Thirsty Gaza

JFIF;CREATOR: gd-jpeg v1.0 (using IJG JPEG v62), quality = 80 C   %# , #&')*)-0-(0%()(C   ((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((( " }!1AQa"q2#BR$3br %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz w!1AQaq"2B #3Rbr $4%&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz ?dhMÍ2> ڢ"ˉG̠z^+h!U0y2K'sV\d5Z2yXU ,ǭa|:0/ھbpsOm{;[r*% 8Ȕ>Cy):hmUg*.n<?f/ وF+uO#7Yhv a}>3OcKokÅ)wb#M^o;*I\mѾkH$YDX7}{O'T۾]"=F`k{X85ӆiCUM3Z#q^iVgUrr?VKKG A,$teA5јMN/r)r|SERQEȠ9pV46 '$몓WK3+FzW%INqc5\$ݜgș 'UՁP8"72x[ïrʯּJ?JrRN`]&[RR<$ջ޺΋a-żBsW3 x/P҄2(1 b;(qSs<ڬƨa (Gnƍ)'DX0b9銅#f@N, lI9MYpф,'lLinVirs&i1GrŪVn] d(qV5!s5 @Pl%u ?0ֶJ*X:5T89;%8hLRRB;0@|*Fz3nv!aLTNx!o4' G[洕6vi 9A rd=Qlw /zt:/sZD!>;\":"6< bE9d'`5I-ʏĒq=2h\@glSK$Fi  ڪ11O@jUzRʠw( Vll҉1=*ML&pTr9S޹bT0 X k)}om>s+eͰ \t[žovFS6ڄK4-t{Nlz.=c([2%[{) ɇs^y"])6vZiZK :,pCEs>7:l5U\'߸dus;Uc+dg6d1A].#q$I(\ס_rYvHNNj]HUJszoY<·lZZi+\qޫ]{3c<.#ٳ q#k@͕tyy^PHrFpU\f5GH7kTLsXrA vc{<%]n8ip3҃Ty<\(].6 ^ʒNgTj-f[y fӻys޹2~? n5)w^}:;hklW_\t*,r>ƫ!(Yf\~s^tq=črs)֬K^zX' Um|Q;k84Yd@z57OUV4%xjپ9왒;x^gyU#\-i@gd|V4r"Ta՜Ai<9+i.nF̝{ ?d#5Zi-B2roln'jPuE c[^(!Ӑ  2{{%ioCrJ"+bIÚj6v[b64Lr5R}nKx2 9>sv߀}+j[*Ak09cظ7>usp@G 44Կ\E-GD5~;֮Emd,ŘU<`yK?k"%;Rk1ۧ+tLO;p+01A֔txeD_lU+=fNI\uY}Ic T'_n5_ZX@ ;Iۑ }:+4(HVU۸UdgKF[[7WuGw%R߆WvmKaGݪ8>_[C{i jH|=+Othрڼ7m';Пr+;rǻ=YXͺD̀xPZZi̊eDm|ApjF 2,U>͉v|Lʬ1<].-5;fW?A^/[k!úW ].I/, خrrV4=^4hqҥƐxbI&kJ;GֽWAtۭ>FIny,ZڣJd1֩F\<ӣ+>nbR\ek뛋X$d'ZIrai,P$ֽG[n쥋IV,rcaYx9j-Y>l?w.i-\V[k7sq.8'ܚո4A+6Z(9n֊QL'S=?,܋Pe*3WRNI'\?Dv0+cZ>'*4(thdP7W1xmSVy1aۑQ{o2maOzKG|SqL#ZIzm9)\ ʞT^ͿF5r][ڤ`2jڄ.3xnk\i#slXwoIԴWu]#bLn 95BmL3 &>ӼaV.*x9j$s\lB#* U߃LP5aB9X 1N 8Z՚(-{+,۳*E6RH xn .=+$="\)(q5{;ԙNQ^sL_aQs>8oW5H[T[W[R[5n2h֋$BfXjfU[[@oεl>`sS% uH8ZA߭ iL1;K w5{hG& {W&yp\Qnݚ<J2MXfu0^]aqqmIFs}.#'k .vq -"59de@"33'ڵ^+=&%7]&m#Pn*Ab`*ݎ&|PXEp|E#LVPK\Ԏ.9y+Ԡ ŖHr]A\PL~E*@ȣ l[H28ik?cgP䉥pנ!2&Hݬm#METE@b$/< )Ս F<_ƷF[(z(TE/#/6謢;n&GLҍMiYxjȊ/^+GFс b- 6?*;]gKWb;u<+.3֫D"\ StW0p8Cig$gDH=h@wFm߀7T9#5$dHÅ+68*4PN.i2!.=*HDx8 TFmj9<):"9Xұo N5vw)ChI_Z: ^ 1^$k?4ɭ`+AJb0ewdb-:\ qla9]kSRZqR8X ;xrA'k1JK[k;Y i:Vt 6j`U O&B-_9]GW2}zZI'TJ3DqWO_;$eɖ( hds[^$}AcP-ϚdB^ eA'yOUkC)HJ0V1]ƭ ܿu*NpR&}z2а'9X7m4r(ڼuF.tqηa}JkXd+E h˃ױz $qҡP#W,+16lVBfXD mHʃZѠܭ* .!-֤I>f\=LqmNKrֳ_*ydӗaEu56ô tݜlT $YUnzq֗j4l(#IFlξ⡒4ECUQ j"a ˳I1ݦ3Ӥ-mf"?Ú:M`:6~XK5g˅P?[+J3sIdϜϞ}ћ 7t;/^ɫ\[O(e1RRM2Bkַzy+wT<5E7tNٝUm㹐2"U g&i>ƚo,.`#Ngw$`}EXe_\f[,ryUCk9uT"5 6}wsa x*PClg`~4X|i,*`kB=&yrA_* u-o Ә,sZF?^Ɋ rBzWLg.w[s\U꣦9,6 >O^.l p1]]Z"tpܜo v#ڑH[[xnOv9<Rt5|vW3JA<5:yEXW wWYR*R(xFj+sdl:T3^Iad='<֞?YQ=EE&tMyRqʱ nv Ǯ+oi?K4pkhl/qm`!9 Qg8Wm&cZl,gY0v@P!h{qSn)*ٟ)u<jKC6-44ii,Ik%dYK}Lx{eG#f 8ŴSl`W5Q9I;Iu:[ Of-(CFO8ɮ0WK :ӀW`TU}=7Rbu0quZ[G`-Spf P.1+E$:-X%޳qnmqM< wo K-l! KW5oŅ[o+n՛FutR>59xr\V258P#n »-Nd\\øQ|-JJܒ;S[{f[Xwm9K;Vv-[U\6\Uu*"`c`̂VHu{],DfZWHaWTد u_ڮeW)r̟)9\V|~Rc w z|!Y/[89ư!.&a)F$ FgT#qΣ5⌕%t Mb]NmF .[s gMd3}YVw)/zOQRW]xL {Ft'O i#^xQMߌb ҵ5t쏠LFrUo8Ϲ7_!׸d#-@"1)ˮ>iۻSfLmG M(nF.‚#)LJV-XϥtPh>^A"S,+^1Xfb2m=궪b,OglToF~v:[mQbiR+TVdVPQ[+̭L , {]p}GAerYshY6]e4q Q1ZSyAQ#;B2N3F6; HمŸo5y<6ܠtiYYeYIyGlQҋ Xsn*a~x5"$@H1U̩gjRy )nj{jsuXQ8VX6Q^Nx'ƷEl.?ʼn/ % nPBW֦4 /hL`zpflk\ucUyq52ܸ@ `u>PE?I {yv ^o W&1I݉=*IZ+iCqF[{|c.=]6r.{mAqo*x^E_fŨ*R̜_Q;3\l sWDveAx`°U]c[9-HH>C:kkm2+{-6}瘯銜,%NZRk!"[y"#Vl>?}[#5ZOĻ֓ȳF ^}wƷmqsn3/OMOuZD#t) VYxVO(Hx}=1b5BӒm2ePՎTkq@R[R隸s^>#52*'MⶴG#@d.Sۻ;?1_xeO2qp]Ōe8<-]"6̯6?CTuo~)$i/"sSH\zFC w\9  K T+HďU8g<^? zу|cd>T cK#u/wQ[=amQν$yqW~O+N#sԆ&$3kpJ5mfia?-cB;?4@3^o{‘_I|*x?ِNXhxlGA+ lܑz }7S2 ?S cAVӟ{?)`z:ljM4$yQ{uyV. ?A_X[xC@ .VZNܶG)9 )-OUw QD9 =7F8U,v0=0*L(蟥EBx(v#5 4!xLD T#v;ӾaOJY4l:BX4{[փYr0ko%|fPk;\)lJqxᅰ|^ke~eĀMsY= |Ia|\Ƥத.-)ۏ*F_+_CH4P&|2x#;0͖{lS1YGwl/7ʣ$#SL"uY[j7hU!9֧+m:x㸐o יcVX- ,Okcu"DFݜuE:vpo:sҊ#H00+ӥӴevIK{ij"8E'I;%mĥ,t٢przֽMBs^wȺrʪs4j~u-CO?ҝu>=^BvŌ5zn,Ht,X0~xgᾙ^3cO n ?4x8*lZ^+7&~QZ Ma{/6F9MI]xWF,^Voq!bWwii?hMSbNK[#^|uhk1g8HNIޝJ(<'cgm)R[;o<-$ +|c Jܟ&~|U;V 2fRguk1^_KDEZԵX_lxp,r"rA 9Na?JAjL1H; Rqۭ?֎?TR`w~=({QqA'is֓${R3T[A|P٣0=4 z^=jI]>İ gi(9ȥWQ>G15'#4nX8[EwjXAav@a|[rkhڸ7D7wV,erm2DHX 'm :^Ay`x^EV-,nfMWθ7$kQkkIja1RF:tgMhDn_oP(9[TUZN&lZ-oeI5'Jd7w,Ye*qGkX*4D?TWݎ7æź}īW>}f"i䜑ݴ0+i.5[_'&D|CAx.ت1fY]NO=<^8؜nU#W7ֆhg4m%R7fU#!i!۶}Ee[xXnUsv2jwhekWdݲ7_n+VK`<nZ]GY ѢN~ִ<~lȤܵbL'!v;r޻?x;ӘbKJs^co `#6jX4ۻK!*6BCѣY\,r?zonn,#ap<#Z̳D(14G[PꚦdP))tz{{m03fуV *˹R2EMr2 -k0¶XJotbI!` ΦZM0 ժN^񜺆*)wW‘jI8+{YZ=` ǥVU=+U *-ݎcS T#h$חQ7s`XW}O bۉ>`8H cY`r۾`+Fsөa&v.[~QBk_2󢼉ς1\MYdCF욙lHdC<+O\GT56@."xD@>kI>"+*ҙa6p3XbS#5w˦p.ZM%du b ?gBж<7;U:;}>-m5ďw®-cCW6$Y/vC$ջ՛9/aYՎ#5._:ڃ|pԚQjږ5)=F98Pn?ey4#Hm z("b U7yxj>y1g|aͯ^-ثHH8+]VO'Nv5xs2.U~xl 9҆'4sx vMQDɧ8nN9U3:{P20'840GH Z2177t$Jq98> hǭ)JQ qK4\ aOrHAVvF`⋈07~gbхHep4<Ԡ8Zp@$ELr:cfGڤ,1F׊`,+A4=N)-iR9}ihB=i98Ky'=>0)DuXdnc74G|f;p${ґJ]Iaَ[P SHG=~ sFji+g-o'(ɪ<(b@i >\1} KsSKQ#֓shď^i gi8*HbydTIf8Zi]B4$uP9v=6 E/7H.cwҖ-K.F"9Ott@U0?kĊ_(HĿ*I9Tں+&""N?xGѮ Q"8EǩԵmpm5w`XSk]HNxYQoM|7Ҽ^ѝ-ksR.xĬdԱj9U)f5ɾd\ZaMa%:|H`95.iEn)تg#ocҠ`9"]YO\z|\(A-e]PRi }>})-.ng*>yCs^"FH5[o? p~jYc늯w{v#ҷm|1^r>"ub.mFNJPjrxD1{ a"xΔ%NMN Vٹ/?/otXg5+u;dc M_KA2& m[I;2 ]h-ʠSfrr;;Tp֏Η#>W&?a"mWWmGWy?4C,Zqo,>χw9TJNg{-LNtkh#b'PxcgCǵu'ޭi}hUfJu4L\oA˸#ӮcR^S%C;LIR8/Mn\F.+Gy8ccL\PW2}NQҙRIU-Vo28\(볱-}>1G a#UbIfN4:qOD4:NiePz:~5SMM|BW[cC]~ Nܴ v&pmX pFCp[2spU%︔0T GZ[RYƿ{jU,wgݓCOb=/$qI%H$@ʽ>Y"ɰwχoPc)ؑ5j$v|9]6猥diNVჯ[CѦ2.JoKsQ]j˳~u}[i69rx65UYZAok-S}(~eX1rkn|W'nUf0 >ݫr y^..+i*1"+$F'Ss;H<>H7.>ZoHn RV|uv,OHG/_KDlxPFdRߒi(`VT .֮ҍ">~wY_2PRLrryvfkc6 Z|? ,6q,>QgRIVuf fAv>%ӭ5+Fr0M>z`)tIks$*z<,ZvGjv24zat+|\(jMV=//ٴČM6͙;$)p4 ͵v: )jG7f\SG YsS.3iYWO>V¬C?(~T> LjJBdu&9̽>n>.0 c3ڟ9)sH9PI1C ,?Jp$/cPČ Zk>NA# @~'^Q~nHOPRgԑL'~tb9€&e@{|Њy?cSKduj6TuAL#s4Ͻ47|@Ҡ9PsJ;"֘7?Zf[<~J=a'ؚREELpf==03ԚO/[# |O0g΃:_B( {Ry@&*k=F*8Ϙ .x-Ґ 'V jBԂEF|?d{G|N =1R}M_+jB8'ޜU46#taGNq0}(94Zw84ٺ4c?* H-8N+WK@CKR L`6sEM1kj=c#U>=O[Dp6` >PFb«nqDMHTujB.5 FQ 4鮡ϘsiKQwN} <CLfEO??^=#Xڇ (c+K,C;W;iopjK lhjg=YfNja#H<4&Okʑz\*c?kvtYڔ!{ >']WM4$ `*ߊ;7N@[3f|] (OHLTWY5dF>u{+8.($cV5Ԛ6f\mc=O 9kU.UeNG);EmaoYv !MOks֗:=>!PA)9=kf4d޿SHo-%zDv XlًYOqs{|w<0BLH_L7+{gU*W\z_[oPzmbTz #2)CTZFzU*1kc[`z|oYIt[;q?N߇V."U[\jnqVuw5%6&E bp ·YKᛉ29 I<zuY@=x]ӭ"rB(#?*I@ԺE#4-9¢R}=${֍->) ߍhiz~}h=g'lO{S6P}C W-[H,\%i#YResŋ엲+7*<-l#ړN? $)vYA9ֶ-g_,GU Z*nhzw4,<=Amobt<᳖Ӈ[tR[B"#`jZ\rnN>@*Kw (?ð3%--h^ lvR1er+IE ێv챫F"9>?*8;4eA2?7"|gpT1lLwE*ʜSCQ4)q9:@J= i ]88'ޔK)jL ǭ)SJmP@E:Kel9(FqsLؿl@3֋[;(TpYB>'21J㱞W'$-j-"CNH,d:(ff 1ҕUW;j{@3Wwj*+8R٩8^I;yC L ܓErh؄ 7+xs24`zS$#5ZIp3iZnnǃьk:2#cµeMjuaҮ8 '×Ȳ4kGwV|pMKt.Z-m1Ϧ깫,oWVhcDޕoWnW\,|zխ_ giUg%2+('p>9VE4;[ŽH(rBÿֶ?Fq6Wu{ٻep>Uqhy T=I+94r+O#SEiqe`$Z PncNh-UR?2B$e ڼU'eh?y_+m#XZcצ+9ԍehX_sm/u5c% KesUXR\hmF-n#Ny68YXYÝAm߇&]q[JIsV +7wwO .>]caZ9#!ܞOCZLj-)u+ImUnwEs}AVx^r-T" 7d w0NZ-"mGһ\[ũEؤKRQ=di0OJ`N伎?6HaxOrBF$RQ7#=;vGjOe0-">:i5^h2>. ܢcc nfȪW$6ٗr2?npj]]bGpu%qE5\=Jn'h9z;9')@vTTGop6#I~Z9C1'\iKa^6j-i$lp;Dt=#T\1Fm i-k[rX SW/ikiڊl.5`XT+ZՋ.@,Ok=zb<$yXG^sJ(uqmnlg.?V2J˨٣X7=J05a!F.ۥhQUfDeQ޷3#E z Ҥd0;{b#>VJcH2rPK70 L?wrBr(.3[u"FvH=cQ?c ϭ2H!@ "ޑ{}840`֔H'#ښJQ`1E朐&=`N0IA8hHh8O 3N0<\ =)Xz`}*ط>Ip(#J\1?*KeH2Kv3V2N5'bN Kp=Xӥ 9ߍ;f(Xd}i\ Q2OzWc\AOX#> 32sRaP5,o8ԀSI<Ѩd3LV4?=ҳAq7;;x8K9;\DǓeSTM&FAҔHvA=Eհ9OrEgж嘫\g2OQ2#3Ni #!~}O&kWf2 һO~N1ЃgOusU"xUeN} -c5?~ QwPェ2pi'jerUDdLU'N@BHRAϯ*U5B=J)Ihl$yi&80=`sT+k*^jv3B$SE޸8 54XO`름 #9ܬ涍 Xreu νcj+gbG|?si(~WLF5*SNjUy40I+c9 sOLC9GSck=sOúiݝ]C*Q޽TѵrGw`?y| psڹэM^n:7ٞtk;ԁ|c696}IhK'+tY[Mgryդ'x㚷2[+ʕӳ=;˨P:剢qh@r1ޣqjľ!ezzޅYRzGm#ByV>o'#z oj9:9" sӯ!d`CWTZg 7ap1 qRjX-|Rժ{KEVLGje}Ij  <~\]IBNa[u[ HW + oF!F3[vS,dŻO yU~Gseee?O èK3lW˧A'zD Yp?:уW23JҫRN:2I r+.;IV0#6mќE_7ScBۤQkJfRv :0r u3+! >T'us&Daĩm &Lno\Q$|aP~UYެc[VhʰGZ%N3=ށb038*^O)!wn(sum{ pN+BY ,kn #j9=,vZ۽'*Z$> a_=1yk*~a\R-V@<*ܒ؜ұnmln>zN~c*NvwbKܑ#?8 EusBnʹ<o O(?͵ ֽBHc*ZSCII1ܳNX+Yͤ< ($wh>P%V~W:evHьnI?fVz)z&#rE*wd> #9®wpiوEW-G۷5em7 SyȮA<NXRZ@~c?Ϛ 69c˟4NTn\Y;CE+֔@+DFAbN?&bH=2}j ~4KԞQ)sHsSXqJ# E4sšp Gp)" F1zSޡ/Hd hpA8J}ڪ #@%2@89TDrr94Fy8-#2ʝښ%gҙTG=cyJEagb&y99$:lWdeXI)/UNk[Mҁs%PxP0kf|xT(F)i bj Vqī\v53WV.;$mGEéjO>fRe8$~evA^_xe6,yOmxŒk2ͫS^}\u(^o\*Jv\CDZVHk) a*R#4zq$c=Gzty2VfW'kԞiM0>µ$@Hr8p1@U}~bcGVYQLbE~ˮ4կ?{ w~u]ջ$ _znY蓟{,ke{YP /-Ο~]C$RY`EuC![TwV|@i4R+x䵸،R6`+🀼E{q  2CG2@=@돭q,;lPܥ:ûg0ksY}FGl˴?bʎ&MŜW#XiTS%wH}= =EPvֲ8 Q|jUq=rCթr?IHڝTj1WgJl\m>Ie˱gmozYաg&ҮLWS^^+򴔭ҜNyxO4e[z7g/^F)/LHuНG̹doJBʊ 2boi3~gej]<"ldAv_ dshʘS֩K!!OLbHt`9䵒 9+.?`PjƸ1|޵%\e{V`_?}*de5_ Ϡ^k@EDU=VEi^1mT#7N,jG N}GJb$§']kV;!VORT] N}>q`WFu={U<="9QZә#IQY*`vV=O:4 zZ6N8ܦF$S$ҭ#A{sVI6AaօgT8#2;X2YZ,\}6 >e$v7PPiinzhHer7H6p tfZ sāKA]NJHRpE)#dB rڞ?n*@w& FE;>_-R6~AϹ#+0=Bmd:;r)Niw4FIHdVJOp"1ua!\R(v!pUi[j3\ n@VVNHrs{ӛ hC)g<҃ǵ0Mp;v(JۏLSԌd4ݱE~ T@pqG KN)Ir<`=GAlҝ54ǰޓ)n>a)yp<i$2dl=r3 rN XWljW<{޳:2LG+lZ/,̕!v$W1iQ #}ܻ >`rq=F;c8gQ6=@Z']csD|ݴ+#\]5/Ό8;N4C$*=[gX[6CnbP3߹NFբyn j_b|ǀI<95gRKD) Gѐ$>}k^$ƨ`V0_YEr҈H,rÓ[:ƌp2I)ȄQY{^O"K(.V/sӜ:ҤՁ;r:7s뫙)~YsP"A+3(yګ]r@*]ʔ5V<ľ"$<{6P޺wk"ݕQHֺ+o2nUz{?/ZM,CwISثWEQZ+_h Ƥ䁎*'g<{ϳ"Fr+ץMSvG's-[(~e'<3qWOAX=5ΓϽnA ʼn27\J x998>mǽ+ #f`1 FCV;k:=#4L9L '֍<b$!|V@p?ix_gz?ת?ÿָ;/\V;Ry6?{|qFvqL&3t Da;Kւ0]2â@u#tֻ-x夒lcw֚'jkwwoW)x.eoEw_#]f]6aj7#ڍ֑1׷Õ߼pZKi\xSZ8Ҩ<; ?rpjWI,qd#ΙxVF) 85D/[c{!LTp& (1Cʌ숮5u %h|5jp9ÎM0i`NMDeONQMB*% fTh-u7Gdak'$xz[ Ph1/o~ǩOqdWTbk[^SYb [Z2Nz}ZGvV$`J=Gj^SG鏤jfc^%L5)KMm\.lF5 uKcgk tjOT߁<׽ɹ,g?1AQXf隴1v9?x;M+(۹UWg$,psqBxHIH̀8r1e\WG03Pщm{VrkU|pk@d$+S֏m}E=-yMk :4e:_etk\~Уj0ُn?s)]aq-E \9W#4m]$ڏ?Ps RY+&t"FO#d0G/N֞x"Dn-%N>.rr;zVU8/#2 ^cFy*Ic*'nvٶU+ZK yr+WuL=[nR@>J輨+AwTÖZE֢Ť:Xkj:Dd/ P3S\Mqmט|R{iF%|&C(?Vn97ʰtFS='nwϙJR:9Z&d%*υw$Z#lW(*p]X$tgl27tS<59@psQJV`OXWL84Ӿ5q*EdhA{nFQj=U¡8>5% ORm!F0I1G,+A+yYK>P9>0kwg$A!86yNǦhNwޙh̲;UAO/Pҭ22r? (u0۴.IlX%RIqSSKb\ݙ:׌go;!/'exZ׊pdv;v?ʽß 8&pQ~?k`XDT ΥV(=< |h0jѹf~56* uI坠r+rax(\yނu9ɅܜQl~>ROq?tUaI^L8zWB5? ]ie;yc}xέa%Զq Os, Ut9ki$;8p\ BdZBVXu>)%db!elt5Lec-ۂ+\y`[z|T` l}&mE&^KLCPȤyCb9=:k*HUHĿzj9Y@Tw J8 B4u',3DBr4 LR[Gp~Rʼӣ<{ HJYx@LY:iZF<q rOIӣp|ѸFJ[(dsH d ͖ZzՓ"nnTnF8qLG9H<HzGN;(!'`5mا?J788 H UqA4OqT{v\NɈ+ԑ:2% ,df<_z&4WHDls{Ӯ/#˕[%}"Ǽ|7'vi_N71Bn "^݇?rNk5,Sh"! !d8 OmZ ^+KktxJQ\Ҿ-)֢f34#>jh(_ʡNg83Wk3) p{fDŽAS5v$w뀧py"_8ƶ%ԢJާR娵=wsĒt,ZI |r0Uy$<*[?yH_eƧul"xPN{澿,mi;#QeWuٖOMxOj4Ǒq콩Z~$_e_~2jpL{}zl$hY4#V}V]Hc}v+|cj[Z9X'z4dgό c*1ʁ*F]JKFl"+&;6lryuG^@İK/zw'Hv?[Qjmo"6֩M'#Pɜ[ Lvy aUwxw_8n~WBy[M, װ{ p_c0\y%x\u5x:puq ^5fJWPs+<'vxf^^;-<%ٷI 9_8¼8P8χ:=7(ɔX9'C-Q5(|WEdk#I"5!$vjI *.g]s8|j9^.Ҭ-tqmݍBVc5Or?NJU] +g #AFK;ֽ#Oj]ǩ^DX"mMBV{-oč3tniFV7e#5d 7p$Y'nNlײ_Q{{>ojwiU>[Ɩʹ5r9+F.e-йI浗n&tUW>q.o0+Cjw6:ME)Ci36c#y3 rY+N0uּi}YSƩ?>CZ9~̼jPܹ6gfi:d]v5?}< 烴qkjΪ;}; ߑSvkasxKK3n) ~֤G%c̘<קJH+>ysuB!ϭr7Vh1֠gRYCJ Ɩ+7y$?U(s+1Щ:U)QXIGBNjW+t_ƛe.^1#'3ǿ'-9 F+ΩMq $XfmlUsW4I Y=²gXI2Μ}>9Ld8'mް BiJfeHJ BIwp>}"1_Z\JijiL[72 k\߬}+6(`JӶ<9зm$4VB=*pM^5@2jұ9'rt9S+(8Q='*M\ectԵO"[ 8"dizc[PZ5ZS:8'1m+8=+U ~Qַf\UCq~H 򊷹;>#BgbxMDeLdp=jMzL8U;Uy'10U$AC#*FTCsM[-\ZAؚ".5V"x# ~7M1I2n@qa⣖=79>TV#!ihR@I(*38T/wލ #~O:gr89hpI{8lpP8徴_&HCpӊEa84 V*#8=E]4{G17T|$JH@ :S2>^`6ON$H؈ A5ˊǚl֕UvH+I䂹MM{f&Y}ƪު7gYCMT{b[Hs_-ϪN񇺿=:8~fQtrj7AB%=fFܪd$}jb''?Jcf*eg1)IۯpUkC(=@JAǭ0哒W4ܲ$j휛.GzLC= Ys$SFolZ2>e;%# N\ͼqA Jx$Ͱ^ϡcw2lYRi5eܮ1);hX,~]\yt'5)6O+:Z2 qoE0z5x?ئh\kYde W.QѶ;ث\Vě['<3R7YG~XRL  hwG .ePB1eψm"Hr6S3^x7G-Dr {}+Ӭmt hmz)Q䶶ΨW4 L^eWʶġYܨk-spy/uuQmǵ"H.U}Y9=ZfC -G9N?)M?",Oeb=nmkgm 2}Xoz惡QG͌nsh;Y B!H^;E-Ȼ{ǫx$1maN?گ,Ol \1\גML)59Cyl@*,෇]7̮#ucU̖;j=YcrO&j^߁ڥAs,r!ozֽ?_ 7 ?~T&;5fy:7Igoxh{}Cz[ìb[g`^vH 1(1T8K ՂD2!fw}A g8.[U:ܒRj s(qq,8V'Ӹ]]Ō0p?Q I Gd,4=()>yOpOcc|R[ 8$) JO[2NPDy3¶'+jQe&*dϚ.#խpm8 Uvnc#/"L G˓POme*\ bg]OE y׭tS|ͦ#3T{ r;B]_dvZ}v(Qv˱-kgm.h 砮sci|"*0qjM)+2֝ ٟ5kzE͍Bʝ ɋPT'+]kB-uOw/?th ň`D>=vURcBzK0&`sXWd+GVaetZFhe+Y.6M4`'fҸ'RZEg$9}1ڴCXA‘=EXGjjBV0BN'Ҫ!m'q qZJmϽM |䑴TRCӊ}Gji-g=L"a:X#GaWَ WE:M|^s|+te$hvO'N9L.}G6=SvHxed|VWu*fl# s!& `zkƽ=q_~i ÏMqH%.. #4ߡy&h4 P)P03)8c4'p[ BY }E ˊ\r#L DU}MljF7֦U';*bjEjyl;9.Hl };؁\n_OΙg-ޔ7͌H;Ƹ%IlNh{1k(Fnz,qXWč)R5F~ӊL,'k_KsXEֆf@5(%0ۤN*R/4N׾z4!"#Ó^aTӧ.e+`֝{X/Y짂i1n*+:|ZLl{U&Gqڈxm8r1s֬^$i)imrG28>\eoȸJ5^8gI"0=>x6?~% w藈žuQx^;5={&#d_6\ >VMs@I3guChN~־}N_7lM.W-_ŵ灴+jXLD9A|W.śڥc9ΔxlAdMMK%橧$h;vNAT/ˌy0dj+ c%7y|V# sft ÀIIkKݣ/dӭ{y5l8}bOGmO_Z3Re >cWE4Thݳ'S*KcC8C\=!}I[k+D#l@^X>s]Ee}xCz{ڭMt<[{L )5^k,Y4@]Þ:׈u"X-gB}?u_k5Ď;SR}gͭ4+Il?ND[dR1rhNmdc'_'J:mzk&8?=^V5m 2N12o?A=>\Mw :Ms'_ξ-/FGYf1=Mi2_4r?c3wÚc#\gkం+xĀҮHrV<%b[mYJTϩ9$Y϶1MCAʠ~Tm}Z ~|kR OYV*1u6d ?({[$iYLkӁ}_n 5#kc&20r>4*s{TrT[al 1 ݖH!rOFҳqˏRp71?敾CW݅`JU%X[އ7?CMᐏ;\W)$9M+h'C E+JQS19 Ag_l{#M܊Hu=ӎOʧkKj1T11?CW;Ogmamo&쾤^uHl.£}-/܆.G^=jBzuʰRHĒN;#W-=jHsÃ3rz".~U5ɠ*F1#>S_nFO6<(!Mc3&[֖w|c?)4F{ yHv[Vjʪ>Md#bM\CGO;4Cgc"y"rkV( D]nb>'ӽ?A&QAJ` 9 R2MܚLH$Tq2dJ"UQ#ʋ#xp|y Ǿ3RN&8 'Qp2}qM*sҎH呏-ғS#,fI RAw w6@8ڼV2\ٰ!H:>3oi_iuh¼iQ~4*/S5}@H1ԎjLH˂?J]8^_j~C=D"*g桛#ΜB*Rlx.ϢG9z~!9_<>*Pϩ/iMH$6f}n1SޔlGjݾh܋X5ia'edRE5'>ԮW,:LqQ#֤z8 ꋖW4C\bTM\Vv-m6OMz3m$c8Q#EiL'r+h%BJ71i4:K;bmPn⹖捑gH+RADVSQϖ{;[ 8^w3F $}+ U58^TegC~"犴mRB |+0*sGSjv>% [38,@*//q ގ2qwi[SwLT>qqg}m]m9v|u?vLՔϜyܬ`C)Ejx!3,$"ހLt-6U,eJ8m9V +K#3ǯrZ/dR-1IjЬ\hFSZ_:Y5Q-SxKRbZKs̵z"kۦb+c?._xE}7Lkv# ?^J:p㯟sϯ<WPfTå5%-_"dH|Ӣjsɮ>?9hἪir\H 1OJsqg""h_CU:eLmgy24ٛshΝa9D$c WS-1RUc&F7?ʾ< 㚌prMO2=XJ;c,G=3 o 2ܕ1@ ^ :"G 4d>J*o =!W~=)Z>L=4h-I2RH #j|GNjX 'v@FFKcSہ4fNݤCA+#ZMwcO5xriT@yGUܞ8h9 z  >5+@{#wSC}e=K&e&'ڼZͷ4K'1x=\PDw-nVbB݌?ҲKSo g=c{!UbX}9pY^ߍSf1B)ZHopӕęͽnԡuS?׶J?-e͍=2HG,sQ0k#3n3bS\L~fڴϩc8.rpXRKc%VU}`5:9BM֍Uܞ;JcWˬ`ryjS{mk\P͜5G*I&RuK`zu輽#ۓ+};Vn'9񦏪"&M8+ >h+6IרpTab} JU?}3F"WjZ4)rB8&} i~RzHsFH4iC>^~Xzk0XBoa3 @)N}(V/XRf(끴6iS\ec rpk^LL x5 χ:Cy$bV 7Wgtw2Xj<`&utkT=TȯL3Z=t[Vp} yCޔUۑW15aVgl+!9S;1ncu氓Qw)+펔s֕Fs\UebPɧ7CQ"gQSsYII +7LoSmƬZQuۆSfU% c0yV]]eF*-\vryV{ce31eM>Ůf>R]:Ac$<; E6wӰοN1M3b7VU%;-"Xm-$4 E-عI?o##8B3Mug͒K~8} z~9Omc$U#1"pjk0VN;ZWZEʹek!僑Yn(8欐iuq2)Q#vh gk,j~g4WdRyD:gɥg,9qN.0 m|/ v^}O4Z `һ9ҡpy464X)~!ߚsJ1 ZhI=(1o`3RR"`Le M3(M\Nć␳(s Cґ BzS:N>qF4V7OF},c`֗H {7 ۚ8'ޘbGx>تVBe#nxNi҂r1\8H 5,M&0P! GqVɻ}*@PW+)MsjB%5y9v?+1W8 i*Օ|L?Gbb;Q3QTfO2ہ@f䄶VOw'3W[P8θ4$6Vޜ^;S9 o@OReQWfg5c}YⴷΙ>%-*#o-H>Wu[D3߶8?t՝κte^YpAϖjFXQԞjL H돩^JuXWiǎ~#=vJe OMJ+v\ZkB>ȤWˌTu)|ԁ{p23f*B)=IԌ?˂Hq})ĠSS~g PaʖLFA'&V[*:Ih7f9H? ߥBXF0sj1#=I& GR1Sn(mȱ*[ˑۊQ7Bl|M$(]lL+w*N1Y?™9 4'<3ԫAX8;}d?0jQ"l:6 6 YZ]$`;~DQ{n LN8ZGǠqdE$LE;^?H̳ G]hk1ٖMiEzKzF@?|2HJ~Bc@f`~T~_³f fP0~ lb:$k53BfT_?]NhRx.3desz`iI\fn.>azg9n-pH~&& N v7,I\Nqj_^Z)0  QqG^NquKuz8Szӭ\ 8TF*xQNXYqQ=95+> @}$ul *2ÜSXy5Y(fHj9&>}&iu@L"y%ft/JҼlj7;q;=E-̒.crE3P&YcM,3B)I1ڣNV@$:xϰUHcQ:n`{Xl`=̈܄Sӊ0y'\㯍Kw,Vj7ʰ.?!ִL߫]C m }54Btky0 ־ Ôi5*W6"4w" cP?h,zX7Pc:宥y^ZDM%|xb>3n0GL=}ka(d)giynV;I)P6^Kݯf{ߕ?o K-˶c]ɣb Smr@w q2M-_C]*L^y?ʻ} & S|Xhc?kަ&qm+sҺ308ɔe=/Ke6`PH| s.z9_QidR2' oXZ28oA‚9Xd+*:cg4KoAn"(L+tyE;oְu/Z4zΧikpxL[T!T-!o<ι]WvZ?Ft `jjF7b iݖclr T4@P+DCSQ~4d0Eǡ@r2JzuLSa3"HH e_jjҦ2'+neGܕFsP2F\Pe"*Ȅ|= KrWK)Ϲ̄A)t#%qI4"U;-5piͅx{=A19sƁ69H3eޜ !U~Q2杴rf X@$~TD9h &n߮)xW/Q!v5(PG ѕihmG|Dh`=SIIi"w]_x\BJ5 YX;y2Q8@QNGWbW[?>FTlwx#`.2Kd+ߢ9@Re0RtZȦ5Uڼz!PTgiߡr̠i),ZiWCgS<"u4, 4ڥ+7z(m cdSb}=)!aݵ>Q\vўI@?D]矡(D9C,1T͛5}RF̹=y_Q"-AjI' =$J7)$괺E"q%,UyϚ\Cm})0<*oHd'h^lDFz]弖f'i$UYngYc7LGD ,Sb}Mg…RjH^RQG8+F*G! 5KY"LgwGR!@ʘeTdB xcй֚ewm zEHeP3@dJdϻ*)]EO2F#?HW2Z *h˰"7mx8_vO5*6{ oAMgMdx]ׇjkxR()kd`c@) =G^AKM\_oMH G%Q$T[1jzU-91~yυZŜWz%RF@_S8סּ!3 $=UU)u5%8+}yK4-ӫW=i)hݩb,#ZgU#ո>of I\Ƨ]>9Źyc ?^J8muy*ך\Aĭr҃0~ :㲺Cb0J zWG V$g,U(CT {ƹW:VFk ]䟯JlY5f\6е(6781׹q3h#kZB6si>sk\u=kJ rd2eP׻Pogyu*|L-/ tKH^"LT'{dW8U\`z$[b1݌zdvb+6/+hm}qoQg<>HM n]c[$yesm#1$fb^ "HN3wu|bryeG3Idw^uƣtтc>ZG]OEFwQ v/`gn[9jߴ!ܡk3SʻJ7t{0b Ǎ+W3z+ڢq, "C(lkBǀG+4ɤϷލ8`IQm4VؙB%>q9+뚫&FI1a4efcChOpE4 zy{S7G>Pu #9zn1?1gdMPo&2[>FpUҪAb6SNW!}Tfkn,^Ea˄QMidJ9 z |.SRΪXufޡJi^yUE=^8pݎ34U6Ѧ-;>ejS,Ga?EhGnebzsVY.YQ(-V9 Qj"ނ18?]B.:d7AP&Oݡ#T,"R\7%-GB!J߽!UOhע5yO\gl<%pr=jb!NOJcS яf,qM <̮i+{.–FFP]O`yhdXscDM`c2F0>|S%bGSn-XiHoW(1 v'̹`Jhh4[Б%ʄ W'Ƣ yYء U5R;ʕpuY'֤862'Բ1(ϭ>k&e 8)V%B~&0@ $ǽ 8Qw $pW&b1 o dsn#5wcq 6}qLZkPso(=}k,*Y+֧o֩BحrNӊ,Y094qǭ>"vƦYnnAVN;/s?ɕIܹbD+V)!U4N:'p QyQJ0Ǻܼ7Z$MX5&"@84C~FI?h7y*ľg7v6E rGH#ЊE4Gw#} ޣV~>)ǠWyFJdP0q׫HݶVUEa#U3>6 Vatt{w׽I=ivzMa j{_֘1Nq*Dn(6cMǹBa_+gaQLMXN hŖGߍI bAN銔G?JUv5qY$Y7dƣT>vGw<գ"nb*)[.WG26v"N 3em=ԎıTRpOr-Fe"0B:Il{zO-mM@Wk.Q9 Osȱq \\J;e sVf΂DY# {d^ Nyi#b~:-CP=ɽva#,{b?iz0)$Av]:wdGeUԥnuEnʩ du'=W_:YdQ$0;o{zm)" Vx'wmOu?+z;[aGk 4¥;©E=L>[O<X''5eRIb\+2Y_9KDxjk1dǡ%8̑mkB/.* Ѯ5¿| `)zRE'FS | tpH$F⻿xT#6e6S>|sڠ3 wCj?>RGzm&eV'3V|i}Ӯ-ķ&;uRUpˎԋC/Un+ ]}j[[ }+e]uڼ5,2j1[Z+4y&>ZK%T_y_C q\sq|441q \k7C_Q"ă!ԐC{ pR=J T6ؚ5'׭&$`mu${p)wn>`!sQ:d{ӣ 0ObJtrBѕ{Oh*1MJa;fvEW0rA 析f)}s*>ZB,;dKVxlpe=i,S!vvaUٔOVd'f϶h9nf\񤐉[ލ꼊,q xL޹RXjy{WVs?+6,Tu8QuohR_,v<[h5OWk6)?GMV*H!URuxʟή-s&@wdL6zy81z$;AVe徤Z >Q%ݟ4^idG Մ򥇨5o=ʮ뒅%H Օ lՒ[+Jt6r3#l_sU㹹YldG*I(uL9>I![D+^5ƥC˟b(=SB79w[ddA :W+X)Ep{TofC@hfo`%~`z`n}3H8<4>g6Ϩ? dA||T~t_iS ;R>CϦi- T|gtJHG|Unl E* 0ާh;o.7cy䐣†s1 t"cUݣ݂>+>&'h/)94 0ix- '@[L nS=dȠڸMbc.0LaF4mH䄂4%Q]_Jp̎:7vOOMmYx"Tw܀K}O i W{"\_&3bly*mwK,iҸv@|i/X10+Ƚ@8P}ּ^ a5 捗È".ؓ .<5e0߈N}au>c#]wk[֭ԡESL%jH#yIX4cK=&7@Q;bNs}돰3ړK!p85jAbH95WLQQú{Te}f8I$|ݩY!DŽbxhk(> ӷ'x$`Bl ,hqs;R[c>1P_$`Kc^)ka[KYG4-+8 *VppZb2::)*,M>=⍟NGTdr8 /˟j7Iݔ n"YPo|ÒH/jm$Ho5nnfok) spǒ+9SPIO@s"*$ c}_k)w*XԥsoifwZ "x]4yᗌ-vVGeⱝeM|j罐YAlm?\RY̓8=q8$|Z)jzN:;<@m }NqH9o1[4.x邕&"+6>YYGኵ r+PGcNMD|sbl* C8ȥv֣[ OIT *9!2=iW<-4QO 8'ڝ>>]novFw"\P RM6APB*Lh%XV2V4AB񌚊R| pI7-ؙ QaR :zSQ.n֚A=LSsdb*09銍. E+4tev$.)sȤ09!*)nT'\~_jzlK.9}zR1*GZncjBte/ 3uI9,mDtڢV6Lgګk',V!pZK;@d#:Fw] Q*!-;a+Ҵo?ZͶ{?,=tu;Db 9>fH\ƼBJ1e;?Wyow$T`G#Z̸IC9B2 >h>6![ϚGoZa.ɇ< iœ&3lXuz#$PI;x=x5/NZ^>e/L`q ֤E0 </ZH!1ʟ5dWYd*E{qUΟ6 z`Qpd@BW8[$)!S3]`sSZ[# G__,jԍ rc_Oʥb#7O2&2? .d0'j)fW^,`~f ϲb+)a;&gGj=ғ>h1̶Y⩙5!'pzQ!⦊-0LiyB! 0GjhȅUzt2!`YqPH 0޾ #0EL$OU9t)OE?^K=dYH'Uw&݇ךdZ]ĂV0(!s!T.u{y<)dnj$vzpc )vZ3"?2~cs,#9X:?5rURYOzj)j/Mnz65iڴgIx`s>=qEz<;YfiKQKTq =iF|ϛ=3BOvzSD ʞq>Z@bDRs$ "q9IY.C c1٧۶e\.F  +9ɥtupMB]wE".+@> ]mls^c jTc/=*RŻ`YgZҪA֢+n=F8qo :!-5)g?:۸5;IR>?dDd[s=yM;Hش{ċ!ZO, uɬ]HG%S ոo+=:- FU`I!Đr=)ﶍO- Q}aXJ6؊L)e= 9slsQIO`(M=Z3ضK6Ǹjqq$Gb;gcpccٔ%m}㸏%~aPw>Ě60G€6'g4qgʹUH8SZe(c,{$Ċp.=zRɢ p;ǧz-猎xqzEؖYԌL{j~PqUa$N2NG1&dzzӕcA ϩw|q2?• QR0BuJyJv1-JJj6֤Y*޴y4?2T<̺ ]1`֡2?ZԷF%SM!7 57mL受$s6;#EΤ?pb,D2lcW^Ť>d3٘g/87q]E Џ9~O=?I;FOove5>R:7O§V0o)yrX]d8c`k+[[caR3kuX1D@JK3I2ԋs Oe.|V4ӵ9SX9܄ bЕazW)8KFs)/OQxZ4vK4B\W9+9T^*du%4Y.ֶ31]^`׫z&[Cjㅕxt>'k1Q Qh"2Hm50յ@f*jw ;nu59) 9 Ǩ#jWI FⷥS7,ܲeOf*)dWgy*3ʂvw^aUr(Plud]lEc[(BUvnME2fspsRmiQH?VUXTk7Aڤ;g\\&.R1Y,V$Q$Տ0 Ǧ:Ra'm\M\4УrW;~\cϩ⡕9>ijdޥ)%[}9*M(>皊x|2ޑ*9zzZ$)rMw)kטd >n7ZO03T!MYcC`(NR91ʜ$)d-}OFE_2jViَib)s?*0gBH${ҝ$aO^j?qM,S~4SkFIt x'ҤFhn |~u Dޫ8 vtLN,1FzU.m-{xZK ?Z4[񑏡 ?æjzpު}~ S (퟽lDT:u-Ѯ>d',+s}6+-5̇/ .F=+wIb!r `ߊfNvS+N.BA#?ʵl ڻ ?TI.>Up ǩ}1]rt%#P^Tne>Ԧ9 U.;rW4W16{9hO*q^ZՉp||Mڣc)=8DEFAM l >i"֭)I NYSWggdUr;g.2"uSIt zV\ܯV0P*P%ZCm~92(# mJQٵ$+} } U8Ǫ+Z5d^l?¢tTΪXOGZn0m?Z<|ٮ^|;.I?#ڮi+W)Fj;]n/&53S&x 3ǰW @E^է`Q߭\+83*Dn\)ҔM-yJ}I9 .F0O*+ď.aCs]]g\ VvG,+]LUM6>止9f:핋bt[v˃2r+:b L}5jj%iq (qHa0Tۏ$*h\ѯPp|sPzT$qMh&Qap*4mm4nHg9-Uv@R)\ys;kBj4J&#gϔcN+2c ]ּcg ~i'.xFs+6,Ɱ< LK#G ri Gߗ+sv}m=-̹Kt N)ȸ#5<|a]Rzr3V`Vs黁k6 #dڿ)w݃3 J}H963v}NkL~4DŽ!R=V'~*u$rN<0%} 9 Ap}1DL,ZUjaIr*NZQB*ꆟAc\@iLpT*B#)\).>v3~LܐIp=MOdh؂ۏ֝ \^* on(\뚡e?Z{DEWӱKd 11l4g7Jj+1$3H8S"JMJlg >79MCg >bUR:U9[q%}OB3*7Y8?JH3NT{ JHHp?6>jLUyVQc֐OY1҅}o\JLN}qKD1QWo[֥|c8ҙpNy: I):.)c.}P$NV *r*7D݃|#s>G ҝJOOfU+x4J.]sң^-DU/y#9d aQ+m\01lMFĶ\&wcPl1"Sh#ٔȤ\DhҾ#U [ r:N E;؃ROtʻ4隉csIFvo2J9rPgS>eb+M%;Gme9$m?ZXyX"Aopl4mRdeBpb=kJ1W_l\y+zՂGJ +)P)|LiaPVNu R>=kHBApFǍZh3Gl!R}6g-B楎G}?ڮ[lq&:՛E*)lpkƟ.=;[l H6>Ҹx|h'ú|k)ÛVtR9uCVuS VVĩG|nZ.@sߵuz^X{>ZV4G 3Si+[Sռ@>UPN,2;Wū4 {Mˇ=^`x=N-4jx?c {UhIǦ [yrLq*U3(ϧs*݊jij=Qyj-yRzvW# cw^p?Zp} #",JM1˟gެɿ#{`蔃{.hʢL R!ժYV@];T0PRV$s `S`ShO_h]r?:lx7'}*SBN!^G:cecSܜRVZ@>"Zh>>3aBpq4؟ŸG5u A>+xϸQ\tg B֦w`^G.V>dSEOAQFͻow#_.\$jRw%.Bf'XWԊ r=jL+qS_H 3V tH'0DiRv5-Æ܊=jm@9^t|G)+xr/ 3ӝ$T='!Ut i?waQd ?$':cmԑ̀Gz+>k I(8\SNccN䁅_ֳRz[>%ӯNyڀ栆|Il3na"7/q>ۃ"%H\? qZtO"|IO4I_`rH;Ӌ: z)&;s5$q7$ 'IW2zTl3=)VTۈH?CQ1-Ҽh$Bbc@͔o5=+F?@ehԑ {;X#pV(܁{J\I[&Yif< *lGF*9(۔ZVs0B&\c烸ݰ~T dž.?杺p6oE5V&2)uP: R}by{A9pGJBŢ[+AxuSK܌3M4&*;Ie4ƂTD1R'bJq(UEG-Etdk2_@5xRmYAoF|5P`p:ԞPٻ(3o17ڤk\g uS/v>'M+jL4xo-V2ڑ[YU Z4s;~U[^(ćZwGH՚`Wkssǂ3 8(?#XAY|R^jP&"5sj;~Fa=k }e+d)#/5)hqxQx`̟6>FY,F HF>\i& ͼ S^]Y̿9 p:z is6HwvF[Թ̛$vЇ'ҕCn I eiN6Qt" >6TH }jL<}J: )K5[_>OU8$65,R,JϠ1qL89xgzt܌d?J$ZR ',P0 qV r;c$)iؔĝI ǕdX*IGFy4bHMub,r?̫ﳨ>gp0z yR1=9OpActWpJdyʬ-G"l*Av*~ ,䚗h_YH$W򈍹kv>q3@7cPڹM(OHhCKszc0UBoj%vLVr5+\2e& }TUgw8#$Ƒc 1IU;Ƙ*}#s1#顀a׽G}x;t6!c#k$Da?2)7/Zt"ejZwM[Bˏ/=Sp s}҈ʄ7 SՇ(ۆ;̐rWRPGi*o1;=zzNO]JS~_I0=qIY eBcq``,M8pPWZOJCT%"7͸0 YjVuv)(}hmHn9BhTa۟_UHBܧm1߉I;BcfB!H>ădӚx>pt?4Z5`vٗ=Ac8q)7!\  ҳ;hXpsVaqOpT7.f`}70"7wlF~bsrO<AF> D/L~tCAYdt *p.%~ -? ֗*.Ѱ}ΧӃ\>b7P˜/0csoCڔK0Snÿr#ۈ w5<յ->r:ʣ /9z7ZУԣ{{0*g:NS㌹?YQH7eI?o|Pݍq?/pUW[/q&u5WLH+MDjyyd3Yܹ%cՖ] AJp8ǥcsӎ!ӜWUIٗˌmb!1UI6u RCQm{5""Gc"tKN9׷Et I?ּn% <"rW4ٻ&Ua#dk]ARmg3O"\N';P(4PہWfOZX?)]34f p̼`=T"<8*l G-n.kKm Warning: fopen(https://newsweekme.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/DSC_0118-780x439.jpg): failed to open stream: HTTP wrapper does not support writeable connections in /home/newsweekme/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-image-editor.php on line 428

95 percent of Gaza's water isn't suitable for domestic use because of high levels of pollution and it being salinated.

Pollution, salinity and rationing are threatening Gaza’s water supply

By Sami Abu Salem

In Jabalia Refugee Camp, north of Gaza, children and old women carrying plastic bottles gather near water taps to fill them with drinking water from a newly established artesian well set up by the municipality.

Dalal Awwad, an elderly Palestinian woman, who lives alone in a nearby house, says she regularly uses the well to get her daily supply of drinking water from the well.

“I have no children to help me and this is the main source of drinking water for me,” she tells Newsweek Middle East.
As Awwad fills her flask, 6-year-old Abboud Masoud and his sister Noura, 8, stand with other children near the taps, waiting for their turn.

“We come here because it [water] is for free. We do not have clean water at home,” he says as he prepares to leave the place on his small bicycle, already loaded with water canisters.

Due to a decade-long Israeli blockade, nearly two million in the Gaza Strip are facing a water crisis that has impacted the quality and quantity of water in the small seaside geographical area of no more than 360 square kilometers.

Though international organizations have warned of the dire situation in Gaza due to water scarcity in the last few years, the situation seems to be worsening without any solution at hand.

In 2012, the U.N. warned that the water supply in Gaza “may become unusable by 2016,” and the damages caused would be “irreversible by 2020.”

To add to its woes, most of Gaza’s drinking water has become salty.

Monther Shoblaq, the director general of the Coastal Municipalities Water Utility, tells Newsweek Middle East that “95 percent of Gaza’s water is not suitable for domestic use because of high pollution and salt levels.”

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the percentage of chloride should not exceed 250 mg per liter. However, in Gaza, it is 1500 mg/L, Shoblaq tells Newsweek Middle East.

He adds that the nitrate concentration is also well above the WHO’s recommended 50mg/L.

“In Gaza it is 150mg/L. If the water situation does not change by 2020, Gaza will have no water for domestic use,” he adds.
Pollution, coupled with a high percentage of salt in Gaza’s water has caused fatal diseases among the local population.

“These factors are the main reason behind kidney diseases and urinary tract infection in Gaza,” Dr. Abdallah Al Qishawi, head of kidney and dialysis department at Shifa Hospital in Gaza, tells Newsweek Middle East.

“Nitrate and chlorine cause kidney stones as well as inflammation, which leads to renal failure… and causes diseases among pregnant women and infants,” says Al Qishawi.

According to him, there are 550 patients on dialysis and around the same number suffer from chronic infections.

Shoblaq blames the Israel’s occupation of Gaza as the main reason behind the crisis, in addition to the public’s irresponsible behavior.

According to him, Israel has cut off transboundary resources by establishing reclamation wells and dams not far from Gaza’s underground water reservoirs. In doing so, Shoblaq says, Gaza loses between 10 to 20 million liters every year.

“Such procedures prevent the natural flow of water to Gaza… it is totally illegal and violates international laws,” he adds.

Gaza Strip’s consumption need is approximately 180 to 200 million cubic meters of water a year, but it receives less than a third of that amount—about 55 to 60 million cubic meters a year—which shows a severe shortage in supply.

Despite an officially withdrawing from the Strip in 2006, Israel has continued to block Gaza’s land and maritime space.

Palestinians complain that before Israel’s withdrawal, it made sure to pollute the place for the besieged population.

“One of the main sources of pollution are the sewage pools established by Israel in two parts, south and north of Gaza… when it comes to water, the Israeli occupation left Gaza a dead body,” says Shoblaq. The Israeli blockade has also impacted the fauna and flora of the Strip, which further adds to the problem.

Rebhi Al Sheikh, the deputy head of the Palestinian Water Authority, says the Israelis have put a spoke in the wheels, be it on the ground or politically, hampering any effort to solve Gaza’s water crisis.

When asked to comment on the issue, the Israeli Army’s spokesperson refused to answer Newsweek Middle East’s questions.

“Israel provides Gaza with 10 Million Cubic meters of water per year, as well as assisting to develop the water infrastructures,” a spokesperson for Israel’s Coordination of Government Activities in the Palestinian territories, (COGAT) tells Newsweek Middle East.

“According to article 40 of the 1995 agreement [between Israel and the Palestinian Liberation Organization] Israel should allow the Palestinians to have an additional 70 to 80 million cubic meters of water per year, 5 million of it are for Gaza,” says Al Sheikh.

It is after 20 years of negotiations that, Israelis allowed the Palestinians to buy 5 million cubic meters.

“But we could not buy them in full because Israeli jet fighters destroyed the concrete water tank and other facilities during the last aggression [in 2014],” Al Sheikh tells Newsweek Middle East.

“In one of the projects, we lost about one year just waiting for the Israelis to say yes to the equipment,” he says.

But the Israelis refuse the entry of construction material inside Gaza, claiming that it may be used for terror-related reasons.

“The entry of dual use material which may be used for terror purposes, requires a security check to determine the destination and the use of the materials for civil purposes,” COGAT’s spokesperson said in an emailed reply to Newsweek Middle East.
Palestinians say the Israeli claims are absurd.

“Imagine, in one of the ongoing projects the Israelis asked us to change the contractor, which stopped work for several months,” Al Sheikh says.

He says that Gaza is in the process of building three short-term low volume seawater desalination plants to produce 13 million cubic meters per year.

To add to Gaza’s woes, following Hamas’ sweeping win of the elections in 2006, international donors opted to stop funding the main projects in Gaza, including desalination stations, Shoblaq tells Newsweek Middle East.

That, in addition to the fact that damages and disturbances in the sewage network due to repeated Israeli aggressions, have caused sewage water to infiltrate the strip’s aquifer.

It is worth noting that the U.N. has declared 90 percent of Gaza’s water from the aquifer unsafe for drinking without treatment.
If the situation is not fixed, sea water will also completely infiltrate the aquifer, anticipates Al Sheikh.

Meanwhile, irresponsible behavior by the public is also threatening what is left of the water supply in Gaza.

Shoblaq says at least 4,000 illegal water wells have been established by Gazans and that constitutes a real depletion of the Strip’s natural sources.

“Lots of people have established resorts, chalets, and even illegal private artesian wells, and they cause the loss of 150,000 liters daily.”

Meanwhile, the majority of Gaza’s 1.8 million population continues to buy water from the private sector’s fresh water trucks, which get their supply from wells dug across the strip.

Assef Mousa, an owner of a truck selling fresh water says most of the people buy “filtered water” from trucks.

And the business is apparently doing really well, according to Mousa, who plans on expanding his business.
“I am thinking of buying a new truck. We have a lot of pressure on us. Our customers are increasing,” he adds with a smile.

 

Social Streams

Comments

comments

Facebook Comments

Post a comment