Turkish Military a Fractured Force After Attempted Coup

JFIF;CREATOR: gd-jpeg v1.0 (using IJG JPEG v62), quality = 80 C   %# , #&')*)-0-(0%()(C   ((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((( " }!1AQa"q2#BR$3br %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz w!1AQaq"2B #3Rbr $4%&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz ?Z]Ҋ2s[R`1@@^)H @iNr(m-0)˜8P )8w=iSiإ `Z1O&()Êviq@SJ6KP)@(Z\P1w"*E4xh= T G5&(T/L3@4KۚCFڐ ] b8.)إPB9wCBh"hEҊZKF1EQK@ jaJa}iM6-&(Fiqp(KK(hjo-8Pi.(i1IwJ3M <JhJ-%-% (ZiJ(hi )@hSIR9(&FjE" ;mJ1K@x(&(.!Q}h$Ӏ;qJw)= `SED K8h55(EW=)FqbO4PiJ&.)~~ژ iqKǥ8= KԡvRo83Kv iz)ؠ,68ipF 4P)6@ )@49cixlsH#a@ wk5yRf kC h[ɠ )Kh41H)(b=(E% &)(0) q֐CJ=( kb.zrNEVT*)7ESJRW"Y(4827CBy1*` @`)GTũҀ"6Nw ҁvO-Uu❽(&J;S8 ҍҦX F{Sxrrj*@)\bJ8Rh/4v@&NӃ@җii2{TҘ <.hBE(aҢrqQ* NiírLE0d/ AFњ.;xR Jb0)إ E )iBpJp_ZxSivӸG)4  Z-.3Jaѹ=jPx@.=)S֙p»i g4m+Ejr;* ӸKn#5t Jb9[4o46/b2$uPQڜ1JasOac4R÷ sHHgހpMS SS@ڶ(<͂*&I!wA4 f=)qVB3AEO4ja dG[Q': l'+|pơriaec`RJ=:H^ԒȬh bE*=f:b2F)q@!iD`zqrց&>aR: Xgn# 2VY\J}'t$F#"-Sb\"!Q)0g("!0iMh~eR\U6J%C6J Yas-\dGS8W. Y՝L3H" hLZj.ZYO91F*i2=jЀ3Rrj 9pw+d$TlCǓ4|t!4*sIP>^3AxX6<ܸ"&:Qp,Nh4#pvRoZlFs4\ ]'\R,N3@'ҥPWP'RɸҀr9U=h2gCݞ*ݰqEaT*&1g\FlsR+2_h9;ˆYsVtA};$|3@n7]5d[+)B6OZM(N¹=/)uDU;3ǁLI1qEW-F@ njV$x9qH{M!AX=~wl'AuB 8TR3Sj$]oSDO=84kk/Kbos#umXz{%@t`jX Yڃ[1F a?3\)dӰ\C G +|'&& SWIw(ҩ\n9޺R->CҕeiK,@8 fy+, T5_1~hb$Y |dkEF] 5kspoXkTcN*^>QT Q(@;O=i@cLӿTئ" ?JDVZȪ)-J6ytNZ̈́8E]iI\ҍSk2Iwe"΋Fjbk\8nxIҋLgKc5ۆ6Tc`jpec4 ڵdHIe]Os=1ABQ#*fs  MCj,:T3OP*e+{ІVg jl>0sZ\`U* #M"3;pjQNX8E~Qo֍QS\"qURlqHF*bg \ XFTRF^H]GqKjnXbYO.3i~Rx0"Ǟ.?)4`KNKs?72Y/_6I#BUkسx6 +OB p V;=)>LbMⲾȢ] :yxE|LZ/0V\3ɖ$֨B02hCyAzU[o8XwP6#L>B0޺_?C@&i(Kr)Upr(M'kd-Q0TJo@.OjpR%TrKXP N-=K-H3CV-dD|,jd7!ԔV Gǭ1,aWUTg).`qJbЙauqߩ8h*L v W' gEo}VeU}S{j0bXLD$񤇹AYd`jyt`wK̡%:f"Δ 5ޚсI2!hJ?VRe'F?H=W1˿*ұ]=ފW=acڪHv{SB/Â2=)[: [GI@ w̤z"zYb14BFсސlNłu=*8c })JIEh5c^IH2Uq@L j"dŠi]iX.]vFP+]<2ԆӴ-;Mwmu9VNYp8nh$^*0N}*m$1 Y@cM6+"]Ê03ҳU@cDVȿgK:flԓf& 1 (LcA>J!,z\M [b#}74SLH@CQmG2}JuȐ.8t1HbROjS& R`YHR2:kIJ&9ՙй_ڝco4X{~4eVZۃNMb2BCE"&>kKXw,-SbYZ_(cU Z_7PHI9=ZtLwjUxC@܀NQ%{8e 2?O=Z.8Uī\qdy יOobNzf^]aI>,.%]{=9^xn$yngUwlGtzWωA5kR+{-EenA>ccO S짛>ulaQs$)uQ\GԒGW2lN i-vJwLf sMMebiT|U㞴 ZܼL9ȡLt47"wPZnyefLS \b+VŦA.j w `ɮ Tp)1e4c2|)pT!^K vj!γ*y\r֒ e@s4K4~B)Y\f\3;}y}x^S$[!V)$#q!ܚageyO]͓i86p)tsQşƜ^ԖSG-Ns0#@PqYYU2 ?.AU /Z3ga LcҺS%6G44ήJ T[ (Ff`jT+7ZІ6hcL `5RDp1\#){ LzEl 8%ZHf.|SR DFg$S| 79S(U9?"f,åhqFh\vF7P4O5Zb'C~F Hd(YfݸCQiwt9GAڣz nG1S>Ҫt%q.2jm226cvk3ʜ @i8eV9') m&i\f;ONqXe>Vұ9ٛereUukweh9rkm(Zi ,@yi#2(yT3jV}1d+Ǽ5[],_BI, ;+|?Տvݝ]{qwlIT>X|B:mپU6p_һSf]|;m01W.|ǚbqҳxuDPG0L>(gjF&cح"@✶pŽ`FXh6qTG-]@) dSRBqfw7^%-&0k0ڒ 4r8WaLkq6Y*?ỎfMB߻b*ۮF?xiGSKjwAfCr?Ӥ9h?˨]~Mk,gs+(Vw,hgTT ԃ;>;YhREaZb]͙@41ܨbcCRjSTzi䇤1X:HiWsˢd8q sM1BKTŀcwO¦zܞy0 ؗN5qKbE"!+PتPOnݚW0HĒ{n%gr~ z{*ћx+ PHy峌t⻯ #Gc[8Ϝ鵌 W+k_FEیy@qV_-Vc5QKc;ɽx;Wr3#]mds߾ڣxFN('G4wN; r}B}q 'H*+]M/ z u oKou@;xH_U~?4&`ۄpJU~Uxw[֓Sd$CG ǞrY{:=/La A,f'`&3X5ݗr` {Z,TsfkH(#+hgG=b=eB=2Mc#lHZ<Z4#a<@5ú(R5up66 u &T+DΝj$wzo0j4nSBR&V䴐U[KYF-SB ndTM5\x(M;Ų犫954ɏ,Y2F NP@['U%c {ב@ʪ;W<"5""MFSJ4,ZaWl架JEW0rIu{f'Z \`6zp Yo\ l =ݟ?*4nd$;X yf横42ɞ}֐F 7 4<'O>s$Dnq5s8u;g}!xg)&;V[zZ~u c`^+JGce{ck/#'^xTI-Z`9Fmf8l~uAQb!pz6I[Sխɒ~n%M 2O55HG#T[62P n>3|œkDTڬDD|`)Xj-+'s0SAs"qܚmE+g9:]CIlL)ێ{u<w=V,md!OC[XͽOULHnuXsR\ՆRa؞O$ 7S,"7q/9$E44 }ƨ1Ig0vw4fdc޴̯fk^o:7ok_kM7NyK@UK}o"%Į!Az/u*6D *1|'bϨ<}+>~}Y(ŕ&IG^5o#`Xܗ<^Y+1x N)!Fj"Y$$ՑSA҆9!𻟘qW"O@)QxcOJM+}ALFbvvn5Z@nHHP7BkI>cF BSFX/=j#E<Ȫ|88n—1V2vBk< ߕu;rv1~AQphɵSr¬xsSbx-x_i?p*i1"psڲb-a(a"%>uqq@R:HsM;$n]ճ!!**1R'"R8vǓ\ϋ[kḶ[i] x$RyrEXӣ2; 66o{WxCĶ~*`teRQ@=Wayq4Mk}{lBWcv8I]bw3tv IvEN?djWq :z=eFo8Y 8tH"UyR洜eQRWlkEgʨ>,5g h ma붇=XJ_Xɬiy-I*?oZwq3ɡ=C8݌aƳu8B#t,t4ɾkSpWuövivFR\"|" 眃V֬O\ k].[v{FRI3]n[-5;R8$nEٷ<]kW-1\ZYZrbII'bkF ?:eJW=0m1(*}EX6&ֻ.%̺K,.r1@I$|{v*kxO\Qv5RqV!GqNO5LF-< |X0ɫ^6i\[HW皱2E*CcNڃdS͋ Iqr xj;Y/W=ig#y%JdN!֭Z|P)鍖p# 0Fk鼶;q#7(l,ijc TIi[~'>:! 2is]6Z\4˦>aiލ݋s:Sbt0s$\ܜ"yن79P\7+غJ\yB;~DGU| &t4x,U22NGh&-AЭX|Y' ې=<ǽy[nyyy7Pb!l{ס|[k3Xv!Щbcz_7nRռ px˕ػ&y@n$@%r8\ssڢ3M fXXgPpJg걷ge+(<}GL%=9b{?i u(p` pT^ bkj24olaFߗ/d~5FX$vh$1XWlrH&WFjF򠹸x1 L(YH|U ʹwI2;s}+м)#XӭfyyqN]#8?G%Uu+ˡE0Ӛ<+mf.Xn *b[]RWWFOGf^* 틞M9g2:S 9QQ9*6!y7bibڕNHq3J!$dSQ>``ED조5hB-h~mf7nU7{U*>\TF݅G5r_cj{-r K(zȥxՄ%FjKh.<_ެq4DsXqܼ\+)w-7$M :cfz&]'ӘWq kN' xɡަX_DBCCvJLM?X-n-t`Tcp{sh|.G\fw"žmcn{S_jͲyx;'Z`ա?z#VVZ#DInUh"BH9]{ֵUfBzrjkY|y4חvQ3Ab3aI\sI5CU9-ؓN-ͻ"C#u0ȦdE#㊉A~!jF+`F0z7dU|EAb`E!}qQ\iط&KpEXJS;`qҏNALTp*K@ErYNI*(Fja$䩫+U&t192Ȧ^T"%9`51 Vyd34[\F>V=JXgQtq$diK7A@X6z=M.g}U%'\dy:RLgO$55[M"#ִ x5NR6f6cKkĞ(xv픴V犧xMՒ1*\Xf;鞟ʨGJUMx>'v>szֳ[imp4 /RImͭx.v#R ҢNEw;!URAor3Gy4с(*pzJwnȦY`mϦ:^jW˖gpѣ3±m5Vѝb?ؙ̑\G"';p{m033`(~>? VݑEpT*wk1d>#/K"w97qhY.Ჵy]dPb3!r]jTԍ͒׎½SGL2u?=W&u] YwrH#Nkrm٣QWL- `v:~8{M>{e)DFFA+3s^GG9ʎEtuƟapZ x$@X+nE \5 ,0d#m=v Ҷ4[| 71z؊<5=>.' kNFGpp_RduhWcMX@|ÑQ8QII>ɣۃL%WҢyYW2fn0#$uX Q F{ԌѬDfnw4}] Tx3ژOj室DN;yœ5QmPqYq qRs4o+0j;S:~(wҖ;*-7=@FhOZ@FE2N880Ȭ%ׇV ,9Xtcx2u ~<mKQdPRrm$5Z_:n ԪzFa⋩79g+3F?먠=$Z;ib-FV?8*ͯ#>'f^*zOCos{',5+G9S :aHei8`1ʹ,I=ꬋR*>$g=5_ 5zMIpzg_}jӮϔ\_kQDv#&ٹ!>uf u8w.tb6͜c=x3.2rk.7س`OzTrtv9嶟 R& Ԧ Nn9 ?Ͽ]X,QG@:*(I攪ШMnqj0[Ȳc$3LoMd-19ۑǦҬTY>ZGI  s]\",=0O5]gӦ(#-$ NQ,]Ǟ^+y.&yj|u{I]ޱV +O.)DqprbP/u7~2ݖq<2⾨HǙk9Tgnm^\@3_QxfOGt @[XG8)ӓSNC6"#D7(yLg7G<֌\ Ϟf\k\ԟha*GKo:K:t4roEu\ޯi1Ο85[ bB+ 1!м ǸN*8-;]0U=<;`1KF4S1mK].IU{/*ܰ99(ώ"898=IYCq[GԀA=3NW<7⮽[s2^?ף[¶6v =^29*w29ǹ9Q :}j%^K5Qd3g$rOOλEvR0+YMhZI~yOf 2p?gXi712%G~cn\8 ?;A?yO~ל۪_18r=GS>RF3(LCbGz~"|br~j"TnoP*jQډ] dm,X*\崹,yn¼g\=Bg29%pk|?x"ci,F [wzZ[SNy.>Y˶HU5[ERZ*ʨ0<AXe5bWC7g9# ow\m̐F8可-$ #HXe$_Ͱ+jo Qٶ3C?Lקyeլoa (Ea pGC`zng:^Op{I>y34U[ǒ zGB*Z;YFCpzzUERVpYPc=JzS%<; $)bpr@ u %ڶOrqo"o*G^)^B^X:Xd:*o֑wZI'D1jh棒FFE(^EY%fR$#ޟ~jFnZB:SDZGK-P @iQSqF( CG)TQDs }9qƟoqksi"1bʪX鑏6 v_\Km:Imc۹[;[\Y%*7@P9' <N*21U++**0VrORvMmRʮU7XhшB"sHʲ` cԵPH' [bpc2@=joor\;+d_AլEoI*\cW֥_V]"$)o'2*x[TvdE/#dz<Td ǰ#-}?Sieզ-R0<;8õʦ+;I$}3ܟR26k mX11Mi|dsi?]< {=lK $[MoH#֢6@!/9H Q_13sⅸ=O:jqqS:۬N\te ΰW"M@KM*? ⯮pRLbY5P8u&XLl .55oکx=k.{Ty9^X%*OZVͮĂN'Z'׺()ƞr " cu#zjV(Ð}0kVp76=M928)h(SnYi+9sfy܀K=j -bw0 ޥD+$y.G0;Lߋ琎1Tnv%TVؠzV-jd䚱5m_&+idk2PmDyL(j$0D'ݪmtWTkj>A$zq_pxn ?Eܶ| vMJ+y^{@q_g[PVF5ugP#$T 8 HQIlW͝c'yliW Iߜ}. "\JvZZ`3.z"6=`CNFCz>-#8 ĭ❑*2Td9uQEƲކ긧}y5a\#`1> $S֐XqvX0QYt Pꍏ/w`Tt W-ǂ2K@)bHS,-Gz|)ͨ+VkMjB&0E-Gj, {U޽ 9"TM¯N ["ͥ/֓J9^oN]srB|X8G«Voi.};Yc]p*G"r;pgr?{y46+.p2M1xɦe)7,Ak`VK}vNT9%$6ngp)H|TJ8+M1X'X+ZRFYwvRc4'WW!8:*oBEEei4 ɑV$%``ԽF3WU 4mUqUUyhʭ$dupM.v% Qcd$F+CT*a=j!SاT/ӴLHX$ kK_Ji{ikrBRn U؄|ambx[9\g<1]I |7*o"{4AC{r:=zijS 6r%$㩋#{vY-QњfSlsgnrj6@FS;M̿JG%N KفVe~9`pqdIwXvQPh)rk'.P|Hn5̈{}~->g;]5fɄ$YC 4BI>'ИpT[iCǻw*eŵGtrnT?ME Xu+k6v-հs|U3&\鷴6'x9.*r=GS;FQ5$g~Ů,dݑnI- r, -UiFPn\u<漾^~]sMѵ 'CggpUD_N=Zʶ`2ɐQAW0i5^>`|5n7Т~!(<9Y\.\,:)rOsr<)fS? 09E<<1g}6ܩ@ q,>iv4cG]$WToE4dJc&$Q`=+OOEWEKK9,WZ5HNZx d(aq-|AI4c`fA%Y#AGzh]64Y-6[10{*Aȯq9f^4ǘ <$p~ڵZp95CjzzwF?szTήӾYwm= 1qExUv8;܀*ӶԵKiZF0EXCSNT-cSxl(ZyxU}==_ƈ%oc9NJbxfye 0>Jp_ .uoxn$h?{}jxjR^TG.qۧyxI2[ rL nLQvW.m0OVAhY%цt!sQwK͟4LnHnz s\<2Kةh}}:X5Tfe Z\N: cЌERaĘ3n0=qT?gko]42`沣cّF@W(Af\zw-mLjXӯҟ1Qz#\J*~Bp3P?|miB,x>FR[qqZvv$Jn@}3֯x(\g %TtET'!Xx_񅾑X– ؠq׽r}+f1O+sT Rnw0XgkS"hRâ=?Nl$$\ʌvЅ=3ޮHQ,qy궇PKMUAcNz~ R/-w 89N!W4,~sԟ N+&uB*YVN܌p:]:c^QSPoCKV}UkC:}T9< B򠘌,7¼zfԯq=ݵ)Ε6?&4kNQyd V}w $"j8ʜm & ]0WՏw:>^R$R\ }f"J G&xQҹ+ݛO63Oޒ6e>/.fWٸ3"9^߅u0[J'i]`sM5Z/).œqMP$wg岆N99kZT^C!`5|ȎVia1֪n& 9۫[S o)*$wN)*eFzZ|°-=) ~4J$R+:8%~ Zs],0W|wy VcHbj]ԶϨG4,`#M.'R72nv}|?%;7I=igFkbfXF I;C O[(H3I' Ͽiʺ\_jc -%d lV8`HWmg%qlӖ cseR/mN6_4~7لGm1ocGSK<~[xڠW>h-λ%ʲ6OnA4Pv$[yr$ AOOVJ{*ik:ԅى km)98\Q^}m⋕Qt1y^|6Y.}VwӉ%"V;ݞ74ovs#%2iOhhTV0}2 {>t k=ռ jF`2qi]~esNщe<],~-81:n%M@ݮ(5QC(`v2xߨ&+*?ƳWG5ʅ8>p2Y xM3łYwߡ y^g?r##G"2ҩ%-/$2p7W$4 (tY(^0CsT,-Hti\ެ"%wl-lFcUm=V[riLQ%O9»A9>ыPy cՔ*\N h\Z/Vd䊤e9 DvGR8IsEDsS+QS0a=) 7^ZŽngt^&:EF`U'O SgWu"P3忑"֑E9-=+gWԃHf8]sOjkiюX<׊ @96s`WMQpr K- _׊aeFڲ:C/Ԑ֡y HX:M4M%΢C*)YI8vkgzRԨ5#)+PGGSqwNKMX\[~n}+6IWؑ- G]icSmor*&Vz+ܐ[ZZmtv~Pq~ yc=zQ!ۑ#($ёlbrfHcx~u<sHf#6H1Wiov#6{&e‰8[kehe;$C}VwF}ƀF ݃ Rʦ43v2ѝ[䎸>ŗ*>KvJۥb}>ԉjMe rw1w6NU#*#1ݴ\y'ԟW.dNw2G8TނZ*X]I,r~~Wg},A;$afbh#R:Żu5Clpɞ[k5K&bHL{c>qݪ,EǩHvڥ͔k# X=񞝺*"rhuf6EdV#H{*6a`(CsJbmd2/L'w8kSv~ʿlzgץfxwPkDW@ H8::~.Vp*dO[Kjz?Σx dwiWu/fyp 8y;\)l=Է˔V-89tvZKXI,Gy3F6{9'n%@7ɜ{%3\DQI J&2VPs rI&/.6dXךһff_B ڸW#7?ǵ+^=_A ZQ79O3M&9q}8UۖvM~뫺pf5c 8?/f&&{ ]+7o'+ucu;dcxSũjIDvZ8?_z^G .Da6%p3ہY ҿVkMlw;nIV4vKrjiL5;ϊE}GKf*vFTffE]B٤cV pWWxCTFyFdTӨ\I^lVD8c}I)QjtMpNaЀ{G;[ =ΣŞ!O5"PC8뻯xw6~kdu+tn[kVޟ,cjθԴ_Iʷt*M&α4HNzg~/$c#nsbc}3@t"z3ΎjW 6FTWi3ר*U9;8Pw"r +h'fe)'O>15ψ%=VD+_# [O&xVQ8Sw]5Y{KXNX'S겘.`$E~|!۟N?JbhGN.1J&gGeAc F,%KY1? WY_ɪģ'F-.0h?| :sߥ'N2v>.yW]ݧu}VGOԨ8PvQSB ) *p_,הt>񦳤c\zX6As?| \ƫdB< sYaG2 sוn#z>>-rByk$2rp8'gtm+T="D\,hIʡqVSW7\*HZp$qgj6++t9W:] 8_βNV.QqW:IO絿C@@ Q[D}̘. idz)kwj]-Z"MTŪqo$O ilNˉFT.t]~[DnYI8r>^: z=nKWls渝o]WWHGy Ԓ1JeHQOBW/lⷼv`[ۂG˟oZuUKNbы-vu>¸3 iHW#72.r~#\v+gHVV/B|t㠭!JNMV<-p׾6^=B.>WaたOj_{\cHxcO",Fq=݄(>_nVy$QKe7gGL[G1Lf%2v1H Xp? $2`v8&@NI' >5 $248,x9$%2i7[˕,2~|{֭( rU t6ug8hMQI783*FaciK5;TͼQżJ6NNң֫KlT>`wlGs\Vl,wj Q9+bIJ7;<GPJђ] dqtK.jImQig ܘO*A|I8kԴk6,3'$VuZݚRN#mJzZiȹY1kG!C+nTzr:VՊ4 W7H&b{=k: p]CsN Fe]Jgk/2HQDF#"'k* {:w?E$w̟g2s~=- !PżUqQl02O?T srsӐ8bkb^سKUr?u]#k) ܖ~2B$2 :[8oo 6ב:VX##i Lm$ ?LM0C$R\"19 ]AklϐT%ԿoqgoI62[$\]gO+sw(]߁-%i-4Wϑy5OByyft;%RdՁ~Z_)\Gm c8TKZD%ݵ$0FB{~_:5òv:,=>yK,yϧ*kkFls2^sl']:$HnV|J@=wWy>hu;C^ۑcp$1'a^N?2EA>k%L̩I'{ֹE0F=EM=OrţGRkBQcuP1\'vv{&ʎ+i_JҺ9DN}>te?°đ}Z*f^}7zp=O=ipF>d+}jƏp d$ON w&= S))+Pa$d+uJH!(Uq{Jsi:Lm8|o?*Y7H8?YE ~N1x(*HqX{}#PFGR?ϩ+ׁӭjRHO%\U &ۂski:[$}kc->J|\M3szdҏ͵} ٠SPʊqgU'tc?ӌ>+6rEs *qMFy zQs 5%gZ"ëȤ͞OIP. !PH%K8SImuUcE$!e\KqxRKT&M=?ð-8՚)YЊ$ XNךucmƒ_zͮqgi ,~oYET r {?(u%;ܷ6x#Hm"ľZͻꪱw# s8$ ?l($qVDيwi2As"?AmFK{ٓ@ ߱^/5|"́^c 1A#94GٞkK$ ݥ -'tSuOBT|f̭¨Lݔ\QG1+1a÷V~fWK-|3̮%PP{sTmmT,>fS tɯ11]'Mmy#!HuǶiZгki\GNvq?l>M#~$TR8c۷8[Vܫr86}vZI#o^N9bv,29H{|s\MyIİE*+IۧH EJ6ݿ^F`jΨtqY#g=Vgծ/y yFiyl7l&2>IvP& ek*O#yjַIX"gg]Z Mpp#Zr$|eX q&ڗQ7ҵ?bI:+>TA%^KH98P4JK$RguF]Z*| ~Nn,,?Uqr'Z$E6Ie1$EWĞj?qr?mVכ؍=Q&3n',sLg/Z$rf[ 0>5Ve$E%Up'[h%VFh(< }A4{qA5=VX^99Xm; }k Y_gDIpWnXlF>__ZSTϴ&̖8Y&0K.}x#8cIFL xq@y$yl9+4kx KH3i03K2K $ rn{Q5#̹_\ƹ{N 1i![m =zMCg}9 qWbζXNTnC=܌VCkُ+5 hoZKrW#'ŜBtOZz G*}A?җ+uar'4p>Q'w~&&G웊*-8Mpb6"+rANH&֊Se[R弈Hp~b2O:<G}qy?ʹ- DVAF]Yh;lR+V#[ԹodͲlb{Su$ LҹE{q0f8HjLMm,ǧ&bޫ{uc{9rz~,ܲZ9*NsqR$2[D~b3|#&@͌)?pQ߭VVoS RE.nb#1;ڏX>>fEPLs҆O݋s94dAD8̙<yNlnV[I zFG+Ã}ro[FL24y@=A0k9g7mQrC0uI6vH Q#6Bfe*~\I"P=q+!Qdh;zTn9=WvP]998Ew:KK-./,Lmw֢E8+(m n9+]D<]Hf?Z[;KmΨN ֲPijt9g[}\ۼRʒ60eTVQ *\rᝰOsVQXj/е+u59e]_ΫdQvJo~eԠe <9L%y^;U$c)4`zh -r޻YV֜e ^QfUlF|M.!&@bYB랂`W8g5{HsvIyۍA!Ӏz{lkuY=]^R*vd߮;U{oD}Ad \7SRj  %픤3#DOPsY+˚Na-UHTgM<[~,Im`iȏ=T>n4kcg)t|>%l۾Q]_;yG^[\Ŧ; 1$g@ҿ5(جܸtk:3[ķs:׮ZMu7&VVRs73I䓅S{Vtv#^PA?J%ɼ省oVFfiH f2Ea"ͤ}*KRev}j!/$, \֋zc0;}cSqjiŠYI~GQO r ^}?Jm,@Aw}G!`X<ҺErɓehFVJ4Mtg=H? &Yv``Q\dK$y$5.QRELϊ5d'RD$$ !XGbGZĪ(c~)&d J%и/9= $l>U_9 ߵS#!Z@W4QiQ `"1#8橽HD.z?&{mgsI$!@+G׌~T)Hx-3䟧?֣MŶ;@ku?&GĆAt#?hE@u$@c~E.O *UpH:^4@f{eeaN;\2a3/cR\hnC%FQ 3gUkOo'RӌmicREef9O*䑱ԀrI#Y6d~xd=?*9E,Ԏ-eRg5f;!d9sTgJ;'~*ݤmwSnDF~sRkQr QڔFI_%A9={4w2nEpUH>wG>$QV'B*1I>S14AU[vEX,@PbqۦCdPQG@E'!O#Bj%i#c,[N<,C/,?+c*r֥Z-Χ.iEq1Np ۳\&9Pz⤊IKl;sqVQg<ЃRJP1d!]fm˹=M2T!#=9+g5eoD%E;eOA5լ *7Q*C)EI9Hۉxܜ!@H2CDwS.nYʩ?õ-\xy| ӎ;-oE9+{^/%&/w|;^+s>*(ɮ2|1GҲ/c͓|#eH=֜hbfn< dӚyF_nJi4OTI*Qy;CmxV1˶I({ 20r3hXR\ 8j/ɻkJdgfԠ`V9DEU'.Ih.8W|t,0xqVNm$J%msx2{E&&׽UkjfITzWqY9j^4>O^L顼٣kb N6g081 1s\c/}7yKQ#eB}xlڬRv ْsq=J9 v,K74N2:[)7׮0RPЌ^9#.s,GwOΥӾ̥ZۢY[mj\$%FkK8QRqiM%ݔ(n?̒ TZ#ԭ.aKtMn%<pyx#qҮ12׎jO2`[8wyŕ^FNvש }וRI׌f%3|uJKF JA 8l{cP^i:[yB tK\|t 0s}tqIW>z 6܁VIBW0t}93-IbFLjsT͋dCs%ۿNvV`1 udHe-i%oMK.> o9TSN컐2*'9$_"9Y d&EduQ}՗4n`_*eO6EhVT%LlUtl2~zaKxOo\SCSlLjuIF999g`z=zy)F};M\99 uOm$d`J o/@^q(,5tc%Vrhsg 暰܅8n 12=^[.Yi \Z'Pr)1uqۢ$L:f}[ʱI= ayRAV^XLqS d~"i^d.V=:;Q.Qlh >dH#ޕ{aBcڵ'Q>΢6`M~@}]3mOwKt'c)G۴ 2GoY'd*> #)UniIyt7s$QϭD9\n=XϮ{/a'H?ˎk 6MW*,/ av"Ga=VAjv]X8D N2yQK"Em8 ss0<>E[vvAZ9 bA$r6=V o싩,]['`$ qI&H,M%t^ϒrTm<~d62e}9>W ceC*ި*ɝ nQ0ri:tNsY0w2~m"aלt%t:(fX -'Js,+s!8XP68 XHLn:ʄ/r#Sn6B3Ie?q<Jt#6$A?bݼҤe슢C,SpO__JA}OUzOeL}FiXZܕ%Cvޔй%ܮQFrEs hsрj_ Ӹ?֨ItXjѯPA+fʐ~Lk6㓿E?QPEMH`$ʜ;bI#ի{+ۨq*xvS~O+Z[X#rD =q7R]*(@ɸ~s=+bC.̂i m)}YhH$|֋pid^pv {6Fc[H Hݜn:7 F'E\S]\nH''֧Q!- *FѲ T%3{gSҟH)NЅR~*m2ǻ@2gI9?SvOh^Hw^jF V8qQjK*F3l{ʛ5]W wc2G ~'@%6`GSX}VTW dӚLG* ƎT5yLc(1Kbt(U?/<]k6q#K$a8tW4yf/0*04\MYfq QOzl"`8b $N~!Hd8x#yQ9?L%+Whfx*28 5R9#t+؁̛vHfDz\S[K,D9 }I$m-*\fр?Jtnug*A>:Ӛ|VS)w{io#/N~DYC&8by=ۜ%H=vl ,9a`:=M#k\&181YvsIf@ ggY,(95r]e2[︝H #Hў:gTW܈QnC°lFkIGg!RA^= W9q\ Gan:zbw)>ŏ-/nHYcP(֛'pvHNs@'۰S3 ##׊n$7oy;14ӰyGyO#]q@\4[c~Ay {ԫc)fF,w\ZfPxflrX߅\sdP61qҸ_ڥ[ v] 0"NO  $8ͬYiKgq#XBi{`b,YҴZHtiɐY(5Il<ݖ;nQ2ɞIYyaUU |QtMͪ.#1rc~Smd<Ͷ1t[[Gu2N4'sbDj(3{qieqH-T<=yD!>Ԇv[~ N8XO"<7]`tuϵTe}ɔmM¨ hlz>N~ѥ=V`]lj0{dzUd>UfsZ e\)lr\u Ey_ןʫiwwȉ* 0`JR9T(D!Wci.$n2XdiI;&#hv$t隊 y L.B2BGN 2dJF*x?JgiuşxOs'0U=1ϯ|sN TwoXR rG==h@+KeH$* X Y-3KH 8!~iJ>4"b6xۮ*Ϩ̡u' Xo1.!Jme$ yjvQ1YF@Npzmku䳻0H#SU =3uRwfLlN@ο/\GHUPGvkJ]$ ªrkcpa1R*Җ>Y .@[Bf Xz/OZrotpVc97dQ^@0A~&&P(S,C11IUF"h6Y. "ڄ ۪1PY+DTȤY"3pg*'.C,.v򛕇aމ s()Xv$cN9[ݘc(+y⸌YNN=fnVC%zckd:XHHZBrOh>iKzkhXs8>9"w_yy0I im$6I>xF4 rDR(wc!eH,A*?\sZhȿ<[$b)/IbۙGpXg gD1H젒O15-h^x˴WmŬ{|~ ,;NxOҝ{lF;T`pcn{ri^軌2>r;?IcN\͏sUa,vL:|9wPY&T(`C43ȉ #\Kٶq+}Ze`gNⱉ$e0P9ޥd(CNb+6q6YW O+;i3 qCqr~Ulmm]>B8Oj"Il|7#=xߵd%xc&Agi𐬛P<䚴wEʕ̹~TkVb끻k"9<J5¼ll9 }}s@Iƌ%v!U1*x(_Qr ,eKogzW1vQq|pciv>ϥg}4]jpJ|AmÎ? f&*~eER_YdYfYc{?*5kƐ+G8!=A1I#7v-~rz޳-wK>D0ief`q1洣b9bm$L~*8aѳ"0 ˶XPH9+8'Gu~\"i .P1۟a08$K%9IfVaƴ/nmV1!v]}p',Σ뫺Uq,"Xu_O՛KT1!HB{ۿ^FL$9E/!9u/݆u°,sO?i`EAYs8۫KWXw%HcjmVvE,޸ 6A{!P2D|PO^* NTyE62:.j{pt )5TAe5wҤ[QR3 QvujŦٟ+ `|I#O~GhnyL]t[<ay}IcFC6IB0\-\jd X1׎j.[ErXEFsދ;Ui0<:~{N1 =j)esp䆍Jc?.ݘ权Tt g,2G- +׹^,,eݱqɆA׏LU;F$L/֌ڞŽ಄'?ڕ _ڪ>gG=y8/)YY*`O?ֹ$BUGzw 7KecTƀnYc'eAbܥ2o=p 9Zuf1 ?NO8ӵ[EigʹS~@r}A }*= tIgdU Jn&ц$3jF5vC9\뚇G/#RT3Ö2#9FzR[’?&N޼w6\WD@*vww춱{Soo4Pz5ePDR`gCVI Y 4ۀT9~%3ב {Kekh[Rͨ eI"b}zgҧ$YX1X7Ǚ06#߰I 1h"9h`qۥ6kk{Uf Hn݁bnO~JD:姙"yOIq'<2FX=yǧOeCs9+rz[u[>O ihZS'SX\)D` /q?U BO"m qfC+vm3 ;7OV ;摲n6qq_G"*Ѥ} o֚llpp=20>zM>l`d6G|RD-+s]Umzg&ʎ899}O$ ,y rG`=ʣ s4&Pdn2†Ah ƄԞOq{6xfsR=BO^@-K݆ /nHs"`{q1JMf>ZOc+i" ' ;v,TgL(aljr6 M\)'wrcU[-OGPOsϥ5qZ/ 0Le2O=y8樋3spvZ"&Z|g>\2 3ӏzKX^(t[i ,#Y'RcR}xB̗?u{1Yқ88?S4iԀ}#bӒ#bd.@1u,C"Æ8 = .5iQц=ɭh$ =ߜ0RP3I&cH%c<` sYwc;9P\<Ț+j|9^ICM>5FLYRiVy!5lw砫脭 ~qsWrl*%Z'\D#X=͒rqVG)?6Y pAo[fs>犻 p&q߷乞t/GP';r65m9t?,/II?WIxzy$j1V`Čv$֝rH#|U$̪zyd;FNݜىM4QNJ gw;r;ˇMʌB=?*ٌى7$cϰ$*7 l9c#oa ,Y`O8x}N;qPCy;w<>*-B{&t Ǩ&mNdulrĞdY` nV JcIƺRDq aӜȗ-"$LZ&!dY{?׮1Xr>$s,{ \{`1Z/CŃfӮ0 oV]Z;eJc/y*?Qr$ieLO/:5r\y.00c&w²\#`KoUpX\rol֘U՛ aCn_j4h@g}?8Tv˵I U$@K ob/$Q}:vM>bxt݁Ec#O=K$>Vb q2ҜcU},b%T\%OQF{~*6f3bH=_]cPDQ0;BOTu zLaFwzwleFM2`F _'~n?>8^Ir, !`]]) H5HARie]q05 t8]8fx1|ctⴆhG+K!8zI?K쌶EJy:Ɏ@dfei qnj޻(T'= _5 NGfyt~\9zj)\| `(v iie .^;]%bar0Ka،p}{U&NIrjZU{mtJa.0=:*CiF.`p85~iht~Gk~ҹ裙-?yR> Jj7&R4hrˏCʾD'Z#;jץ.t=Hz{kwzHex xmk>YouKuPk,X$sJdDs,SfݳSz֍Q*SnʙT ~zkl{ۂgҋB:| HE喜d!.EHW2H%S kMdeW(NO<sUR .9q("Fi|D%Tǹ\5bgx s`?.%[7*v:~qAO]>ʂS sEd%TVdo9SI5M24 q=85ڕ?io% cx9ǷM3yT' eF0pO.[\G+=2W>zٖ hC4QF2o3'\df51̞l*6$p1ߡOhVld8R;g:ҭ!0HnJG8VҮ`TY'>]e\sZZlp4Wá9ݣ #rzm]XԓRˆpsW9j6"СoGqV9MF\8hˁssza3F%%˷^wu?=*ZKRD$BR3?ifPV-tgsзK2Y\_.F?ֆ=ӥPR!TX073z)4&y HIqɖBXǿݢ[IgK.Tq`r};,'uL `\rx\gހOQ+v#^T~c!eی ޶uƧoѸ"##ߨq\[7p,[r&$=pJ9HQ1[|e=4{ˤ̒ZgP >)-ZWTX$ULPŁH Rsugqe".4#4Mͱ#`OS1S?ZEVer#o{eݭяh2ɶK՘dp zrOnjٞˆC]sE ܴ?J1/ :GW.m@E ~Rl;0HPjQι#RTnʾA([RX?3NG"Hnqf"C(V)ŵ06{{8ޱdg؈Ѽ`aN8 :E klkIe%$a}˱@I㏯bH><0|=hHFod@Uu^R{;QJ|ZSiV9aקoNi,k`2qE@s!Y.kx_Y 'h07 6 bN:(ނKRspR, 'q]m-ꢊHocRX*fX-)M#'9Ϩ +Jc>}ڦ .\!$'xV.gnngdLximIH {ފ*n;`nTlaŸ~m$x]m Ѳ27g?!-.Lw2n YA(-OomJd7*8ׯO\Qek1Uny'Vb+>Ud?n%*T|Ày璹~#=nYO8@N$$uj(4[b8l 4pm`ǧqUR$ۛ٢ݖ a=O\f*nUx%Y6vvn7SpjHAN94QMYij0 1qG^z[hHI!T!*WzvhHMb},M6dlדV:ƒֲ6BG͞1gTQI5yrH[> =9Uí,Lf*dLzO(9V)7`}t2vѴ+ӌjo%Ȓ5.SEE&6ކ=$WV!Di$N>K |TI=袓cbȊy^+Alr=8qXfhw[:0A+ ?  vs Z(OB#!eC^ K>š ;Q (IKFcI2/'V` jV2%ha'Enl٫\遾F2p]\$sׂFqUm_ꌹʬ)$r2~EdTR"ӮLA:sp3Ԟ$p9沵;@S ;ld4QZEؙhC,o-dI 2@ˆrdgk^M9.d[XlL 23ӧҊ)7Ol1EÐW?+cNco"2GS펝(I$T]%QÉ&UQc'kxBӂ PsJ(+U%x>Y7SeI.ɅIԁ+q۠wbG[uV-(MHՏߕ>[3&&~r.1G(kw0)8v}A*C Uw ;cҊ+6i}
Warning: fopen(https://newsweekme.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/2016-07-26T110230Z_1686418768_D1BETRUCJEAB_RTRMADP_3_TURKEY-SECURITY-MILITARY-780x439.jpg): failed to open stream: HTTP wrapper does not support writeable connections in /home/newsweekme/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-image-editor.php on line 428

Turkish army tanks take position on top of a hill near Mursitpinar border crossing in the southeastern Turkish town of Suruc in Sanliurfa province, Turkey, October 11, 2014. REUTERS/Umit Bektas

By Humeyra Pamuk and Gareth Jones

ISTANBUL, July 26 – Just weeks ago, Commander Adem Huduti was inspecting Turkish troops on the Syrian border and being praised in the media for his role in the fight against Islamic State and Kurdish militants.

Now, the head of Turkey’s second army, responsible for its borders with Syria and Iraq, is in prison in Duzce, some 216 km (134 miles) east of Istanbul, the most senior serving general arrested for suspected involvement in a failed military coup.

At least 246 people were killed and more than 2,000 injured on the night of July 15, when a faction within the army used fighter jets, helicopters and tanks to try to seize airports and bridges, attacking buildings including parliament and the intelligence headquarters in a bid to seize power.

The plot crumbled quickly. But it exposed and exacerbated divisions within the second largest military in the NATO alliance, raising questions about its ability to contain a growing threat from Islamic State in neighbouring Syria and a renewed insurgency by Kurdish militants.

“The Turkish military is now a broken force and it will take years for it to heal,” said Aaron Stein, resident fellow at the Washington-based Atlantic Council, whose research focuses on Turkey and regional security.

“The plot extends beyond a rogue faction … Beyond the loss of Huduti, the entire security apparatus now has another threat to focus on, in addition to Islamic State and the on-going insurgency in the southeast.”

Huduti is one of around a third of Turkey’s roughly 360 generals to have been detained since the abortive coup, more than 100 of them already charged pending trial. Authorities have also launched mass purges of state institutions, from the police and judiciary to academia and the civil service.

Huduti has denied being involved in the plot. In eight pages of testimony published by the Hurriyet newspaper, he said armed coup plotters tried to force him to join them but he refused, ordering his men to stay in their barracks.

Huduti was “an experienced commander in border security and regions of crisis”, the Haberturk newspaper said last December. The pro-government Sabah daily in March hailed him as “the commander who has cleansed Cizre and Sur,” two southeastern areas that saw the heaviest clashes with Kurdish militants.

Guilty or not, the coup plot and the detention of thousands of soldiers have shaken the armed forces in a country where the military long saw itself as the ultimate guardian of secular democracy, and where there had not been a violent military coup for more than 30 years.

“What we have seen in the last few days is the start of a process which will have an impact on Turkey and its armed forces for the next 20-30 years. It is monumental,” said Gareth Jenkins, an Istanbul-based writer on Turkey’s military.

“We will see a very highly politicized military now, just as the civil service has become. Dismissals and detentions have a knock-on effect on the whole chain of command … The inevitable loss of trust has a big impact on operational capabilities.”

Former NATO Supreme Commander James Stravridis said the fallout from the coup attempt would have a “chilling effect” on Turkey’s military readiness.

“There will be a strong negative impact on the ability of the Turkish military to perform its duties across the spectrum of alliance activities,” he wrote in the latest issue of Foreign Policy magazine.

“Unfortunately, it is likely that the military in the wake of the coup will be laser-focused on internal controversy, endless investigations, and loyalty checks – and simply surviving as an institution.”

“NOBODY LISTENED”

In an interview with Reuters on Thursday, President Tayyip Erdogan acknowledged there had been intelligence failures and said the armed forces would now have to be restructured quickly to bring in “fresh blood”.

The Supreme Military Council (YAS), the highest body responsible for appointments in the armed forces, will meet under Erdogan’s supervision on July 28. There are likely to be significant personnel changes.

Akin Ozturk, head of the air force until 2015 and a member of YAS, was one of the masterminds of the plot, Turkish officials have said. Erdogan’s aide-de-camp is also among those to have been detained.

At least a quarter of the generals who have been formally arrested are from the air force, a part of the military crucial not only in the fight against Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) militants in Turkey’s southeast, but also in the U.S.-led coalition against Islamic State.

Erdogan has blamed the coup plot on U.S.-based Muslim cleric Fethullah Gulen, an ally-turned-foe whose network of millions of followers have built influence over decades in the military, police, judiciary and parts of the state bureaucracy.

Erdogan’s critics say he and the Islamist-rooted AK Party he founded allowed Gulen’s followers to rise to key positions within the state apparatus to help curb the power of the military, which had ousted four governments since 1960 for posing what it saw as an Islamist threat to the secular order.

Critics say it was mainly Gulenist prosecutors who, around the time in 2008 when Erdogan’s AK Party narrowly escaped being banned, built two big conspiracy trials targeting the upper echelons of the army. Hundreds of officers were jailed.

It later became clear, after many charges were dismissed, that bogus evidence had been used in the two cases, known as “Ergenekon” and “Sledgehammer”. Those jailed were released, but several former senior officers said the cases weakened the armed forces and helped the Gulenists to rise through the ranks.

“We knew there was a Gulenist structure within the army, I knew some of them by name. But now I realise the situation was more grave than I thought,” said Ahmet Yavuz, 61, a retired major general who was jailed in the Sledgehammer trial.

“The government and those who ran the armed forces ignored our warnings. They ruined the genetic makeup of the army and this created a space for the Gulenists to move within the army as they pleased,” he told Reuters.

Gulen, now 75 and living in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania since 1999, denies any involvement in the failed coup. Turkey wants him extradited but the United States says it must first provide firm evidence of criminal wrongdoing.

Echoing Yavuz’s comments, Mehmet Ali Celebi, a former army lieutenant also jailed over the Sledgehammer case, said many officers were angry that their warnings about the Gulenists’ deepening grip in the military had been ignored.

“Nobody listened to us. It is now clear that those who accused us (in the Sledgehammer and Ergenekon trials) of plotting coups were the real plotters,” he said.

SECURITY CONCERNS

The shake-up in the security apparatus is likely to see an increased role for police special forces, who have already taken on a more significant presence in and around Erdogan’s presidential palace in Ankara.

The military presidential guard will be abolished, while the gendarmerie and coast guard will fully come under the authority of the Interior Ministry, Prime Minister Binali Yildirim said.

Turkey has suffered bomb attacks this year, including in Ankara and its biggest city Istanbul, some blamed on Islamic State, others claimed by Kurdish militants.

A triple suicide bombing and gun attack blamed on Islamic State killed 45 people and wounded more than 200 last month at Istanbul’s main international airport.

“Turkey faces remarkable security concerns: the conflict with the PKK, Islamic State and other jihadis and now the danger of remnants from the coup itself,” said Howard Eissenstat, a Turkey expert at St. Lawrence University in New York.

“The government really has no choice but to engage in broad purges of the military: it can’t afford the possibility of “dead enders” remaining within its ranks. Rebuilding these forces will take a few years, but rebuilding the structures and trust will take even longer,” he said.

Two senior Turkish officials said that while the priority was to cleanse the whole security apparatus of coup plotters, there was no risk to national security and that replacements were already being put in place for those detained.

But a third official was more cautious.

“The police headquarters is missing its front and back sides,” he said, referring to one of the buildings bombed by the coup plotters during the events of July 15.

“There is not even a stable building. Will there be a security problem under these conditions…? You tell me.”

Social Streams

Comments

comments

Facebook Comments

Post a comment