ﺋG&5ż :_J;YKZ0.A8@b@})Kr1Z2<ܹX|?*h/W[k$m3 >Cu0w-o?ZwRNLǐ=וr6?zkDv)3!ld+[Qk{#5w&UJ\t۹jJ;\3 ˑƐ9cyji72\*Ib21ӿZ9$v:VkgU,}8vrJy]ǸrK!!+1scRRFr*]YLջ!r**z@BAf'?z롖ļ\DrSIFyhc=kܲ5krIFz52Jf{o,Fq=H'ml.[qIh༫F*5O~[HFq;u(p3&tzUinPPtO?\ү-(,rF?P4%ŹҡpGgWѵO -l;"P:~~ROhF9f 铤:$sI;A'9&i_sش^;ĞcŽc%G >Sһ{i.YPT6p=9]VF%W7$ @vJO^]?rjp_5Y\k tFT=W󥅭( /#ӽW7(J°r50 =ƷbU)*aNŔHN;59.I<y`20 zdj[Ĩ* 1izBKqjMwq'G BF$Ж?{`G$5SӂﯨdFRr3Nl "NA.N#ߚޫk+Ѥ`^{NU7#fN3lGUa4}՟W8#ČJ_n0jj:}V)t8RpxF;jW^#@|tНjI[Z F\ ⼺VX9ʽ/ xf7sLztkgR 8㰭ᭌfUBoƦ_{0dEC g_F{o, #Xyަ=Npjb+zTˉܐzY+)J)mݜޣ"[_G5JiZ#ls1X`?aA lOVmć'Rk$w9&6U&gL_cgªiSxh⺗$}ߝy-5g^s$>Tx"o X3mkS[bb~6fgܲ9qGtTItW(e"IYY9 qֵ\<.&jwlFI$R/@ڵ|W %9qsYdjL䪅Y11ִ4{=OrdN-MѫĠg}*GpT@gKFd$əuT zS'ڕArD#ׯ+M Ga?ȤYl$Ǩ [W . Iacxi8\ixU3ʟ167c8ĐA onW$³"[dvқvw,j DW21$}*;*+> 1& L8n*mbFFݠ"Ei.nV,w8bv*9H}*e-*I(d=?_Q}K/ gh>>$wQ$c$}j*j Sn9`dqLg!+9*쌈 Xs_T֧H vq+>gRcE/ ]ysdy\ݕ Wrzr ~9.A1m?qOPM;uiı00I.eMGwF$'GO9珥tʁ|d{g8Uj$Lc b`dwߎ-к<*캴8E,3;eQ褆FԖI(JOR?.GZ -[lQ,︞r^#=.>dI1(BB1,8zOJ- .lF?ۥFEmc J[ d݀N1޸M:jIy4g .J;Vg0)>RL0JGБùմi=OAw,!mh:+my<##<'!<78DZQYϹqS9Q#=jat~0)YTrVQx1QD3*!m͑(ǭnnB#v;W+ΰ~ 8Q]1DO Sqmr23ǧ5XS3Xk;dz-g1l&NF?QYsKKH 2b8cO3`{<̙ݴ]uc Nicֹg<)f~r}IY͊&:ڱ{`aNϥw7"EpQ#{޿OZS|р1iT'{`ȣȠZ_ ux]韭tzWmaS}iissRTX? bG_ *9U?5o@Y%IGL{Y[EQ򭌭R&) k+s߭rrhzg.M F9>]\ ܤ̨ON#8'#S9 6Npo$sY#Z2<:-$|5UI z*i% е{QFiJi<< Ґxۯ*xnaG7K#F/(x u.-RhVFVyQ~A*99NG-s+-á'88[;ybK!sswj|Eᑁ'< 11ɨ5VJm]kO–/ 1r|Oh6y8#. dk;U!ti=99?֭|EĶ6m=?WX-R}2uFH7ݲI}4ҤlD巰ӒNjRc>Q`6ƫ$O#]Èpޜkм7O9!#<Ā$>w$mHP9ҷ>ElڭZ\Uu[U;$#yz䯗pp w;^G^VCXWU)2cih9'N!%avb:jm*.#Ⱦ4ʮ~kJAmq0,rwGӏQy"Y`m$9ʭa2C(#ϧʭ\V~)tcP+ȯߌ.{7"HAl;g?~*_kOb*nQ?1~VlIXĬۀPxȭ]>ci&[xb:8 GLⲼAI=88zڌ++4UxVACQC€MKihv2y+SYH\c{n#8[]2@pI;R{ j{EMBRr8 ߿] 7̀cb|20H)呸ںihyT&،cpqƣ\ҭop[9(lpPjSl|_lƒ۝BI'K<; q܊D3X,Vm3IZ|E•ԫnTHM4@#S))p?f]rWn~ᱏqׯ2D^nHQ^G%֓{f z!|Փ8-{kCNe8D#iMI%bF:g*腳3>"GuY|A|Bd@bEaT^3_ҭc|Թ:Չoˋ/#9bRm$ :dTR|!P~룖SMWUC-&>b3V wF;v`Xl%ciO,|@) ?8'8.$UǷ?SEF˄,gۧ#B#I9J˵b3[O r6qJJGXl:rxڼeUqӱS%"KcB)Z3tFqeosb&M>bGl[oې2sXW$@ڞdXHڠ?>ݜw7 -*8Lpe,cMMBP"p 7c#uMB|9ڼc8~%ӣi☪0E/9VG-4ccYOq3Sj>T2U#`AZм3j6HAI0gz}*93 g󦩶)MEٳiI`ypB'sϠN"SO˦H8+o{!U ;&IS%Ÿ*(ŗW#[ΙqoQd-uAޒ[ɟr?h_B%U?~؏ L,qeWDC2NP\="Qi"uF'$N8sں\mkǚ,@Id:6U{6pUUlq>T>9'| {I Aj~N1JbxQdπFIRN=(1q8aqyxwKKm╬sTVաe5.y;F‚0'ߩ#O2jp/ޤX+MbJv2;E.E{ iZo)bzs,=ojoGҒNH?jJӚ3C Qv}'>59mhy#^i7$wV.|'ȝT9V.&HfY vTc5.Q`t#gx~pw_ |?.=S`;#RtP~tU7\uvp;s#;VExysHMR cE 6XqY z۾ܭ88t] m9_&c)0=I6噌q›v> \g\oËzeI ۫b܏\]VIL~+.,GyDJ7)$| x`˨Mtfq^GJvvp*) %H($ t OOZmBd12.z.TG(S(g_qo^6%(dӽ-iϧ3}:xX:|ڥ֗5 lѧ~:ucCi^Z1x )tLC)F/g[Ct2̵$11Mˎ'~mt+r?ʴ.dү\(oݒ4ByJH<#Avx4kbVt>ɝCo޹ Z"YXs޽3FF4y^v1Wu\\窇u ZWZҕ[+8AԏKm Zr;zh^ZNda@qҐJNM!! %. %0:_o]A(x{yn,U!F d+!H_\R)(1Y5kl$%@i)_ݹQ [Q$V6RxkD-[-K>R:cDjJ#~ )sԈ7gګ_'P"b"޹oo|@Xl]`V OOƻso2D>THpg\hڛgIf[w5 E7fra?yNjU_6>Qzë/G9:CFZR 0 `޴H#Fy\tU㾁Cv ӊuxQ820 bŕxC>x5dB"Guo,mt$~[$`z(?t {UƗqmY:ɺ,t0¶?Ju8&4$93Ҳ,f۞Ie^fK_ɳvҺ 6`H \G>GJb-7=5 Q"4p9 HO O"Cb \ aO;QOJe-%% UK=H>21 ebZiRHJ2v{cEyy0:ss&=Tr>4I' OJ}Ѿ֌nI=H=~Л0od9$Ϲ B*r,#Hz/ΡiMmknx$)+2kgZJ[XŬ1Fp&I+>|s޸,5I8L^֤)+qYW2~uVJ-W%I͕e+;2)5ѼZ8Po0S|7đ/m5>D^('֞vTHQ<|7Z|t+4+ǡg>#2'L'$ԿoPAϯukt؛PUp,؟z3NMJC}AoW%J=}rTtlb9P9z?gKX$c#,\|,*HYzf< k׬n,f^ $w*pq׹"Vi"f/dg {ŭ^U奥 2)T>5?"o%ѴZR+m6:%%dǂ3Vqs66~U~۟HتL 49Bc<Jlwi81TS3rʷZ\4hA5r wp8nm)d3F : sJT67d^sqKr0ٴ}i1х %FmI q})`d6x?ZR!2)ltϭ>>Iey|fA*8S43ŗwϧzO13 =}*aUA1s%Ϻ8 1$?ʽDW&]NK<>f | tAMyk Yx@aQ]" :xsֲwl|%Zk ɎIw0< ]Zݻ^u)Xb6A"6c5yU0U+tR#O6APg8=ES .g*sՓ$ FV8me cdO;J=-=h66FqxcUg8NpMq:m k;k<9Q@AjNUmݗ'<ȬnSFUOAApJw$[m%qaN|N~d83@twg:e ds+.Q dcM+)$g9Ĩ&Kv8PrCW5/qiYm㴷@!\׎j)iVR #;'%hoU$T?06/]NsfL$~j+f`:}:TKHp?3ך%a/m-"P[)Q$yMQ>S_4BN{*\U7̈xp:V0iT%6W|V㓻d+ap4/<* ! 9fǥTKx]x́)S{ԓS˜n; #FBag.<[B8~t6?+"D|x#.Yl2 $c#߭Qq%8 ّb]`c^1YYnֻۉ GٽČ?aY0@u*zʥ^JEWLVy6$ؤґV"%GLsUx\:$pq#8⺉ݗ` F91\XI `nE%Ƥ OzQz xwn!,<1)2Jzf 1v7Z=Ӊ\Į֎ @dz mjJ~Os.Jҹ`&s;y~QMͧi7#U覽y-TNVgFXD H~uڽk7+Vl< Wx3|3+ysǵCK5fdE^69ey# Eڋp ]9cqydU;q\*Ӥ, (pˀԋR~f7.:~4\v5RߚrZǓRL۷^3W挪f#qn>LVveF1>ΕHY$ ;pK1_j' 4Ft}#Ⲛx.~s&|=̫'Obw$-"{()n'Vd MX_n綾[GNqunz8ϧWAsruI"-Ppz'z5/33 BAQ>U[|uF7zZ$t,T~q`Oyl\*~YBIz_úMLY#+FO Gk>Z [m?[(Ek )w l#LQ}e۫F6rڼ7?fu{p6G{xH[nu3\ҔUʻí)W*ygn N=;3jWV6FСFtrzӼ1hqmm[^үk$L@(})-IўEq_o C}iɞ#cv:z;m2;}s_UH!4V҅P3fxoJ7JF\y%A+-\`=.$g __ʣX RKl{j'Bdx yGJc\ OSVHؐF-c>S[{tcLgpx=r0ۭJk4n> =)33:)]2>.&Gu-HTȼ!gw{XC+e*[!mO! >.^i eKr>cgg jvGҦ,tܥw1[vz[ @KCn4Kf .N m[t.`uhZB6H"dٝiBP][Qqm^>7 )?5SZ,>c7sck[t3| XCa+^'5q]AVy`ϓfb׾^tB@2cpAR\/o ă|b8$QQe_U($e`') ]^`ױ@ q'ںgeK-f\Dr4`%qi_p #nGOSs=+ f*$ VX7,c84UҭF=:R_["ۦH6 YHʆ힟Qֵ5LRڼ{ce.I$Ў|!ԼTf'|t9Lii ֪opVtotMHNk_6񞵨Zdzti+@X:s]n߿׋X Oq\9㎵zT@چr΄tT_,DDoJ/8SsS$#5=u^zW|Ϧ1!$Ҽ3}[]Gx e[%xxAY9\qzEc}=[S9 MzzuaFTf;@wnnރެkْ Ќc uR\׮4j)ZBߞ=k*?弑l,J N{~5RsPיIrH=st.뙒 A-(<#Icf5`f pr{s[]Mգ4jsbo-woS\{{qR՞;GC-acK2FҌqSҬ%! HYeuqKm M\ƗrH#yv,|=U@eo֙kx98Gb(V7iN殑t?xQӌGJƒDw0e2sʷMR'shQ 9 T_S;5tfPbӜug&$6zeϕ1i&r ԁMhY6e*7TVB|ǂ[)#/Dz1;O֝=rfDe* lc4닁k" {5=ƕMKmEbY'ZW ;[>]JP]52E&-Ў+'4$ >j N{)`F X;]U R˃_j+oZ#vV-8zFs@Uנ bFcIrFJ;ّJ:V@6+c[r[vyO4vvIĝIb7 W+Zru,eU G51*kRF fG}\OFHQ9B,HĐx֟a)6@=dȑn;<:xIK!^s^kgy-LU̱MzVE%a,Neh CTyMk^)b7Qene|UL< N=k̼QyY"-Ԝpktweiym"8FcӚOD_`4UNF}6d )#E-gnO+/_+8?J>r|?JϘӔ$$bNH>O hN7 Sj̋0hg<ѱ5<^DʎxO7H=CSGHxMqS{ 0Yz~UzG-F ]v۝t'8kAfVDG}`P6f7ҕH/$rfNGQ5Pir?.0E"x"_,Oҥ_ h7g.y| ۚ xM7qlO*6ZE"ģb`c qI榷oV8f?+o$)$1&Sʐ.I>q&[UX өbs8L[R ݹFd (ϰd+J%%IHw8 .ְy߻,dn0KCץeZxJ-Q3z^ǷO]_iqg#9YRA<`1M밒ksy̶6)*wr{w*q5 QPO3VH%bQ+^1?$dPby|nm'׊ITBf%-/n-]2X}jA#P7 LC.] q:tf|,qv:z lN7,MSx!ٽUyuӧZcEtId|p9Q*M<Fc =k|sXQ= Aq^HKRzO%> }9>> gU?)sR9<#]!33+ |J`r ,?,ϯ3[Ȑ\K#M嬱яw_[_E$.y Q3OCQq27yw:r1޴V&g&ielb%MyTּ[? }JA_"y6U|Rz $dr;jOڍt\X e<<= Mt9tN 89>F;sZ3ʞk:K ?cuk.dM }7l|msk&(u+)8e|y=TIoťqO^o6(m*j{Bbiw7g5ku#ri##N {f]O$*]Cfs 7/$}nJa_E<`JCIʏo6{Pmu9bIԴܐgGף\={Yʝ[;~A*k~QJUW_ $vq#.KiMrrgoz:𿋾 tka REq^[xvz 2e9ÂhN﩮>zmшSݯ=xUu 'O-$'J` N0G_H\ .pxZΗ=KHx$)HqʷЂ\ݾ k~ Wui}FO6I$4g;%?Ksz Jbnz|WurBjGƯ{9$c[%nӖ@NOFǠ5OZ>SF}:z k|zZk3A'P2_gF"+ظԠơY."ٜv}'y)6daچ"IFG|a3Nrà(on&H|XrTO2ڹxofvk5{W %!Sj)}C=' ;0P3Ec:,fa1:f.gKk!T0_C2=60 Dʴ4+XjV6V8f9'䓏O/46CÒۤf,Ì=p?*ß4ru[x)/n[BKy8.!`cIFk˨GgʱI W9 ~DRj\r*w+Nrc?@G=s]kM&ZU!̄d>K 9޹>+٢sTTcI]b8g*A t W2xpPvwxpG8F+m:]ZiRkSSFHʶ~YF+E4. )b0THsIzK=)w0Ewhj!189p =SУKHmi] 0HJ=F*E\\(f9?ʭ쳝Ȏ'mj;*+eTT{dkKG4bHx'+f:tDKLs^^GiҴ_4o'ѷ?^kN=[4q)`Kz>VWnylF챴/\lfoا?ZJD}Nf*ePOj*4BJo1@)RM&>tWa?֪AB`c%dqF??HwLϱ^:e\6K>\>9}nscIctG^1fBHϧ?Zu,[t"0C1Ÿ΋Ɲݳ\ B4N`gg4-^+芘c{u?S&4۵RI! r~jMOD],rfCd'|qS&4[ϣmmirEo\1j< n} @=A}uOgn DѐI$1uZO!OtAq_78QTw p k p=֠ှ9 _sbE@vZ5ktg9!0z|Vρ4 [Y2dDr0ry<56ՙ\;LaY֓Frq # 9bb!׊D$M׎ ǮyGdUq&쒠㸠YPwλ;T1c8TIqo&eeWdIOQ>NS$bJgeבs}lFnQHsR[ZY `V%XPxPdKP-@.$7ҍj]FfBn)T" JGij@rPy!.. Q.1ʨ':i X;Q ~8W#9qM#92DpRYۖ< =W{kHQܬ.aېgpzr9ӮpC #dr$d:~-ȯfH䍂ڌkBoAgrqɩ4o ks ,σ9x#98Le.ԍca&hB񞻎['9[ƹ[HUXŽ`V_cԜgMH? MuK7)qr\@~{_Ghj1? QO#_5?<{{U"ˏL#>o4gFnLN>xskvl㥑|c!qpDOe>ïEr:~zdP6> >4x?k:t:KO*ßڥ6I$jBq9zΤع$s?-VMF("JksD"ZbVr1ɯOu/yH#<+@&vZ<طX n͝X@\xYڊ^~QF2ch#QK Td}uf6V3%Vr@#VK cmķj2IX`1QnkJ-9-9Aq)IN +ޡ%cXa2nKG-IA 5/!#px>X5gb|x2޹NH+-^9hwF0'`s\LMc"H x?:{M<6FPu uqG}o)i3TF==8ԅ NF9jW8Həиfb HT- c A{u:4`rdؼfİX(NQ˶vJ$ҹLI )tBztJ[k#8p>H%KN{Sl\HHG )ZW2Ys!\ĈL]œ7#2 U`W5^GI4;2o{=;=+Њ\AQ<({s#\ajr+ӕ3o'=}Z5d#һkRڛlnNNxUGS0ؤ8";1Yvp?ej۳=zv]9]Fv $-cOzں{M16K͔iwzn&=^dpNk<5ǧ<>- ob b@#j't巙]NP=+RaYPןE#!XziFuaT 4Q1ΝRCqna9jαSyKwr㡧jDMD82k[-^X[x|wO&f0*prH w*$ֽ'.䷱ӵ%L 2 ~cKz#+\giVLa#K% A# w/yI$3޵Cb_FFoc֭1E9{r~lTnQU,dxf`$,q u:oFmM7y-cXu@Z^{Xg2Gҧ]'qStnvz8\)]rGjlG_1r27tʾ#e!*'l|\HѳI:9{eq~m'%}@N] Y]@;OLT9T99+=V@"u0aTZI&:6*J/) Sިga2(?:[E%X\бĂ*94dؽ˃3uu ÂV5gfh79ۑVtXMsKfD@#vJb]fWy=ԟ~@׾P^JZ)|I _ :`qU8A;ӑQ @q6sU2FA?jn~52*Uێ@9渙AͤG.i_4 os*`iE`zj?J;N(`y2)UP\^y7*ɽX>Eb M,o|Znj,-WDLo#TH@1lygo1d-ko?gR|ȀScU=d)gFմN9໵ܯ GƺgIn+I.9=۾;Ro[4A"+xpWM2N-?_IlZ\x^e9b d ]4-FShRlGT6enX;{ w:Isq`g>ƟJUzerH (4 ;d_D@2;pG'Nڥܶ͝s c#澼kحnJ;)W^EyfT@`͏ҡE܏ƙdH?^l&m}Ipc1C Kg^8<+aa1A!ڪ u55ssCC8ތ7R18JQFjU'ySG$2:ɵ}NK{k-.)\9*ːp=j$hCZp"yhvw==Λ.o)gloKg8'T5t_ '$9h+)]Tdw%vc^'T"{cf'GN%]J)~j|yy;5ҏak5ү@X.y\]WzwXi:5)"Ed#|UEȖ뤡Gh&EEv9 \O.6Ox-=m Fp3{ MD瞲*QhnrᢞP c9F8fw%'9@ïO%6"]̍Y F8滩Yb`t7~w}go|KXqZ!Iy}Tos,!Q=J1?k4v%hA0&5Hn؝lNTO Ηo&M9̮ERp2FzY5(-Ϋ\c%|C)AǧC[Z׆Kói@Xs6d@ 5|5n2Yxvxxi| @'z %ڔe-Ǥj6JȦR#hp!yrVCRxхE g͈*AcQ_í6}iBmPWSL@e |ֺ LjFYUok.sN2RB}iH5x@heK8!{c|/*[{Bo$kW6ZFQ'\( rq(; ,Q^/?rtь6hp21,M=E-B%F#;Ƃ }9!pñP*C1!=rG"V .7).8;Ls0GQr[ 4S\1#z|'#'e=m)pޱn|-z]ym]m'NzW'CVsY"GU9x m藿N3Lybx:6m]19 :ϸ ns("F>2ZPVŗr7絟9B"I-UO~0?k܏bnjxGӚK% k|E`Io bq#H>9֑cv"]M_*涕Gw~#yy#QQ[0Z٬slF'ܞ¶L%8iȶ76JsA/8ktOiI"#jwCq|~`};h3^^BkWǥfC&44kfgIILssϥ}o`hǟ:F=|Rw},8xe|}V\3ŏ&<<'?nR ?jކKstmAt{c-$@Td:qҩ^4lvHd+BvƟe bs}FMnwfI湏[:% ٰp6~A89Qkj=K Q/{ڔmQRT^\#AN(ċdF~օo(- 0j[="&EVFEҽ+KPфV2!1 8:ۭsc+nyo_Ja,mAz;DHd{p>ꌀ^c^,ҵ|#+NǑ\m6PI`=Rz˼gy*Cq g,7謁7Nv8rξl8Xn+ vcodfI >UCOj_0H۸@p@*PΦtHJ4lx ڛtXe|"lyr0pG\S@ Ï^7e'xbި~֮Yι$b:+.M&$пq"%mw=0(6ѭ75aj06pI<+GM:k%bx??Zكόc$62 O @ Nxb[>X35%*[wjd_3KuK01">{VEgd<* {UOx6doS5 Pymvw qY7VGjʬ^3{k_L׮Tޥr`U-#B?ҮU&#(O%p-y0;u1IoݺƱƈڨ8Gaڡ ! |ߥVrv@<ƙtx8v{zmbޟ†sx\ }+yl<@5+{pmBn&Vϝ\ >Ԋ:/qoh1x$nwaϗv V 7{ҾcoIl-P&[Tc{ggMj ;;5ФcއZ=6y%m\4 izcbao )n9޲uHhWMOjU:[6٨ˎӰNMЋ`&Yl۝.^7ڵM\;(Vlc<{?S$Mf_GoZ$#fcj KxDH^Ir }{~)EXĊA#*ׅI4h dwǿ֏M`w%) BPqomu0NgGV g ? [pdMdQzaia1MՕ@n~nCBUbY+iI{"lVvܗQC˜$>Ns+piHJVv?k~!ZRZO SN00Ar7:W{_5MLJ DfkTH~/j-eL1H'iXxl8bX짇6Pm,s\g?;V贁eRdr ;:X  p23+Y2H|B^3k}yE؃Te0\Ewܾ\0]vnv;ei<n*}Qp^qW]#|PuUIm!HH?t>k𥭝ڣ{>_*O1UT3]uSڳMEfAj$hI@ *A"SGJPmdE ?zhql6|qq?gbKo R2'BU9Qec- ~dSg༵P`eZ|Iї+heB4ڔ<ĒxM6n=Z &P{s[]6q#Y $agdIq/ɹzk>t+А:z>.kR L&p =k?:յHpI;o|/?C$2w"ǁ 냺>RL;/jz&]'{w#+ sKl[ZԵY%%U22{@#rA~^x"UXX^Mt-Y.xgEbЦghP42t׎8~%]ͨĿ`}+Ϋks縷r9Agl糱*H3;:B)]..g5I RayuMs,RO j6@NnVq0;UO#]^kLHzņaH99?)i5$!F/ ݤ d8*zu {x7uO4wo½⧋-0Ǭ(`H8 O8_:hƓ|Sw.hW8ѭ]v*YwdwqM%̾m/˔fEnƧgn:{vw}}m1WgU?^KGec9P3J c9=c0Hm3qDF2 (,r[3?Jb.-Ya25@5B/!t0_LG+r$W !^GzI!F@x+=)wX-H*y9OfUatcplV 6@?/Jd~]/bah oJ%~҅I#8 :d`u' KD"~^ ȂeH R3ӯQU O=hXS :)^UՈWF;ן|G ݬ9"8>ߚ/iUhZ.{&ȭդe+S 6_9n%^~8nQGWŁAn[C>63\’G%b/Fq/_֯uILLi gsg®iRᮭ{I#+V{.,Tf}rqZ{>%NX8=[N$A ¨_[d'fNzڢ@F=_T kER@6;wʲ.RZ!mx=jEKi[Bl~fl5H9tˏ6V’T\WIxyZ>IPN8zQoc'+nx֥C?alF.| >nd_{в{OdUdP(ŇejO4$n(׌ger5-"оeKr\Hw8< AoK+-Xc mP=sK+D- gn=MmY# SDHHbڡ63.1s~϶yNݲFҜ`US5F>R1ƫ=icMNLRnG YHp(w9#2Dn:5дwJQ )tϱ0gy[5C\.FN\ײ@w,|iq"[jwD9zIFzh qooj NJTkFubfcQ!YAf+2xjG`H,c).U{6{c4V.2n(zKEIæ==y\S=9RZض" zbbx!Cwêөޤg+$qc2? ,Z)$)e\툶\~N ~Įk)vTw34=OMjiv1!I|/9<@:KGyFnc87 w/Zna^}Lo%Y>Rzdz*8A'يd֮q Obev1veuis,s(^W$qZB.=桧z^_-\+21MR{?Z_xETS](=qǭt?Dυ5[5Q-y[70 :Ң?2#o =M\eϠ2k N_vMϋm BCH=0GNOzҙc68\W#Zo0O=52>j]O~9\e&ӹr?skW2"9\.ors ѡuMjF\  l-V-RQ8$IK+O[Wz裵х83'=da^b; ɯ#[7Tc ޤ;aO^I>&|:*8vm$K4g >.5$7cqȼLu\2u}~%E'j-mG t;TM٦sՋƱEc5̶xGA+nz彮-ᴍl$Q[>y+4wl!KVÈA(9.&޸~Tpq}*ĭWQV ްƏ^_?RS~3D[r`9 t^㏆Z'̍-,QJ(B(e[CF|ysXZ( 0ke 5]?T緽nRɂ n囪O}:E]dLvIB|S$9qUOz%([({hHVcֺE̢ܱv:W|]m6VQȬNAGy?+kU˨hsʩIĬ:n8#=+B wש1/e8omr,3i; qOT|iaYط^QgH .9~ꥼ#RbѼ*]UF=;FFict ckct_*W<+jr;>_"| Fg*"?z0Z{գNuI)?Ӕ6udx4ȯ'oSƼ;{n8+"M \8fF>N{%ufRDnɰ'=+Mn]Y~U#9GG/]w%s_srխOu灏.x=mntêɧ<]& 3cuWA7<+V WFx硬 QE&<̄rmiflݽ̑bXs޴;k"[y 0d&/מf׾ }X6B :ʟocZW>*ďu H@el$8E*n$k,S B:j.eەH،|7 `wDS.(r 83ɭ4W yuRE%aBS#۷V!Ku%wbThBcn$,Rv8knү2ۿ ZC1מZ,/SMx+(f GPNG5б c {yߝC1AYVI޴<˽? uncSb#?RMͶ> B@?U,F=GzҮ.zD0<I=FEe|apOKwv95^q gmCUih$|*}G_ʴPiΌ9 R8|a3FsGP!Sw(1+ULK)x؉ qꏕz\|%}ri$ 9;^0xtI+їiqX 6:U JŲ.L$h7T9*媱0Xzlrq#$.=?қ#,ђ•bGedo:+W˒)fcTMRKF}7i{cHv7IxhL,k.%nA_fy w^ AU.\\8:esV/-rx@ޠ{u HcM05cu_5bb X9U8Sʉ.fLMu;gvEB2+W .01$U|cgu}Lh[ EU$Sqq0/M3;oAj}AkHoڀ$1yeHm>jFAKaʌDr=jtINҪ5÷X(ܞ{:vBi k2 Xr1H,>Ww@4 \6Hd@v-Z¼,ACFI>VIM991y#P?TM.~ +ne̒d })\WSS {wu皔"OcjoΑE1a2Êtcr mBC_:qe :ES{ڕq\4A ,Cw.;˫RvRSpq854C 7/|˧>I\͖An<ۛ-r^KӯAXDv>2,m5"% 70,I?*~`sLi}LuWMm4~nԚϼIx MXrH8ABⴹBuuj(SRy{ 9@#[7I|09`ZB?F5K&z?`H9#53kܸ`GB85?!KTݽ_Li:c^jR}"K[`#ܓ?|?vwbzX1bGj4x/ rCuWWDVh+4B=WN}=O0}p1, Ёc\[y7,[Y r;Կo +Htng"D/N}q]te8l>׽fz4{:IGsgHZ-lu8dzz~$rLV-ԉJyzY_ͧZyG2;.2 R2@ӓ0Hsv2攙j "o؄8c!IOִ~x_}_<@U@|Şk]\F ~}3^h?G=ЁWTp XeslNlHp:#+ C^9M_C,p2 EH'99f(j0=O(>fKQ,?cn*e ZT6{X0Nq]g5F}-6|cۀǩ; Zix%Fɵpq"М ih -shdWxrUg' wFִ.Tp$s:W/$%JYϷ_Wi:Mu  H[^W2[,*T ::q\\Wu\K75Ei5Yt@hWx/UJK;XP~-0]m4ȿ >lvvˆ&g%q3ӁG֚Ns%P$ZkK-\^$R"]< 9skInMŃ psz]/tk 9y,2 )Ͼ G*Io+*ҵȨ*'קv>arOk_w7Sk);J`\rqz %V2NO  GOؼlcI 9Sh+TV1_=F].efɝgO]CM,#fOG'.=Gj2i$LG<ӯ5d~z2<%h+VN[9ni"tNyl{֒Oo0I"F'+rȥ6eܤȾ_~R|g1<+漢k!]1Rץh\A1B$ ?[d_|s߯e" ;"Yxe=1ge=+l;zTobMc``OB77F@{^|0˸tB˞Ɵ#,PBcx=+(eƕadId#rMqq5xŴg2 </­=A-2,ntт8kS<͝L]Pl稑2asЊuHCC1F:ƲmaAϥu>Jo+c]pW:bF4>=GM.nA8e9P*+]2w'Vլ l7,AZnͲ T&i64VG4*4\I~օr%'9C׎[Rj֒ƫ9ih[>h;zj\(X="$6IǮ1b7|7j sk~k6),B#+K=S ˽zaJL1Y۲&;F?A&.uK!ڱ~'?_GϷ 7ugӌ ;Q$q=G_z.;3>K:855wGLy6VL$Դfo)2H03& VFX*:gxvQ%Z>b*}(C3oQˣM568U$dRPLP_AXv¯юJI뤆;o%! *~5]2ѻxY:=zӸOIQ V)XMk;~m*\ZM2EqdśB8 t+bf*҅9f??+ȌWi#ޱ!"A뻯JWr]pW]U66޳m< uԶO洽JX*4`=9`Dp}(+ ۱FԵD][oFasVƋgPAXLtzU g_]Z_x'TmȲp"2 GE (s@1V1)HUTtO|rɴ ٌ򣏡E呖ȐshXýli2N2JzdPBzl1^b cqϽ\RL.k;*QߠN1ʨXKn V ֤;`v}yY t37d=e(su"*8SpYVr[#!~Ӛ5$n5.H#R.1qR:J`,xdmr=JzFv1ص"IB[8=@E \~€;~h@'.0?:C.8'4çwOD*n4XJR/=)R-JF#`݀¹\2ʿ(fx}qn_u.2:<) rq8`=j~ J;[: 9,#vu=r)혃AW 9 8P[#ӍGg5T$+*Z$3ڮ[ruJA.?9 Kz M%s 4x-!bccúX~x䢴#!yǦ&[DY1W-V]Di`$#'EY?i>'5LF'ar? "?kэ8QHfT@t<ҠۃPw'WMJM=#EifО$Ojt4pmA,aqRS/ݹ}qqՃair }k%T Ⳉkni|Œvb $q+7Mh.w 7r,V!I Q*'~ 7ڥa$,Q? ~:|BOiSgvðHZ' JB˝1-l]WΉEuQ#2k,Vc'Y"W?-V Z=>UY1J#ǩ+j+l,n.5R"e۾k jKiԾ΢p?7lpj mD}VyxkXʷuW9?:nc-k!V Fd88@__]n,dHfɍHQFGCںsC͟"԰?q@c`WjWMQ%2yd63u# 3S\5OlGUFҿױZDfC3pD{>U[v =3tdB܂ؕ5w,n%6P7ʃo1^?ũxv,\`G(BF[ZgBr2_:1*4WZŅ#"qpt RT/$4ј195YY3Í=2sl~^f+/s^KuvxI@,@P~H⺥%SkOzM];曾m,g.vG#19]1Hi#,㜌s خLL:ڠ "lv+cBMBK{ !IURpd1ǜN =/U,c~'h -Vkq*9*|<?Eن dP34|[g`o?/N{Jdy'+&ڱ6aG Iƥ}+m,4q1Ld,d$\Wok3(䉋8 xR4JH:q>ztl鏩_Z -ԉtdm!v~QvTmjVڠA^NG6;mФ 9=NK"bc5J50#YƉ^YDl2@ЖOP{DRp,օxʯ 75T@9kk/x@B9RsE5x 9LqM0mr~ -98 <'k5+`p:}u K|#'Uy=i[1_hPK}^د.cԁ{ʼ` e0~e#pg{ ۇdCߕo i#)SOcž".p# z6 lFg_1O=䑃uB.$L顖4Yw{{}EI:O^B\F1j,1`cEdd7zWY{cG{?S#@CGZ]UVW (Qp|ߩa/,iAn q Z~u %]HR sLY,Hާ3ltbs$t \IkބO> 1>]` u*{я*ȿ0eTtm!x` =c=j[꡶܀3J RrX30!TL{hezCi39 ZhI9cHroȂnI"`jvvmEAqEnU')l Im^8iV{,PsڤWnhœ{f--inu*9LA~q]dpk>[x@(^`WGmRbzԬ^IW,H yL<5^xw&f{}N5CO;[Џ6;psQ_RnROG (q'L ݗ$>7}hYf01>b $ @#X~~ixjUT?Z-r`;9?\E$p/ʬw\?D#g~m(K 3.?ּwk ,;~5Ɠ֯uhy69 G>ݏ־En}kWO+nrvQ:Qf- hڃ+if9$,Kӱ2zܒ@»c=[Ik#W2$qluk#_I|8cwGO"/mgߧ9ʲ3J/sl5'nQd\;xA8=) URI1ϧaO6t_rOlFJ85x\_\:`29BI9 0z ;L٣7\=،IaY˷*?:ٗxSjw0tt)m8ݓ^Ae xM:{CTKǙgpO¹kќQiqrV)%,uo4 cmXA-ez t,ʣy[{Aқ$HE$)䎣5drptԸcolwrؤA@5xŵOFtd @`F$ ʫ~,R m˲~;8\ fA6*N䎴NEDf,<~T8 D20*p1ۭJ|9N"߀=$W!GSFܣMDb0OLpr۵#cg8P(90|.LU?.imnV%w0ѹ>ǡ&J(T#[շ&5#-BJc%JÚ~ 5NN`@lC08е)c~T `<Ñ|n_}v?ud ^qE܌p 7c <+h*oX3d.mKNy נUOFTu= 8U:,pS8a1F0qRƁý^ ? OVMHH1`ɩgq~П.KA@h95Tx[ق {qSNk+Z!,MҤrJI`E-vswC+H|Hl5BMdj,#r?֊1|ҖȆآDt\`¬*u'zP\8sjQÚvb v5O:ɹynvT+FubTaDaW92KQwJȠ0hX٠!cwONj;8I #dH4֢zVLcyW`TNsǧq[~WjS;Ӕ>A[ #}Ȏc?:t<$lZ4''865grLfT8 S>8=F6ċU\zӥ-&8^j*2BzR $RSnw$^dh1 J†ಡ 3l,Ҹ^@$)?XL(hXʸEG2djVܮ. xADUrN8jLAߊ^פ$Yԡ| Cr(?w`z})silDq$[ :?[߈4u2Ņw߆q׽yߋԙ&p6u*GbJN=Er(gu%}wguBHJsV}, LUy$ qwA I9kמ"nޤ#leC5C?|j7mژ^ViaَOju2Xݩuv /Y3u?^p?<7 RIXQ~ \96Q^;/>'[6A; 53wyk2}#,~#ή?-\-x%3wU%7򁎕dj?.99C5ftydbUW~)+m4MAOlDQÑF=Ew.+L[\%w;$;+c#l{_"My4R,,l *YZ>fE8zeIJH9('Ҹc^7k:vsݟ*P!<;Oz˕hJ39]+@Nqmz}VQҾE IYPnt4ܸ=wd\gf{jyIu![,yXn$ycAzq޵PSܨPUڒvZMșDqn3qV5* # Aw&=%jR KS4Qø/䢽OGt!KHg97"~ Y^/FoJ5`:̳٪h$#A,ֵImB<1 $ר"9urda#&wg)/y܊faZ1'o'itȌhexʔ8q;gw+gۮ)Nldc`zߌ.{1^٦Nuqv~tn@dje;Od#dጟEb'dSzr?S#TF<*F9qUr9?:~Iҟ7q5ؑlqq7R6Ieƹ-!`< erI'}kWVVk&1c pNj[KR-"k-n&ܱI-gV\fv4E~S*9;WKis!XLxcҼk>܈OV0 g}1UORi^ _DY<4嵙xBslo6d pSZbT!-k1䍻Ta܀*>.-O1Ym$G#2N>ϖWdV|[WJ t-N-WJe@=k_m4 dkШftH3/}>2YHn,v|?4&O e\}ֻK ܏DFNH?R+G1Z,w!=qʮi:!H?.w+2|`29>x:vmc~~M^[O[P98[8$2=ܗQsJ^7ΙdP~ei0XL:#-I2Gۂ{sQ$EWri %јzTHE'}хcPI38l⤐+8#899CC%1E]`c 2;?BC4OiaPĿ֟4q""s2OH7<)Cs#4ɿSq[!i}1 gvD\vД%)zdsV я3hbz 0mV zw[crz r3 ڀ*`ASUw!0 튒Xg]\\梖f)O={z,4@$UU.Lt%nHD{ kvZg\0{}jFgw>bIXK<0rjKL֧b[X'~9YBQGrbFD4!9 .0RpHHG#'Ld?Zr O_z.;83EJOz1R pN{ rsqXH^J[* g5,iO1))鲣gXK+T&!~+I ]o RǖN-1 b !O(;997U=r gK[—2!i+@_L{&ԑfv#We|Pp 59n^X-T7g^笵}VYo7~&,%GNeQim:*<^'ڛUKs/\ʭMDOL6*:[3>R^ovlı$lyO?*%xm-~aQ*ɃıcW3∣I{ZY_/@k<9$$ڕs<ETw$ WBc'M=]A :aNF@xfzȨ=anJejб rT “ 9#[ðp?}YU|e0#5pcM&ĘIpvZ'guI?t-mC˥15 cR1ԷB37-Kh> oefېztS/S,] ( k\81+N+<+S-nu}~;pZQAIϥz͡KrV28~*{F-qCH@ȿfG)aAǭ?D=FxreCu XeZ|Q$^iNWւFOZvC)*8'ʥ\`Ұf2Xv"Jyy˼]mI>^g.G>٧`GcLD#S@v$4* ,$ǔa-W@`2 89N #=s4(:P"PS!pGJC1SޛJ*ƦTUQF-;R6w,=Sƹ I Ŏ~ 'Xj\|̀i 2W8ivm9Zb֖D9[4CUK!}~ul89 9n)A})Jqp83ginJ=8R8((%b.9$BŘr8. ǁQI=0P<֧ HwYh+a -!I=I^*rp:@;,O#v l{z})g\*8 Pޙ3ʮi<$HžJrcq8랢SN8y;_ E3A/lmtd=yʫ* {h\BP캍HW˒mn5fu14r9Isᩮˀv܏ީAiben{şkzjF%Ozs#; ee<=]`PHYDIWǿ-zlF3vRJ;# 8jnUb=}( >e\nX i;L˜1RXA#$$YI,sjϗGLFx=l2xQBX\8=*-A' _sȪ+&+IԱL/$Ub17'S%|nQԹU n&P$\vNO9>8"~aTgޕ r`jr,E; 垞d rQqZV9ӳ玽=(54^DYWɒ%% wH0 $ ghWo?'J},gNlMr:֜6@{Ndj"R7? EŴOT;,ʹǥcv^%ХӯC?4r/GgkV$2[yvR!L>{LÌ~9WH$ѵ/BEsJ4+zW{kk5xdQVS`A(4N&ɹ'ai#ְ/e!ΖC*m 4P4m﷦;W/ [ܴen3+lBH#YMOΟmD$@_©Ml .Xz ]iwq$[`'}9^fÎxyUhΖRhVsK˭9(Dd;#b!QI %6Oe8^GROegb<1tW=9+u)-%PfrAo\n:ş1a;dQSfHld26@ lz@u"\^i\ǹR@NXSu |Xpy}icVQ(^nCd4R*0_zê`F0 QHwڦ$M|݇Ul$c"A%<Wfeʜ˜q*lm̌C.Nw6R`º,[ gasБ<- Ȇ9d`dKƧ8\Ϯ*7VhADnm*S O_A$r$UqrNsޞ fmqğ^;Z;83ˉ\. F1 X*RKR\ctKiwZ Fe:?|gkoNCAXMЊ VSU_ e=lVP(6Ur8Y䶼ãݼr@ S~ i5+}\l\.qʒ:㎞KIn7^_(]l걅>YZ[EmiE .Q)VΤymeK rm-쬢(bƻ2N(,+VBvgr|~=\2 3~Γz#ڕ"Ʌcd`yq)ngDʉ13v'ڵ5=hIR>eV<g% ďjEe'yϯ?7xPRx6 [b`Bw2 ؐyf>{݀aɊ2H˂3$S-iQ;d\pFws89%Ւi&)>⅂Q=W.Ԉ|4Kfh9۲DsS*K+8$ih >O+~ʀqB>S8].W ÑwsJ U0yn™E$L"?8q1/e>^XĬG `2}~\e>j6p_jj}8[ I lďTK<ϒC89q|i< "Y !=) h9iYA_54a;G9g%EP8)ct[Ν 8` .]@z*A*HfHLx2ol c9<ӥZ?"*I'h890*W?.x,x늉0avI>e.bȝAJ:R)h;@ڒH&ITʥ @ yAMLb2͵sP䝤2#8S@\X2na=M=ny=HdqҘ$@]^jI>٨*2LFuY$c92͖ϭij#)uUl D1GJ(ċHbI14QHd3sV[q,I4QH H8ڦ9@[sRǢ (JTc_gP2@<($NXO_J( ,uLT0lgEB%KR (9FTӔ`d<;qh$~Un$m#91$ QE 2 @pOj(  `G%($|d3UOEDFFP;qND<{E pHm犁YZgxR@E;b q$Bq N 3sg<[pr9QTηC 5ƹWCCJiaK\\oq1tWL_<=mEɎV!dc*>fl*ͪs95X𥻎W i0m31Op&6s,rFK`Gni9nAج8IQ[a-Y'>ƬctHAIu?5 =?SYMe"H qӃ4ch2xhܽ#=3BbBb(3c G\Ed oCQE :7''$QE!L_瓞ԱPK8b#xI 2sE crJ">i۱, eN:STcE,;H5P1.OaELP#}A:Z([$hѢ(Q\CD?)ڊ(1dBc1BӚ( h5AKnL)B;F4 Ҋ)lQqC)9@Fru$ ͏PQL}J qjbBv3T*F=hLLYW (Bg
Warning: fopen(https://newsweekme.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/RTX29LSF-780x439.jpg): failed to open stream: HTTP wrapper does not support writeable connections in /home/newsweekme/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-image-editor.php on line 428

TOMORROW MAY NEVER COME: Yemen is one of the poorest Arab countries. With many fathers, brothers and husbands killed in armed conflicts, families find themselves without a provider.

A bleak future awaits Yemenis who’ve been impoverished by armed conflicts

By Yasser Rayes 

In 2014, Iran-backed Houthi rebels (also known as Ansar Allah) launched an offensive that took over most of northern Yemen, an event which was followed by a series of negotiations under pressure from neighboring countries to back off. One year later, on March 26, 2015, operation Decisive Storm, a military campaign spearheaded by Saudi Arabia that was aided by nine other states, was launched to push back the Houthis and their allies, namely forces loyal to the toppled Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh, after the Houthis and Saleh took over northern Yemen and forced the internationally-recognized President Abd Rabou Mansour Hadi and his cabinet to flee the country.

Since then, every household in Yemen has had to face a tragic event, be it a dead relative or a disappeared loved one, a broken dream or a destroyed home, a halted career and deferred plans.

And like in every war, women and children are the most vulnerable sections of any society to be most affected by armed conflicts, and this includes Yemen’s 12 million children.

Begging for a Living
Prior to 2014, most of these children had a safe and stable life; they attended school and were properly fed. Things were not perfect, but considering that Yemen is one of the Arab world’s poorest countries, things were acceptable.

Then, an armed conflict erupted and thousands of children were being recruited by the warring parties; schools and homes were being bombed. Nearly 900 children have been killed and more than 1,300 injured, according to UNCIEF numbers that were released on March 29, 2016—a year after the war began.

“Parties [in] the conflict have recruited children as young as 10-years-old into the fighting,” UNICEF claims in its report.

The number of children who are involved in direct fighting has increased to five folds compared with pre-2014 figures, according to Seyaj Child Protection Foundation, an expected result given the dozens of fighters being killed daily in various battlefields.
And while some children are considered luckier than those who have been drafted to fight the war, they, too, are fighting a battle of their own: A battle against poverty.

Thousands of children, some who have lost their fathers in the war, have been internally displaced alongside their mothers, to other provinces in Yemen, but mostly to the capital Sana’a.

The International Displacement Monitoring Center estimates that there were over 2.5 million internally displaced people in Yemen as of December 31, 2015, and that number has risen steadily since then.

Under the burning sun, a pale-skinned and dehydrated child, no more than 10, speeds from one person to another asking for handouts. Maybe the man who is buying qat (a narcotic herb) along the Hadda Street can spare 10 rials, or perhaps the large, rich-looking man who is entering the grocery shop.

As I monitored the child, I started noticing his technique. He extends his hand to shake someone else’s, and when a passerby humors him, he asks for charity. Upon leaving the store, his potential benefactor does not bother extending his hand, but ignores the boy, yet the boy is undeterred. He follows the man and kisses his arm as high as he can reach, but the passerby just keeps on walking.

With a vigor of a boy on a mission, he moves to an older woman with her teen daughter walking by her. The teen girl feels sorry for him and hands him a 50-rial note, his eyes light up, he thanks her as if she just saved his life, then he quickly moves to the men at the door of the grocery shop. Without giving himself enough time to put the money in his pocket, he just hides it behind his back and asks for a handout, but as expected, both of them respond with a “May Allah provide for you,” which translates to a polite “no.”

I followed him for a few minutes, as he was rejected left and right by people who could have easily spared 10 rials, but in this dire economy not many people feel financially secure enough to give any amount of money, no matter how small.

Then it was my turn, the boy saw me behind him and extended his hand trying to shake mine, we shook hands and I signaled him to sit next to me on the side walk. I asked him about his name and where he lives and to my surprise he said “Bab Al Yemen,” which is very far for a child that looks 10-years-old. He proudly added that his name was Khalid.

He added that he comes in at noon and stays until 8 p.m.

He is usually not alone, as his older brother Mohammed accompanies him. However, he wasn’t around this time as his brother was “up there near the bridge.”

Khalid is restless while sitting next to me, as if I am wasting his time, but he does not say so. I ask him who awaits him back home every night? “My mother is back home,” he answers “with my two little brothers, and my two little sisters.” Unfortunately, Khalid’s mother does not have a job.

But where is your father? I curiously pushed on.

“He died in Haradh,” an area in Hajjah province near the border between Yemen and Saudi Arabia.

After his father died, Khalid moved with his family into a rented home in Bab Al Yemen. That is a family of seven, including Khalid.

As a direct result of the war in Yemen, “there are psychological and behavioral effects on children that manifest when they play and in their daily interactions with each other,” says Ahmed Al Qurshi, the general manager of Seyaj, a local nonprofit child protection organization.

“There is more hostility and bullying; there is hatred between them on territorial and sectarian basis that did not exist before,” Qurshi further tells Newsweek Middle East.

Most children in Yemen have heard loud explosions and felt their homes shake during airstrikes. They watched their mothers scream and their loved one’s killed, either in battlefields or under the rubble of their homes. All of this is bound to leave a lasting psychological impact.

“There is a huge increase in child recruitment [for war], early marriages and not joining schools or dropping out of schools,” which also has a negative impact, Qurshi tells Newsweek Middle East.

Poor families, which constitute the majority of Yemeni society, cannot afford to send their children to school in such times of financial crisis. Even if they can manage it, they prefer to send them to work in the streets, selling tissues, CDs, or simply cleaning the windshields of cars during traffic stops.

Yemeni Women Suffer in Silence
Meanwhile, many women in Yemen, who usually depend on the men to provide for them—either as fathers or husbands—usually do not possess an education or skills beyond their household chores.

Being illiterate and dependent on their fathers to support them, the only change that happens in many Yemeni girls’ lives is getting married, usually as a teenager, sometimes even younger.

According to data retrieved from the UNESCO Institute for Statistics, 45 percent of Yemen’s females are illiterate.

After marriage, a Yemeni girl begins a new life, which is not much easier than her previous one, but at least provides companionship with a new life partner. Soon after, within the first year of marriage, she will give birth to her first child and she changes from being a teenage wife to a teenage mother.

Most Yemeni couples are expected to bring a child into this world within the first year of marriage, and it has to do with a cultural mindset, i.e. proving the husband’s manhood, even if having a child would put pressure on the husband who cannot afford to live in a house of his own, let alone provide for a wife and a child.

Alia Ahmed was 18-year-old when she married her cousin Hussein Yahiya, a photographer, and went to live with him and his parents and sisters.

Nine months later, they had their firstborn Raghad, a healthy baby girl. Everything seemed to go fine. Hussein and Alia were so optimistic that nine months later, she was going to be pregnant again.

Being a photographer during times of war, Alia knew that her husband was in danger, but she never imagined that he would be killed.

Two weeks into Alia’s second pregnancy, on September 19, 2011, during the Arab Spring uprising in Yemen which toppled Saleh, Hussein was working in ‘Change Square’ in Sana’a, when he was shot by a sniper, twice — once in the head and once in the shoulder. Hussein did not die instantly, and paramedics were able to stabilize and send him to a nearby hospital where he was in a comatose state for four days before dying.

Upon realizing the horror awaiting her as a widow and a mother of two, Alia took a drastic choice.

“I tried to kill myself, by ingesting any medicine I could get my hands on,” she says, but that did not work.

She only became sick and was taken to the hospital and then returned home, after which she jumped off a balcony; she survived yet again and was hospitalized in time. “I felt like there is no place for me in this world” explains Alia, adding: “I didn’t want her [Alia’s unborn daughter] without her father.”

After recovering in the hospital, and like any widow or divorcee in Yemen, Alia returned to her parents’ home, which she describes as “three rooms, a hallway, and a bathroom. We turned the hallway into a kitchen.” At first look, this may not have been such a bad place to go back to, especially when the house is owned by her parents.

Alia’s family is fairly large and already poor; her return placed more pressure on all of them. “We are six sisters, four brothers, my two daughters and my parents.”

That is a total of 14 family members living in three rooms on a salary of a retired army solider which is a meager monthly sum of $134.

Malak, Alia’s second daughter, has heart problems; she is often sick and requires expensive treatments.

As Alia’s finances grew thinner, she spoke with her friends who agreed to give her a job at a tailoring shop run by women.

When Alia told her father, his response was not surprising considering just how patriarchal Yemeni society is, and his exact words showed how he felt about the whole idea. He said: “Just die where you are.”

Many conservative Yemeni families reject the idea of their daughters going to work and mixing with men.

Widows and divorcees are not desirable wives in Yemen, and the last man that proposed to Alia, through a female mediator, was relatively rich and from a good family. The only problem was that he was older than Alia’s father, and Alia rejected him.

Several other men have proposed to Alia, who is still 23-years-old, but there was another problem; the men who had proposed to her were from “tribes” whom her father refuses to mix with, since he is from urban “Sadah.”

This is an issue in Yemen. People from the Sadah do not marry their daughters off to different tribes, and tribes do not marry their daughters to people of Al Mazainah, who predominantly work as butchers and hair-dressers and beat drums in wedding parties.

According to the U.N.’s latest estimates, there were more than 10,000 deaths in Yemen since early 2015. Most of those killed were breadwinners for women such as Alia. The U.N. has said this number is bound to rise because there are unrecorded deaths in areas where there are no hospitals.

Lost Chances
Meanwhile, young men and women have not been spared the brunt of war, due to the economic situation, closure of embassies and downsizing of staff in companies.

In times of peace and when Yemen is safe and stable, young men and women can barely find the means to fulfill their dreams and aspirations, thus many of them left the country. But now, with all doors closed, and no means of financial survival, the situation is pretty much dire.

Throughout the years many Yemenis have chosen to go to Saudi Arabia and work there. However, since operation Decisive Storm was launched last year, the Saudis have tightened security around their borders, and getting smuggled into the Kingdom has become nearly impossible, and thousands of young men have been stuck in a country that was not accommodating during times of peace, let alone in times of war.

As for the lucky young men and women who won government grants and scholarships and traveled abroad to study and start a career, they are now facing a dilemma.

More than 800 Yemeni students, who were studying abroad and had financial aid sent to them by the Ministry of Higher Education, were suddenly cut off without any forewarning.

On February 2, 2016, Yemen’s Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research took several measures that were widely condemned by private universities all over Yemen. These measures included the withdrawal of Higher Education program licenses and imposing huge fines on some universities including the University of Science and Technology (UST).

The UST refused to pay the YER100 million ($399,850) fine imposed by the Ministry of Higher Education, according to Abdulatif Haider, who recently graduated from UST.
The ministry retaliated by refusing to attest the certificates of the students who graduated from the UST in 2015-2016, and that’s when Haider’s problems began.
“Lots of obstacles stood in the way even though I was qualified for it [the scholarship]. I graduated top of my class, I knew a second language and had other certificates.” But despite all that, Haider was facing a problem outside his control, since his certificate was not attested by the ministry, it was not acceptable by the Turkish scholarships authority.

Haider blames the current situation in Yemen for delaying his dreams.

“The political and security situation of course had a big impact or rather a large impact or perhaps it was probably the main reason [for not winning a scholarship] since all the embassies and attaché offices left the country,” he tells Newsweek Middle East.

Haider married a year ago, but he still cannot find a job to support his growing family, as he is expecting a child.

The scholarship would have made his life easier. “It was my only hope, I suffered a lot when I did not win it,” says Haider. “All my family are in our home in Ibb, I am here alone in Sana’a chasing a job or a scholarship,” he adds.

Haider graduated top of his class from UST, one of the best private universities in Yemen. He had paid $3,200 for his tuition fees, a hefty sum for a BA degree, in such dire times.

At present, Yemen is on the brink of famine, according to a number of NGOs and the U.N., the economy is failing, employees’ salaries—both in the public and private sectors—have been delayed, and poverty is worse than ever, and the vicious armed conflict in this Arab country has to stop in order to allow its people to survive.

 

Social Streams

Comments

comments

Facebook Comments

Post a comment