The Russian Fighters of Daesh

JFIF;CREATOR: gd-jpeg v1.0 (using IJG JPEG v62), quality = 80 C   %# , #&')*)-0-(0%()(C   ((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((( " }!1AQa"q2#BR$3br %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz w!1AQaq"2B #3Rbr $4%&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz ?cJC^UHiؤ1R@ĥQ@"v"ҨH:S5i!iš)€)i-QKHbQKI QKE ( Z()h( (Q@PewW+R=/DWM⹭V +hZiEaj$9Zt{xcTSƵ+p Ӄ#q^ǭpzզCq@=30^?* Id4"*)h iOp@@kJFS?vG+]e@mkleOZ镯KTct_ (WE P+]9Pgm!)P[,`WOLW;m]m@OU#[pV 딃R+sZr}f$Sr\ZE (4d\܊tUלi%iIv2*"u@j?:?G?{{xlpY#bk.rp4|M̌湓֕cɤ4CM9C@i 8k4~z~4Xk=H҅rCnQ)\|WLɫ3Zj( zsO>;zwpIN RP1(px&J:RAҗ4Zpp–R)i)i (QEZ))iRE-%-%-P1h(QE>(FŠtvV1R~jae)]ݏѕ! v`֮$Pz,)ec z(k9r@PMz.?+LV&ʭts ¸!y!iWkV-{n[ yiPx|oxֻj`n0 5]WxOtG i)0qN?2UZ`ihy8MW+Xӆ^؀&宂L0黱u6:H Zri$嫋\]v|JH YW*P6X>Z1ktz`k4^qPxgU["88w;y*x S[ MGh+z6Tkɴ;D*3̈WpWtrqXZնn8. q^s;MPϗOKž~3 `1S}i[`#N+Ҵ[|x]z `3,$WBIEhbN2T⵱P]Chε qZua}JvxfJ-Z6ADWaZu8M-v֠4Hgiq:3z֩k!ḯ8m1^ |q^gP!+ϗ}^]ѿSh~ҽ;@ahӚ= zƔAb JMt*Ha-PiU)4n´EQB#PGӢAT1g \ƣ?5j^^FKIW85ZK(LV~jŽsW~+E'+xI Ɓ7ܨjSNX⨱$MKq;L梤4RPRfZ)(C(%(BIEHGC@ "zSҁRœz(4gD40AS^ԀNsK)q@aQrДQE!:旧m,ݻ{Sږ=ƫl@ Z1KN6PbsKi)RtJ)@ ZhRR(@ ERhQ@Š)h(QRJQ@ӕ5c3ZtPj&ˡ[Ak*K'0Us^ɝT^M^hzn'滽9y> נ-!F}k-2"5{lq@EZ+Ԡ1ku\]HK9@Ю9^k͢;$h7A61Z@z޻V]L>Gݠgziu~Zż d.-%M,-TXR`(T}(E-Q@ E%-PEu_i+Y̲)"GB_OQ֪CvK-ke<^ͷq^EבtRq@ -dF"miXxXpnAWf4xz\xɈX3@-%Rky@ NiQ@P((Pn)Sq@Q( E6C֓4PҎRE"jaQ?Z/Z!Hh)E%(dRj$(LJFhj4|)(gאZҭGҧL@c\xoVO]D6W7EyI^∰y5!7m"!x{@q^+tkQx4]eic080~ZԴkҧ=rGݮKGVX+r@"偣-y- yү3^){VzG4k]<H9=EyLj#=yW!R}+׼F,`S(uTvި׆/Z EPEPQERfZ( ( ( ( (i(1@ "SI@ 'zZJQ@ )›J :Q@7JT'ަS2QE p8ԩ42dgsNi(AEP٨:T֣"{c{T_H1 x>F-oz٣| ]I ]#xhdz~*k4Fʭ4YcVcT: Jc(Mo{pT]T+> S[Of3(GQ+wU s>6M*߁P,|X+Bہj-Ҁ9s?-zͯĿ%)q^ìÂWxto13;!I^d)xfvm޽[÷[y Mr^WrzDU3Z 5 T7#@[ lVۑ_ ^kj35s3>ji9at4CF07?tn+4]iLkVjA4 m@Hy&.fgv9ɬ4(õ9cLG@V,:3aThBu1"W9 ԃEJ^[dڹ)UQL4Hh1IN4v) Zm/4pqJ(=(Y9 Us!R(((((_)Zla" j̩T#ܭ?Z1jJ +O0#,krĝ2߭zw\8u0:+y@rPѷqWaA8US\|ZUA*upKR\+u}L6ye75k:כxyaLG-/oMv&<_+%Fp#g.L̫LG.ii)@M#].ZE8 [9nК4_1VMw.c+Ҵڟ 8]1cN.1]{(Yxxa?Jܵ)]D>!z(AV@)48aG$>Ȥ"0C ~#WBE&(j p~LߑL`(ȵ c+و~UD0 e^L>G׼hҸ&Ȗ6U +| qMTH,)SSn#bUcZCLii16SPhPl8.ymҠ#GҙVߡU4 EP0(((J*qOYz1Rb;ِƭìNfP#2RkFc-\v(g[~!2+zM Ɲ"^ĊTyxXp:S\3^rI$4 R@ *ʔs^H^kU"tH@&]*9s^=J뫲S |k6p'5 ]vy 5=;kcYW7g 2gm1w8Tָ󖕀<=dzVb 2G uM!xL8gI)Z꭯R "C Q>v"˭T֏TEEg\*3W>y6WiuuV=ִN~j㮵3%@ޯ-XWҮ~z5/KSS!=Shq:ϊs#WwOpNX39'&)*4PM;n=똮±xi^󀸯)DzgO139Au„Q{3\ίj@[ul^\ĵy|J+ikʈ5䚅]\3jΫ}1$-2D84'Mj5! k|YRMz6ᤈ.~Txs Y&FtzN ]+Hg=YWch,cG!!A4PM&)ƒE%:@6zSHhEHi(2*6TE@=Fjޟ;Z$qQO PEpzPi"Z8!Pɞ&Rn[WjZUՄf_jje%5~%dss@X{WZzW sm-&B=iDQ@Rc $sS7Ja)Tb:sU%BGEPPQEQEQEN GQJJ@8RhJ^)1KE RS)ؠQF(4Zk$$`ٴם18b;e!ު:08c\cK@WO&9=hSXJ)h]]"p5x@].y`e,%U5^W[(֧>)A꭫UyL+QgxM:>??^Eq;IA;c@uDPrⰯV3SNj/X͐ g1 帒Sbji;f4fpҊZ<3p#r{=S[L.3R; ^PP]} Zp?=sk3H1&f%Wv +>'86J V}[i5i:>^H~T*^^81Wg@`+t,+L[L%uV%J4#*+j!) A Vqc )٤.hd&!k6Mb0+cW w@~ڜrdV0a^9{>kt=UfUFi)2;Қ))i(M4M@i1N4 "aRB("8XU&¥jf(#UmbHA[aQ7Z5 2EWxQ\# KnQZ~%mL^X5<#H0AOti4Ee"2~SBEc4"bMU'( (Š((( OF*-!Eb3ME Ҋ@.hM ֘-nAFhqGz3I@ .iE&iE(fFhJ)$HLSN;q҅&YRi50E?/=*h_dy'&ZՃo _2*CRORyOPTTSOKۤf*+J="!rRRm#3p5iΛZޱV8 Oкek# Wa@fM V68 85C"Kć3YE^%@sT5f"G]In€!4Ơ5D+Tm@L&j]@Ѱ8:WD$WwwZZ;F |I*4r20L6^*9\yR`0:g$ xZA&:Jsm ( ( (5E.)L1KA4M:qHiiZ` 4@)OJCH:RAҀ4v4ҀJ(wKAȣE8m?4(4)t[%;sɧq坂ąt6u* z 01eq]ݯc C~c׷Ljc+SD{ʥLb:1,S/~UgJReZHGaVQz(&FZӃM1T`MH{Cta\/AUrGj (jm^ x"SCjqdIC T5Ha\m̟C֍dl 7E ցe0?vWɾ5*LRk|%6@\yD$Gchw"[qjHg),+üm{3YMlǸ2%(b8Me -cPxbr+)4ڎW8>uYnE{wƣ= 4))3@4M4IHct4j6@54ӚM4F4Ơڢj#nDH##Iwi6*q_6\NH0pk-~oc,|SjmsaḠQKEPaPJ*zcސ҂4ʖxQEQEQEM.j2y4)0T>+r1h>c Ҏa+pYHLn$Qakg}dǜ+>|^"C9lq*-7_zOG=¾$'X~{sU g52ԑ^[}T: ^cp6sC<ŶA Q1|I x_O+ʋh< r潯%17BUXٰ >!A=k^E-LC>M<2:2לx^SiFQ@(F5⽣Ne9u(H'|u^ ìޯ<1"#@#ղ҆߻_HsHO4I5p6F*EuQ0Up$gbHddJG'ڑ8u8R(10ͽjC-4t4Lyj9*hC3oZs)jD1x/>$ivI8Fve$+?uWS^#% LW=fmOgKGOʮzݾn@IZ{3vxERxɑ]i#4/ JUb/@w5n#Yhߣ O'@3("Cg&̇9}VN)1(=i((((d: P8aM4PRJMH:@4)zhI4Ir"*ԀqM/6I&<^澌d+CJ<_Y$җ܁ ;jrGL\ߓ5'<m$3Ho1I26jHOcT @91 <:Qm Jn\ Фސ(p(Szi >>c?ߵ=ЭQpsJa9 p̡A_5>}3UԀ&_kd 'X|E]Bdӊn0i g>?PqP#~kNoi ϥ}|a)*!ӟJ {ӤV6iU^rjTPzZao1>'t5dukϊ:*xoo}Hbjl}(~'3ZUʀgN}#TY/j]82UZO+x779 NV͍ʃr=ja5򞿨^gwV6W:@ <9Vߡuրnh+~:#LqVyW1e;GS+BFDB^Ȝ{١#/kRוż7I8=vh]e"LHO?2dǧ۩Z (Co4s dpj0i 5OV 2Njl%#1֟ x|MN|fv7wJzvHQI+/OcIp %NFj5-j=-(MoE"q^Y{"z΃5Ne 4XW=eɧo<<}a.3z4n*ALaFN:Ҭ=j=iր/H_U8zgUR)xF*Hp"~q5;x L[=pA1$׉xmʞ~К]ZRau SҐҷ7L'ƣcJZc@ [4$'ni}4Fd~=¨z + |y6) #59E ϥQa"Ns4QEQEjLSSI!Ѻ4Uis@ъ)P1%-&(7 F@ )qI8@)3)T JzT  jp(l~訥r @: P3ޢSs@ twңsKRc%caqhRʲI`rDGvڂq39>Xi^3^)BǡNl6˞rhUdrީo;ڭ[t}u>#ڥuaDn>\&_rßC`zxK.8; m_HaVEaz\dPyJO@#I\5KžV&|,#SRSjI-; joyu8+\}Ŭ:=oзa>o;}^čX};q%oHաu>Vd\}k֬>+xJw!$v|"<%Tdpp~0:oV7.ntV[Y$ܮ;8s)<И#W-u]Bu:cfY E-z5ޤ>6N\eiZ&:u7"q9< dPNqlE=GZiPv'i5j}UvIaP)"lK`Eif<20 Ty&qnQ9X~/4ۘ94]k\n$TCNMr-;6IbMVX[it0# ~[i]֬kRʁB,sJ.rv8LetHtL# 3ާ;ͤsv"A_Ev;]|(3B%)(GB+~W_lm5댚|qf2? >{/83Q4Ti1PA#hvۑ_M~w>?qq*GNcGgq9*ǽO;sU$c<~UgdA$zC8xrOcRm3up-'ZF ,$@'n>=;y$M< ;ïM35$o>yzl?(.>?Ҁ'X0f@B9z>⟋֥Y<_K$$ %W;$*^& r5t1 (/=hzz};~#^K$m[N[1H$Ns^߈'-jSCs_6F1wI*Տ7@fy4)=iE1 H{˨-+P=MVt_% O FX/Ou1l8Hw.=( ?G,2 V(;Fk9+㚔02(Z6eK{^izz,vp$jy8e^c"~r=<\ z֔2I e E2`}(AY8M4w;ZۺW5O֗V%*@!$k P~HENMzF^xZRKn?v7m*ɣPKhѴ[bQ c-`P[Riuep좯,a@6QY\1&~)a >ƚ.7qӚ&`ǡZ@\y~gBs))o,FOj$*G^2d7~ZG`?ָ:_$Jكgں duul܇? 00To rΧ*qLC$mN1MC (QE#1OaSJF(44iԔ:XQI&r3JRP8S;)GOz/j^4K>p$R0rpy4K*NsLD0 3jƄ~y8bHb`0? mPH, 3i&Bq^6\5\Eq:'^'{rcc|1|={>bՀV'<*~TAPHW3k) S`xO7s~_~uP$~S-}9!+/'ހ&0җM(\F=>晀^9B%/' `6&pӯҬZ6eX `:mӜG>)3P23P5%ߊ=*0K!V%̶ql АH<{C@{[GQor@76GՅ| 1b>ƛY?"`6*d{ x|G6{MgKx͑w#^)s@~kQw7 }a  5Ʊw*<1돢{jţ!@2Enn AVc1'U/0rwzuP0$րZgtCXaRU@F;bXJ\(FD\vP2O֙o0+ 3! )7 ƒ#Ԉ' }(R?Ҙ j.[=Q<}8T 9րM13yGP8l~Hmܓ Ö#'sQ$92#=zс0G:5]Җ<ܛ ?ZD2u҇^LYGAg^EˍȨ̃ .Kd3LgfNx >`P?#q"JY~c(9SO t#M#K.9 ( 3UF2Ay0z%et@1x !05|HVrT%Q@Š(( PIHzњ1LBishiBӇ @=(4Bo')0ޓF9u )Rg=)A v#ݚk?/AIq+ޑr=hqbOq]4By2]I` RXOʦ= iQ7@@Lj}"7|^2T.C(R@ 5]$?feq?*y* Ͻ%r Re2{b'774|9DPL_qL|ɂdd Tr0A#hŵ7[\AlxAz+%صVD8z:Kd^ #J%n&;&7Zh7_@G&?+ΉvRGR$CX[)Ik់f+IeVJG&y)b?GH,y?/ :Yi46 9~½sE=[Ktw GO$ZVcҠEOR} xWC-V,A^G=[+v9Eh'`J˒|HFIMGʥN(/GK¸![E) pQL(( EK"&.izH4ց7<NJU-@ r)$Ҝ4?Jzp$P р2~`sH? 7r:$i$Rg-P`qBY8V@ct\qL'>ia(PIbOQc hRRv!s+st7ҥ=<*7{bhy:#~DPW2s֫Dpy*Ug<N6d0#>n̑2O D73;[8G^RR >]YޞmE>6Uddr@(6OsNB$2AXnQW)%TbD({a}m_zWq|c NA\P NLf$棕ϜʡB.x(dQ,l98<7(aLr5㕧Gڰ   y$Òi[jψuc=9c.gV`8ԇ"DIdj6A/B1? S*~x^c>пs@,֙ /n$TF'q:xR6Mi+j!6ÞdY8 N>jhAp JD #rۀǭJnWrx m$g(`-$s6??''hFuPrހTI*NIMRgi,ijSϚ9{v|w 9*t5kpXA8=Br1@O%=8^v!@PY=TWœ/{~,ZVϘQuI(s"L v5w?|o6v7$ޣgJ\^ª>j9( r9J<ͥ#nT{)#osޠ%2.@{$K) Tl&Lgڠi1#p8"ClS4  GqrnsL!SDd-ש4ʱzlw+qidh$ҘZ8$A$yt@8daud.~{UH(EPEP8&sLG.)Ou(7=EJzӳq@ S@L\};y۳ԁTF.ނ، 4B=@(UzS2>, $GFI$dj gF z}j 7N.\u+{!}{Rev,0ڬ%vOH_jsM@峒j@q7'jHs@$Ң^-Z0 tv($98y@bP݉r>`8^z 3ŕF zănsj5.7㑁ޥPzлBL$ۚQ᳀ b[Қ@)`Pb ҳM`E@ ɨّRlt:Ege< #*U-^ mnQbHϿSF~Euyc0zs| p9=hN;’nҡD4'i"( >#|!ɮ"tй&d?\А3_0ZG$. ckmU<1@t9GgvmycI5CM?tHE1[vM;',#BfB#+P Wy/G燡o4˟1 T z~|Q=rx W{'($3נOly<€=ަX4nSEt|yx޸jC#9Bo1A$vbG%ui($r+'Fߚ@J= c9TPdb#*cg>As=0(Hs&lO16vP2 ֝x``; 8&mZ_Sd߮ cݱ>ǫ@QEQEQEi1# ӸC{P1MpW.iGJC.94>$(4O=)0I(jstpiSsCSc9)ha4g0XQRI˷4ٓˌ !8L;9dOZ?5 Ol+K/,_ gֽgܓQH@:g֜DSQ`S Qe'p- 85(,HGJ f-(=(EsvH<ޢw(3Isqb!\uD[)@7GJ9(͓M8smY"F1=iŝ AM$eߴ>$)8I9$Q6H7f-sJҠ9A朠@Y!dzUHbW [[kK7x*Q{=*I8I 1?SkʵRrgOB~UzB/ɫ -ypuzskݨ s\c9拈i tP]c~~j*\lnr0+xJ2G4s,r"2lΫ셂*s<+][ÒiS?OJI$b([^c$O'+ D.W95dI8,ԖH@c$@9$ҩ.&#q(NM e, ހ&K&X(_;. )c)@#&@:q@t8?SJ'ɰ9`D(7$ǵK)>sX(?W Q sSl/;#  VhPd.`؍&r[!@@ WQ0`v .)t {Ta@*EH+< L?>D,m Qƅ񑎃 teX `{%aXÒzqlʹ RR8nwn,<Y0[!H2P 45xkDg/ y$ùtXluWU1}|+rygN{?4G- mq,)Q2I1[|LsI@|2 ?vA$4t)cR[G-PÓ$@5 vt5j#w?DBMTw\pÖR=I݌rq8 t\2'y+ަ8>Ը!$& 8.nrI ] ڣ/sbOPfGgip)m |M;*dp;TLc\zUPľu7q [4qk:1c&$|*N * _G.uI||MaeAt+6Lb53>_{ ʌ{WAc┷ך]c^nh65 >ᠼvawğZ|2R#fWS6)7uG|>,:~wGoZ%9myZO^6'$&8B~ҁpJ^$0Dg<` q)$ux66S{M"kP4Nf`T㓞 zWxޗ-x>ph'qژ~IRp8<4o"ә| ~<9S7Čɐ1dtŕFUzT ڸzV@16ԛh\Jų)xguU"mbl=ipDfgIJ@|]\qUbcr>v?XO}YXoɊe?2=¼MG@m[9^UӸ21ɦ3)');SƛjH[@Eyd/n&~WmIev6ˠ>|9x9cWZX5AQ񬋯r˼B p?JWM&U ?(:(쭢2"K{x"T۾`8Md&Ÿ< t!rL gYٰj@Ne :W,6x8U](9St Ur;Ozf(Q4( +aJex}Vo;E @r['VBK֪ZEӳA ψzΕg'-쾝,4$YiQEQEQEQE844K=T! Aa^ aC/B{ &Jv8Nh9=h !g黎98@ @dSa 7q@ i9QMcI@.x48 .I杅1H Z\qOiz~Ri)dv4I9 l^yGܓޢݺC.fX%)3zRu'Mf_c+y#h OSdP3HHXha%fW8@RDҀ(9T3:-J$ pzPaR<U4 b(= xL]F>I@֪]c*XQ@-I5Ynxv5z^KEvC1T&>XSA~=ϡu9,/7댟__wmG |:^ݔ&}^kJxa1GGrOJ8}Rm/KO푔+[~#Z9I,l!G> q9` S I01ך,$=>sKoj4/Zd.nd[T~Q\e;Vg<h $۞'o+3FX8+:{O_}SI֤&37>X|g_+BX}E{OÿC8MA~Tgj3HTs=iȫ"ͼgҤxH"nqHcep"SUuXf7u tzT03'"Pv&l<6I[;ڼRӮ˖{0=A+ 7,I+>% ?{= g0<^(=Ŕ5>+k'7V*ړWڟ~U={apCJLA fq7 :sH͸}5O\oLLvĄ (7c-A@=ps)N=hj͒KT@x&O3Mp RҬYpX"w&QPy\5]BmJ馘TtQTҰ(EPEPEPEPwcxZhiC`樑g>xУ ]Ri. 8튅RiĆ❓s NM8 5.l"gEu3@3qP0vy&P;b9(q@,?΢qoZQDO8,p1)DBOm3byK.N*i.!jw<3l?v0y8o,-!E&jj̬[,v簬wnj{nn`VC]-OgٵI#(A@´ 2ÚUԚ.-b+9#ڡ@P,=C }M:1cwHϵIsy%č$<MULu('4pb:S㐀@梥&Y@RP͟s^1\jT 3k>֚RhWkZLgT:i-nZ9Sk# PFF}jͼDL2GNԌwFwdH>[Gj|\17'I'14$0ATT}6"˼ 3!z~,iyhPc4f=~(h}?֣↎f^ZJVo*d0y?4\k^~1r8D*@+2`QEidXR#E,ǀz;Aι݀PAsV8=z`sQGaӹydP2sOjnNFXIc~%y9<T{<z9䃅􀐷\z,`z@u tLWuz}lc$ uNmN̗ AE3S&. TtQTD )QEQEQEQEQE=i`:QEPqK(( xQE!P%i(AEPEPEPEPEPEPEPEP?QA,s^qlQ_BO]j̀E=y(ğJ((@lmPy"穢VVrݪ23=h6 Tb"cQ@ מ..wҊ)wRUr*cB IH4Q@nqQE Warning: fopen(https://newsweekme.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/2016-02-26T164442Z_770238972_GF10000324663_RTRMADP_3_INTERNET-MILITANTS-COUNTERMESSAGING-780x439.jpg): failed to open stream: HTTP wrapper does not support writeable connections in /home/newsweekme/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-image-editor.php on line 428

A Daesh flag is seen in this picture illustration. Ex-soviet exiles have taken up prominent roles in the militant organization. The recent attack on Turkey's Ataturk International Airport in Istanbul that killed 48 is believed to have been carried out by Russian-speaking militants with ties to Daesh. REUTERS/Dado Ruvic/Illustration

By Margarita Antidze and Maria Tsvetkova

BIRKIANI, Georgia/MOSCOW, July 4 – In 2012, Tarkhan Batirashvili set off from his home in ex-Soviet Georgia on a journey that would pave the way to last week’s suicide attack on Istanbul airport.

“He told me: ‘Father, I should find my own way in life. This country does not need me,” Batirashvili’s 73-year-old father, Temur, told Reuters, recalling his son’s decision to leave their ethnic Chechen village and head for Turkey, then on to Syria.

Temur said he lost touch with his son after he called once from Syria.

The younger Batirashvili went on to create a force of Russian-speaking fighters under the flag of Daesh, according to U.N. and U.S. officials. The ex-Soviet group that killed dozens of people at the airport on Tuesday is likely to be an offshoot of that force.

Turkish officials say the suspected attackers had ties to Daesh and were from Russia and the ex-Soviet central Asia states of Uzbekistan, and Kyrgyzstan. Turkish media also reported that a man of Chechen origin, Akhmed Chatayev, was the suspected organiser of the bombings.

It was the deadliest attack carried out by ex-Soviet jihadists outside their own region since the Boston marathon bombing in 2013, carried out by two young ethnic Chechens whose families had emigrated to the United States.

Well before the Istanbul blasts, the influence of Batirashvili – better known by his nom de guerre Omar al-Shishani, or Omar the Chechen – and his ex-Soviet followers was being felt in areas under the control of Daesh.

Batirashvili became the no.2 in Daesh, referred to as its military commander in a U.S. wanted list which cited a 2014 Daesh video. It was not possible to reach him and not clear if he is still alive.

He gathered around him commanders from Russia’s mainly Muslim North Caucasus region, and fighters from central Asia, who carry out key functions in the organisation.

According to photographs circulated online, road signs erected in areas controlled by Islamist State are sometimes written in three languages – Arabic, English, and Russian – testifying to the important role of Russian speakers.

In many cases these fighters have been influenced by Islamist insurgencies at home, pushed out of their own countries by security crackdowns, and won advancement in Daesh through their military skills and ruthlessness.

ARMY CAREER

Batirashvili’s journey to Middle Eastern jihad is significant both for the leadership role he took and because it is fairly typical of how young men from ex-Soviet countries become radicalised.

He grew up in the Pankisi gorge, a remote area of Georgia populated largely by people from the Kist community, ethnic Chechens whose ancestors had come to mainly Christian Georgia in the 1800s.

When, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Chechnya rose up in an armed rebellion against Moscow’s rule, the Kist community were caught up in the fight. Thousands of refugees arrived from Chechnya, and some of the insurgents used the gorge to regroup and prepare attacks.

Batirashvili was the youngest of three sons born in the village of Birkiani. His father was a practising Christian, while his mother, Keto, was from a Muslim father.

“Religion was never an issue in our family, I was always praying in Georgian churches,” the father told Reuters in the village in May at the dilapidated house where he lives alone.

Batirashvili joined the Georgian army, where he served in a military intelligence unit. He fought in the August 2008 war when Russian troops attacked Georgia. But he became ill with tuberculosis, and two years after the war was dismissed from the army, his father said.

He came home to the Pankisi Gorge. “He was trying to find another job, but it was hard,” said his father, who smokes cigarettes and drinks alcohol — habits considered sacrilegious by many Muslims. “Then he was arrested.”

In 2010, Georgian police raided the family home and found a box full of cartridges. Batirashvili, suspected by police of ties to Islamist militants active in the gorge, charged him with illegal weapons possession. He served two years in jail, and was released under amnesty.

It was when he returned home after his release that he told his family he saw no future in Georgia and was going abroad, his father said. He went to Turkey, and from there to Syria, where he joined up with Islamists fighting the rule of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.

His father condemns his son’s militant activity, but other family members applaud him. “We lost a big patriot. He was never a terrorist. He is a hero for many here,” said his aunt, Esma Borchashvili.

AIRFIELD BATTLE

Shishani came to prominence in the fight against Assad’s forces for control of Menakh air base, a key military facility in the north of Syria.

One of only a few Islamist leaders with a professional military background, he had several hundred fighters, mostly from ex-Soviet states, under his command for the battle.

Shishani’s group, and other rebel forces, kept attacking the base for several months and suffered severe losses, one of the Russian fighters who took part in the battle told Reuters, adding that several of his friends were killed there.

Attacks were organised randomly and there were disputes among commanders, the rebel said. In spite of that, Shishani’s people with other groups eventually won the battle in mid-2013. Around that time, Shishani aligned himself to Daesh.

Seizing the base, which since has been ceded to Kurdish forces, was one of the first big victories by Russian speaking militants, helping Daesh gain territory.

In that battle and in others that followed in Syria and Iraq, militants from Russia’s North Caucasus — a mainly Muslim region that includes Chechnya — fought alongside people from Central Asia, several ex-jihadis from Russia told Reuters.

They communicated in Russian and normally did not speak Arabic well enough to understand local militants.

According to the former Russian rebel, in Shishani’s group Chechens played leading roles. “If you are not a Chechen and you have a Chechen friend it is only until he sees another Chechen. Then he would forget about you,” he said.

Shishani’s group grew up to about 1,000 fighters by the end of 2013, according to a notice issued by the U.S. government, which offered up to $5 million for any information that would help to track him down.

The commander may have helped the Daesh seize the Iraqi city of Mosul, the victory which established the group as the biggest Islamist security threat in the Middle East.

At the time of the battle for Mosul, Shishani ordered Daesh fighters to travel to Iraq from Syria and declared a general mobilization to support the offensive, the U.S. government notice said.

Evidence from security services and Islamist fighters point to the presence of militants from ex-Soviet states in the Syrian cities of Raqqa and Tabqa, and the provinces of Aleppo and Idlib, as well as over the border in Mosul.

STAGING POST

Fighting jihad in Syria in Iraq is, for many ex-Soviet militants, better than staying at home. In Russia’s North Caucasus, a crackdown overseen by President Vladimir Putin has pushed insurgents into hiding in mountain forests.

In one part of that region, Dagestan, local officials facilitated the departure of known Islamist fighters, who later ended up in Syria, according to accounts gathered by Reuters. [http://www.reuters.com/article/us-russia-militants-specialreport-idUSKCN0Y41OP ]

For Russian speakers who want to join up with Daesh, Turkey is a useful staging post. It does not require people from Russia and Central Asia to have visas to enter.

Some who do not make it to Iraq or Syria, or who spend time with Daesh then quit its ranks, have settled in Turkey. Several former Islamist fighters have told Reuters that in suburbs of Istanbul there are communities of Russian-speakers forced to leave home because of their Islamist sympathies.

It is not clear how many Russian speaking militants are still in Syria and Iraq but official data shows the flow of fighters from Russia and Central Asia has not stopped.

In October, Russian President Vladimir Putin said between 5,000 and 7,000 militants from ex-Soviet states were fighting in the Middle East alongside jihadist groups.

In June, Russia’s Nikolai Bordyuzha, the secretary general of a military alliance of several ex-Soviet countries, raised this estimate to 10,000 militants.

Social Streams

Comments

comments

Facebook Comments

Post a comment