Trump’s New Favorite College

JFIF;CREATOR: gd-jpeg v1.0 (using IJG JPEG v62), quality = 80 C   %# , #&')*)-0-(0%()(C   ((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((( " }!1AQa"q2#BR$3br %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz w!1AQaq"2B #3Rbr $4%&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz ?*-DH2ހw+U|T|39ټi2H XTwnhdvlZ$F(a;$"FKN.Mu=KQmlf J0}3<;.1{H##XI-~qZ~hbۻ5(vKCjKs_e,#nܠ{ڭxcJ"jC덜ck` z-ƝVԬ%.c;.v61$kF|YFO<RR:h00TЬ[v +GYq_UƊ:ޔU;⸁M w/R|yo/g?7t *UZ4؎kxbU ċjr(e#VUl729F&[z6vVQY@ M+L?jU\3(BPI 8Z,0@(,X19'<Ԫ-<]w;֘F0H{N33󎦢рYXTGzS .9Z5m*{ Rct3^DŽ?JBWSǔJ;tQܷEW!QEQEQEQEQE ('ץ}~ SkP&HGz>&~n +A=d.<{VG :.l,jO.8ez}iizO LK $z^{xx.kEsc\`8ϡHMlvv0.,ڣX呶Mo > ;`220s_]kZξڅGs3O I4 v"7c'V`$=pǡrYfY ү潸R{m$#r|y㋏n f,e? Smlijz|eu=e}/R֯ὼx&(ce 5~'o3o0BqҚd\]xTZYhZ 'VsGL&v2@)k4Sڣ^56 WBr0=zCv</wR񄍲.y}k+/ٴ SQ^\u;ۨ9*pFN*)*t 5q0 g?Yv^gO%Կ#,ޟʏiupɦ1l(îF9ux;VkSSey^xvm$yel`p8Frfb|ɝrl.\kë)&~CEV'@QEQH{T3hhfB$+ʝ?:|k}13< :[-obH&HH O5NW&Nfc۔qH"׼9 $  GzaK~SSzw-d;fxl Զ4h]dSRl ::Y]20ܬ QJ 9B9jFQRVTUU4Ȳ*P)I`iTvu7jkW3hdmd݁G')j'׵SY9Kgws}8ȕP^U.Jd9ir#,eΣ,=xR$p$ m>N~*4 WWm.5Ŏ0ݓϟ~T21s~K'EEҒ 1 ؍(fp@ׯWoKG+uӍՕ#0\8A\d?:MNЅݖ@LOȕ n6@SAz'3}8g†ps=r0H>T>H%_p ?L#MX5g}?|76WPj& R`0z_e_5wmyRu>ZWG_^n~r5XӾ1V[K_M)mR1Jv֥xJXϖA4xF=8;=5ޕg?5I\Y˧DX\,K[[X ,Aq{.Oxn "BKdpm7uOZ>M-xnAOҲO_SQQ :.< |tn=*մ/x-r9:Ҷ5V V[-YM$sZ8o'C2s֝JTIi~nddqʟƹ]omv-3A;kҵ-{!%M8}%kZP[U4`ϕRO\2xbsȮ/ 3* 5E9:cK/PeO@ISb;='֫+M(Sg${Hb@Ps޸:x;xF29gyi *nJ NN6snFc#`KvWO/cmw`OPt9;/Is\a&Դ(*'K.kVDs=<`<1DEOV}k4*Xr};kͥ$ەHtc47N>רN2ڻmAJ鋳ќIZxxVUQ P^ Ok_OYuHmAsk(?Uҵ(.h. s>\ub炣ؤc͓滿tfG:~`NW?ZOz=B4`(򹯘fYX⠆7ɷ? ɭRc>jcݵ_ ʌ(&O▥zXE#;I+k>G\V |'ɌS/4}Ⱦӹrź9dH+&nfE1I$~?nxkO :)?mW>$~%Pسh ;#|F'ޗVOxt/@x| |j"Q?Ҳ 2RGϹeС{yYK񥀃GL(`f:moHƲ/a'P5%e/43-SVo:^FօoieIme9r@b>[ |GNF|p,?ºoĿർ{{dIV?o+rZ]R0s~ɾ(nur|Ĉ1^Iŏãno1BkɮĿQ6½#4 > |g/I0ASծH#I?ʰ~1\4PxR1|ɮ-Qۍ ?יxfW%ۢ?@)5jhTɞ<<4vnr4NۈGm'UUA[>QR1F*U][4=)l"3ɬO. {1H}Mo Eƶ9! :)pZ"L5kc87I)xUz_%thRƶxuɟVc7тjIioi,lT}lwVp~WDqSӼnxjU 7஬&ƺ|Z gcOS:U4έySF #GC\ I㲸+sPK7|ƖUu4vv0HbBǰ&%}8ϙq qsUivWV3=)$g ךi>=Kj"ܟ'4̣qEƪs?qji3m'=ܵGOٲq0̹Z/-H$` ª!3{$tniQ=i8Lnz: TK4&0QUR;2(<z/. Ϡ{IU`i8qLٸUul U@"MH KN?>E-с#+"I?xd l1>B/# >.BܩP (Ĥ['8Wg{_`s$Br9x^f8 m#-s-{:ťڬ}6-rcYO.{kąm\&3pko^h\PQ߼.`}{*RjE=KFd(cRp>T#Oʏx^TBլw!Zۥ\;Rs8溽 Jxyգ*oltXԱh'ӗ#p?ɫMhl.XPsRIt|:Hۑ9G?ee&F.ČdM$ IxmP/ Q-NgW;Al -yTR~K7@ د%'#>(˶A= b ܖq*OG)joZwcspӹz@gҠRMUT0ge%{?֦ 1y$r q~z7z:?xE?N?RYʫ GD꣹"BCrw`;UF?FN: Wy(FHj1H3 nL--fۄ r@Ǩ$5;Nq2n.qڱ>g{F*@J.5+k ll9* r >XW#2,IBNO91^}ZNmi&Q"m8 42Yr\ƳȢ762@#yUƚO궬Z s:SHN&8"8')ovB$'.!:n Z)OBސkդ ?֍ Aw'y?Z${?Ưk'4\s#ATEשn?ǿ%xƭ7yYʕXR^| N)o+5Nyȱ#GYW<;]f|}AZg]RoeLjEްDQQ3wx#&<)#1e77hW-Կ3xyQ5OŧG50?ʧ?6k޷Ɨ ӭnq챷ZAwOk>G.zֵ%XIvݏZDd!4>O|}K܅?"X3YHg`}>8y-hϓn6٫56wB= i%?Whڗ4nLj}dZ 4 饇̟k~ '֑Ft߹9 o:'oW ^mli$#kmktdʟEmea~ʊ=qF Jд85ꘐjos6@}8h7FI8aV׊!i& ,c+Gox!G%[Lj}v45KX'y5ePC\֧ij.q8'$'Eixxzڥݼ*V0{Jn c=[ZV̋*rwf':?-AxE>s[.Il䌁׽n_Y[j6r_@J0ZxISf\ywICG-ƛ\ #G=A=軹ZU{yW {n$<)kw1|S΃h%N= d}kVMIi/A=7SM+ A*Ƈ6u Dy&#+)y{}MF;m1"'!Y_ gxoH׼knZ1ve=T6Iw23h['C0Bʍ*8:wwP,0WS$̪7dfMǯ(F{T-dzevMep CFO~ ^%F;ս⠌k/̣n=j[5trK RE"Y駩1+NHڽUi~hmAζK?*D9M{~ك3Ëvh* VhS\?uӥD ^z} ⺽{SSѮlWL'S\/4?]^e!U-7Po6  $d R vW", Ny#uDm (-.y:Ҫe. 8sG2}CKosgnrrTg==K,iVS'ٲX0)>{,wpW;]:X>ӥuyEȁ YqS*I/Ȥ3T&evwP:a_8HaPzOk3t _4k1Wc sTt*O~LS4Յ/:CCȃɌ'a _d+Ȍ 0i̅Xsweue(N]i;UI&dUJ%85gn~\;8T6Z}d:"1U9wv2Tlپkk%nԫqT52,[xrUq#b)/:_[6hGAld6Qߵgi.}7 "06:vy鞕4nͥEBVD7H΋z/\'9af9/|㊖g#n;bG8fG#[єf=X.~tW(AӍYM";gpdydKֵ6`5yp8rp}@9ֳt&NwESEfE2*NpOOeKvy"lcSI%q҄Cv݀_q€;pGW4gb[ =E.O=!'?U?d'ƒy^9s*],<;h?,1 #ViIo֝2X?X' .ab?=h?Rq|կm v}6?-9 '̳&>m̥|!nz4r}[[tf7,OjkrlD4֒^HKXEo5>q?RW=d3L>]Uxt*fGmunZ8d5Eد2#4=n l{ox7q[=ٓ?ּ0E!?ͫ>4\G=AWӉ چrGH'W>syKiCJ_V4Fr9oMy!q\[&j4cھ$4¿) ^y"MCo>9y>eEd~϶.#E\E/w ߏCmn[o>Zy~r9Y4w #s潛Vdv?gV?R3i-j1F%!7O>]hx+I'-'~_[{W]\'Y4 9hm`y$XAf8K]Kw /;[†JIS(:49jUZVAS(ʵ TZ"LTʵ-!$7t;NDՔZDZfBԪ*ȵ UzPRPI)@Ri qC}⮽(9]?Odfk|/?m:횼FRZʊrI kYdYALkPWԑCRgԩ/t_Zhmņo-Ī ?Urqqpҵ-UY돥|SA/eIV7 cqpB=+Q崖rGi |1#ӞDb(Vzye5RG`;O|Qc(GJGÎx⮂v5n(7cx}~KYjwm}d}$F0؞f0 cO5ۋ.t_O?c3s0B (@(=7M'@Z\4g[J=J2ine%`tætO2=$@MrO iW:홗0AЯ Imneo,:fھMDq [a@n;\.Ϛ+޾qO @Hn?-G{w:ڤH6Ik,mK?Vc4AI6ZV ]ӻv/$wܪ,Y>q?)ntJs''ݞISRZbec(yպ=knf& %Uܒ!}ArvړʚUOና^WcYnOr1 0b2EC,$NǼU?qFzd}D%YX*r#:Xl("v!7&7F~֗'i{-8tk51MJd?֝k!R1۞j=|+JӜx<֟U㩷 ;. POooD` Ã՝|y?3C߼ :IxΝ0#wW?ʤ.n!5 ,e6Å$p}\»òzc|wWUrda.^W=O.z)? u1IKJ|S]߃O1_x%۴㌟ܵ}]B(xbjKڷ}N\}VIwlWmmG7,BHx\[ҽXds=V0"W+1UCxsּԁFfM}_H^f]?JO uN;#GH\ǂ~S\ xLJtՙu*d) vrRj&|_NB Vyl _HqI4mǭi&tu B}Em$npHg)Y+(cÃZ/,G[AWL#gAjbx=rVʆf? qR9\͋uz*zV\:!rbD#r0sj_=wzP 2 c9H^i0sӊ21Snoi3oHӤx{9dVcqꅟ;u:m.OF8 QoCR0HdJeI8$UhG-߼[14cNsꙐU]/iL0vڠ$4-KB>lAi뚎GH].qd {8 99D+!@;~_S{d[Voݩ:*(zheHA}*D[K]b|1x~Vf1 H:w–Os*{z}s\%01$'4Hdλ_=8V`T&@e4ߺfUKUԀg9 ,-ۧ9> geOcf`֯mhW/th qQ+C;}ź51Jh@WY \Ҿ)g>[?#֏g0ZYLh6`?y] 86?Zd'.[e?L^[xqUOi 8#S}Jfx ඍC2۩U/G:e9ncZO,yoyb!oeoG|ᨍ*ӭl1H:|!=c}zzW7b-[Qiʟ5s]4%x#j߿s.o(n 6~ɽԭ4}A'e>X#3t_k4704OVִBkT\׶qyZЌV]۫_O˘ `6K^Y,P#oRҦ ̠nUsummD~2ݐ kN*V>̕ARHRk;Qus,Q79$gsV6L059ؖ {p=? IW~r]8ZʊsSUjt 9X sj1%Iw*ڹ7_x\i2Jk&>/5[0X.*\'¦ߨxv_5G~aO3s,FUxT)|=7}2ʿ~ ~5y4}$;77wy =r7KP*-"te㟒J~YÝ dIa7 }L_? wKe_0 WGً  }8q)?KW~ӱ}i'c?r^|Tk(#,-aAS4QrAGZ)Kc,E}cV5 myzQ\+4%qeskTvG$qkc{Uv% x8N-8M+"q_Uhut]Ϊ=']6Jhҹ6t2i5A(T.?x\6r@W,66ぃ_'L"s [2xTv;A|زcC Ȍ 1RGb+㻏Ac 3\1. GˎėO%G:>Efm( 1@@!JºB*6i˘XbWS$TWCǓm/LkDfM =vÏ3@O]Gms,l>#A^º.Zr|KtC>{F)'ϧtDT+'Sml5m+M^ETgB`E!Ẇ9aE |𾳺KHe![Ϻ11^E7Ivo^#ѯTEoݟ.@'^m}7ĐoYqՔ Qմ Zv0{>us}[OJ{X#I%Yw?J ĪZ_4Ua}*}6Hc?ŌНÓWxw=-?m;=~M+1xs%#}s*JH/O2BJ(*q5 ԤpjݙSOQ aR;zzӑKrا$̢qӯ5OJкYO̹\kjPۆh8'+`wa2I*N-2d<;? _etap?(J㽎5i6Z(<'ͤn,̡C`7~W1hiE%\8=~ڰ18R >F9byV7DDcVUfRCmŵ ۃIKMIe*;?EW?Ҿ1*nM7WUvZ%~Vt"sfc#!y~1 ևGproTrqkc¾UregЬq4/ڀ&;@ldVdPN-VKMLlz 9?5isq?%r>@M__PXͻix%YEPx>+7W.gqsv"M6$(K@ vCRCM]U–X )g~εt{' +Q=og,eYY]aQ|$k$E}#n@s֮//#$S~,]}ZbU?5]r Zp}JfZsC7mk)a/5t_VpO=p̀B8*`4kRQrfux⤉TgJ̗EHf{e9`GSU*[s"no9(^ B+RMn/& 6Xc>Zr͜:] "^q!fmd8EivY/ƾ/AWd2Q/PIP #vtK|Gzv ܹ ʏrzޠ95h:Njچiq mxǸ=Aw4ItV'FQCBǻ պ*YV8冟Q--H́Zq>=~ &##J)l^}?>?2Wդ7]Ftxc)|8 5lipom:芧w^x)|LUjZzշrkUĜ$*s2Q 3*n#c:gh>mRtsbHeO x+_ӭ|cӖIݑ[$s?J , ŭ弐H\N2Cr>\U0!Ҭlv[t%\ _jqADf@:{ז|J |ZU"08ןە(Rr9ciV4y$_c0ScҧԮ#y/̲2)$24ٴ)$]9WI  V.ǎMY9PcRď^Qvgㅕl<媋z$R,8`Ӈ*_ 9u3ȣ49P2A 3K-B67=ASm%h{a,F/1 {l3M-nEl^ܒ7M>BTxUybm@<QiMn]֫o-+ar0V] dIzxLMF)2+NO#EIQ9H٥fhnzi:mX5bI]vo18ׂ0ۻTAߙ^=戮ChPۦ+I#1B.yf/ [.>j1e78wz陮.N%!O"/Gp+$Z k(Fry巍~9s?|PͪIjZ7 ÒH08V}j&4˟qM6tj-%tBBר7Pź|+̷dH'=~u峌-ZqKV{8:J_בTQE{g;:ΫnY_9w5iΗO,:vgw,@ B^QNskzPuYc`7CAv+?w:\M<~[[(%o)3"e]gXt=4=u^q"A JBb{2k۽宿Iԉuke'ٱ=K+Y^ 4X}W{ʖA&XW{85gH'iUQ_ʜIhEjQ,2g"JwneYBNG$X `tw]hب SzM|?jgH>|C]cN|M* 7Mn^|Gֽ0杮5&uxî{^5TvW}O:1&ށk:3[X\%˚W>`8z޹{[Ik{ͺ6*;T{JԦw^C՘F j>Y\x%.s$q28ҽ7QV/t]ZYnrq:}]osm9;[[[AmfPsj:lg()NdgܣǨ=ykር9otԹ!Xo[F$pYCfrrvI!rCC3FIܣx^Ý5U|Wtm簞ygdtڪ}3̤f@yjeqj`.}UMU #mS5P"Q#mDdM'w_YٕUY Hqб9;;H-R‚4dx?.]Z]+ʘYU$"9E$Xj*u'h;x/l4g\U}c^_mr Fv>J|Xkomp+2Jɖ |#uB\OXhykywՊE 8'-=}z`%b+2+6c+Jt#Ҵfj:ŎyܤSaV7 N?ÓVe!⳼Ky.R<߹RFn+DVW >`'[)?P|Y ]MltQ¸|g:5o…,v VEp8L4˽SKk4 N6|cb;.v,L*TA]/⏂[2\Z]#lr},V:etwyaNAh'lwy-V=MC1q\q ݴf)G?zZrIX-TqNo Ӽd)w)@@e\9-"46`i9axiͼ:wno. :dz\gF:LXAc $e9G<䨧%z~ߝεfk^{3JxUdL+b1&@898?JkW+}l* 0خsHMQjZ}25ݔf̌˅e ~ww7[۬ἠI;{sqQN5r,_*G@ 1?WMJ"pj|ZkėڎEX%VчUuP;vmR5%Eas_ҼxwjLL}' tzݤ%VY'$eJU}CTUJ䣢=f.EDN#=O?@um.rOB6ynjGxsǶTiry` $8JOL1ZVw#0\eH+9N>/0jζd w*.͕ f M*YAhh:Fozl" {i7RRsH]h2C+ V U9n>8d|ݸp:p~IZm6e?#aj|rWy:lkeg;j]K74o1F9koWHW3,jAWz3IY+q/7yu'ZEisO\urՅgi>Ѩo"ŚKT9Lb})(!K8:r摨o0ߑЊX*xl.&g;UBI(ӓؒ{iRFzκ+]~)ւ>"?6PGM2O a82?L构9#;|uL[Ac 6u2BPx?,GѐOA8InEpA׻iQSLiB٧X3VfT! cNЊV4l­9N=L+YPFRBAk5k7# ǡbE\.”MNeS*X1[ʲ8w&7OI\KIb4&p@mTJzAFMctv Cu]Mhdę`yaJVn2EܬCmgPpsji3㯨zx3:$m[=3ڠЍ}HY1#IEGZ5W$M#z1MfP }qҶl5I\%9_} +3OϞrOZ[__ў{=im%ânYkk [WSБW"ׅ.<Օ`%cfs\*ZWdwvQRf)"sKfl-K*n!0T(D ֬3voVQkBRWHg#vbͫMa/B)+,^砪ȵ}/@:5R7=&a,om$xE&H̻T>ZО/Q(dc:ؼBɑsyݤSNהϬH/ ?r=Y:ZE ;$5̶ISکx'LG[71[>J:z璜TdRS(s=xb)`ҡINq[QS^I+#ԛ(ڞmٽ e`rX` Y(%t.;+D^g.rY$ռ b5k9y@(\d)å+hZ^ã[٣.GLAMR>#x:χ5-;R6Sw؜T/u4S&CGwhdH}F*AKP3_hle_3TocZl="{d^#^+.-׈ngvS~9W6Y=rFI r+c)ΰR&? ;yWk`nbLqՑyIH EHL2NϭTbz^Qn/sVS_+W`bcOCZ>|1#XkpBӞq_0-u۶ICZ Q`lb9VR7aКwۦ׭URvbrykeS֪]:`#sŚзE VtTB"}7N۝,u]ȯ9Znj t=&f.VIfyyf=LѼ%iJ];b w68q\ŧ5/=ܣd稯UЭFAh#cxU~woO쪿}B'Ѣ{[-.RJ.FYJ9<ӑҩ@,m')@7# P20zk[uĒ4/*<܇zQF$Iz!GnCt=~ц?-mGܵ7%[I亰*|WN[4%(%Ƌ0KgtɸU!VN~ս}qf, ^C;>L=ў~"kMw5rd О=DiK,i42~T~I>ƽ;sGSƍUJw.$ӭbn`r2G@*׃{"f{8^[+Wf :3w#ڤv4Ҷ{|Ǣ\~U1\^OrɬAf* |ឞµ֫ްn圡0231޹߇ݝJo6H@dw_]<}ͪHBn[MK>/v,KPU**{XUܱETV[6kުh W+?h0F& hBdYi~, S^\2lJx8#) s"_CvZƛʠeAH]!o >#ѹa|ãK6\(b$s[dTl*Իh9uel4/_(B\X'_ݶN>:8"5'$"U8즵U©5r)#M4%oEX~Nkw3;ZOC+` W5mCOjVHUv,n##ƭ;Zԋz$_8_k 7lZn3p/lxSh|UkX4^hNQ{%p){}_C" 0/!rkgwV%(A!3˿cֺ kkkiD„ ~&Ȣ,HHd@.dռExrť*?LSBF"jY;**i`D3T)w%1 7W_/ 9\/E,^r@:[M=U˔ v8*e ZH;BdR,rzTٗ2O"Uc.;cI!#`f'iL[z<->!Dcj5lxǠ#^߃R}Z}NyڇɌLJҧ}sz־Q;[Gsx( ׬f]VMWZ>MA>3+$6F01xnVL&:qV9ӎуMKڶ>~ yhH y TStȖVqaqR?-F|yI{k]k F!%hW6l|uq`{%,^c[N-l$j3X"I=:I]/#l~: V.~k⯔v: C֫٫Y2V[Ht fu2X6'oL_gXU+xFZ|k؟ ێqTe'6Sev?* ,$i>{!p庚R7m8՘~+qZsx K15{B/i'hQoڗ{-N?7ú3?6v}+texc?M4i{7_ieo,1B ]0ĿS5"MoNdR{&SzW>me[7j ^QqxT-X\T5b{frvϬ|)wghv#ڔ*+m$[7"Fx8_>6 r*˧N r7BWLd{Wx_qaiw'>WZBj+te 5?t?Yɮ!xv ƴvawq+r<cXI<@5斈Mޓ:+B[yd [Õn35k? }Bd0*z0G K沼ıB㏗3_5]k7m>,iiHzW)cN\S[E^Y&8ј|zTGiwg"|GY Xޜ-kft˫Ժd[3Fqǹ7Ty,%,U-DX`/lMxHTVU_`<v:585yg@cS?6{`1WFU8ڎxY'3m j$V qeXg`C<7Z#VޡF5_j Sr!{~SJEI*@%x"qMφ%3$5I뚉٘W%N:թP&A?Ap.\/uE*56_bii'[U׮NV6FDq3c?hkgM*&l xeAw \:|֗|?5]X ّCX}e'|:oKK_ OSUԗZpI;E!0Zd^I<Ӭ*C]3 k:glu77 HSq+ F7}gYQ!c4 K5/KU ~ sY=׳y9'_vzey[ Q# wέhע8u#bsPm;4,8y'Ўdib9oiohۡSϥL$.~XKծl?5%` ~7YkIA&q" Gҽ)m. e?IXE;͐mҙGi 9浉;w48J I!ߢ:eό .EȧјLrwI$QESxN%Q#&kbЛ?Q@K3P2Z7\0c5"x:A~5OT%v67sEm+@'W4[gź\.qMhLkk_x7YHnDKg*ͷ=GCzCp![Ƨ$#pW<* UVH؆8쁟QmY2s5c4 O=1zcEaT`TfDǦIHa\INRsyŻ܏37Ӷ0c{B~iYY;8$s-m(numBN dʜ~dWQg6To!Yz|]-Ә,5;tByhW Oр׽'P4 fڶKkZZi's)?g 2Υ9xwB/HE28;=9v^ v7Wz}6/eN{z@_ -Q,=S_a5<7>jMkh '+|C=A"9q"$PWSu_BuОkԻxteh"}O/ÓLmloKmf~X)d,@G9Jjcm{GV5ֻ~X?XMzbڝ4G)ƿ5wZl$vdSG!> Idt`k.oRG6x.p:Zu8I9 od܊9хؗfޠ4潷/>_G) iJqKp$,% p:ԥsY7ȍ&0j]ċ҄} ^zRz#1>h4<yWUe_Z9}^;NK,s2eǛ[QH6jTǾ~~{%;PGU9;ׯҾQ׶|(Yxknz' ?=ҌTEJ:y)xF:7yQ\sǠ#*Ac+ WVZU`ЊυeLnKY6'3ti3eOg|vzSv{efvG2OA45*) \ֳw[5g/|S2т~VM A̸K|*zd+~a&U)^5͎5YTꙝb;j.r#dES, MBjxsYm>bVܞuCTVHnH55f]:O7A412G ;.hKÜGS^'X&slIVuV'ߥUN*V)UHx_7Mrr%a`H_5EaHk/~,ͦbt8;3ǽFR&W0#=)9;~t1SsQ48]8JV~A'֕[c¶}7).s6z; pf3ppCh®6j+~']SD^8tˌLvzTvuyۘP?¶!}OOַ<nKm$=\kƐgx 6??UCRg*-% ?=-A{6yzͬ\qwcs+d6<.cJ)* {…NBM.#"UprOD0ѧ<ʕ/oihI!_ty{V7$K^Du8&N$2$,wV*Јb**5ycu(rZk9 ;Pb:Nn%y

1\=ԒN(FI&jU+NRM7kɦi7k *ҕX;]krf>ukr2AYA#"EVZ[ 1,qUQe_E&-#ԥ|y@ @ɭKmine0P?T4iizЀ]a1QotH{IcKͳ&5ί!aUr +"*W)5Yc{v&5&9XgU'0?BĒ`x#G죜Wbi)ik 麖;5yt&+uHY/>Z$77rʽfUY@exvw2_jS"l-cta32:o|;>s.5N=C`®2Zݞo+[oi!+û GLMejvۤȑ+JǓ<+zΐZu/!xnP2yR ҡk-巅;7"S 8?6;Uؖo-)5:AfcִK_ڣ;NڛS]]# 0=v:|oukyM{fKCTL*E,+:b+S$ &hHaAUکѴk- `b`C/8WSHK D?W߁^u#KIjcKKۉ"F}s!oLMsS)n}jaT}S$׬![yjʤ]j 0Kt1vp5y%M C\7_H\҃@+7{=\RKaK‘P $գgs_[xc^c繏T-1:OMO)U;Oրa{9l%?5nZn3r?Gx u4ZMi<9806F ʎAOs&a.ع8j/Sŵr?5AU%Q?.?('{*=k9},?sb/N 'Sꌞ4f˜P?&q):]oGhr%Zx'ðϤi!G]@rmAl*-Ƥ/On&g#ZyȲJkh[P)cb Cwڸ &kcأCoi|U]J79֔z+ϛ&Tըf)taԉzV8zSllhTsS.ޜQ8/87'/NiwznH9iт9U,nkjk6zju^sE ":@9Zz_,8з%}keaF[׊1I3kM3u2y]Me9 *zMY³R_ T?k}@\7#ҩ( y*23+鬭ܛOB夵 }3khXnPPE) q0<a^[#YdbXՂ룋 B?\T{QgJ [:kbFs`ΪxyOp)95N\K(yhuk#w,j`gǵ\UZ(reU]W^-$8,8>$稭AX3 g-MH1 ޤ6!GYR7 &*JoZ$f.och/5ܾx%('jڮhziWf&P*8qRH2kJW۟3Ծ杩LسgCw}Y\CV]ˮ\kw62cj2J42MM}%OY^džmfy/r~WCJm4QK;Q$ P{k[ĎU{ x^yOZ5`Pq7ԜٯEYk{RxsR.~z5;I3v$=5?mmtZI<6b;e䪅 v=j x[w}L< yu%zzGWem>Hnu4+NԖق@TGmĒ70@ʺSȥfc giv+ca`cs~C8q>?IAw' gnT~5]Fexču :WUL5w%p2sQ=NjhB£"aL"( ;Eo,¢?5 1qhPeaI b]O$V?a0`+&PY_ J!cֲb%'d:xxjt }cWYG5ń!q^+E4QTࠕ9٢ Xm(t}>ԑ*I>Y|uW#u 9 v$Kc;𷷱rG3ns;x6wJƲC4o|^۫F~cU 4j(nj33c;#Ȟ8@7Pdӻw9b*{'2M݁F!ؔoSW2!ZT\ !'54R95Qx>mhi]H2Ahry,S\ֹ{[%ԣտ2I ;еѤnPpӊՓ6TJqJ>wufGy/Yam :x<в6=c[^Ԥm$bb#UgF-]n-`泌'5`_xlL/yLV;u :sMc@#8]WۭJ,-lX`9*ZddpvFOVZtYzH Ac5FWȥ"ͼr}i$5Wxp/L?|_z]NCJBH{iz:. Z?Lm7~x}Cmcch5ˈ?Fn Pp;WMOh bg(>W#ҸoT4nA3\LyxsVG׭Ra ^|n1mb SEH*qUv6(oOoq_%Ẕg&C>:5iZ2d;򪞄JʴCw @x:m4Rdd$yOk G#t2OX؁-. TV m݈@q5ˋ#J'Bq_FԓjQYt}%,=:1r(V8KUѴj+U^DGjIčapr6n|}?:/.C}eGVh0ZS>& |2iLicӞzspp͎󯪵6Znt-mpw{+Ohk_M%|I$CѿpiEcܨ@H5xKyjW,w$]EuL6|UKUb;Mh%`e`\3dzuZԬ5M [{c†\]2O v3iWq`bχk+15̗MaU6RHh/煗 clx`FʲnHi=A/U@gnQHz8 [+}HrIŎ|p|p)Z"3ٚuiܦg76h>oUEi rfusOJ"2C՘Gs)tA[{K")#<*3p@dDPؒEx`j_O7lR9gaE*?Zkf}'*E(}wc ʣYq("p0*u\G,FTutP7KQv1X),&u5fF]> &x(lay霝h[[#UȹVU}+J,i \ Z"Z8t-$ryga܌=I}TLҚfl-ZcC aw|U֦GXm6[Ak7oK7usq1PP} X/"ԴVb}7i4\yjz/%)X;WEјv^Fg Ԋ!V%eՏVl$p#' }k!"zK"{3YI/f?&ghY %gf22r7}}BRBm,qG93݊p ?9Rh#z U"¸2~躄ڝn.I'<)`\q].%:tivށb=KDS/ԯYinb2t09w~kKY KSg]S#B '}Oֶ5 >}ow@;ҵ-{7d U 5S^cnaҸ\8cܟUoRVB>}wG~dckYm.!0prz=36A_Kfak9#|CEw Rbk×U^EJ?xsZ $[h1K1`cOGf 1i+"DTSvN !#VjEFr>H1#A Z͖ðZ>O'kAn?t"'a}kVm~)4&3߭ӽ} ˫=@'.GRhcMN s-:~?z\BJ*=Ac5%trΔIXvңיyV֚i__צ Ms2 J]fUI'(; {H-}ےrIۓǏA'3T:8W(S[jO|zj֌uY?0emlK`ߕqT4Jog0.5VV̎} ynb{ YQ ;[8=@ieow$m͓0Tp;D"⹺y)=RxY|Hz?u$F"XGR+j'h!1_)g}EA<LnVF2ZjyRnUn-H]IRILx\)x[lٮg2] coJ&rkOT|חNQ9vE}kOlF[,XzX-Q\sEr;lk wg޽c }XSJŶ}ֽkckm4/$Q7X m80Z$ f鲛I-Z+3zLwΊ+9vߊew&[YhRTMXw'MGY]2 HSHi 4Ƨ50"P1b檔@8RmR%z֗ubr# aƲh."$alL#a ]A5Zd>Kitt$e\+3&nʮ+ {K9]n);PÅ;cϷ%֬5q(!q%Y6F]kV?iӍf,@f2: BKGRv U@]ڳPx6#|NpxZj(-qojXvcĊHqx2_F0֫\O,fbx$Lt,?C'ܟKR-X+TbqpzEv^$СDHJDvwˑ\#+B4ME8S=ɧ5.);V}BG4CysJ?LP9O\W>qWo/FP trkҋu>BtuKZ}ɩ,M"2yV _z, CW3]Ŏfl{@w^JvfBL4*kHs4MAx7snFr6?vSJ?-Y.WXxLS?#51G ;W]|*'ɒ2FF0X7 o"cgtoBi:S] U^5ǫZ1G,6#=;ՉQY5=RUH"t9Y MD>?,JQV8ŻiQ3JǜFz t^\M"4՟+esEmu]Ǹ&>e>$9ю?Tmt3C(9dңc=+@HJIzTDi zdQM~jAOz\{Xqbj`/rК ! p.<=f?|"Zo3Nk&Ns l1YV^L8Z!ʎ^u=-O7h~i"\e2I;гWM}1yeͬ1)B3A_5][>\ZLygWn wciKӏœgzӀ=vPxyPy ue4⾿✩$5S0'޺_k'+4y^t[7Ot֓*c~U8Il4+UZΨ2F$nec{\e0`$ZƆ1u/-zWX"b# sH^y3ausmj&>rye ^y ,Ԑ}{& \Ē˨lu"a>Gvx)X/J{atnwk;׮][iO/ش3$ @CpqGoxvU>3 44u>pĞI:I NFmAo+4q'c]I2 .d8ܹvs?UxѹWනi -A`rAzΰnhڶ&HGkXHDPWʿ,NHSBvؤeswv5EV# m7/f^aQ٥ff?(u=Lv^k9n3$3* eyz⼢MOXY-ţl1(N9H𾛤q4WR[d2NWlåN$ iz3 k&@?\d&sWZi|1k6qː?XLmz-7VKyde2.wSWGmI'5=Cc!".OLeSYӮb5t%*` u;/2_KuGVx$fhb?%*F}OӴX UKL)lO{Jմ4XXZ\Km||BX"o5-[r聋rqToAju(ס.s*c؀&"vvR SJI/.ͬlO$ sNKpmKϨCVCdV(cđBW-uȔ"nG@è*S^_i M;F.18&]*Z5܄gbQ1+NR sM5yu[kK0Go$9d늦Itd 4&eHeYNAD 2iHIVs5p!T`3_-jw[-6,qU~(?Op1j&y;xUGZa6 d?Σk}@5sGLh߃JLCcƫ #SG^޴%}=0U‡" @\c$)HXuRJ/#mیr~yb])?md`)}gXTsV24Y`}h]"z0Iڮ9҅9<φzՕ U5+ Xu9gSkoFKp( ?g*ݕŚ'\av+B +9 #,Ý9Sfn6X+%G3N-:K( )`##1 H m(o vA+YuuSr>f@U(Hz$ 3?Z,88I&MHRh&;6X#؊ \tS,{S:SmGfxTum .#tg)0b=w/Z]yc)N7ex8WjHHȩ-UEqZ¸U[t>IὫFȩ3ͻb- |k݉dQEx7:nu|[ȼG!v+=}JOq͌, g\%DfYWǮsN>'K6N?\W-k(PE7s<9q5RIݜL.lnI .ħwu'[] '+M?Ś>ZGyCN.̩劗Ffi-bIUp~sZըi_ u HA 6 kf0ȟ_δLUi-˷L908~&{!YȸE6yopj21ek%]-uI`zTI7WOkh,,ң-K}#rOHQ3x85\x;my!RC$*8ҷԬ^BT4nQʰkri+}}$}9?Zw= uU'Ͼ1WƱD |Gv,<=@>8mP0I{yOݨ`vHO?5ᖣ®;ؔFFҕナTmy)G S+ nF>ErH]JzTHŻ:M|4@Z3(H5dsz?("'zLxѰJ3 x7ilX0`J@>F 5;,~zHqnzJdʁ~dCIrPߑF⑑OEM߄9?O:ʀ*m=>,PKg$?ƀԬchpzߊlBNxd݃}CŒL-3EI6ʯV+6Iu;/‘ܧ۽zwcA+$,d)}}ErYIU$'~53H!PrNsJ\iYHS'L&FNFF2:)bIcTcRcP{)d$-R?¬[h}B7?-G~F$!ȩ0W rja@0:*. r5!XTq\[ ٰFtLd#զiAJi旕G5+ $wqJAK+nbTsEXi$r:HR2-@*j{4jwWG HaNz ]eG"=KYSf?ְw c7cxHa14*Iu#i?W:=H12BU ^ m$w1~)$EWd:aydlpA"hތAZisYe)]EB"UsY]XǶTA?*Y`Ls#+AKKC2P2VO;S,eXd򮾠}M#,WW kxè$1 r=E-Y; WS^t &;@&X%sbLIx'.NFT⺏4e7#:F!&8Ͻi)6WN6ռ4(%O<{Vg*kZid%᱀yjO̲xO脖EA\Z{x;gK?w. .fV5gqF9A!8b }G'ַK}F3yEûot_:՛#&FvAշ{Dvo|O~K,XFju{`qʹyRZ>kuM=^5#^A-3R p)Y:(غ/5K.m't|R񍺮MfĖmy\*cq1WF1ZǺ6vOu0ɿi[ 2]hV`ddjk=UuL&1=ǰ{>9jg]#YeW+뎢WebS1Z~5ㄷts>z_4^:*CwaŽIzյE6"H qP6Qco'Ss58`zk%W h-ԯmd^[fe{>L|B$z`g:YK=[kyr3xnĺm+#,hZF *K/\\u0%-8d.xf<׋IGk(W䈫7luxG#xfs8=A`3Z5(#;i4){^^o(Db9Q%E hQn$j"̡l#8P}X$T`hvoh#+W|u Ce_97'C.qǾOcpS]*Sj-w@scJD}Jm{m(?UojrAAjԆs.R  QT+7S$ώM vuȥzqk1٠Qrrm$JHLѩP 4ҫ`4,tF^FqH7"dc7r:zU;EF>:ϧ<JQp=8Lry (6^Oz)RN}2(HÂI@8dAd/.jf2H"F2GO.>_Ώ40GsOy)UgҢgA$XNiUК&#nȧ%AR@ =F{Sc>xnсR 1@džTҔ2@$s)e(sJb;~^}3zRÐDï^M UnOFuR=I\m4tl1)Z9dL?ԩiEbc M%$1H}֛{gr^x-Cjj73\ {- F)NEeRjnoG*[mĞkm>宴O b~x VBQm<Oxm"t"0IdV p[>b)JUpV[=67S=kP$r﷭tz6 ~it4xW.Qk\-t # kVq^>*rlHvy2 |)ҞN$kq*ZRO\SpZM q՗]fCVM'U?uЊƚR ItYxR}=5.0R<*{pjg=zwzv;p3{JA*@ ^)jzsqjL# FCȖLqn%JMB)rOQVt H*vf+BΥVj[Rٙ(WJރՍ:nr UoĚ<;% rGcu>Z3]Ispw.{9&xU{AIb_{hb:pEa^RݒJà5xrj22=[v/ݰa^~(A۰~Cߧj[Z=鶺0FsQ kኤLs7vQ8"0PpI9u$]'MLf=NYB @mݸ}/:Ua) ޙbS2Eq/v]t,|s[9VӖ~#:u=v0 v8㎘\L–mcʳ6FwwY$Pb730۱#wM xdlrUy 6ҕ̒n6=Z. J6}k*RkOO'Q?J`#[;PA&Ul~gm\˛hxHUse<縬}QՄY#~iUhs2+}ᝧ5 ڙcqjPޝ(RkMJmVo *rjugfFÒ~1=sfBng"pRsMx I䶿qQ㎘"w>!}OԴ+ # 64ӥq׵;k+(z׸S[Z܅i/B¼WFҡQK7?4s\5  w\bkϱh;:00:nMZ {`*.お4 Ơy[5奻]k!ۅ5*e9],YWg#b]U4- QH6=2)ZSx Ǔ\wmEq]y$xg 5WnqEzׅ$ vH1g1xH"m7 pH8=+5$sӨ}mM&c\]d pcOtZO(]ۢI8q] ;D#^+&x'Վ ,9]'kǚ &7uV,5dgvA{ɚz|!H0OC]߇5ȞUWXp'5kC9+QՠǑ}u[?d}7WZ VpSnO ?NX2YxItf^-dg>"&ooסG`zS2褑pxCijvaܔuCr"T'\f׵ۭEN*=T:F*=BK.SÎ$'vchN16\TL7xȦhޥ;c7`w2+ ׽)l߀9(Q8%T`zP HM0?Hd(|{T&_~S#5d-8">`TG4Alښ (ݷ=)ǀTAsS6X0 e`? Bz:`d'ke bcH';րt9';#:t€" tL0n:Sn TKF,kwl4!mnP8irieUʝ Y8OU# nl+1S-n8 @*Qgp=z[94oyzFL=)"7}i~Pr1}(IQN3R'Rsby!e@?FpF7UQp/DL3{B-xB8i gR ph G8F8=05C>aԀf-J@XMz{+SE׮\=vs$*Z%\y8zbv=%ӡ:B~?εly]0w76d6`(Pr3C5\3q=Q5HG{mv7q ˯ hwE\ Hľ_([Ե 0\C?q$ ~] >tB}tgo[f?$M&2Y1ɺ7#psTef֦|ȇq1P MǢ` F<}}iݜv(;)FFAϵKcs=u7R 9AMz`g2I2'u;}AIgZ^"3=)񆳠Hy_{7Ƽ5zgJmQltm^ʼn$u6}pHDtǞ*bbm*e#޸vc[A5s^mnhq&=jVnd՛ӕՄ񆻤jV] WpT|zRA֦?U%=̿1^2'9ڹ:tR|S﵁ִK:ǫhM+@?!;@4(Yk5cBUp{SϮiL(nU>jcp4=}jSTQPpwg Qބ" *iR\u0*M OGY Sdro.aMb6C$X'ᗊc>9T>=b-%67/q_HsdI?C߼)b&Q9z^ Jn`oyD_½&-NH^Ub"b)9#5[V;p{huZZ5YbqH h& 018֯ysQi#Z\=9촯,丸7>>O(g{hd!0= Ez,$nהU>;+1ckkr>PB8"MeŶ-Ƹ`Gf msϕw37VBze}BVtPkkcXIUzT8;=MJ<*pb) NE{?G4xwR8'+mp8 yg<#ZeM^Ց w DpGj8ocБ]|@. [+u%lkmT֥ }i[TD͡erTDg6w5![{6' x_ִ''f1{֩S+Mf^Oލ!OOo q$^=GmP3ִo쵻O򭏚3?4ӱJAltJo#wӊ]hٯ ?‘%Y RW*MM3iVM?^*WpgzT1eH쨀Dyhy` ey;f`?]圳+\~+!)$n-?h0>u8~URvL,{fbV=Ա*XnjP%%lAٻ}( ;Օ?O;U#zGT09 iR:}qϵ?bcPl?OleOzk1+H=3MI Cjrs#{rFy95,Ԡ9*La:S3&*g= y4 #a[% iV4H8:cGЭw#rxsQܠհqK㚆M2cֲL Uc]=)*xzwPѓ)T`R5'tujM5n"|}p8Y^ < ,4m9 7׮ǩF2(21M+yuɕ|o+0/k_kmNK)S-$]:$q]Ljºƕ4r4ȧFC!9>a,Zۇ Sd<*G8i66xOcpSRcLG3ON88SឝxZ[>keUel@AH緽z4Ё;3\}}&<UU5g෇;YOm\Y~]zm!t+qo|ƺ~/qs ngqcpps 9lW '/ LV d8S7|GOԚfddEbb-a~*otg)Tg-φu;b>Z[TrI̊6I$:JsjIJ>[U"DpF$O-FzFcEtwi+lr*G aUZ47I(;v>p 0jx^ozxn4-AH#X>bnfG g0? ދmVŜrjӹabӚ34(:jj^a",orFpҤ$;OZqĤzUigA2J~e ? Z^܄oT}*4 pa{{pxd O~Bk U uәU9KXc*"GE al,anǭm^1[Cnȡ}nGM {@8vA;ˡoMOr7 ^H)/=]$[%]ҡ&;)=ʺu:| BzUA8Ҳou(UCuՍ* F(C9_zW{'4m"VQW0;UM5(/j[$1S_Fp;U<YE'9WH[IPKV'ǝ܂! [3 J~@uc&]^"v5lKؤi?]0x\[a'=z־gkX5) ^QI4t<' ސᔗr0:Faujn=RE+Q(lO@OJ4 -{)(H*Bn6l}j7c )[##C0* ު[alӼ?jq]Y @Y0:VSGmbXh=}9XuEuI Ѱ'w#*D%')'pfa9G`v`HTe+x Oj3B4EX~4 IXu?1Ÿ,<{SN#l2S]ԯ2\էTp H7u:B5XSmPftj;Wosj.hѧD4Յ`E"*SO<āJgE,;+vd4魟XE8qH\~bZlPvi5*<N >%4 jw6m9!| >&%gihF6*ȸcu1 4f6fEF ܣSTV9B_2[h1T (xI[c3U;HxJ0`*tc4X$oղb@ Js7GԮƥil1q/:69M-JrwF0'֝r~`7Z1-,mZc2FoZdj7()j'-6eɗpRzUΡއ}-q`![`rmM91t=TvVM11ܢGnc8ӊbbtm*(f#;F'y?dAe0AI+.m(Em8%Ul_ρڦhoil dR q$0깧imWlgA5O*9m'EK9V"8@:ץxsEJs|2r*֗Sn*nkjt8iD)Rߞx1iGݤ~M OZd!f=ip9ǩ&q֒i " @) =D_~V5My @|JsLɚz*uߊpJ\r|׏|vF_ji0kcޫEYW`OpYf4-@MGa׭q`kXm}8ڷ<%)4{.oVbh{֮2ƭ;sУ7o2Q =}<5f6#Sh# ި$M) T ~9}6Z6Eѷ:w%A>>Y˟+`ea+zSu*[k[rc3?ʌNH8?Ο$jwz)/t۽ tzZCd~5yq_:v^ f# ,AIW>=EWȪT{ Bp3?Z=IV) ˟To_o3w*!"e*9S hs}ġE/}ٳI0T:C(=9^_ !L\VC$;4'xqƤ"$:( O.Pڕry͏g*빱9ɨR14] "Yn^Y ܹ H98y40>a!SXvE?$UkUYFL!?YK˸B= Sv^1秭 -qgRN쟭I%$.)hu$ǭ4[\Wp|u0Ǔ ~Dj/?w=MF `? uhH^#zU p>PEG2eaA`"[v˟MXvn=s֋YZUzc`E9bK:'Zi+0%sSFwiGb9rH`~Xh [,yH8:jvݕ%Ozs4=~ZFNW`8`F9)#bN['X$SpYNT:4)̋=*0 sDXXX桘NX˖A\iUyݜu$P0Rz@A}Ì49 ;RmG-Ԙsӊao=i"9Og#}ǒIM?;c8PI&J98ϥ38z.,d9;'TN"Y!*㢓#vG.wRD/ N8ZbFHnڒm=cVT. n= <*׮)#Vfr?ƑPveB17V5^n=S8\Ӑ92)MH<9LhyY !vwq'yW7ti3e,Zm+nʋ5w/_u 'EIt#|P9 89ΉY9.լY V3ruVֶVC`lYՉW']/Ç αik6/q9~+|U{F;{[{+?:\d4lq]fm5=-iP ,~wfMce٧oƇSNMzk\;o4{]\@kՍ(2`p@=Q%o2GiN/-^ I^RV-\S?Zg#r7\ 5ӁpFQu3ltK}.fqk(T%.j)lDJncfڐ2.('&Dx>j~nf@C>Q]v wjf.Č:56#G8L| ;z{"QB>pG|hI %L ֪:dp'\x|`$>u# SUD䕙L}x]w^8.3;'NԸXA]=FY\}U>GPqzԖ=d >*z?8*F`c?ރ F=sҁ\!i*߿+d?ֻ٬!BxNWWy6 X?9?/J*HIe’[cy==VRx_uflP?F;y[L}WWQ봨OZlckZkvpz!^Qiך-ᴽ svo^k\̱W&BNK/^ij6ޟkȋ>{qd<"e* TIž9JĥgI9#j}懩;ܐEQ@hpk3R0  8?JV,Q9S6ܧqz*|sm w9!3+1$adS(;r qU%R 2}?,;e;aRLѣ!;PPA9sGlz#t4.uCMDQq֞HWa%׭1 0e!=Jr'ښY jF¨ p=Wi?, n㎜jD;v3;Hg52'gD@I׊|@C;QǙt֝`0*%d֛$NXyp8#hRYxlf1ڑY (;@X#Hi;Ooƣ2b29Eĸ`A+/ZTGee+u9V= %pz'@42ǑqEĊK`~*XUXaAeY8?$2f7j p;TiԊ{KJWdҖI1b8"N#(),E4=H,V{ ,(%{YҢXBxUNRC>TBl`f?biDVG "+ :΍nao.<9|wa?݌ j٦"jʣ,0G&nX>`X^Ax]VK @Sd!{ػrpj9{'֦)g1zEg[8e,8{UxYx =]K%ځL=2:Jx 0O6R`Jb׃HH+0{JAA)my 㿽0Oj1cGXádz2s=/~ )e|)/(?Z1(zyߏy%$йGF Wh)Z;PO?1 qۧm _FsT+G.,q;'\c[6 $uF{ =s|$8(_^ŠO"9G;r9$g]ȵ\m?X(F捽Ey6hdqd_P+4KPT'iV֘m.ʌ*b?C\2ўFl,ެ W!S;H=.EW+]G"ңR*|r8rkY3G ߝÌZtFNvwឞBF*Aq,dWq-$ H^Ix0Cn<qH(wsӧQQXe`9R NI`y46P68<hf8O=$0=F 4ո,@sǧ49C/x(C#}yr q#y_sJ9^6i<3Ufؒ#jL6!*z^|Eq4ݪpv\2X``3? 9k hWiezS `>JB9f\'OQ Үm휃$Tǜ~#1 cQA]xQ: 9wn^=sץc#+(. nfA>9+'2B ֘`LPj@$l$I9ƅXiǧ#:T>Ҹ5E0?Rz` 0Q@@w$_On cb\|C0o4쀶^ $'ݹyza<)A%i )[qA$G\]Fyj MH9&W8lHiXdP={RЯFi 8wjx8W*Dj|2$scvQbG,3慏1-Nn]RZ̅IsUPK1vrl]b L8"2x>@&=&ѐA<ډ0C㡦z{Z@9F~\Hd*zè#QUpwo>a u_yONKg "? 63ޢ$=gN.{X'ӮqPxv וShB6q Ӛ Vutïu?׭DŔwMH0=/\ej:E(Sy<g8pC(>UTi9_szPpJڵd֗7 gz]_Nd=Ezo In4j6Pk!O1ȍ#z)F㌭rIW00GQH杮WZ5ٮԑ"Z6~k3b-8f1qiYX2W4<zg58(UnT.3%_i'b2%mC5olf$#ew})Xi w`GR1ݎjxFXQ8q4#\`<'ȬI )>JÏ"q?*c)n p#(^SlB2c[yQ!ۿa`&Xr?(U`W9P"d97n#b)~Sr0yϷWb<sPO͸pLPj; qڜ靽Azy@*;t ,u=J;21UTp?r U)Yw(<똾@C,P&'M:9d>~sk1;fH_9TuEا9s7FJԜ҆̄O44EPcIHݧq9#Waǭ6"RL?)(<}[+4y܃Գ"23u9\8@\qā,1!c)6b1ݜʕ8!Bxi ͐:N1nX<: U]A1FޞŇD(UpФ8.&<8)EgEQ"9G<($Rv*:tji>l+4HrO;qR!Õ*@hőv`e@ҼR#ij!-&TCmU˟7&0 `8›!xpy UdHG1\}*$9S/,s["e" Nhc&vCI+c54PZ(nv qIʛIAIJ[H[@^e}Nejz݋J&R7ݦ;ĤKڹԵ=tzfDoQX\;,OpeTk`G'_ʺ.ԛxK&[ʸJS^U_:&S\]왋V[y{k|r Sf>zNyGԽxڤо-LJ-,mRMB1iXD{b}j#7a%e5ch28u**>VwK?CVB0A+S GzԍІsRBr6o&܍ÑM:qXvͪ@HP<oYcjH'T#5 eUS?ʥFU*@ݔ~}X|î;ңHņxni|r q@ gnHS^ \2HTq5>DJ\ڑJY$zu2+"AĐqZB>XGQרr"$Ad,q}{Vt{.}}z"~TÎR\ъKy$5hؑİ!@+g?Y %[ !fPN׊E<b$aJ2CHdHw|޻xT#8x4TSԉE;SPNz0ZmXdUҁ6"@'8 e'4c'9^i\d=Q+TU(1;gޥBg gA(UKnF*dv?֛۸.$PX; ۚc8U cp*Y at@ǂK"䪉gB*AWVu6}1@rjUM9O"M!Y)>5 -TlH7q{~_Bڑ| R踆A4J84@{hɳE02M!-LEHŎqD@l!-Q)A4ɿB+Ä'v|<,@*xh*Ζ0^8u;o Q>a#:kgHKH@OJ> ]+е |gFiQ78_UdՎhtڒ9=BYRZ&]ːVA Oi L Yq:47!nN+]+]шh&&xv?(>IkZҗnnOOXIEPxp\Fp`4=s(7WjۚHrҐ7Mȑf\ EU/!*%8JWqiw+5 E޵ qTÚ)$T}jL `ђ~p:T{ǠX}ұ*$N U;_i'bdXM7+y.*: ƻOwk8m??q0Xcb֨2@8F͵~ǭ0PU޼:$r+`m%[9GK+RC|wE3u\"ٔ;cwz`gAȩ_,ap>&eeuUރ$]pr#ncL,ɑpt5A"`UB7\/^;QN *}E֘MKݫB LmUXzT{@9ccORzR`9BN(GZRa =$0 r1&H܈ש9*ohcj$ټK>SR)% \>h9Q⍂GvBnBZXؙ.#bgFȘ=r #2r6';qT:e88 B-ֳ$d+HS$hᗎO\HEZ~*I)Sl;'cvu*}R#qMWw9 )`T' MťgR?J\~q#@M?th >nӦSwc׏Zv 8?0i(OP ?C]>^*o5e#c XN'R$#|g* V(I'!9H,yژ)!s|O1!  9(˃t!Hz@L1cwK58 rr*I@ ',@f`ONp8ɦDB$pF:՘nFRh%= Tߒ([#.3ϥ+BRqʑ.# 뜓~==`f)_2z֛ Fo/j܏o= Im&Fp0yAx&o P;AUfT |zsy=6iQ#Y>s׉s_$ռ C-,@NB5VfzdtgVR ac>:Z]Z4RFJ?# ;[E"nj•*Fq~Fa T{2|fowc#1Dv/9VH#9|{'S꾔2YrF8 z>r$OqL;zޘ7$\4I 0 J7;Nl)pT4JcNGZdT}爘BdPOH# SjGf%1F&6 SI=)I 68?0[N##VA]a׬J˵uUx|S݌wi]Z0IP}T%˩Hs%V @@–,] X\ 'IcSZF#,+iJ<Ìt< ;cM یz]tK巟 .dYWzQUa2D#=}2)]GPvq=vHA&J2*8XY$d{ҩ4WlI1Jџ9]Lq?^ԁYY9]|SK8;fFtʍrϵNd]V11B@ J#;`d;v!NOS>jP(g2n9ϭHd;ʼQSr2*B#w!/1yQE!̤$pBjS @IG8#EH{nhjU@gۭReٌ{{EmP7O=a1EXx<(M iz(*yO,OQH*uS 4dT0KwqȢ#>ͯ\5wl1ہhGj5e[܇F^ 7'tt=UI:2e':QEEEh݄'IS8wۀ:ŰIH$Q@O1Kǖ@PC(~7YW3E!qL9ϗOj(q
Warning: fopen(https://newsweekme.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/vote-cover-780x439.jpg): failed to open stream: HTTP wrapper does not support writeable connections in /home/newsweekme/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-image-editor.php on line 428

SMALL BALL: The Electoral College tips national elections and campaigns toward small states and rural populations.

The president-elect got swamped in the popular vote. Is it time for the U.S. to flunk the electoral college?

By Matthew Cooper

If you voted in the recent presidential election, there’s a pretty good chance you spent some time pondering the qualifications of Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton. There’s almost no chance you were thinking about David Ferriero’s résumé, but you should have been. As the chief archivist of the United States, Ferriero and his colleagues organize the vote of the 538 electors in the Electoral College who actually choose the president.

The Constitution requires all electors to meet in their state capitols to cast ballots. Ferriero collects and organizes them, makes sure the states have followed the rules, then presents the ballots to Congress, which is charged with getting them counted. This antiquated ritual will play out again on January 6; only then will the U.S. officially elect its 45th president.

Outside of a fifth-grade social studies class, most people don’t study the Electoral College, but this year it’s controversial because Trump lost the popular vote (by well over a million votes, and it could be 2 million when the counting’s done). This has happened just five times in American history, but twice in the past 16 years, the other time being George W. Bush’s Electoral College defeat of Al Gore in 2000. But given demographics, it could happen again, and soon.

Trump supporters bristle when they hear griping about the Electoral College, and they probably should. No one is doubting their man won by the rules of the game, but a lot of people are now questioning why Americans play this silly game every four years. Democratic Senator Barbara Boxer of California has introduced a bill to abolish the Electoral College, and anti–Electoral College op-ed writers have been ripping it for weeks now. Among their questions and laments: Why have a system that ensures most states are ignored during the presidential campaign while a few swing states are buried with attention from the candidates? Should a minority of voters get to decide who becomes president? And is there any way to fix this system short of a constitutional amendment?

Blame Hamilton
The Founding Fathers, worried about mob rule, envisioned the Electoral College as a kind of cooler-heads-prevail backstop. Alexander Hamilton saw the electors as wise men “most likely to possess the information and discernment” to choose a good president, and he didn’t want the electors pledged to any candidate. But these days, the electors are almost always party hacks and former elected officials, merely a rubber stamp, not some independent body of wise souls solemnly weighing whether to ratify the people’s choice. (In a bit of eerie prescience, Hamilton in “Federalist 68” seemed to anticipate the controversy over Russian hacking by saying the electors might be able to overturn a popular vote that had been unduly influenced by a foreign power).

But that’s not happening now or in the past. In recent decades, there have been only a few “faithless electors,” as they call those who defied the voters who chose them. This year, one Clinton elector has declared he won’t back her because of her lax record on Native American rights.

The biggest beef against the Electoral College is that it weights the election in favor of small, rural states. The number of electors is based on the total House and Senate members in each state’s congressional delegation. The smallest-population states have three electoral votes, while California, the largest, has 55, far ahead of Texas, which has 35. Defenders of the Electoral College say that tilting it in favor of small states keeps the presidential race from being a frenzy to harvest votes in the most populated areas. Without it, candidates would mostly hustle in cities, overlooking huge swaths of the country. The founders, who were openly elitist, didn’t want flat-out majoritarian rule, which is why the Senate is apportioned so that each state has two senators no matter its population, while the House reflects a one-person, one-vote standard. Wyoming, with just over 582,000 people, has the same number of senators as California, which has 39.5 million. (And Trump thought the election was rigged?)

That raises another problem with the Electoral College: The founders never envisioned a behemoth state like California. In their day, the population difference between the largest and smallest state was 10 to one (Virginia versus Delaware). What’s more, cities were minuscule. There was no clear rural-urban divide. In 1790, New York City, which has always been the nation’s most populous city, had 33,000 residents. Today, it has 8.4 million (and almost 79 percent of its voters backed Clinton against the “local boy”). The founders didn’t anticipate that kind of hyper-urbanization.

Another knock against the Electoral College is that instead of ensuring a nationwide race, it creates a nutty focus on swing states such as Nevada or Iowa. It’s bad enough that the system tilts in favor of small states, but it tilts even more insanely toward small swing states. Folks in New Hampshire were the most powerful voters in 2016, according to analyses, because their state was the smallest of those in play. No wonder Clinton and Trump were constantly there, ignoring much bigger but out-of-play states like Washington or Kansas.

If you don’t like this system, get ready to like it a lot less in the near future. The huge population growth of California since World War II (when it was only the fifth largest state, with under 7 million people in 1940) and its strong Democratic leanings mean it’s likely there will be many more elections in which the winner of the popular vote gets trumped by the Electoral College. (Democrats have won the popular vote in six of the past seven elections).

The super-blue hue of California means we’re likely to see a Democratic win in the popular vote again and again if the race is close. Trump won seven of the 10 most populous states, but two of them were by 1 percent. His best of the big states was Texas, which he won by just over 9 percent. But Clinton won her three top 10 states by huge margins: California by 28.5 percent, New York by 21.2 percent and Illinois by 16.9 percent, which is a large part of the reason she won the popular vote nationally. As long as the large blue states remain so big and so lopsided in their preferences (especially California), Democrats are likely to keep winning the popular vote.

How Can We Help You, Utah?
Not that it’s ever going to be put to a vote, but the overwhelming majority of Americans think the popular vote should pick the president. That’s worrisome, because at some point there is bound to be a real crisis of legitimacy; the majority may not always be content to merely grumble when it is ruled by the minority.

Until that happens, the Electoral College ain’t going away. Dismantling it via a constitutional amendment would require two-thirds of Congress and three-quarters of the states to sign on—which would mean that many of those who benefit from the current arrangement would have to help kill it. There’s no reason small-population states like Rhode Island and Idaho would back an amendment that would give them less clout.

There are two interesting ideas that could make the system better. One is the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact, an agreement among states that they will give all of their electoral votes to the winner of the national popular vote. The upside of this is that if enough big states sign on, it won’t matter nearly as much what the small states do. The downside is that it’s not enforceable—the electors have pretty much free rein to vote as they choose, and the Constitution likely prevents such interstate compacts and treaties. So far, 10 blue states of all sizes, including California, have signed on, which makes sense since Democratic candidates are the ones getting short-sticked on this matter.

The more intriguing idea may be to expand what Maine and Nebraska have done with their electors. The Constitution sets up the Electoral College, but it leaves it to the states to decide how to apportion their electoral votes. All go with the winner-take-all system, but Maine and Nebraska apportion their electors by congressional districts. In most presidential elections, Maine and Nebraska’s individual districts don’t break off from the rest of the state. But in 2008, Nebraska’s urban 2nd District, which includes Omaha, went for Barack Obama. This year, Maine’s vast, rural 2nd District went for Trump. The good thing about this scheme is that it drew the presidential candidates to areas that might otherwise have been ignored. Trump held multiple rallies in Bangor, in Maine’s north, and Clinton worked Omaha, hoping to replicate Obama’s win.

If more states apportioned electors by congressional districts, they’d get more attention. Right now, there’s no incentive for candidates to go to safe blue states such as New Jersey or safe red ones like Tennessee. If the electors were apportioned by congressional district, that might change. Trump could have mined New York state’s Republican districts—from the Canadian border to Staten Island—that regularly go red. Likewise, Clinton might have played harder in deep-red Texas, seeking votes in Austin, Dallas and Houston. Just having a few states adopt this system would make for a more interesting race. Instead of the candidates fawning over a few winner-take-all swing states, they would have to woo more of the country.

Hamilton wisely favored choosing electors by district, but the majority party in the states couldn’t resist posting statewide slates of electors—all the better to crush the chances of any minority party electors. Once one state did it, it became a kind of arms race, and today we’re stuck with 48 winner-take-all elections. Once again, Hamilton was smarter than the rest of us.

Social Streams

Comments

comments

Facebook Comments

Post a comment